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FIFTY YEARS OF PHILATELY 33 

1885, when, on the occasion of my marriage, the collection was 

sold to Mr. H. Buckley and the proceeds turned into furniture. 

Whilst at the Assay Office I had plenty of spare time (the 

office did not open on Saturdays), and started to deal in stamps, 










C J. PHILLIPS 



and so quickly did the business of stamp dealing grow that in 
May, 1890, I finally left my comfortable position at the Assay 
Office, and on 30 June, 1890, moved to London and purchased 
the entire business of Stanley, Gibbons, & Co. 



34 ADVERTISEMENTS 



NOW READY. 



Entirely Revised and Greatly Enlarged. 



THE FIRST VOLUME (COUNTRIES A to L) 

OF THE 

Third Edition 



OF 



Album Weeds 



By the Rev. R. B. EAREE. 

Vol. I. Afghanistan to Luxemburg. About 580 pages, demy 8vo. 

THIS Work is an absolute necessity to the careful Philatelist, who is naturally 
anxious to ensure the absence of forgeries from his collection. As a work 
of reference, in this particular respect, it stands entirely unrivalled, being com- 
piled bv one who has acquired a world-wide repute, and whose speciality has for 
man}' years been the description of forgeries. An immense amount ol labour has 
been bestowed on this New Edition, so as to still further increase its usefulness. 
Every endeavour has been made by the Author, in the description of new and 
dangerous forg-eries, etc., to briny the work fully up to date. Amongst the 
numerous additions maybe noted an elaborate description of technical terms met 
with in the course of collecting. This section will be found especially useful for 
the guidance of the novice or young collector. The illustrations have been con- 
siderably augmented, and a large and most interesting series of postmarks, 
specially drawn, together with an index for reference, will be found included. 
Altogether the Publishers have no hesitation in recommending this publication 
as a most valuable adjunct to a Philatelic Library, and useful alike to Collector 
and Healer. 

VOL. I.— Price, bound in embossed gilt cloth, 7/6; post-free, 8- 

VOL. II. — In the press, ready shortly, price 8/-, post-free. (Orders, 
PREPAID, can now be booked.) 



STANLEY GIBBONS, LIMITED, 
39i, STRAND (Opposite Hotel Cecil), LONDON, W.C. 



I 



THE 



hilatelic Record 



AND 



STAMP NEWS. 



VOL. XXI. 



JANUARY to DECEMBER, 1899. 




Xonfcon : 
SIR ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, Ltd. 



Contents. 





Page. 


African, South, Collectors . . 


•• 175 


Barbadoes Notes 


ig6 


Birmingham Philatelic Exhibition 


6 


Brooklyn Exhibition of Stamps 


.. 65,85 


Calcutta Exhibition 


3i 


Catalogue for Collectors 


147 


Catalogues and Prices 


137 


Collectors, Catalogue for . . 


147 


Correspondence 


24, 189 


Death of Mr. Westoby 


199 


Denmark, ar. sk. blue 


29 


Echoes from the Mart 


208, 232 


Editorial Interviews 4, 27, 4 


3» 78, 123 



Editorial Notes 1, 25, 4g, 77, 101, 121, 

145, 157, 160, 181, 193, 209 

Ehrenbach, R., Interview . . . . 27 

Envelopes of Tonga . . . . 194 

Exhibition, Birmingham, Philatelic . . 6 

Exhibition, Calcutta 

Exhibition, Manchester 

Exhibit, Notable Stamp 



31 

§3) io5> 127, 160 
65 



Fiasco of the S.S.S.S. 
Fiscal Notes 

Ginn, F. R., Interview 
Guam Stamps 



56 
80, 103, 135, 152, 230 

50 
174 



Hamilton-Smith & Co., Interview . . 78 

Imperial Penny Postage . . . . 7, 28 

India, i^a. Postage Stamp . . 57 

India, Our Trade with . . . . 159 

Items of Interest 17, 43, 68, 91, 114, 140 



Japan, Stamps of, from 1876 

Kashmir, More Missing Dies 
Kashmir Notes 
Kashmir Remainders 



182 

55 
52 
53 



Lemaire, Th., Interview 

Manchester Exhibition 
Mexico, R. Frentzel's 



Page. 
123 

83, 105, 127, 160 
107 



Newfoundland, Notes on Stamps of. . 15 

New Stamps for Tasmania. . .. 150 

Notable Stamp Exhibit .. ..65,85 

Notes on Denmark, 2r. sk. blue . . 29 

Notes on Stamps of Newfoundland.. 15 

Novelties and Discoveries 13, 38, 76, 

99, 119, 200, 220 

Our Trade with India . . . . 159 

Peckett, W. H., Interview . . . . 4 

Penny Postage, Imperial . . . . 7, 28 

Periodicals, U.S. . . . . . . 64 

Persia, Stamps of 8, 33, 60, 88, 108, 125, 211 

Philatelic Gossip 22, 48, 73, 97, 118, 

156, 167, 180, ig2, 205, 227 

Philately in the Mags. 19, 43, 94, 153, 

165, 176, igo, 203, 223 



Postal Service, Turkish 




58 


Prices and Catalogue 




*37 


Remainders, Kashmir 




53 


Reviews . . . . . . 23, 71, 


116 


141 


S.S.S.S., Fiasco of the 




56 


Stamps of Japan from 1876 




182 


Stamps of Persia 8, 33, 60, 88, 108, 


125, 


211 


Societies in Session 


207, 


229 


South African Collectors 




J 75 


Strange Find 




29 


Tasmania, New Stamps for 




150 


Turkish Postal Service 




58 


Uganda, Stamps of 




12 


Uruguay, 1866-72, Varieties 




171 


U.S. Periodicals 




64 


Westoby, Mr., Death of 




199 


Williams & Co. .. 




143 



Peckett, W. H. 
Erenbach, R. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



4 
27 

M. Theophile Lemaire 



Hamilton-Smith, G. 
Gwyer, Mr. 



H5 



78 
78 



tJ y w i 



9-ta 



UvvV.Q?^ 



The Philatelic Record 



AND STAMP NEWS. 



JANUARY, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 



IT is with considerable diffidence that we once more take up the editorial 
pen after a lapse of some years, with the hope of being of some service, 
however small, to the philatelic public. 

To follow such eminent previous Editors of the Record as Mr. 

Maitland Burnett, Mr. W. A. S. Westoby, Major Evans, Mr. M. P. 

Castle, and the retiring Editor, Mr. E. J. Nankivell, is no easy task, but we 

ft are not unknown to a very large number of the Record's regular 

p readers, and hope that we can place some reliance on their 

f IKQQ g en erous aid and support, to enable us to keep up the prestige 

which we believe our little Magazine has enjoyed for many years. 

The present number commences the 21st volume of the Philatelic Record, 
and it will be our aim to continue it as much as possible on the same lines 
as the volumes of the past few years. 

Amongst the programme we have in view will be found an excellent 
article on the much-neglected stamps of Persia, by Mr. C. Forbes, who has 
been quietly studying this country for some years. This will run through 
several numbers, and much interesting and hitherto unpublished information 
will for the first time be given to the philatelic world. An eminent authority 
on the subject has also promised us what should be an important article 
on post cards, which we find are now once more coming into favour. 

The interviews, with portraits, will be continued, and will include several 
eminent collectors and dealers, not only in this country, but on the Continent, 
and also an interview with Mr. H. L. Caiman, of the Scott Stamp and Coin 
Company, which we secured when he was in London a few weeks ago. 

Further than this, we make no promises of any particular articles, but 
we do promise that we shall use our best endeavours to make the general 
contents of the Record interesting, not only to the specialist and the general 
collector, but to all classes of philatelists. 

We thank those subscribers who have so kindly given us their support 
for 1899, and also return thanks for the magnificent way in which the 
trade have supported us with their advertisements, and hope that this support 
will be well merited and long continued. 



The Philatelic Record. 



, At the annual meeting of German Collectors in Magdeburg 

niH r* S we n °ti ce that Dr. Fraenkel made a speech in reply to certain 

Uld uerffl n enquiries, which is full of interest to Philatelists. Our readers 
Mamps. w jjj remember the excitement some years ago with reference to the 
overprint of the North German design on various envelopes of the different 
States. The excitement commenced on the publication of Dr. Lindenberg's 
book dealing with German envelopes, in which he boldly asserted that most 
of the very rare varieties had never existed in a genuine state, and had, in 
fact, been manufactured by a Philatelist, who was at that time not only well 
known in Berlin, but all over the world. In a long and interesting speech 
Dr. Fraenkel informed his hearers that the Berlin Philatelic Club had now 
succeeded in obtaining certain valuable dies, from a gentleman who is the 
son of an Official in the Berlin Government Printing Works. 

It appears that this young man's father resided for many years in the 
same house with the Philatelist (we do not know whether to call him dealer 
or collector), who was attacked in Dr. Lindenberg's book, and after a lapse 
of some time the following have now been purchased from him by the Berlin 
Club, viz : — 

i. German Empire, Cliche of the 2^gr. stamp. 

2. Ditto. Reproduction of the Provisional (i) Eagle. 

3. North German Confederation, Galvano of the igr. stamp. 

4. Ditto. Cliche of the 2gr. stamp. 

5. Ditto. Cliche of the square diamond 
embossing used for the over-printed envelopes. 

6. Prussia, copper cliche of the 3gr. eagle. 

7. Ditto, a similar cliche. 

8. Ditto. Matrix of the 4pf. eagle. 

9. Ditto. Patrix of the same. 

10. Cliche of the iopf. value (eagle). 

1 1 . A similar cliche. 

12. Galvano of the 4Sgr. octagon. 

13. Wurtemburg, die for an envelope (worn out) 

14. A die for impressing the pattfc of an envelope (with post rider) - 

15. Bolivia, Galvano of the 5c, first issue. 

16. Persia, Galvano of the 4 Shahi, first issue. 

17. Ditto. 8 Shahi. 

What strikes us most in the above list is that amongst these German 
dies there should have been such things as the Bolivian and Persian. The 
dies after being purchased by the Club were handed over to the Berlin Post 
Office Museum, so that they can never again be used for an improper purpose, 
and we think that the thanks of all Philatelists are due to Dr. Fraenkel and 
his friends for their noble action in the interests of the pursuit. 



« H 0SD j+ a i There has been considerable correspondence in the Daily 

Labels " ■^ >ress w ^^ reference to the new issue of labels for the benefit of 

H. R. H. the Prince of Wales' Hospital Fund. The first we 

noticed appeared in Evening News the of November 16th, and was headed 

" Hospital Stamps Boycott causes a loss to the Prince's Fund of ^50,000 a 

year." 

Whether the sum received for the Hospital Stamps last year was really 
as large as stated we do not know, but we thought that the stamps actually 
sold only came to something about ^"25,000 or ^26,000. 



Editorial Notes. 



The cause of the heading was the fact that Messrs. Stanley Gibbons, Ltd., 
had, in an interview with the representative of the Evening News, stated 
that their firm could not recognise these labels as postage stamps. In the 
next number of the same paper there is a reply from Mr. Percy C. Bishop, 
editor of the Stamp Collectors Fortnightly, in which he endorses Mr. 
Phillips' point of view, and uses the celebrated word "gumpap," which we 
believe was coined by himself. For our own part we hope that every one of 
our readers will buy some of these stamps to encourage the good cause, as 
they are interesting receipts for money paid for the benefit of Hospitals, but 
Stamp Collectors must not forget that they have no place in Stamp Albums, 
as they cannot be used to prepay letters, and have no franking value what- 
ever. 

When the two stamps of i/- and 2/6 appeared last year, our publishers, 
in common with other dealers, dealt in them with an idea that they were 
to be used during that one year only, in commemoration of Her Majesty's 
Jubilee, and thought there would be no harm in encouraging a good cause, 
but there was no idea that it would become an annual affair. By all means 
let every stamp collector and every one of the public buy this year's issue, 
but they must bear in mind that they have nothing to do with Philately ; in fact, 
as The Eastern Philatelist aptly puts it, " they are purely unphilatelic, and hence 
hardly open to Philatelic criticism." 




The Philatelic Record. 



Editorial Interviews. 

BY THEODOR BUHL. 
Mr. W. H. PECKITT. 

FROM penny packets to penny "Post Office" Mauritius is a far cry 
indeed, but Mr. Peckitt has accomplished it. We knew Mr. Peckitt 
in the old days, when he bought " Continentals " (at sixpence a 
thousand) and cheap sets, to sell at Deptford, by giving them on 
commission to small shops and to his schoolboy friends. We knew 
him, as we have known so many of the London dealers ; but we know only 
one other who has achieved anything like the same amount of success in the 
philatelic world during recent years, speaking, of course, from a dealer's point 
of view. 

To catch Mr. Peckitt is not an easy matter ; he is always busy, and 
nearly always " engaged." Many years ago, in the early days of auction 
sales, a dealer, who is now a prominent member of the trade, remarked that a 
certain stamp was as rare as the " Dado." To the ordinary visitor Mr. 
Peckitt is as rare as the Dodo. A few minutes can be spent with him on 
most occasions, but any "interview " takes time. 

However, on a recent morning we called at 440, Strand, and caught Mr. 
Peckitt disengaged and willing to talk " stamps " and be interviewed. 

In reply to our enquiry " When were you born? " he blushingly replied 
" 1870." The fear of an early stoppage to obtain information for the Hecord 
prevented us from asking the date, as Mr. Peckitt does not wish to be inun- 
dated with birthday cards ; but we gathered that our " subject " was born at 
Deptford. 

" How did you first become interested in stamps? " was our next ques- 
tion. 

" I commenced with a small Oppen's Album and a 4^2 d. packet from a 
dealer, whose name I forget — I believe it was Turner. Afterwards I sold the 
collection for 4s. 6d." 

" And your first efforts as a dealer ? " 

" I first dealt at school ; but a year before I sold my Oppen's Album I 
used to sell penny packets and common stamps through shops." 

" For a time you were in partnership with Mr. Calif, I believe ? " 
" Yes, we had an office in the Strand, next door to my present shop, and 
dealt as Calif, Peckitt & Co. Mr. Calif had been a dealer for many years." 
" At that time you did not pay particular attention to rare stamps ? " 
" No ; the partnership lasted about a year, and it was not until Mr. 
Calif and I had separated that I commenced to make a speciality of rarities. 
I prefer rare stamps ; they represent more money and a larger turnover ; but 
there is more profit on the commoner ones." 

" Apart from the ' Post Office ' Mauritius, will you mention a few of the 
rare stamps that have passed through your hands? " 

" I had the 4d. Western Australia, with inverted Swan, twice within six 
months, and five or six of the 81 paras Moldavia. I bought the " Blest" col- 
lection for ^"5,000, another general collection for ^5,000, the late Mr. 
Hastings Wright's collection of English and a collection of Ceylon, only 
second to that of isaron de Worms. The latter contained ten each of the 4d. 
and 8d. imperforate." . 



@ur portrait Qallery. 




MR. W. H. PECKITT. 



Editorial Interviews. 



"As to the ' Post Office' Mauritius, I believe you have sold the id. one 
on envelope which you recently purchased ? " 

" Yes, and I have since purchased the other two recently discovered in 
Bombay, and have sold all three of them at about ^"iooo each." 

" And now I will ask you a plain question, Mr. Peckitt. How do you 
find business ? " 

" Business at present is very good," said Mr. Peckitt with a smile, "and 
I have a great opinion of rare stamps, which are constantly getting rarer." 

" Do you find any increase in the numbers of collectors ? " 

" There are more buyers every day, and the increase is specially marked 
among the larger and advanced collectors. There is a growing tendency to 
collect only fine copies and a great demand for unused new issues." 

" Do you find a preference for any particular part of the world ? " 

"Yes, British Colonials sell better than others; British Guianas, for 
instance, are very popular,"and there is a great run on Africans, New South 
Wales, and the various ' Companies ' stamps. West Indians also sell very 
well, and there is a run on Hong Kong and India and a tendency to buy 
Straits Settlements." 

" I believe you do not publish a catalogue." 

" No," said Mr. Peckitt ; "but we publish a price list and sell by it." 

Here our subject seemed to think we had asked enough, but we ventured 
one more question. 

" Which do you consider the rarest stamp? " 

"Of ordinary rarities I should say the 2 cents Hawaii, first issue; but, 
of course, as you know, there are many varieties of stamps which are rarer 
even than the Hawaii or the ' Post Office ' Mauritius, such, for instance, as the 
Western Australia with the inverted Swan, unused.'''' 

Having given Mr. Peckitt's opinions, we will now give a short descrip- 
tion of his business premises. The shop is small, and the little room at the 
back is still smaller, but it is packed with rows upon rows of books of 
valuables. Down a few steps, in the cellar as it were, is another room, and 
adjoining this is a strong room, which contains three large safes and has 
been specially built for the reception of volumes and parcels of stamps of all 
kinds. It runs under the pavement and part of the roadway of the Strand. 
We have omitted to mention that the little room — not the rather dismal 
strong room — is Mr. Peckitt's sanctum, and that the correspondence is con- 
ducted both here and at his rooms on the first floor next door. 

Our time was up, we said good-day, and thanked our subject for a very 
pleasant interview. Walking out into the Strand, we stood for a moment 
with one foot on the pavement and one in the roadway, to make sure that we 
were really treading on that strong room. 




The Philatelic Record. 



Birmingham Philatelic Exhibition. 

BY TIIEODOR BUHL 

Avery interesting exhibition was recently held in the Picture Gallery 
of Messrs. Graves & Co., in Cherry Street, Birmingham. It was not 
a very large affair, and only remained open from i o'clock on the 
7th inst., until 7 p.m. on the 9th, but during that time it was visited 
by about 700 collectors and their friends. There was no particular 
opening ceremony, and when I arrived there a few minutes after 1 o'clock, 
the business for the moment consisted of placing stamps into frames to com- 
plete the show. The room was a splendid one for the light, and the only 
pity is that more space was not available. Nevertheless, the exhibition 
reflects great credit on its promoters, the Birmingham Philatelic Society, 
and particularly on its energetic Secretary, Mr. G. Johnson. 

Amongst the rarities were Mr. Bernichon's two celebrated Post Office 
Mauritius from the Legrand collection, and Mr. Mackey's celebrated block of 
eighty-four 2d. blue Great Britain, without white lines, unused. 

From the true philatelist's point of view, perhaps the most interesting 
exhibits were Mr. Lowe's fine collection of the stamps of St. Helena, which 
included the rare 6d. without surcharge, and a strip of three of the id. unper- 
forated, two being with long line and one with short line ; and Mr. W. D. 
Beckton's 10 frames, containing samples of his wonderful collection of Greece. 
Another very interesting exhibit was the collection of Uganda shown by 
Mrs. Tebay. Although only made with the Remington typewriter, these 
'abels are very interesting, and many of them should become very rare. 
Amongs the other exhibits were the following : — 

R. Hollick, British Bechuanaland, British South Africa, Sierra Leone, 

Zanzibar and Mauritius. 
C. F. Larmour, entire sheets of India, including the y 2 , 1 and 2 annas, 

first issue. 
J. E. Sparrow, triangular Capes, unused, including a block of 18 of 

each value, and 2 blocks of 8 of the Emerald 1/-. 
W. T. Wilson, frame of 18 sheets of rarities, including old British Guiana 

and scarce Labuan. 
M. P. Castle, a splendid collection of Saxony, including 13 copies of 

the 3 pfennig, and a block of 4 of the rare yi gr., error. 
W. T. Wilson, Mexico, including the rare 1, 2 and 4 reales of Chiapas. 
W. Pimm, Tobago. 
C. H. Coombs, C. F. Tanner, R. Hollick, W. T. Wilson, a frame of 

Cape triangulars, including 17 woodblocks. 
C. F. Turner, St. Lucia and United States. 
H. F. Lowe, Ceylon. 
G. F. Jackson, a splendid collection of Spain, which gained a silver medal 

at the London Exhibition. 
Mr. Higginbottom, a frame of Barbados, Cyprus, and a few representa- 
tive stamps of various countries. 
E. Loveridge, Tasmania. 

The exhibition was visited by many collectors and dealers, who travelled 
especially from London, Manchester and other towns, and can be fairly called 
a great success, having been well reviewed by the local press ; and we hope 
to see many similar exhibitions in Birmingham and other provincial towns, as 
they tend to increase the popularity of our hobby, and to educate the non- 
philatelic public. 



Imperial Penny Postage. 



Imperial Penny Postage. 

(From the Daily Telegraph.) 

THE Press Association is informed by Mr. Henniker-Heaton, m.p., 
that in a published list of the places to which, on Christmas Day, 
the people of the United Kingdom may send a letter for a penny, 
the important Colony of Natal is omitted. Mr. Henniker-Heaton 
has the authority of Sir W. Peace, the Agent-General, for the state- 
ment that official notification has been sent to the Duke of Norfolk, through the 
Colonial Secretary, of the consent of the Natal Government to the scheme. 
Aden also has been omitted. Aden Post Office is under the control of the 
Government of India, and will, of course, be included. The difficulty 
regarding financial adjustment of the cost between the British Post Office 
and the Cape of Good Hope is expected to be settled without delay, 
particularly as Sir David Tennant, the Agent-General, will have the 
sympathetic assistance of the Governor of the Cape, Sir Alfred Milner, who 
is now in London. The following is said to be the official list of places 
which have notified adhesion to the penny postage arrangement : 



Aden, 

The Bahamas, 

British Central Africa, 

British East Africa, 

British India, 

Canada, 

Ceylon, 

Cyprus, 

Falkland Islands, 

Fiji, 

Gambia, 

Gibraltar, 

Gold Coast, 

Hong: Kong, 



Lagos, 

Leeward Islands, 

Natal, 

Newfoundland, 

Niger Coast Protectorate, 

St. Helena, 

Seychelles, 

Sierra Leone, 

Straits Settlements, 

Trinidad, 

Tobago, 

Turk's Islands, 

Uganda, and 

Windward Islands. 




The Philatelic Record. 



The Stamps of Persia. 

BY 

C. FORBES (Secretary and Librarian, the Central Philatelic Club). 

PERSIA, or the land of the Lion and Sun, is one of the most interest- 
ing countries, especially to a philatelist. The history of its stamps 
discloses, as regards the first issues, a woeful tale of official incom- 
petence, bribery and corruption. In a country such as Persia where 
the word of the Shah is the only law known, nothing is done properly, 
all the officials, from the highest to the lowest, are openly bribed. 

In the early issues the various kinds of paper used, and the indifferent 
printing of the stamps that caused such numerous varieties, are not due, as 
many imagine, to speculation, but to the manner in which the work was done. 
Everything, as the saying goes, was " from hand to mouth ;" no proper print- 
ing machines were used, nor was any paper stocked for use ; this was bought 
simply as required ; consequently, we get thick, thin, laid, wove, ribbed and 
tinted papers, such as greyish-white, bluish-white, and in the later printings we 
get the stamps printed on coloured papers, such as blue, yellow, etc. Again, as 
they were printed by hand from the blocks, very few of the stamps printed are 
actually quite perfect. In other cases, where the impression taken was very 
poor, the paper was simply turned over and printed on the other side; some 
also showing traces of finger marks, and so on throughout the whole story. 

The second and later issues, however, being printed abroad, are a great 
improvement, the designs are very fine, and they are the earliest instances of 
stamps printed in two colours. 

We must admit, to a certain extent, that the designs are a bit gorgeous; 
still, the whole series forms one of the finest sets of stamps ever printed, 
and, to a non-collector, the pages of an album devoted to these stamps would 
attract the eye far more than those of any other country. 

There are also no watermarks to puzzle the amateur, but for the 
specialist the perforations of many of the issues form a study in themselves. 
Unfortunately, many of the earlier emissions have been forged to a very 
great extent in the guise of reprints, both unused and with forged cancella- 
tions ; still, I think if the reader will follow the series of articles carefully, he 
will have no trouble in detecting them in the future. 

It seems to be the established rule for writers to refer to any books 
or authorities they have consulted. 

The writer therefore states that he has made very little use of any cata- 
logues, lists or articles that have been published in the past on the stamps of 
this country. 

The stamps of Persia, although priced in many cases very low in the 
catalogues, are extremely scarce, especially the issues from 1875 to 1886 ; in 
fact, even with the later issues none of the stamps used can be called in any way 
common, and if they were collected in the same manner as those of the West 
Indies, the United States, or the British Colonies in Africa, etc., they would 
be found to be very scarce, and the prices would jump up at a bound from a 
few shillings to as many pounds. 

The postal issues, according to Stanley Gibbons' Catalogue, have up to the 
present numbered 179 varieties, but according to Scott's Catalogue for ad- 
vanced collectors, which include many varieties of perforation, etc., not given 
in other catalogues, the total number amounts to 288. 



The Stamps of Persia. 



There are, however, many more than this, as there are many varieties 
of perforations, and a few errors not given in any catalogue, so far as the 
knowledge of the writer goes. 

The population of the country is estimated to be about 9,000,000, but 
they do not use many stamps, letter writing being chiefly confined to the 
wealthy classes and business houses. 

There are at present about 100 post offices in the country, and when we 
consider that the total area of the country is about 630,000 square miles, and 
that there are as many as 13 cities with a population of over 30,000, it can 
readily be seen, therefore, that only towns of some size have been supplied 
with postal facilities in any way. Another reason for the scarcity of post 
offices is that there are no railways in the country, the late Shah being 
bound not to allow any railways until the end of the present century. This 
is chiefly for political reasons, the northern part of Persia being under the 
influence of Russia, and the sourthern part, including the Persian Gulf, 
under British influence. 

The legendary history of Persia begins far back in the mists of time. 
It is the custom to assume that legend means fiction, but historians are now 
beginning to perceive that the legends of a nation are often not only more 
interesting and poetic than what is called its authentic history, but that they 
really suggest actual facts. No country has more attractive legends than 
Persia, and, to judge from them, we cannot avoid the conclusion that no 
nation now existing has such a continuous vitality as the old land of Cyrus 
and Darius. 

The name " Persia" is not known to the people inhabiting the country. 
The Persians call their land " Eran." This name is evidently from " Ayra," 
or " Ariya," from which we get " Ivan." The country has been designated 
by several terms, which are emblematical, such as " The Land of Fire," to 
denote the worship of fire; "The Land of the Sun," referring to the 
reverence paid to the sun ; also " The Land of the Lion and the Sun," since 
the flag of Persia has the device of the sun, in the form of a human face, 
peering above the back of a lion. 

This last device is the symbol of intelligence, light, power, and justice. 

Persia is the original home of the progenitors of all the European races, 
and although the reader may call himself an Englishman, Frenchman, Ger- 
man, etc., he is, after all (if it were possible to trace back his ancestors), a 
Persian. 

The late Shah, Nasr-ed-deen, came to the throne in 1848, and was a man 
of excellent motives and decided intelligence, and sincerely desired to improve 
the administration of his empire, and generally exhibited a clemency hitherto 
rare in Oriental sovereigns ; but he occupied a peculiar position owing to the 
situation of Persia, which is the seat of the intrigues of Russia and England, 
the former power undoubtedly intending sooner or later to extend her sway 
over Persia ; but we hardly think this will be soon accomplished, for, what- 
ever the results of the ambition of Russia, enough has been recorded in 
history of late to indicate the vitality of the Persian race, and to show that 
even when for a time Persia falls under foreign influence and rule, she has in 
the character of her people elements that promise again to lead her to assert 
her supremacy under more favourable circumstances. 

The Shah was descended from a Mahommedan dynasty, which has ruled 
for a great number of years. He was by far the most modest and best 
disposed prince that has ever ruled in Persia, besides being the most 
progressive. 

The religion of the Shah and the ruling races in Persia is a form of 
Mahommedanism, the rest of the population being chiefly Armenians, 
Nestorians, Jews, and a few fire worshippers. 



io The Philatelic Record. 



The people being — like the English — badly mixed, their language is a 
mixture of many opposite elements. The Persian tongue is greatly corrupted 
by words of Arabic origin, and it is impossible to learn the language without 
some knowledge of Arabic ; there is very little grammar, but in its linguistic 
smoothness it is somewhat similar to French or Italian. 

The literature of the country is extensive, and embraces work in every 
department of knowledge, and is of greater merit than any other Oriental 
tongue, the Persian poets, notably " Omar Khayyan " and " Hafis " being 
greatly admired, both by their countrymen and, through translations, by 
English readers. 

The Persian people are given a fairly good name by travellers. They 
are more honest and friendly than the Mahommedans of Turkey, and com- 
pare favourably with Europeans as regards their generosity and kindliness to 
foreigners. They have, however, a bad habit of procrastination, in that they 
are willing to promise anything, but seldom fulfil the promises so made. 

The late Shah, unfortunately, was assassinated on the ist May, 1896, by 
a religious fanatic. He was shortly to celebrate his jubilee. 

The present Shah, Muzaffer-ed-deen Mirza, was born March 1853. 

The country is at present very quiet, and little is known of him. 

Although her present area is far less than in the olden times, yet 
Persia is still a large country, being more than twice the extent of Germany. 
The climate, although warm, is generally healthy, the soil fertile wherever it 
is irrigated ; and the progressive tendencies of the present dynasty, com- 
bined with these advantages, indicate conditions that promise a renewal of 
the greatness of Persia, when she has emerged from the transitory stage 
through which she is now passing. 

The long-continued existence of the Persians as an active race, offers a 
strong belief that she has yet before her a prosperous future. 

It was in 1868 that the first Persian postage stamp was created, on the 
proposition of a Khan, Mirza Ali Amine Dauleah, Chief Secretary to the 
Shah and Controller of the so-called Postal Department. 

It was proposed that a deputation of Persians were to be sent to Paris 
on a visit to the Minister of Posts to make arrangements for a European 
postal system. 

They brought back with them 16 copper-plate dies, in moveable blocks 
of four, to represent four different values. These were to be used for the 
printing of the stamps. They also brought a quantity of perforated proofs. 
These proofs were perforated 12^ to 13, in various colours and shades, and on 
different varieties of paper. They chiefly consisted, however, of the two-shahi 
green. 

These stamps were never used or issued for any kind of postal service. 

The plates were used for printing all the various after-printings of these 
stamps which followed. 

It was not, however, until 1870 that anything further was done in the 
matter, when the Shah gave orders that stamps were to be printed from these 
plates. 

No decrees were ever published or authorised. The commands were 
given verbally, the word of the Shah being law. 

Not having, however, any machinery for printing these stamps, they 
were done sometimes one by one, and at others in strips of four ; they were 
all printed by hand by a local printer in Teheran, from the copper-plate dies, 
and are consequently very poor impressions. 

They represent the arms of Persia, composed of the lion of the Ivan, 
holding in his right hand a scimitar of the Khorassan, and half surrounding 
with its tail the sun of Darnis, shining in the rear. 



The Stamps of Persia. n 

Paper : Thick white wove, sometimes yellowish, and finally bluish. It 
is said that the blue paper was employed exclusively for the printing of the 
four shahi, but this was doubtful. 

Total number of this issue 22,000, printed in four colours, as follows : — 

3,000 1 sh. Violet (shades) 

5,000 2 sh. Green ,, 

8,000 4 sh. Blue ,, 

6,000 8 sh. Carmine and Vermillion. 

These stamps were used in Tabriz, Meana, Zingan, Casveen, and Teheran. 
Of the 22,000 stamps, hardly one quarter were used, as it was soon dis- 
covered that there were no means of cancelling them ; consequently, they 
could be used several times. 

Another reason for their being discontinued, was that the contract for 
the stamps having been given by the Shah to a Persian who was ordered to 
print them by hand, from the dies furnished to him, it was found that he had 
printed an enormous quantity over the number required, which he retained 
for his own benefit. 

(To be continued). 




12 The Philatelic Record. 



The Stamps of Uganda. 

By THE EDITOR. 



IN looking through the collection of the stamps of Uganda, exhibited by- 
Mrs. Tebay at the Birmingham Exhibition, we notice certain varieties 
which are not noticed in Stanley Gibbons' new Catalogue. 

Of the first issue (which is made by an ordinary Remington Type- 
writer, and consists simply of the letters " U.G." in the upper right and 
left hand corners, with numeral in centre, and a border in straight lines) there 
are several varieties. In every case the border consists of five lines on each 
side and seven lines at the top and bottom, and all the used specimens, with 
the exception of those hereafter mentioned, are cancelled with a plain cross 
in pen and ink. The varieties we allude to are as follows : — 

5c. on yellowish paper instead of white. 

15c. variety, with a horizontal line between the third and fourth lines 

of the right hand border (this appears to exist on every copy of the 

15c). 
Of the 30c. Mrs. Tebay shows a specimen which, instead of being 

obliterated with an ordinary cross, is cancelled "May 12th, G.R.B." 

in two lines, with a line between them. 
There is also a pair of the 30c. with the letters U.G. printed three 

times on two stamps, the second U being over the G of the first 

stamp, and the second G being almost over the U of the second 

stamp. 
Of the second issue of 1896 with "V. 96. R.," Mrs. Tebay has a 20c. 

on part of original, and also a quite unknown variety of the 10c. 

with the letters U.G. much larger than in the original issue, and 

printed in black instead of mauve. 

The 5c. and 20c. are found cancelled with various initials, instead of the 
ordinary cross, and there is also a specimen of the 10c. which has been 
altered, by pen and ink, into 15 ; the 5 being written over the O. Further, 
there is a 5c. with the words " Parcel Post " written across in pen and ink. 
Of the 1897 set, we notice a pair of the 4 annas used on part of original, 
together with one of the ordinary 2^ annas of British East Africa. 

Although primitive in style, these stamps should soon rank amongst the 
rarest of our modern Colonials, and we are delighted to see that such an 
earnest collector as Mrs. Tebay has been able to accumulate such an 
interesting collection of them. 





British Empire, 



British South Africa. — The £1 of the 

re-engraved type has appeared. 

Canada. — Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
have sent us a specimen of the 8c. of the 
redrawn type, with figures of value below. 

A dhesive. 
8c. orange yellow. 

The Imperial Postage Stamp of 2C. has 
appeared, and is an oblong in black and red 
with a map of the world. We will illustrate 
this in our next number. 

A dhesive. 
2 cents, black and carmine on white. 

Ceylon. — Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
kindly send us the R2. 50c. of this country 
in a new colour. The design is the same as 
hitherto, but the stamp is now printed in 
lilac on a bright brick red paper. The 
watermark is crown C.A. , and the perfora- 
tion 14 all round. 

A dhesive. 
R2. 50c. lilac on brick red, Crown C.A., Perforated 14. 

Cyprus. — It is reported that a new set 
with value in English currency will appear 
shortly. 

Fiji.— Mr. W. A. Hull has furnished us 
with a list of perforations which were not 
included in our Oceania Catalogue, and very 
few appear in any of the recent dealers' 
catalogues. As these stamps are printed and 
perforated at the Government Printing 
Office, Sydney, they will doubtless show 
from time to time all the perplexing varia- 
tions of " denticulation " which characterise 
the stamps of New South Wales. Owing to 
the comparatively small number of Fijian 
stamps used, it will become increasingly 
difficult as time goes on to complete sets 
with the various perforations, so it would be 
well for collectors to be on the look out, and 
gauge all their copies lest a rare combination 
should be inadvertently exchanged away as 
a supposititious duplicate. — A ustralian Phila- 
telist. 



Type of 1880. V.R. engraved. 
Adhesives : 
id. blue, perf. 10 x 12. 
id. ultramarine, perf. 11 x 10. 
4d. mauve, perf. n. 
2d. green, perf. 10 x 12. 
2d. pale green, perf. n x 10. 
is. (Queen's Head) pale bistre, perf. n x 10. 

Current Types. 
Jd. slate, perf. 11, 12, 11 x 10. 
id. lilac-rose, perf. 11 x 12. 
2d. green, perf. 12, 11 x 12. 
Sd. blue, perf. 11. 
is. bistre, perf. 11. 

id. black, perf. 11, 12, 10 x 12, 11 x 12. 
id. deep iilac-rose, perf. 11, 12, 12 x 11. 
2jd. brown, perf. 11 x 10, 12 x 11. 
6d. rose, perf. 11. 

Great Britain. — Our publishers have the 
one penny Government parcels with the sur- 
charge inverted. 

A dhesive. 
Id. lilac, inverted, surcharge Government Parcels 

in black. 

New South Wales. — Some more varie- 
ties of perforation have to be chronicled. — 

Australian Philatelist. 

AdJiesives. 
gd. brown and black, wmk. N.S.W. and Crown (II), 

[pert. 12 
iod. lilac „ „ „ 

i2jd. red and black ,, ,, ,, 

10s. on white paper, perf. 11. 

New Zealand. — DAmi des Timbres 
announces the issue of a registration enve- 
lope with a stamp of 3d., of the type of 1874, 
the words "Registration Fee" being printed 
at the left, and threepence on the right, in 
thin capitals. The stamp is on the flap, but 
we are not told the colour of the paper 
Envelope, 3d., ultramarine., 

South Australia. — Here also the list of 
perforations must be added to. 
Adhesives. 
is. brown, perf. 12J, 12J x 11J, 11J x 12J 
2s. 6d. lilac, perf. ij, 12^, 12J x n£, 11J x i2§. 

Western Australia. — It is announced 
that the colour of the 2d. has been, or is to 
be, changed from grey to orange. 



14 



The Philatelic Record. 



Foreign Countries. 



Austria. — Mr. Rudol Friedle has 
discovered two very interesting specimens of 
Austrian Provisionals, being half of the iokr. 
brown of 1858 used as 5kr. Both are on the 
original covers, and were posted by the agent 
of the Danube Steam Navigation Company 
in Neu-Verbasz on the 5th and 6th March, 
1859, and addressed to the agent of the 
Company at Klein-Stapar. 

Provisional. Half of iok., brown, of 1858, 
used as 5kr. 

Brazil. — By a decree the 100 reis, violet, 
journal stamp was transformed into a postage 
stamp of 200 reis, the figures 200 appearing 
twice, that is to say, once across each figure 
of 100, with the date 1898 between them, 
obliterating the word "Jornaes." The 
stamp was issued on the 29th October last. 
A dhesive. 

200 reis in black on ioo reis violet journal stamp. 

It is also reported that the 50 reis blue and 
black has been cut in half, and each part 
used as 25 reis. 

China.— Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. have 
sent us 5 values of a new set, apparently 
manufactured by a European or an American 
firm, the execution being much finer than 
the previous issue. We will illustrate them 
in our next. 

Adhcsives, 
4c. pale brown. 
S c. salmon. 
20 c. chocolate brown. 
30 c. lake red. 
50 c. green. 

They are all perforated 15. 

Johore.— Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
have sent us specimens of a new design, 
with a portrait of the present Sultan, in an 
octagonal frame. The second colour given 
is the value, which appears in native and 
European characters in the lower corners. 
Adhesh/es. 
ioc. green and black, perf. 14 
25c. green and violet, perf. 14. 
50c. green and carmine, peif. 14. 

Mozambique.— According to a Brazilian 
contemporary the Mozambique Company 
have issued a set of stamps in commemora- 
tion of some centenary. They are the 
ordinary issue of the Mozambique Com- 
pany's stamps of 1894, surcharged in three 
lines, " 1894— Centenario. da — India," 
with a line above and below. The complete 
set, from z\ to 300 reis, has been thus 
surcharged; but we are not told the colour 
of the overprint. 



Adhesives (Mozambique, current issue, surcharged in 
per/. ii\). 
(a) Numerals of value in black. 
2^r. olive yellow. 
5r. orange, 
ior. red-lilac. 
I5r. brown. 
2or. grey. 
25r. green. 
5or. blue. 
75r. carmine. 
8or. pale green, 
ioor. brown on buff. 
i5or. brown-rose on rose. 
20or. blue on blue. 
30or. blue on bright buff. 

(b) In carmine. 
5oor. black, 
iooor, violet. 

Peru. — Messrs. Williams & Co., of Lima, 
have sent us specimens of the new post- 
cards, with the words Correos del Peru 
in ordinary capitals, with a line underneath 
followed by the words, Tarjeta Postal, 
then the word Senor, and three lines for 
address, with different views in the lower 
left-hand corner. The usual directions are 
below the last line, which, by-the-bye, is 
double, one being thicker than the other. 
The stamp consists of a head embossed in 
white in oval, above which is the date 1899, 
and the value below. The value and the 
views are in each case printed in the same 
colour, and although they are dated 1899, 
we have a specimen posted to ourselves, and 
used, on November 22nd, 1898. 

Post Cards. 

1 centavo. black and violet on white 

2 centavos, black and pink on white. 

4 centavos, black and brown on white. 

It is stated that the 5 cent " deficit " of 
this country was used for a few days in Lima 
as an ordinary 5 cent postage stamp, some 
being with, and some without, the surcharge 
"Expendio." 

Of the 30,000 specimens of the 1 centavo 
unpaid letter stamp , surcharged Franque. 
November, 1897, there were four sheets (400 
stamps), with the surcharge inverted. 

Of the 1 cent of 1896, printed in Prussian 
blue, which is the ordinary colour of the 
2 cent, there was only one sheet of 100 
stamps. 

Uruguay. — Here we have two more pro- 
visionals, showing that there is evidently 
still a scarcity of £ cent, stamps. The sur- 
charge is thesame as those already chronicled, 
but this time it is printed in red on the 1 cent 
of 1896, and on the 7 cent of 1895. 
Provisionals, 
ic. in red on ic. of 1896, lilac and black, 
£c. in red on 7c. of 1895, green. 



Notes on Stamps. 



15 



Notes on the Stamps of Newfoundland. 



From the Weekly Philatelic Era. 



In my notes of Oct. 15th, in speaking of the 
Newfoundland 3c. type A23, 1 made the state- 
ment that there had never been a re-issue of 
this stamp. This statement has been contra- 
dicted with the assertion that three re-issues 
of it are known to have been made. Although 
the writer making the assertion did not 
designate what the three re-issues were, nor 
why they should be considered re-issues, I 
presume the three stamps referred to are the 
lilac-gray, lilac and violet-brown varieties of 
type A23. * 

If I correctly understand the term re-issue 
in its philatelic sense, not one of these three 
stamps nor any shade variety of type A23 
which to my knowledge exists can be termed 
a re-issue. Webster's definition of a re-issue 
is "a second or repeated issue," but this 
definition cannot be accepted in the special 
field of philately. If it is, then each separate 
printing of a current stamp, with its slight 
variations in shades, is a re-issue. Under this 
definition the 2c. carmine of 1890 could be 
properly termed a re-issue, as well as the ic. 
dark blue of 1894 and 2c. carmine-lake and 
carmine, triangle I, of the same year. This 
could be carried on until the number of 
stamps properly designated "re-issues" would 
be almost legion. 

The term " re-issue," for use in the field of 
philately, should convey a definite and 
specific meaning in distinction from " re- 
print " and "regular issue." A re-issue, thus 
differentiated, possesses four distinctive 
characteristics, each of which must be present 
before a stamp can correctly be termed such. 

First, a "re-issue" must be of Government 
origin, and receivable for postage in distinc- 
tion from a reprint, which may be of either 
Government or private origin, but is not 
receivable for postage. 

Again, a re-issue must be issued after the 
stamp of which it is a re-issue has become 
obsolete, and, in distinction from a regular 
issue, it must not be the current stamp of 
its kind for regular use. 

The four distinctive characteristics, briefly 
summarised, are : 1st, Of Government origin. 
2nd, issued after the original stamp has be- 
come obsolete. 3rd, Receivable for postage. 
4th, Not the current stamp of its kind for 
regular use. The distinct line which it is 
necessary to draw between re-issue and 
regular issue makes the fourth characteristic 
absolutely essential, as, in the ordinary 
sense of the term, many regular issues in 
current use are re-issues, and possess all of 
the first three characteristics enumerated 
above. The £d., id. and 2^d. of the Gibraltar 
1898 set just issued are examples of this. 
These three stamps cannot, however, be 
correctly designated re-issues in the specific 
meaning of the term in the field of philately. 
[» NOTE.— The type A23 refers 



They are regular issues for current use, in 
which an obsolete type and, approximately, 
colour also has been reverted to. They vary, 
however, to quite an extent in shade from 
the corresponding stamps of the 1886 issue, 
and their proper place and designation is 
a part of the regular issue of 1898. Mr. 
Luff so chronicles them in the last A.J. of 
P. From the four distinctive characteris- 
tics which I have enumerated as essential to 
a re-issue, we can draw the following as the 
definition of the term re-issue in its philatelic 
sense. 

A re-issue is a second issue by a Govern- 
ment of a stamp (if desired for definiteness 
this could read " postage or revenue stamp") 
after it has become obsolete, and while re- 
ceivable for postage, is not a regular issue 
for current use. In offering this definition, 
I lay no particular claim to originality, as I 
have based my conclusions upon certain 
stamps which have been listed as re-issues, 
and this classification is generally accepted 
as the correct one. I refer particularly to 
the re-issue in 1875 by our own Government 
of the 1869 series. Consider this re-issue, 
and it will be seen that the stamps possess 
each of the four characteristics which I have 
designated as essentials in a re-issue. The 
Newfoundland 1894 re-issue, Scott's Nos. 
63, 64, 66, 67 and 68, also possess these four 
characteristics, and these two examples, it 
seems to me, give a correct premise from 
which to establish the exact philatelic mean- 
ing of the term re-issue. 

To return briefly to the question of re- 
issues of the Newfoundland 3c. type A23. 
Unless there exist distinct varieties of this 
type, of which I have no knowledge, there 
has never been any printing of it save as a 
regular issue for current use ; neither has 
there been any issue of it since the type 
became obsolete. All the shade and colour 
varieties which I know to exist were simply 
changes of colour, more or less pronounced, 
in different printings of a coloured stamp. I 
do not see how they can be termed re-issues. 
The 3c. lilac-gray, No. 69, was issued 
about 1894, and replaced the 3c. slate as the 
current three cent stamp. It was in use 
until replaced, about 1896, by the 3c. lilac, 
which was in turn replaced by the 3c. Cabot. 
The lilac-gray was not listed until the 1898 
catalogue appeared last fall, and for some 
time the 3c. lilac was quite generally looked 
upon as the lilac-gray. For instance, the 
provisionals were at first generally listed 
and spoken of as ic. on 3c. lilac-gray, while, 
as a matter of fact, remainders of the 3c. 
lilac were used for the surcharge. There 
is a marked difference in shade between 
these two stamps, just as much in degree as 
to Scott's Catalogue. Editor P.R.] 



i6 



The Philatelic Record. 



between the dark blue and ultramarine of 
the U.S. ic. '94, and there is an equally 
marked difference in paper and gum, par- 
ticularly noticeable in the latter, which, of 
the lilac-grays is whitish and of the lilacs 
thick and yellowish. Last winter it began 
to be understood that the 3c. lilac was not 
the stamp listed in the catalogue as lilac- 
gray, and in February, in the Supplementary 
Catalogue of the Boston Stamp Book, the 
stamp was listed as an 1898 re-issue, and 
continued to be so listed. 

That this stamp was issued as early as 
1896 I know, because I was shown in the 
office of one of the largest stamp firms in 
New York City portions of a sheet purchased 
by the firm in Newfoundland in the summer 
of that year. The most striking variety of 
this type is the violet-brown, and regarding 



it I have not yet been able to obtain all the 
definite information I desire. The stamp 
itself indicates that it is of the same printing 
as the lilac, and its scarcity indicates that 
the lilacs outnumbered it twenty to one. 

In the large lot of used 3c. A23, embracing 
all shades which I have examined during 
the past ten months, I found the lilacs and 
violet-browns in about the same proportion 
per thousand, but unused there seems to be 
but very few of the violet-browns to be had, 
while the lilacs are comparatively common. 

I cannot account for this striking colour 
of A23, unless it was due to a mistake or 
else a trial or emergency colour. In any 
event, they seem to have been sent on to the 
general post office and very quickly used up 
postally. It and the lilacs were apparently 
in use at about the time. 

George S. McKearin. 



Our Monthly Packets of 
New Issues. 



No. 1, price One Shilling (postage extra). 

The January Packet contains : — 
■SEVERAL VARIETIES all unused. 

No. 2, price Five Shillings (postage extra). 

The January Packet contains : — 
SEVERAL VARIETIES, all unused. 



These packets are on sale until January 31st (unless 
the supply is previously exhausted), and are supplied 
only to Subscribers to the Philatelic Record and 
Stamp News. Similar packets will be on sale every 
month, and may be subscribed for in advance for the 
year (January to December inclusive), at the following 
rates : No. 1 packet, 12s., postage extra ; No. 2 packet, 
60s., postage extra. 

The subscription to the paper (5s. per annum) is 
extra. — Buhl& Co., Ltd., 11, Queen Victoria St., E.C. 




Items of Interest. 



17 



Items of Interest. 



It is announced that Russia will shortly 
issue a fresh set of stamps, to include a new 
value of 6 kopec. 

Amongst the big collections to be disposed 
of this season will be the United States 
envelopes of Mr. Wm. Thorne, of New 
York, to be sold by the Scott Stamp & Coin 
Company, or, to be more accurate, as we 
notice that the sale was announced for 
December 8th, they have probably by now 
been disposed of ; much to our regret, we 
have not seen the catalogue. 

The following paragraph from Lima, Peru, 
appears in the Melita Philatelist, published in 
Malta, and we think it is as well to publish 
it in the event of any of our readers being 
offered this collection at some future date : — 

" One of the principal collectors in Lima is 
an Italian business man. He values his 
collection at £ 1,000, and it certainly makes 
a magnificent show ; but on close examina- 
tion, many of the rare varieties turn out to 
be rank forgeries ; in most cases he was 
aware of this at the time of purchase. He 
is not averse to them as space fillers, and 
thinks he will be able to hoodwink some- 
body on his return to Italy in a few months, 
as he formed the collection with the intention 
of ultimately selling at a profit. As he is a 
large buyer, he is greatly in demand amongst 
several local dealers whose wares are not 
always above reproach. This is rather an 
unique specie of collector." 

Another paragraph from the same paper 
is also worth reproducing : — 

"To the knowledge of the writer, fully 
^250 worth (nett) of stamps were sold to a 
few collectors in Lima at good prices during 
the past week, shewing that this is rather a 
fair market, if not a sure Philatelic klondyke 
when properly supplied. The highest price 
realized, ^28 for a beautiful pair of Argentine 
1864 15c. blue, certainly warrants this state- 
ment." 



The Government of Finland is offering for 
sale the remainder of the stock of old stamps 
which have become demonetised. 



We regret to hear that Mr. J. J. Casey, of 
New York, is disposing of his well-known 
Philatelic Library, thereby giving an oppor- 
tunity of purchasing books which it may be 
almost impossible to obtain again in the 
future ; in fact, it is unlikely that a similar 
opportunity of obtaining valuable Philatelic 
literature will ever occur again. We hear 
that the catalogue is now ready for the 
printers. 



It appears that the cutting in half of a 
higher value to allow each half to be used 
separately has not been entirely confined to 
stamps. According to Herdman's Miscellany 
it was a custom in some of the small South 
American countries, until a few years ago, 
to cut both silver and copper coins into 
equal portions to represent fractions of the 
original coin, and as such they were current. 
The 8 real piece and the 1, 2 and 4 real were 
all thus utilized. 

Until further orders the ordinary Postage 
Stamps of Hawaii are to be available for 
postal purposes, not only in the Islands, but 
for any correspondence between the Islands 
and the United States, so that they really 
become, in a sense, United States Provis- 
ionals. 

An American dealer advertises the 50 St. 
Louis, plate No. 1, Die B, for the modest 
sum of ^300. Rare stamps are apparently 
not cheap in the States. 

It is stated that the whole stock of the 
service stamps of Hawaii, of 1897, nas been 
sold to an American firm at face value, the 
total amounting to about £1000. We take 
this information from an American contem- 
porary, and publish it with all reserve. 

From the same paper, L 'Annonce 7im- 
brologique, we take the information that 
the newspaper stamps of the United States 
have been obsolete since July last, and that 
the postage for large parcels of newspapers 
has been paid in cash from that date with- 
out any stamp being used. 

It is reported that Ceylon will, in the 
month of December, issue a new stamp with 
surcharge "One penny" to commemorate 
the introduction of the imperial id. postage. 

We are glad to see that Mr. J. B. Moens 
has again been elected president of the 
Bruxelles section of the International Phila- 
telic Society by 14 votes and 2 blanks out of 
an attendance of 16 members. 

An easy way of distinguishing a forgery of 
the first Chilian unpaid letter stamps from 
the genuine is the date of the post mark. 
The genuine stamps are all dated from the 
1st of October to the 31st December, 1894, 
whereas all the forgeries that have been seen 
up to the present bear the dates 22.5.94 an( i 
7.94. 

The perforation of the originals is gener- 
ally 18 x 15, whereas in the forgeries one 
finds 18J x 15J and 19 x 15^. 



The Philatelic Record. 



The idea of the union of philatelic societies 
seems to be spreading, and we are now pleased 
to announce that all the Belgian soc.eties 
have been formed into one under the title of 
the Federation des Philotelistes Beiges. The 
initiative was taken by the Societe Philateli- 
que Anversoise and the Club des Collectionneurs. 
These two latter societies alone consist of 220 
members, about 200 of which reside at 
Antwerp, thus making the Antwerp society 
one of the largest in the world in point of 
membership. 

It is a pity that the daily papers do not 
employ some authority to write for them 
when they wish to give any information on 
philatelic matters. Another instance of the 
nonsense which is foisted on the public 
regarding philately appeared in the Sun of 
December 1st ; amongst the other inac- 
curacies being a statement that one collec- 
tion was sold under the hammer for ^10,000. 

From the annual report of the Birmingham 
Philatelic Society we gather that there are 
now no less than 241 members, and the value 
of the exchange packet for the year was 
^38,625 16s. 2d., of which the large sum of 
^5,437 was sold. 

An interesting article on the envelopes of 
Holland, by Mr. J. M. Ente van Gils, 
commenced in the December number of 
Die Post. It is remarkable how many 
varieties of a simple and much neglected 
envelope can be found if one commences to 
study the subject, and we find that there are 
three different shapes alone of the first issue. 
The article should prove interesting to those 
who make a study of entires. 

We hear that with the month of January 
a new paper is to appear in Lima, to be 
entitled The Peruvian Philatelist. Phil- 
ately is evidently making rapid strides in the 
Spanish speaking States of America. 

The following names have been added to 
the committee of the Paris Philatelic Ex- 
hibition of 1900 : — MM. J. M. Andreini, L. A. 
Beausar, F. Breitfuss, LeonBrummer, H. L. 
Caiman, H. J. Duveen, E. Huybrechts, P. 
Ohrt, W. H. Peckitt, H. Schafer, A. 
Straessle-Cottet, C. Wehner, and Carl 
Willadt. 

M. Marcel Pouget discovered a phil- 
atelic curiosity of Sierra-Leone by accident 
the other day. When the change in the 
postal rates necessitated the creation of a 
2^4 pence postage stamp the postal author- 
ities first used the stock of ]/ z penny and 
2 pence stamps, and when these had been 
used up they began to employ one half of 
the 1 penny and one half of the 4 pence 
stamps cut diagonally and pasted together 
so that it appeared like a stamp of two 
colours. The cancellation B 31 must cover 
the two halves without break in order to 
show its genuineness. 



M. Maury's correspondent at Mauri- 
tius writes that the sale of surcharged 
stamps at the post-office was the cause of 
riots, and that the police had to quell 
the disturbance raised by stamp collectors 
who fought for a place near the stamp 
window. As a consequence the Governor 
ordered the surcharged stamps to be taken to 
the Treasury and deposited there. It is 
now thought that the large commemora- 
tive 36 cents stamp of the Queen's Jubilee 
will be re-perforated so as to make two 
stamps of each, worth 18 cents apiece ; at 
the same time the large stamp will be retired 
from circulation. 

During the past few months the postal 
authorities of the Argentine Republic have 
been employing a method similar to that of 
the Tunisian officials for replacing postage 
due stamps which do not exist in either 
country. The amount to be collected on 
letters, postage on which was insufficient or 
not paid at all, has been attached in ordinary 
postage stamps perforated with the letters 
" C Y T," which stands for Correos y 
Telegrafos. These stamps are being used in 
a number of post-offices, and are said to be 
authorized by the Government although no 
announcement has been made officially, 
according to the Revista Postal. 

It is reported by the daily Press that 
Princess Charles of Denmark is, or has 
been, an enthusiastic collector. 

As it appears there are still numbers of 
the obsolete New South Wales stamps in the 
hands of persons who are unaware of their 
demonetisation, it has been decided to 
rehabilitate them for the present. 

We regret that a .prospectus of an ex- 
hibition of postage stamps, to be held in 
Calcutta by the Philatelic Society of India, 
during the Christmas week, reached us too 
late for our last number. Sixteen classes 
are announced for competition, and a large 
number of medals. The Committee include 
such influential philatelists as Mr. C. Stewart 
Wilson, Lady Collen, Surg. -Major Harris, 
Messrs. E. S. Gubbey, C. F. Larmour, and 
many others, including the Secretary, Mr. 
P. Alwyn Selfe. 

Since 1873 a mass of unclaimed corres- 
pondence has been accumulating in the 
" dead letter office," at Santiago, Chili, 
which it is estimated exceeded 4,000,000 
letters, postcards, and packages. It is 
extraordinary that the postal authorities 
have not dealt with them before and 
returned them to the writers, as is done in 
most countries. Now that the mass has 
become too great for storage, orders have 
been given to burn them wholesale, only 
such letters as appear to contain coin or 
bank notes being opened. Already about 
4,375dols. in large and small sums have been 
recovered, and over ^22,000 in bank drafts 
out of date. The proceeds have been 
deposited in the Treasury to await claimants. 




The Model Stamp Dealer. 

By Gardner R. Kennedy. 
{From the Eastern Philatelist). 

Generally speaking models are unmiti- 
gated bores. I hope that this series of 
opinions will not receive a similar con- 
demnation, Of course my ideals may be 
mine alone ; nevertheless, I trust that my 
descriptions of what, to me, would be 
models, will appeal to some of the readers 
of the Eastern Philatelist as quite the proper 
thing. 

I take the dealer first, because the entire 
fabric of the stamp fraternity is built upon 
him. Doubtless there would be postage 
stamp collecting if there were no dealers, 
but necessarily this collecting would be 
haphazard and unsatisfactory. This is a 
patent enough fact to all, — it is beyond 
argument. 

In our gallery of models, the dealer, 
then, must occupy the first niche. And to 
me the primary qualification which he 
must possess, is neatness. Closely allied is 
good taste. 

You know how much you appreciate a 
clean, neatly marked approval book or 
sheet, with stamps carefully placed and 
with at least a passable arrangement of 
colours. In an inverse ratio is your regard 
for the same stamps "slapped on" any- 
way, paper on the back, prices marked 
and remarked until the real one is a de- 
batable question, sheets or books dirty 
and creased, — you know how it seems. 

When a dealer has an office it is even 
more necessary that he be careful in this 
respect. Counter books with unused 
copies, oddities, and what - not stuck 
around the margins, boxes of loose 
"stuff" scattered around, — these things 
are not found in the office of " the model 
stamp dealer." 

Next, he should have a good knowledge 
of stamps themselves. This seems at first 
glance to be a qualification which all possess. 
But stop and think ! How many of the 
dealers you know are, to any degree, 
philatelists ? Are not many content to 
be merely good business men ? — to have 
a small knowledge of the stamps they sell 
(so be it that they sell them), and to de- 
pend upon others, — other dealers, col- 
lecting friends, and occasionally a clerk 
for information as to the goods they are 
handling ? This should not be so ; but so 
it is. 



Following after some carejulness any 
accuracy. Of course it is nice to pick up 
a stamp underpriced ; but it isn't so nice 
to find a stamp you want carelessly 
marked 'way over value, especially if you 
have bought it without reference to a 
catalogue. Then the shoe pinches a 
trifle. Neither is it satisfactory to send 
in a want list and have it filled with a 
wrong watermark or with the perforation 
you don't want tucked in either through 
carelessness or on the supposition that if 
you don't get what you asked for you will 
take what you are sent. 

The model dealer should be thoroughly 
honest. He will not work off damaged 
copies on a beginner, just because he is 
"easy." He will not use his knowledge 
of a coming very hearty slump in a 
certain direction to work off all he has 
on his " friends " at a stiff price. There 
are other things he will not do that I will 
refrain from mentioning, or else this article 
" won't do " either, I fear. 

He should be enterprising to get what 
his customers desire ; he should be quick 
in executing their commissions, and his 
correspondence will be answered in a 
reasonable time, especially letters en- 
closing stamps for sale. It worries a 
man to send his property to a dealer and 
then not hear from it for, it may be, 
weeks. 

He must be a social man. The brusque 
dealer may sell his goods, but he makes few 
friends, and about as few customers who 
will buy of him if they can find what they 
want elsewhere. 

He should be an earnest promoter of the 
welfare of his local society, but not obtrusive 
at the meetings, especially with endeavours 
to sell. " Too much dealer " in stamp 
societies is a bad thing, and tends to drive 
away the real collector. 

Lastly, he won't be unduly puffed up 
when he reads this catalogue of his merits ; 
and if he is the other kind, — and we know 
his name is at least several, — he will not be 
vexed, but will turn himself in his ways, 
and endeavour to be as nearly as may be, 
that really rare surprise, — The Model Stamp 
Dealer. 

Curious Methods of Delivering 

Letters. 

(From the Junior Stamp Collector.) 

We all know how interesting it is (at least 
to stamp collectors) to read of the various 
ways in which letters are delivered, and of 



20 



The Philatelic Record. 



the men who deliver them ; but what I 
propose to speak of now is, the places where 
there are no postmen, or where the most 
primitive modes of delivering letters are used. 

I will first consider an island, compara- 
tively near home, though it possesses a 
population of some seventy odd souls, has 
no regular method of communication with 
the rest of the world. I allude to the lonely 
island of St. Kilda, which is situated about 
50 miles north-west of the Outer Hebrides. 

When an inhabitant of this place wishes 
to communicate with a friend living in some 
other part of the globe, he often proceeds to 
put his letter in a bottle or tin box in the 
cavity of a piece of wood (which is formed 
somewhat in the shape of a boat), together 
with a coin with which to frank the letter, 
and a request that whoever picks it up will 
forward it to its destination. A hatch is 
then nailed over this, upon which is cut the 
words, "Please open." The whole is then 
tied to a bladder made from a sheep's skin 
and consigned to the waves when a north- 
westerly wind is blowing. 

If the wind is propitious, the letter usually 
reaches the Hebrides in about five days ; but 
should it drift in a northerly direction, it 
finally lands in Norway. However, it is 
said that four out of every six letters posted 
thus reach their destination safely. 

Travelling across Europe, we find that the 
dweller on the southern slopes of the Cau- 
casus Mountains who expects a letter from 
a friend living on the plains, sends down his 
dog in charge of a tax collector or pedlar, 
with instructions that the missive is to be 
placed in a little pouch in the ring of the 
dog's collar. This done, the dog is let loose, 
and proceeds home with the mail to his 
master. 

In Turkey, it is said that the sacks con- 
taining the ietters for distribution lie for 
weeks at a time in the office, waiting in fact 
until the local Cadi finds it convenient to 
hand them over to the lowest bidder who 
will undertake to deliver them within a 
certain number of days to the Cadi of the 
town for which they are destined. This the 
man chosen (who is usually a mountaineer) 
promises to do " if Allah wills." But should 
he think fit to visit his relatives for a few 
days the people have to wait for their letters 
until he has finished his little holiday. 

We read that in the Corea a very primi- 
tive mode of carrying the mails is still 
adhered to, viz., the delivery by ox waggon, 
which is said to be the slowest method of 
locomotion to be found. 

In China the letters of a mandarin are 
delivered by a special courier, who is some- 
times accompanied by a military escort. 
M. V. C. Nuttall. 

The Question of Colour 
Standards. 

The question of a standard colour nomen- 
clature in catalogue and album manufacture 
has long been a mooted one. And this is 



small wonder when the Standard Cataloguers 
will persist in using such terms as "lake" 
and "stone" as the final designation of 
colour. The "lake" Newfoundlands, so 
called, might be green or brown, and still be 
" lake "; and the stamps of Thurn and Taxis, 
which are called stone by the cataloguers, 
should be, according to other standards, a 
kind of bluish-gray, which they certainly 
are not. These are only random examples 
of almost universally bad colour naming. 

Take for example the English term 
"azure," usually applied to a bluish-gray 
paper, interspersed with black "thread" 
particles, The colour name clearly is mis- 
leading and irrelevant. 

But perhaps the greatest difficulty which 
cataloguers experience may be found in the 
colours ranging in the spectrum between 
blue and red, involving such shades and 
tints as lavender, purple, mauve, magenta, 
maroon, lilac, etc. 

It is a generally accepted fact that colour 
cannot be described except in terms of itself, 
and that shades and tints may be determined 
and defined only from a genetic standpoint. 
That is, we may tell how a hue, tint, or 
shade may be made by the blending of definite 
proportions of certain standard primary 
colours, and defining their combination with 
stated proportions of white or black; but 
we cannot tell what a colour is like. It is 
merely like itself. 

A very complete and practical system of 
instruction in colour is now in force in our 
public schools, and one of the instruments 
used by the instructors is the "colour 
wheel," which mechanically produces by 
the whirling of primary colours on a graded 
disc in proper proportions, the various hues 
desired. Tints and shades are further de- 
duced by the adjustment of proportions of 
white and black respectively. Each child is 
likewise provided with a small top containing 
all the necessary mechanism for the same 
interesting work, and is taught to distinguish 
colours by the proportions of their com- 
ponents. These small tops cost, -perhaps, 
ten cents each, and ought to be within the 
reach of the average collector. 

Would it not be a good scheme, then, for 
the cataloguers also to buy a top or a colour 
wheel, which is likewise comparatively in- 
expensive, and then by experiment to arrive 
at some genetic scheme for colour distinc- 
tion ? An accurate knowledge of the exact 
colour of every stamp in existence could 
then be had. Some very interesting facts, 
at any rate, would come out in colour study 
of this sort. — Eastern Philatelist. 

How to encourage Small 
Collectors. 

At the risk of quoting too much from our 
esteemed contemporary the Eastern Philate- 
list, we cannot refrain from reproducing the 
following extract, which refers to the advance- 
ment of stamp collecting by encouraging 
boys and girls at school to spend their pocket 



Philately in the Mags. 



21 



money in that direction. For ourselves we 
find that most boys collect stamps at some 
time of their schoolboy career : — 

"The best scheme, that we know of, would 
be to give away to school children in cities 
(and adjacent towns) where dealers are 
located, small packages of stamps illustrating 
geographical facts. We have discussed this 
plan with educational people, public school 
instructors, and the like, and have received 
universal encouragement. Of course the 
envelopes enclosing the stamps would be in- 
scribed with the name of the local dealer 
and would inevitably lead to closer acquaint- 
ance, and gain to him, as well as to philately 
at large, in the end." 

Foreign Postmarks on British 
Stamps. 

We learn from MekeeFs Weekly that at the 
meeting of the Chicago Philatelic Society, 
on November 3rd, Mr. J. M. Andreini 
exhibited his collection of British stamps 
with American cancellations. Among his 
latest additions Mr. Andreini has acquired 
British stamps with postmarks of Kingston 
(Jamaica), Peru, and Mexico, and his col- 
lection includes obliterations from almost 
every part of America. 

Looking back about fifteen years, more or 
less, we remember such things being com- 
paratively common. We ourselves have 
had many letters from Peru, Nicaragua, 
Guatemala, and other South American 
States, franked with English stamps, in the 
days when the postage was one shilling for 
each half-ounce, when the local governments 
had no system of their own, and British post 
offices were established in Lima, Callao, San 
Juan, St. Thomas, and other towns. Such a 
collection must be interesting, from a Phila- 
telic point of view, if for no other reason than 
because it reflects the past postal history of 
certain countries, a history which in itself 
is unique, and will always remain so. Hence- 
forth we have "Imperial penny postage." As 



we wrote many years ago, this Imperial 
penny post is only the forerunner of what is 
sure to happen, the universal penny postage. 
Reminiscences are rather out of place in a. 
Philatelic Magazine, but we cannot help 
contrasting the old with the new. Some 
years ago a letter from the West Indies or 
South America was a rarity, the postage, as 
already mentioned, was one shilling per half- 
ounce, and we have paid many hundreds of 
these shillings, and multiples of them, for 
letters to Costa Rica, Guatemala, Barbados,, 
Nicaragua, and any number of other places. 
Now, instead of a rarity, the average 2^d. 
letter takes up too much time ; but what will 
it be in the future ? 



Stamp folk must not imagine that the, 
consistent study of stamps or that specialism 
is wholly the growth of the last five or ten 
years. The nigh-class philatelic magazines of 
twenty-five years ago contained exhaustive, 
special articles and various complete lists of, 
for instance, tobacco, spirit, etc., stamps 
that are but little collected to day. — MekeeVs. 
Weekly. 



The man who gives away a few varieties o^ 
stamps on every possible occasion to encour- 
age possible collectors does more practical 
good to philately than he who writes articles 
proclaiming the pleasures of philately. — 
MekeeFs Weekly. 

According to a newspaper, the local post- 
office handled a letter from the Philippines 
on which the postage amounted to $8.56.. 
As the package was sent by a soldier stationed 
there, it was carried at the rate of two cents 
an ounce. It weighed twenty-six pounds 
and twelve ounces and was prepaid by 107 
eight cent stamps, the highest denomination 
that Uncle Sam has in his newly-acquired, 
colony. — MekeeFs Weekly. 







- • n n« 

'Ulk-^nnnll.i.ilnllln 



Scientific Philately. 

The Curator of the Brooklyn Institute of 
Arts and Sciences has sent us the following 
interesting letter : — 

" 174, Montague Street, 

" Brooklyn-New York, Nov. 2SI/1, 1898. 

" The Philatelic Record, 

" Messrs. Buhl * Co., Ltd., 

"it, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C. 

" Gentlemen. — The Brooklyn Institute 
of Arts and Sciences — a public institution of 
the highest standing and reputation among 
scientific societies the world over — has estab- 
lished a department known as the ' Section 
on Philately,' merging with it as a founda- 
tion the Long Island Philatelic Society of 
Brooklyn, having for its object, in the words 
of its Constitution, ' to promote and encou- 
rage the study of Postage and Revenue 
Stamps, the establishment of a Philatelic 
Library, and the formation of a permanent 
collection of the stamps of the world for the 
Institute.' 

" Thus, for the first time, so far as we are 
able to learn, Philately has been recognized 
by a great scientific institution — a recogni- 
tion which philatelists have been seeking 
for years — and takes its place among the 
arts and sciences, acknowledged by the 
trustees of a great institution as being worthy 
to be classed among them. 

" With a view to establishing a permanent 
Philatelic Library for the Institute for the 
use of philatelists who desire complete 
information on the subject, we would thank 
you very much if you would send regularly 
to the Curator copies of the Philatelic 
Record. 

"The Scott Stamp and Coin Company, 
Limited, were the first to generously respond 
to our call for philatelic literature, by pre- 
senting us with a complete set of bound 
volumes of the American Journal of Phila- 
tely from its beginning. If you are willing 
to present the section with any bound 
volumes of the Philatelic Recoid, or other 
literature, the gift would be most acceptable, 
and highly appreciated. The names of con- 
tributors to the library and institute collec- 
tion will appear in the handsome Year Book 
of the Institute. All literature and stamps 
intended for the section should be sent to 
the Curator at above address. 

"Thanking you in advance for any 
courtesy you may be able to extend to us, 
I am, 

"Very respectfully, 

"John D. Carberrv, 

" Curator." 
Private address of Curator, 1206, Bush- 
wick Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. 



Philatelic Societies. 



CENTRAL PHILATELIC CLUB. 

A Special meeting of the members was 
held on Thursday, 17th November, at 8 p.m., 
for the election of a committee to make 
arrangements with reference to the Exchange 
packets and other important business. 

After some discussion a proposition was 
put to the meeting that the new committee 
were to consist for the present of five 
members, the said committee when elected 
to have power, if necessary, to add to their 
number, also to fill up any vacancies that 
may occur during their term of office. 

The following gentlemen were elected to 
serve as officers on the committee : Messrs. 
W. L. Dracachis, F. B. Carr, H. Atherley, 
D. Thomson, and T. Nops. 

The Committee were then empowered to 
draw up a revised set of rules both general 
and for the Exchange packets, and after their 
meeting, and decision, to report progress 
at the next general meeting, to be held on 
Monday, 5th December. 

Monday, Nov. 14th, was a special night 
for members and their friends of the Central 
Philatelic Club, a smoking concert having 
been organized by the management of the 
Imperial Club, to which all members of the 
Central Philatelic Club were invited free. 

The concert was a great success, the large 
reading room, which was specially fitted up 
for the purpose, being crowded. It is pro- 
posed to hold further concerts of a similar 
nature during the winter season. Future 
dates will be duly announced. 

At the next meeting the Secretary, Mr. C. 
Forbes, gave a few notes, with display, on 
the Stamps of " Persia." 

Applications for membership and all 
enquiries respecting the Club to be addressed 
to the Secretary, Mr. C. Forbks. 

" International Philatelic 
Union." 

PROGRAMME OF MEETINGS. 

Jan. 18 — Display and Paper, " Persia," 

Mr. C. Forbes. 
Feb. 15 — Display and Paper, " Fiscals," 

Mr H. Thompson. 
Mar. 15 — Display, " Servia," 

The President, Mr. H. R. Oldfield. 
Apl. 19— Display, Mr. Joselin. 
May 17 — Annual General Meeting and 
Election of Officers, and Paper 
or Display, to be announced. 




Stanley Gibbons' Priced Cata- 
logue, 1899. 

Part I. British Empire. 
Although only a few days have elapsed 
since we were favoured with a copy of the 
new edition of Gibbons' Catalogue, we have 
heard it very much criticised, but such 
criticism has been entirely confined to the 
prices, and not to the book as a catalogue. 
Looking upon it as a catalogue, and not as 
a priced list, we must unhesitatingly pro- 
nounce it to be a considerable improvement 
on the previous issue. There are many 
more pages, but the paper being thinner, it 
still makes a handy pocket volume. Amongst 
the new features are illustrations of the 
stamps of Great Britain, which, by the 
courtesy of the officials, now appear for the 
first time after many years ; but what strikes 
us most are the interesting and copious ex- 
planatory notes, not only in Great Britain 
itself, but in many of the Colonies. We 
observe that the more or less blued paper of 
the early id. and 2d. Great Britain is now 
ascribed to action caused by the colouring 
matter and the paper, and the authors dis- 
miss the old theory of the gum, with the 
laconic remark that the " gum has nothing 
to do with it." 

Heligoland appears to be especially well 
written up, and the same may be said of all 
the stamps of India surcharged for use in 
native States, which appear to be entirely 
rewritten, and many hitherto unchronicled 
varieties added. The same applies to the 
native States, such as Bamra, Bhopal, and 
Cashmere, the difference between the dies 
1 and 2 of the first issue of the latter country 
now being illustrated. We notice that the 
small surcharge, " British East Africa," 
on the high values of India, are not cata- 
logued, the authors remarking that, as far 
as they know, "these were not issued for 
postal purposes." We think there is a 
mistake here, as we have ourselves seen 
them on entire letters, showing that they 
undoubtedly paid postage ; and from corre- 
spondence that has been shown us it is stated 
that they were an issue of November 10th, 
1895. In Morocco Agencies surcharged on 
Gibraltar we find that the 40c. is inad- 
vertently omitted. 

In New Brunswick we notice a paragraph 
which is distinctly new to us, namely, that 
the 3d., 6d., and 1/- first issue were re- 
printed in 1890; and the same remark ap- 
pears with the four first stamps of Nova 
Scotia. 

There are hundreds of similar interesting 
notes, which we have no space to quote 
here. Throughout the work the surcharges 
are splendidly illustrated, and but for a few 
slight errors, that must creep into a work 



of such importance, we have no fault what- 
ever to find with the book. 

When we come to the question of prices, 
opinions appear to be very much divided. 
In many cases important reductions have 
been made, especially in used stamps, but 
there are also corresponding increases in 
others. We have it from the publishers 
themselves, that the prices are the actual 
figures at which they sell the stamps at the 
time of the publication of the catalogue, and, 
with hardly an exception, every stamp is in 
stock. Those who complain mostly of the 
reductions are dealers who sell under cata- 
logue, but we do not see why anyone should 
complain at Messrs. Gibbons offering their 
stamps at the prices at which they are 
prepared to sell them. Nothwithstanding 
any reduction that may be in the new 
catalogue, the market value of the stamps is 
just the same as before the catalogue ap- 
peared, the only difference, to our mind, 
being that those dealers who have been in 
the habit of giving large discounts off cata- 
logue prices, will be compelled to reduce the 
discount thus offered, the effect being to 
make the catalogue a more reliable guide 
than formerly, 

We repeat that, to our minds, the market 
value is not in the least affected. Amongst 
important reductions, we notice the id. Ba- 
hamas, imperf. , unused, has been reduced 
from 17/6 to 10/-, and the Barbados 5/- rose, 
from 60/- to 40/-, the latter appearing, to us, 
to be rather below its market value. 

Africans, generally, are " up " rather than 
"down," especially the Company stamps, 
and yet there are some which we should not 
mind purchasing at the new catalogue prices. 

We may refer to the book again in our 
next number when we have had time to 
further study some of the details, but, on the 
whole, we consider it satisfactory. 

A Magazine for Beginners. 

Amongst the many philatelic journals 
received by us, we have more than once 
noticed The Junior Stamp Collector, which is 
published in Birmingham, and is intended 
for the small collector who is not yet up to 
the stage of specialism or fancy varieties. 
The December number contains the follow- 
ing paragraph : — 

"If only more would realise that the 
"Junior" collector of to-day is to be the 
advanced collector and specialist of to- 
morrow, and if dealers would do more to 
discourage speculators and encourage begin- 
ners, then philately in general would make 
much better progress. One who gives a 
helping hand to recruits is far better than 
he who introduces into the philatelic circle 
a speculator who may spend a fortune. " 



Duty on Stamps at the Cape. 

To the Editor of " The Philatelic Record." 

Dear Sir, — I notice in the Philatelic 
Record of October that a Cape Town corres- 
pondent advises to send stamps in small 
parcels in order to avoid having to pay 
duty. For such very dangerous proceedings 
there is fortunately no further cause. I 
received lately a large parcel of stamps from 
an English dealer to select from, and the 
Customs office wanted me to pay £g duty. 
I strongly protested, of course, as such a 
charge had never before been imposed upon 
me. After some correspondence and ex- 
planations, I received the enclosed letter, 
which you may, with any part of this letter 
you choose, publish in the Philatelic Record 
for the information of fellow collectors and 
dealers. I am, dear Sir, 

Yours faithfully, A. A. Andrews. 
'Graaff Reinet, Oct. 28, 1898. 

" Duty Charged on Postage Stamps, &c. 
" Sir, — With reference to your letter of the 
-21st instant, I have the honour to inform 
you that it has been decided to admit 
postage stamps free of duty, under item 
No. 80 of the Customs Union Tariff, as 
' engravings or lithographs.' 
" I have the honour to be, Sir, 

" Your obedient servant, 

"J. W. Honey, 
"for Collector of Customs. 
"" Customs House, Cape Town, Sept. 27, 1898. 
"Mr. A. A. Andrews, Graaff Reinet" 



The Album Question. 

To the Editor of '" The Philatelic Record." 

Dear Sir, — I beg to thank you for your 
letter of 18th October, with sample album 
sheet and copy Philatelic Record for March, 
1897. I take the Record always ; it is an 
excellent magazine. 

As regards the Album, I am hoping to be 
in London early next year, and (though I 
want new albums badly) I do not propose 
doing anything until I have a look round at 
home. 

It is a huge mystery to me why some 
philatelic publishing firm does not bring 
out catalogued albums for fairly advanced 
collectors. The Imperial is splendid as far 
as it goes ; but it misses the needs of a 
general collector, say, often thousand stamps. 
Something more elaborate is needed, and it 
should be provided soon. Mr. Skipton's 
British Empire Album showed the way, but 
I hear that has stopped. Plain albums are 
capital for the pure specialist ; but how am 
I, for instance, to fix up twelve or fourteen 
thousand stamps in plain albums ? The 
Imperial stops short at standard varieties. 
Yours faithfully, 

W. Corfield. 

Calcutta, gtk November, 1898. 



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ateiic Kecori 

AND STAMP NEWS. 



FEBRUARY, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 



r HE " slaughter of the innocents " appears to be the principal philatelic 
topic this month. It was started by Mr. C.J. Phillips in the Monthly 
Journal, with a warning note to auctioneers as to the way stamps are 
often described, the cause of the article being the many absurdly 
low prices at which valuable stamps were " knocked down'' at the 
... p . sale of the collection of the late Grand Duke Alexis Michaelo- 
, vitch of Russia. It was taken up by Mr. Castle in the London 

n . ,. Philatelist, who returns to the charge in the January number. 

p ' Mr. Castle's arguments are Mr. Phillips' arguments, and 
they consist of a plea, or a warning — whichever you like to call it — to 
the auctioneers to improve the descriptions in their catalogues, and to publish 
those catalogues earlier. As to the latter point, we believe every one of the 
six London auctioneers transgresses at some time or another, some much 
oftener than others ; but as regards the former it is much more a case of the 
individual ability, knowledge, or carefulness of the cataloguer. We will give 
you a little true story that has happened this season. A few months ago a 
lot was purchased at a certain auction for £\ 17s. 6d. The purchaser kept 
it a month or two, and not knowing what to do with it, or for reasons best 
known to himself, he gave it to the same auctioneers to be included in a 
future sale. This was duly done, and this time he bought it in for 34s. ! ! 
Now comes the sequel. Without disclosing anything of the above, he gave 
it to another firm of auctioneers, who included it in one of their sales, and it 
was bought by an eminent dealer for £\6 10s. ! ! Remember it was only 
a block of four stamps, and it could not have improved by being bandied 
about for several months and during three sales. Now who will account 
for this ? While our readers are pondering we will provide another true 
story of prices and descriptions, also quite recent. In a certain auction 
catalogue appeared the following two lots : — 

Austrian Italy : 1861, 5 and 15 soldi, unused, with part gum, 

latter clipped - - - - - 2 

Baden : 1862. perf. 13^, 3kr. rose, unused and fine with part 

gum (see photo) - - - - 1 

Both these lots were purchased by an agent, on behalf of a collector, at 
very low prices — 7s. for the first lot and ns. for the second, making a total 
of 1 8s. ; not dear, you will say, when the Baden alone would have been very 
cheap at jQi to £,i. 



26 The Philatelic Record. 



Now for the other side of the picture. The stamps never left the auctioneer's 
possession. For private reasons the purchaser did not clear the lots in sufficient 
time to satisfy the auctioneers, so that exactly ten weeks later they were 
again offered for sale by the same auctioneers, in whose possession they had 
been ever since, and this time they appeared in the catalogue as one lot, and 
described as follows : — 

Austrian Italy : 1861, 5 soldi red, and 15 soldi brown, unused 
with gum, but latter clipped ; and Baden, 1862, perf., 
13^-, 3kr. rose, unused, damaged - - 3 

And the lot was knocked down for five shillings. Somehow in the interval the 
5 soldi Austrian Italy had regained the other part of its gum, while the 
Baden had lost it, in addition to becoming damaged. Why they were put 
together in one lot, with the best stamp last, is not for us to discuss here. 
The original purchaser is supposed to pay 13s. 6d. difference, whereas some- 
one else gets a lot at less than one quarter its value at his expense, and not 
through his fault. 

# # * 

Just as we go to press the startling announcement reaches us from a re- 

~ , liable source that the United States Post Office Department 

have decided to sell the remainders of the newspaper (periodi- 

Stflmnnefllpr* cal ) stam P s from * cent to $ IO °- 

* Remainders have been sola by Governments on many 

occasions, and we see no harm in that, provided these remainders are sold 

en bloc to a dealer or to one individual, leaving it to him to retail them at his 

leisure, just as the Leeward Islands, the Fiji, St. Helena, and others were 

disposed of ; but our reason for using the word " startling " is that they are 

to be placed on sale in some of the large cities, and at five dollars per set. A 

certain number of sets are to be on sale, of which the public will be advised, 

after which the plates will be destroyed, so that it appears there is even a 

possibility of reprinting. 

The Attorney-General of the Department has decided that it is lawful 
for the Postmaster-General to sell these stamps for less than face value, in 
fact he can sell them for any price he likes, as they are obsolete. 

Those who have purchased these sets at face value (about ^35), and 
even those who have purchased at the more modern prices of from £10 to 
^20, must feel much annoyed at such a procedure, as the price can do no 
good to the U.S. Post Office, or to the stamp dealers, or to any collectors 
except the limited number who will purchase a set because it is cheap. The 
dealers are not likely to buy many, as it is known at what price they can be 
bought. We have to thank the Weekly Philatelic Era for much of this 
information. 



Our readers may have noticed that we have not chronicled many of 
U S and Snanish *^ e provisionals for the various ex-Spanish Colonies. The 
Colonies reason is that we find and hear of so many varieties from all 

quarters that the matter has got a little bit confused, so we 
are making up a complete list, that is to say as far as we can make it so, 
and we want our readers to help us by sending us specimens or information 
of everything philatelic pertaining to the Hispano-American War. We 
want United States with surcharges for Cuba, &c, Cuban stamps with U.S. 
surcharges, Cuban, Porto Rico, and Philippines, with " Habilitado," or other 
surcharges ; in fact anything provisional of these Colonies of recent date, 
and we shall return any stamps and our thanks to those who kindly help us. 



ur portrait Qaller^. 




MR. ROBERT EHRENBACH. 



Editorial Interviews. 27 



Editorial Interviews. 



BY THEODOR BUHL. 




MR, ROBERT EHRENBACH. 

LMOST everyone who reads the philatelic journals has heard of 
Mr. Robert Ehrenbach, who has been one of the most prominent 
and energetic collectors for many years. We have had the honour 
of his acquaintance, both in England and Germany, from the very 
first moment that we took an interest in philately ; in fact, Mr. 
Ehrenbach was the first collector that called on us when we started 
business nearly twenty years ago. He has collected in various ways, and 
has written many important papers and articles on different philatelic sub- 
jects, always showing the keenest insight into detail. As an instance we 
may mention the recently-published article on the first issue 2sk., Denmark, 
in the London Philatelist, which created much discussion amongst the mem- 
bers of the London Philatelic Society and caused His Royal Highness the 
Duke of York to make personal researches on the subject. Like most busy 
men, Mr. Ehrenbach, who is in the shipping trade, is not easy to be inter- 
viewed. The late Editor of the Record succeeded in writing an interview 
and obtaining Mr. Ehrenbach's photograph (which we give away with this 
number), but unfortunately the notes were lost, and it therefore fell to our 
lot to repeat the dose. 

Mr. Ehrenbach formerly resided in the North-West of London, but 
now lives at Addlestone, in Surrey ; but we found him one recent morning 
at his City offices, very much occupied but still willing to spare us a few 
minutes. 

In answer to our first question, our subject informed us that he was born 
in Bradford in 1858, but he shares Mr. Peckitt's objection to give the exact 
date. 

Our next question was, " When did you first collect stamps ? " 

" I started as a school-boy, and have kept it up ever since." 

" When did you first take up philately seriously? " 

" When I was about 18 or 20. I then had a general collection, but 
preferred used stamps." 

" And when did you commence ' specializing' ? " 

" My first ' specialist's ' collection was Australians, which I started when 
I was over there in 1886." 

" And that you sold by auction ? " 

" Yes ; in 1891 or 1892. I sold a few of the best things privately, and 
the remainder realised about ^1,400 under the hammer." 

" And after that ? " 

" I collected old German States, used and unused, which I subsequently 
sold for ^6,000." 

" At that time, I believe, you had another collection running ? " 

" Yes, unused Europeans, one of each ; and I then started specializing 
in several European countries, such as Austria, Scandinavia, Holland, 
Belgium, and Russia." 

"There was to have been another country?" we enquired, with some 
hesitation. 



28 



The Philatelic Record. 



" You refer to Portugal, I suppose," said Mr. Ehrenbach. " I bought 
a fine lot of Portuguese stamps in Lisbon, and, as you know, they were 
stolen while I was travelling in Morocco." 

" And what do you collect at present ? " 

" South American States : Buenos Ayres, Brazil, Uruguay, and 
Dominican Republic." 

" I believe you have a number of the 4 and 5 pesos of Buenos Ayres ? " 

"About 20," said Mr. Ehrenbach, carelessly, without any remorse or 
sympathy for the poor collectors who cannot even get one of these rarities. 

" And how about your collection of Columbia and States ? " 

" I sold that recently." 

" And now, what is your opinion of the future ? " 

" I believe they will start to boom Brazil, and one or two of the hitherto 
neglected countries." 

That was all ; but Mr. Ehrenbach, who is an active member of the 
London and many other Philatelic Societies, is seldom wrong. 



Imperial Penny Post. 

IN addition to the colonies mentioned in our last number, the Imperial 
Penny Post has now been extended to the following : — 
Ascension, 
Barbados, 
Bermuda, 
British Guiana, 
British Honduras, 
India, 
Malay States (Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, Johore, and 

Pahang), 
Niger Territory, 
Sarawak. 
The Australian Colonies, Cape Colony, British North Borneo, and 
British Bechuanaland have not yet joined. 



A Strange Find. 



It was stated recently that an important 
discovery of stamps had been made at the 
General Post Office in the department 
occupied by the secretary and his chief 
officials. The story was to the effect that 
while the premises were being overhauled 
and placed in a state of repair for the new 
secretary, the men came upon a great num- 
ber of stamps, many of them of com- 
paratively ancient date — 1841 for example. 
Amongst them were a number of the black 
penny variety so dear to the heart of the 
juvenile philatelist, and now becoming 
somewhat difficult of acquisition. There 



were, it is said, other varieties of equal 
interest ; also some Mulready envelopes. 
One authority placed the value of the 
stamps at several thousands of pounds. 
Yesterday afternoon our representative 
made a special inquiry on the subject at the 
office of the chief of the stamps department. 
The only information, however, which the 
officials would furnish was, " We have no 
communication to make on the matter." 
At the same time no denial was given to the 
specific statement that an important dis- 
covery of stamps of considerable value had 
recently been made. 



Notes on Denmark. 29 



Notes on the 2 Rigsbank Skilling 
(Blue) Stamp of Denmark, 

EMBODYING A COMMUNICATION FROM THE PRESIDENT, 

Read by the Hon. Secretary at a Meeting of the Philatelic 
Society, London, on the 25TH November, 1898. 

From the London Philatelist. 

I HAVE the honour of being entrusted with a communication from our 
President on the subject of the 2 Rigsbank Skilling (blue) stamp of 
Denmark. 
It will be in the recollection of members that in the course of last 
season a paper on these stamps was read by Mr. R. Ehrenbach at a meeting 
of the Society, having for its object the consideration of the question of the 
types and varieties which were said to exist, and the possibility of " plating " 
the stamps. 

Various points of distinction were described, and in regard to the marks 
to which attention was called in certain of the stamps, it was stated that 
they were " caused probably by the engraver's tools," while suggestions were 
made as to the probable mode of the production and setting-up of the plate. 

Although a large number of the members who heard the paper read did 
not agree with the deductions formed by the author, it was felt that an 
interesting question had been raised which called for further investigation, 
and the paper was subsequently criticised by Mr. E. D. Bacon in the London 
Philatelist for April of the present year. 

The whole question is obviously one which depends upon the precise 
methods employed in the manufacture and production of the stamps, and our 
President thought that it might prove of interest to members of the Society if 
some authoritative information could be obtained on the subject. 

Accordingly, taking advantage of the opportunity afforded by his visit to 
Denmark in the early part of September last, his Royal Highness caused 
inquiries to be made from the postal authorities in Copenhagen. 

Owing to the temporary absence of the official competent to give the 
desired information, our President, before returning to England, prepared 
and left for the consideration of the official referred to a series of questions, 
having for their object the elucidation of the matters upon which the ques- 
tion as to " types " most largely depends. 

The questions so propounded, with the answers which have recently 
been received, are : — 

Questions as to the first stamp of Answers. 

Denmark — the 2 Rigsbank Skilling 
(blue). Issue 1851. 

1. Was more than one original die 1. In the manufacture of this stamp 

used ? In what manner was the die one original die only was used. It 

made or engraved ? And what was engraved on steel, 
material was used for the purpose ? 



30 The Philatelic Record. 



Questions, etc. Answers. 

2. What method was employed in 2 and 3. From this die a matrix 
reproducing impressions for making was produced in plaster for making 
the plates ? the plates. From an examination of 

3. What process was used in manu- the P lates > which are preserved in the 
facturing the plates from which the General Post Office m Copenhagen, 

stamps were printed ? there 1S no doubt * hat te , n of these 

matrices were joined together in one 

block (in five rows of two stamps 

each), and that the plates were cast 

on the block by stereotype process. 

Ten of the plates so produced — in 

type-metal (a composition of lead, 

tin, and antimony) — were used to 

make the printing plate. These were 

soldered together and mounted on a 

mahogany bed, and framed also in 

mahogany. 

4. Were the figures and words in 4. The figures and words in the 
the centre of the stamp, for denoting centre of the stamp are engraved on 
the value, inserted in the original die the original die. 

or dies, or added to the impressions 
taken for making the plates, or to 
the plates themselves, and if so, by 
what process ? 

From these details it would seem clear that there cannot be "types," 
properly so-called, of the stamps in question ; and the facts which our 
President has been the means of ascertaining demonstrate clearly the accuracy 
of observation displayed by Mr. E. D. Bacon in his remarks on Mr. 
Ehrenbach's paper to which I have referred. 

I am desired, in conclusion, to assure the members of the pleasure which 
it affords his Royal Highness to be able to assist in the deliberations of the 
Society, and to express the hope that the information which has been 
obtained may be considered of some use in the determination of the questions 
to which it relates. 

[We are confident that the foregoing interesting Philatelic Note, which 
was communicated to the members of the London Philatelic Society as the 
direct outcome of the personal researches made by its President, will be 
eagerly welcomed by all who take any interest in stamp collecting. It 
evinces beyond doubt that the presidency of H.R.H, the Duke of York is 
not merely perfunctory, but that he takes an abiding and keen interest in 
the more scientific aspect of the pursuit, a point that it is necessary to some- 
times belabour, in view of the many unfounded statements that creep into 
a credulous Press. As an instance hereof we may cite the case of an in- 
fluential provincial journal which, as recently as November 13th, gravely 
announced the retirement of his Royal Highness from Philately, and the 
sale of his collection, the proceeds to be devoted to philanthropic purposes ! 
The result of the Duke of York's inquiries fitly terminates the very interest- 
ing discussion that has ranged round the question of "types" or the varia- 
tions of the 2 R. B. S. of Denmark, and places on record the exact cause of 
the varieties that occur. The fact that the plaster casts were used for re- 
production from the matrix is very interesting, as it at once indicates how 
the differences in the shape of the figure " 2 " arose, viz., that in the case of 
divergence the plaster failed to fill in entirely some portions of the die of the 
numeral, and that these being reproduced in blocks of ten, constituted the 
varieties that recurred regularly on the plate. The entire question has been 
one both of interest and utility, and the successful entrance of the President 
into the arena of discussion will be hailed by all Philatelists as the happiest 
of denouemnets . — Ed.] 



The Calcutta Philatelic Exhibition. 31 



The 
Calcutta Philatelic Exhibition. 

(From the Statesman.) 

'HE Fourth Public Exhibition of Stamps held in Calcutta is now 
arranged in the southern portion of the Art Gallery annexe of the 
Imperial Museum, Chowringhee, and fully equals, if it does not 
indeed surpass, any of its predecessors in interest and variety. It 
will be open to the public to-morrow, December 26th, at n a.m., and 
will remain on view until Thursday evening next, a charge of one rupee 
being made for admission. A preliminary inspection of the exhibits shows 
that those who are interested in the beautiful pursuit of philately may derive 
much enjoyment from a visit to one of the most attractive philatelic displays 
ever brought together. Stamp exhibitions are becoming more and more 
popular each year. That in London in the summer of 1897 has been 
followed by another at Birmingham only this month, and as Manchester is 
arranging for a third on a large scale in June or July next, Calcutta may be 
congratulated upon falling well into line with three leading philatelic centres 
of the British Empire. The Philatelic Society of India (the successor to the 
Philatelic Society of Bengal) numbers 118 members. Its journal, edited by 
Mr. C. Stewart-Wilson, has already a world-wide reputation of a high order, 
and as in future it will be on sale to the public, its circulation and influence 
should greatly increase. The literary output of the Society has so far been 
admirable. Two hand-books by the President on the surcharged stamps of 
Chamba, Faridkhot, and Gwalior and Jhind, Nabha and Patiala have 
already appeared under its auspices, a third on Bhopal is in the press, 
and there is further in contemplation an important work on the Imperial 
stamps of India. For the first time in an Indian exhibition, fiscal stamps 
are now on view, and the telegraphs of India and Ceylon are also fairly repre- 
sented. The exhibitors are all members of the Society — two of them, 
Major Evans, the distinguished editor of Messrs. Stanley Gibbons' Monthly 
Journal, and Mr. Doming Becton, President of the Manchester Society, 
sending magnificent contributions of Bhopals, Jhinds, and Japans from Eng- 
land. In spite of these brilliant exceptions, however, it is much to be feared 
that the unreasonably persisted-in regulations of the Indian Customs 
authorities have again somewhat restricted the scope of the exhibitions as 
regards foreign exhibits. Silver and bronze medals (bearing the well-known 
design of the lion and palm tree) are at the disposal of expert judges for 
competition in 15 classes. The awards will probably be published on 
Tuesday. 

The following (according to the Official Catalogue) are the countries 
arranged in the classes selected for exhibition : — 

Class I. — Afghanistan and Cashmere — 1 Silver, 1 Bronze Medal. 
Class II.— Any two from the following group of Native States: Hydera- 
bad, Travancore, Jhind (native issues only), Soruth, Bhopal — 1 Silver, 1 
Bronze Medal. 

Class III. — Not more than two from the following group of British Indian 
stamps surcharged : Jhind, Nabha, Patiala — 1 Silver, 1 Bronze Medal. 
Class IV. — Great Britain — 1 Silver, 1 Bronze Medal. 



32 The Philatelic Record. 

Class V. — Not more than two from the following Colonies : — Heligoland, 
Malta, Hongkong, Straits Settlements (excluding Native States) — i Silver, i 
Bronze Medal. 

Class VI. — Not more than two from the following : Cape of Good Hope, 
Natal, British Bechuanaland — i Silver, i Bronze Medal. 

Class VII. — Not more than two from the following : Canada, Nova Scotia, 
New Brunswick, Newfoundland — i Silver, i Bronze Medal. 

Class VIII. — One from each of the following sub-classes A and B : (A) 
Bahamas, Grenada, Trinidad, Turks Islands ; ( B ) Montserrat, St. 
Christopher, Tobago, Virgin Islands — i Silver, i Bronze Medal. 

Class IX. — Not more than two from the following : New South Wales, 
Tasmania, Fiji, South Australia — i Silver, i Bronze Medal. 

Class X. — Not more than two from the following : Switzerland, Austria, 
Hungary — i Silver, i Bronze Medal. 

Class XI. — One from the following : Japan, Philippine Islands — i Silver, i 
Bronze Medal. 

Class XII. — The United States of America — i Silver, i Bronze Medal. 

Special. 

i. The most meritorious exhibit of rare stampf,, not to exceed 30 or be 
less than 15 in number — 1 Silver Medal. 

2. The best exhibit of adhesive fiscal stamps (excluding telegraph 
stamps) of Great Britain or of India and Ceylon — 1 Silver Medal. 

3. The best exhibit of telegraph stamps of India and Ceylon — 1 Silver 
Medal. 

The exhibits are as follows : Class 1. — Captain F. H. Hancock, Afghan- 
istan ; D. P. Masson, Cashmere. Class II. — Major E. B. Evans, Bhopal 
and Jhind. Class III. — T. E. Madden, Jhind and Patiala ; C. Stewart- 
Wilson, Jhind and Patiala. Class IV.— T. E. Madden, Great Britain. Class 
V. — C. Stewart- Wilson, Hongkong and Straits Settlements. Class VI. — C. 
F. Larmour, Cape of Good Hope ; Goodwin Norman, Cape of Good Hope. 
Class VII. — C. F. Larmour, Canada and Newfoundland ; Goodwin Norman, 
Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. Class VIII. — C. F. Larmour, Trinidad 
and Virgin Islands ; Goodwin Norman, Turks Islands and Virgin Islands ; 
C. Stewart-Wilson, Grenada and Montserrat. Class IX. — C. F. Larmour, 
New South Wales and South Australia. Class X. — -Goodwin Norman, 
Switzerland ; F. N. Schiller, Switzerland. Class XI. — W. Doming Beckton, 
Japan ; Goodwin Norman, Philippines. Class XII. — W. Corfield, United 
States of America ; T. E. Madden, United States of America. 

Special Classes. — (1) C. F. Larmour and C. Stewart-Wilson. (2) W. 
Corfield. (3) W. Corheld and C. Stewart-Wilson. 

Some recent issues. — W. Corfield. 

The Committee of Management are as follows : — Mr. C. Stewart-Wilson, 
President of the Society ; Lady Collen, Vice-President ; G. A. Anderson, 
Calcutta ; Major L. E. Du Moulin, Amritsar; Lieutenant-Colonel G. F. A. 
Harris, I. M. S., Calcutta ; Mr. W. James, Calcutta ; Mr. C. F. Larmour, 
Calcutta ; Mr. A. A. Lyall, Calcutta ; Professor O. V. Muller, Bombay ; 
Mr. E. Sassoon-Gubbay, Calcutta ; Mr. F. N. Schiller, Calcutta; Mr. W. 
Corfield, honorary treasurer of the Society ; Mr. P. Aylwin Selfe, honorary 
secretary of the Society. 




The Stamps of Persia. 33 



The Stamps of Persia. 

BY 

C. FORBES (Secretary and Librarian, the Central Philatelic Club). 
(Continued from page 11.) 

IN the second place, the crude postal organization at that time in force did 
not even allow the stamps to have control over the revenue derived 
from the transit and delivery of letters, &c, although postal communi- 
cations were transmitted by the Government carriers ; the revenue 
derived from the sale of the stamps was divided amongst the Governors 
of the various towns through which the mails passed, and the higher officials 
connected with the postal administration. For instance, on the chief road 
between Teheran and Tabriz the controller of the postal service, or as we 
should call him the Postmaster General, sold the right of collecting the 
letters, &c, to the Governors of the various towns on the road ; these in turn 
sub-let them to Persian merchants, and they in their turn authorised the 
carriers to sell the stamps to those who wished to buy, and to collect and 
deliver all letters entrusted to their keeping. 

The stamps, however, in the majority of cases, were not affixed to the 
letters, but were re-sold over and over again, payment being demanded from 
the receivers when delivering the letters. They had also no means of 
cancelling any of the stamps, for when the system of collecting the tolls on 
letters by means of stamps was first started by the Shah, such a thing as a 
post-marking or cancelling machine was quite forgotten, and after about 
twelve months it was seen how useless the stamps were, and they were 
finally withdrawn from use in the early part of 1871. Thus the first attempt 
on the part of Persia to organise a postal system proved to be a disastrous 
and dismal failure. 

Collectors of this issue should beware of stamps that bear cancellations 
of any kind, as the post marks are always forgeries. 

For several years the service was allowed to remain in abeyance, com- 
munications between the inhabitants of the different towns being carried on 
with extreme difficulty and great delay. 

In the early part of 1875, about four years after the abandonment of the 
first issue, the Austrian postal authorities were broached on the subject by 
the Persian officials by order of the Shah, the result being that Mr. Riederer, 
a high official in the Austrian postal service at Vienna, was sent by the 
Government to Teheran, together with a number of subordinates, the result 
being that Mr. Riederer, in August of that year, was finally entrusted by the 
Persian Government to organise a postal system on the basis of the one 
in use in his own country. 

The copper-plate dies brought from Paris in 1868, which had been used 
for printing the issue of 1870, and which had up till now been stored away in 
the Shah's palace, were entrusted to Mr. Riederer, and he was asked to 
manufacture, as soon as possible, new stamps from these dies. At the same 
time he was shown a quantity of the early printings which had been produced 
by means of these plates. 

The remainders of the 1870 issue were destroyed by Mr. Riederer. 
The Austrian Adviser immediately set to work, and in a very short time 
had printed and ready for use about 120,000 stamps in various colours. 
Before, however, the dies were used he had inserted under the belly of the 
lion figures to denote the different values of the stamps. 



34 The Philatelic Record. 

As the figures were inserted by hand on each of the dies, they conse- 
quently differ slightly from one another ; we get through this four different 
type or die varieties of each of the four values. 

The insertion of the figures of value was done — 

Firstly, to prevent the fraudulent use of the 1870 issue; 

Secondly, to more easily distinguish the various values from one another. 

The stamps were printed at Teheran by, it is believed, a Scotchman 
named McLachlan. 

Of the 120,000 stamps, about one-third were the 1 shahi black ; 

One-quarter of the number 2 shahi blue ; 

And the rest about 20,000 of each, 4 shahi vermilion, and 8 shahi green. 

There are a number of shades in the colours, such as 

1 Shahi black, grey black. 

2 Shahi blue, pale blue, ultramarine. 
4 Shahi vermilion, and dull red. 

8 Shahi green, pale green, and yellow green. 

Various kinds of paper were used, varying from very thick to thin, laid 
and wove, etc. 

The following extract from a letter from the Austrian Adviser, dated 
from Teheran in the latter part of the year to the Gazette at Linz, gives a 
short and interesting account of his work : — 

"After a lot of hard work and trouble on the part of myself and the co- 
operation of my European colleagues, to which I must admit that owing to 
their perseverance and energy the largest amount of credit and thanks are 
due, I have succeeded in preparing by means of a hand press and its simplest 
process a quantity of postage stamps which I think will be sufficient for the 
present, and although I have had very poor dies to print from, and very few 
tools to work with, I am pleased to say that I think I have succeeded in 
getting the stamps in a condition ready to be sold to the public, the greater 
part of the work having had to be done by hand, as we had no means of 
gumming the stamps or perforating them in any way. 

" I have had trained a small staff of Persian students able to decipher 
addresses written in French or English, and have had them drafted to the 
various towns where the postal service has been established, and I can say 
with a certain amount of confidence and pride that a postal service is now 
carried on with a certain amount of regularity between the town of Teheran 
and suburbs, together with the villages of the Shemiran, where the better 
class of the inhabitants spend the summer." 

From the above extract it will be seen that Mr. Riederer lost no time in 
getting the stamps ready for use, and having them distributed as soon as 
possible. 

For this purpose a carrier on horseback, with a special uniform and 
horn, was appointed, who started from Teheran in early morning, making his 
way first to the Palace of the Shah, after which he took a tour round the town 
and suburbs of Teheran, supplying postage stamps to those who required 
them, collected letters for Teheran and other towns within his district, and at 
the same time delivered those he had in his possession to the people in the 
various towns and villages through which he passed. 

By October, 1875, the post was extended to the town of Rescht, on the 
Caspian Sea, and I believe as far as Bayazid, on the Turkish Frontier. 

The first post office was, so far as I have been able to obtain informa- 
tion, established near the residence of the Shah ; this was followed by the 
opening of offices at Rescht, Tabriz, Kasveen, and Zinjan. 

From these offices letters destined for Europe were sent ; they were 
transmitted by carriers to the post offices on the Russian Frontier, the 
Russians then taking charge of the letters, and forwarding them to Europe. 



The Stamps of Persia. 35 

In June, 1876, the toll of 5 shahi, which was first charged on all letters 
delivered in Teheran and the surrounding villages, was reduced to 2 shahi, 
when the postal service was then completed. 

I now propose to give my readers two further extracts from letters 
written by Mr. Riederer to different papers, which I think will prove of great 
interest. 

The first extract, which I shall call letter No. 2, was written by him to 
the editor of the New Freie Presse at Vienna, from which I take the 
following paragraphs : — 

" I am now pleased to say that I am in a position to fulfil a promise 
made a good time back. 

"At the present time Persia possesses a Postal Administration, and this 
institution is, I trust, established on a good solid basis, so that I can feel 
confident of its ultimate prosperity when I return to my official duties 
in Vienna. 

" It is a source of great and indescribable satisfaction to see one's exertions 
and efforts crowned with success, and this feeling is greatly increased when I 
consider the mass of difficulties which had to be overcome, and which 
seemed at the off-set almost insuperable. 

" In my case the difficulties surmounted have been very great, as at the 
time of my starting for Teheran I felt very dubious as to whether it would be 
possible in such a country as Persia ever to be able to make such a thing as a 
genuine postal service possible. 

" In my last letter to you I think I mentioned that I had stamps printed 
frcm the dies then on hand by means of a hand press, but the stamps so 
printed were of such a primitive nature that I felt very doubtful as to their 
value, and that at first they were used imperforate, and that afterwards with 
the aid of my colleagues cut by means of scissors ; later we attempted to 
perforate them by means of a penknife, and that lastly, by means of an 
instrument of my own invention, I succeeded in roughly rouletting them. 

This vexatious and tedious work occupied many months, during which 
the more important work of organisation made very little progress owing to 
various reasons, the chief and most powerful being the lack of money, as I 
was not able to obtain but very little from the Government to work with." 

The third and last extract, which I now propose to give, was written in 
July, 1876, to the editor of the L Union Posfale, at Berne, and runs as 
follows : — 

" I was at last, after a long and wearied delay, informed that the amount 
asked for could not be given me, and that I must use my best endeavours to 
organise a modern European service by making use of the present existing 
arrangements, and to go to as little expense as possible. 

" Some old plates, which were brought from Paris, and used for the 
preparation of the issue of 1870, were given to me by one of the Ministers, 
and I was requested to prepare from these plates four different kinds of 
postage stamps. 

" The Minister also gave me a large number of the stamps that had 
been manufactured in Teheran by means of these plates, and which had been 
withdrawn from use because experience had proved that owing to the fact 
that they had never been post-marked or cancelled the same stamps were 
used over and over again for the payment of letters. 

" I was requested to prepare stamps by means of these plates, without 
loss of time to issue the same, and to prepare their use for the public. 

" Having made up my mind to try everything, and anything, I 
consented to this measure, and manufactured 120,000 stamps, with colours 



D 



6 The Philatelic Record. 



different to those of the former issue, and I further altered their design by 
causing their value to be engraved in Arabic figures underneath the belly of 
the lion. 

" Russia and Austria have already officially notified to the Persian 
Government their readiness to complete postal treaties, and I now confidently 
hope that the junction between the European and Persian postal lines will 
in a few years take place. 

" In the meantime, through the mediation of the Austrian Foreign 
Office, permission has been granted that I should be furnished with new 
postage stamps and stamped envelopes by the Austrian State Printing Office, 
and I am very anxiously awaiting their arrival. 

"These new postal labels are extremely necessary, as the ones at present 
in use are of so primitive a nature that if I call a new issue to be printed 
from these plates I must run the risk of soon having more counterfeit than 
genuine stamps in circulation." 

In the preceding chapters I have endeavoured to give a short notice of a 
few interesting facts respecting this mysterious country, also a brief outline 
of the postal service as at first constituted, together with extracts from letters 
written by Mr. Riederer, the founder of the Persian postal system, as to the 
manner in which the early issues were manufactured, etc. 

I propose now taking the various issues in their order, and giving as far 
as I can all information that I have been able to obtain on the subject, and 
trust that my readers will find the information as set forth of use to them. 

Currency. 
20 Shahi = i kran. 

10 Kran = i toman. 

i Toman = 9s. 56. English Money. 

1 8 58. 

Paper: Thick and thin wove ; white and tinted. 
Printed 'in Paris, fine impressions. 
Per/. 11)/?, and 13. 
Values. 

1 Shahi, lilac. 

2 ,, green. 
4 ,, blue. 
8 „ red. 

Design. — The design of all the early issues is practically the same ; it 
consists of the Arms of Persia, composed of the lion of the Ivan on a 
verdant field, holding in its right paw a sabre of the Khorassan, and half 
surrounded with its tail, the sun of Darnis shining in the rear. 

These stamps were never used, and can only be considered as essays at 
the best. 

To catalogue the 2sh. is entirely wrong. Though always catalogued, it 
is only an essay, and on a par with the ish. lilac, 4sh. ultramarine, 8sh. red. 
1870. 

Design : Printed in Teheran, from the copper-plate dies brought from 

Paris in 1868, rough impressions. 
Paper : White, wove thick and thin, also greyish white and bluish 

white. 
Values not indicated. 
Imperforate. 

1 Shahi, violet. 

1 ,, lilac and reddish lilac. 

2 ,, dark green. 
2 ,, pale green. 

2 „ yellow green. 

4 ,, blue. 

4 ,, pale blue. 

4 ,, greenish blue. 

8 ,, carmine. 

8 ,, vermilion. 



The Stamps of Persia. 



37 



Variety — 

i Shahi, violet, printed on both sides. 

Note. — These stamps were never post-marked, consequently all those 
met'with post-marked are undoubtedly forged. 

This is absolutely proved by the fact that they had at that time no means 
of cancelling, such a thing as a date or post-marking stamp not having been 
thought of. 

This issue was withdrawn in 1871, and the remainder, as far as possible, 
were destroyed by Mr. Riederer in 1874. 

(To be continued.) 





Part I. — British Empire. 



Bahamas. — The one shilling is now 
printed in blue green. 

Adhesive. 

Is. blue green. 

Bermuda. — We have recently had an 
opportunity of seeing a collector who has 
long been resident in this Colony, and who 
was in London for a few weeks lately, and 
obtaining his opinion as to the Hamilton 
provisional. Like ourselves, he has become 
convinced, by the evidence which he has had 
the advantage of obtaining direct, that Mr. 
Perot did prepare the labels in question, and 
that they were used for repayment of post- 
age ; but he adds that, although he had seen 
two or more specimens, he had never taken 
much interest in them, as he had never seen 
one that was attached to an original letter or 
envelope, or that bore any evidence of 
having been postally used. Thus we are 
still looking for really used copies to com- 
plete the case in their favour. 

He has shown us, however, a very curious 
article, used at St. George's in 1861, which 
seems to prove that the employment of 
hand-stamped labels was not unfamiliar. It 
consists of a small pieceof ordinary coloured 
paper, deep yellow, cut roughly to octagonal 
shape, having stamped on it, in red, " paid — 
at " in two lines in the centre, surrounded 
by the words "St. George's Bermuda," 
within a double-line circle broken at the top 
by a Crown. This was pasted on the cover 
of an official letter, addressed from St. 
George's to the Pilot Commissioners at 
Hamilton, and is duly obliterated with the 
St. George's postmark of July 12, 1861. But 
why this kind of adhesive stamp was used, 
instead of stamping the letter " paid," &c, 
it is difficult to understand. — Monthly 
fournal. 

British Bechuanaland. — Herr Lossau 
has shown Der Philatelist two varieties of 
surcharge on the 2d. stamp of 1895, one 
being 20 by 2jmm., and the other 21 by 2mm. 

British Central Africa.— The follow- 
ing extract from the Government Gazette of 
this territory, dated Nov. 12th, 1898, is inter- 
esting as showing the results of the recent 
troubles— we are glad to hear that they are 
over : — 

" Postage Stamps. — A further supply of 
postage stamps has arrived, and there is now 
no danger of a recurrence of the circum- 
stances, which, together with an accident to 
a case of stamps, led to the recent surcharging 



of stamps and issue of tokens. Of the 
three shillings stamps surcharged one penny 
33,420 were sold, and returns, which have 
recently been received, show that 23,901 of 
the tokens were used in accounting for the 
postages paid in cash at the different post 
offices in accordance with the notice published 
in the Gazette of the 19th March last." — 
Monthly Journal. 

i 




British South Africa. — We illustrate 
the design of the new id. stamp, which we 
hear will be followed by a complete set of 
all the values, from £d. to 10s., of similar 
design. 




Canada. — We now illustrate the new 2c. 
Imperial stamp mentioned in our last, which 
was, in error, stated to be on white. As it 
happens there are three printings ; we 
believe them to be three (or at least two) 
different issues. The first which came over 
and were posted in Ottawa, on December 
7th, had a background of lavender, which, 
by the way, is hardly the proper colour to 
represent the sea. Then came a blue green, 
and now we have a proper greenback-ground, 
which we should think, is what the printers 
have been striving for. 

The following from the Montreal Star is 
worth reproducing : — 

" Ottawa, November 25th. — When Mr. 
Mulock was in England recently he was 
struck by the failure of the great mass of 
the people there to appreciate at their true 
value the portions of the British Empire 
beyond the sea. The thought occurred to 
him that no more effective object lesson of 



Novelties and Discoveries. 



39 



the vastness and solidarity of the Empire 
could be given than by presenting a picture 
on the new Imperial penny postage stamp, 
contrasting the dimensions of Greater Britain 
with those of all other Powers. 

"The feature of the stamp is a neatly 
executed map of the world, in miniature, 
distinguishing the British Empire from the 
possessions of all other Powers. The British 
possessions are printed in red, aud these 
stand out in bold relief against a dark 
background. Surmounting this picture is a 
representation of the Crown, underneath 
which is a bunch of oak and maple 
leaves, symbolizing the Unity of England 
and Canada. 

" At the upper edge of the stamps are the 
words ' Canada postage ' in a neat letter. 
Underneath the map is placed ' Xmas, 
1898,' so that the date of the inauguration 
of Imperial penny postage shall be made 
a matter of record. On each of the lower 
corners appears the figure '2,' indicating 
the denomination of the stamp, and at the 
lower edge is this suggestive passage, taken 
from the words of one of our patriotic 
poets, ' We hold a vaster Empire than has 
been.' " 

A dhesives. 

2 cents black, carmine, and lavender. 
2 ,, • „ „ „ blue green. 

2 „ „ „ „ green. 

Cape of Good Hope. — The London 
Philatelist is informed by Lieut. Raby that 
the recently issued &d. green stamp has been 
withdrawn from use. No reason is given. 

Ceylon.— Messrs. Whitfield, King & Co., 
send us the 15c. surcharged "six cents" at 
foot, in black, intended to be used for 
Imperial penny postage. 

A dhesive. 
6c. in black on 15e. sage-green. 
Cook's Island. — Three values of the new 
series have appeared. 

A dhesives. 
2d. brown. 
6d. violet. 
Is. carmine. 
Fiji. — Messrs. Campbell & Co. have 
shown the Monthly Journal the current 5d. 
perf. 10 all round. 

A dhesive. 
5d. ultramarine, perf. 10. 

Gold Coast. — A foreign contemporary 
announces the following values of the types 
of the high values : — 

Id. violet and carmine. 

3d. violet and yellow. 

6d. violet and violet-blue. 
to which must be added, according to the 
Timbre Poste : — 

2id. violet and ultramarine. 

Is. deep green and black. 

2s. deep green and carmine. 

Great Barrier Island. — Messrs. Whit- 
field, King & Co. have sent us a specimen 
of a stamp which is apparently type-set, and 
bears a fanciful design with the words 
"Great Barrier Island special post" and 
" one shilling " on each side. It is oblong, 
printed in blue on white, on water-marked 
paper, and we will illustrate it in our next; 
The perforation is a sort of rough pin perf. 



13. We have not yet looked up our Atlas 
to see where Great Barrier Island may be, 
but we are informed that it is a long strip of 
land somewhere off the coast of New Zealand. 
In sending us the stamp, Messrs. Whitfield, 
King & Co. state: " The stamp is said to be 
used to prepay letters from the Island to 
Auckland by private ships ; there is only on© 
value. We have no reason to doubt its 
bona-fide nature, but we are making enquiries 
about it." 

Adhesive. 
Is. pale blue on white. 
Jhind. — M. Moens announces the 1 rupee, 
carmine and green, with the surcharge 
" Service " in black. 

Official Stamp. 

1 rupee, carmine and green and black. 
Morocco Agencies. — There is a variety 
on the sheet of all the values having the 
letter " M " smaller. 

Newfoundland. — The 2c. now comes 
over with the colour changed from orange to 
vermilion red. This is the stamp with the 
portrait of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. 

A dhesive. 
2c. vermilion red. 

New South Wales. — It is announced 
that the current 2^d. stamp has been changed 
in colour to blue, but we can give no details 
at present. 

Queensland. — The " I.B.J." announces a. 
news band of id., with stamp of the current 
type, but with the inscription altered, the 
wording now reading : " If this rule be in- 
fringed the statutory penalty will be enforced, ' ' 
instead of the former inscription, which was : 
"If this rule be infringed the packet will be 
charged as a letter. " 

The Monthly Journal has received a Jd. 
stamp of a new design, or perhaps it should 
be termed a modification of the previous one. 
The shape is still oblong, but the head is on 
a white ground in a beaded circle, the 
diameter of which is little less than the 
depth of the stamp; the words "Queensland" 
and " halfpenny" are consequently placed 
upon curved, coloured labels, at left and 
right respectively, and the value is further 
indicated by white figures in each corner. 
The id., the design of which has not yet been 
changed again, comes over with a very 
curious species of perforation ; it is rouletted 
(if we may so term it, for want of a better 
expression) by means of a zig-zag rule, with 
angles open, producing a similar appearance 
to that of ordinary perforation when the 
stamps are separated — a pair at least being 
required to show the true nature of the case. 
Both stamps have the ordinary Q and Crown 
watermark. 

Adhesives. 

id. deep green, new type, perf. 13. 

Id. vermillion, zig-zag roulette, 13. 

Newsband. 

Id. vermillion on buff, 125 by 200mm., with altered 
inscription. 

St. Vincent.— The " I.B.J." announces 
a set in exactly the same type as the new 
Sierra Leone stamps. In each case the 



4 o 



The Philatelic Record. 



second colour is that of the name and value. 
They are all watermarked Crown C.A., 
perf 14. 

Adhesive*. 

Jd. lilac and green. 
Id. lilac and carmine. 
2£d. lilac and ultramarine. 
3d. lilac and olive-green. 
4d. lilac and red-brown. 
5d. lilac and black. 
(id. lilac and deep blue. 
Is. sea-green and carmine. 
5s. sea-green and ultramarine. 

StraitsSettlements. — These, has been 
printed in pale brown, and surcharged 
" four cents " in two lines in black, to con- 
form wiih the Imperial penny postage. 

Adhesive. 
4c. in black on 5c. pale brown, 
"Watermark C.A., perf. 14. 

Other Countries. 

Belgium.— The current 50c. stamp is now 
printed in black instead of grey, as announ- 
ced by us in December. 

Adhesive. 
50 blai k. 




Brazil. — In addition to the surcharge 
mentioned in our last number, several others 
have appeared, but the list seems to be so 
complicated at present that we now illustrate 
the one chronicled by us last month, but 
only give the following additions for the 
present. 

100 reis in violet on 50 reis orange. 

1000 reis in green on 500 reis orange. 

1000 reis in green on 700 reis orange. 

2000 reis in green on 1000 reis orange. 

300 reis in violet on 200 reis orange. 

The latter s on the authority of the Monthly Journal. 




""China. — In chronicling the stamps men- 
tioned in our last number, we find we made 
a mistake in not stating that they belonged 
to the London print or " Waterlow " series, 
which were already chronicled by us in 
November last. The actual set, therefore, 
consists of a \, 1, 2, 4,5, 10,20,30,50c, $r, $2 



and $5. The perforations seem to vary in 
the different values. We now illustrate the 
$2 value. 

Columbia. — A new value of the current 
type, with arms in circle, has appeared here. 
Perf. 13. 

A dhesive. 
1 centavo red on yellow. 

France. — Some excitement has been 
caused among our Parisian confreres by the 
appearance of certain unused specimens of 
the current 10c. , black on lilac, stamp of the 
first type (" inv " under "b" of " replb- 
lique"). The explanation is curious and 
worthy of record. It appears that the plate 
of the ioc. value was in some way damaged, 
and while the mischief was being remedied 
some old cliches of the first type were made 
to occupy the damaged positions on the sheet. 
The 10c. value is printed in sheets of 300 
stamps (which, however, are distributed to 
the Post Offices in half-sheets of 150 each), 
composed of 12 small panes of 25 stamps 
each. We append a plan of the sheet which 
has been issued, composed of the two types: — - 




There are therefore 200 stamps (S panes of 
25 each) of the first type on the sheet, and 
100 stamps (4 panes of 25 each) of the second 
type; or, as distributed to the Post Offices, 
the right-hand half of the sheet contained 
150 stamps all of the first type and the 
left-hand half 50 of the first type, and 100 
of the second type. — London Philatelist. 

Hungary. — The T.P. chronicles the 1 
Kreuger Journal stamp with the new 
"crown " watermark. 

Unpaid letter stamp. — 1 kr., orange ; water" 
mark crown. 




trwww 

India. — We illustrate the "design ot the 
\ anna Provisional Stamp chronicled some- 
time ago. 



Novelties and Discoveries. 



4i 



Japan. — Mr. George Braithwaite has 
kindly sent us specimens of the one sen. 
card for the interior, which was issued on 
January 1st. A reply card for the same 
purpose was also issued at the same time, 
and also new adhesives of the value of 2, 4 
and 10 sen., specimens of which our corres- 
pondent has kindly forwarded. They are of 
an entirely new design, and we will illustrate 
them in our next. All perforated 12, but 
without watermark. 

Adhesive. 

2 sen. green. 
4 sen. rose. 
jo sen. blue. 
Post cards. 
1 sen. brown on white. 
1 x 1 sen. brown on white. 

Norway. — There are two new letter cards 
here, with stamps of design of the current 
Adhesives. The Cards are white outside and 
pink inside, size 140 by 315mm. 

Letter- Cards. 
5 6re, green on white. 
10 „ red ,, 

Nicaragua.— The issue of 1896 Officials 
is said to exist with the surcharge 1897 in 
red. 

Orange Free State.— We have received, 
used on a newspaper, a specimen of the one 
shilling, printed in the colour of the half- 
penny. Whether this is a new issue or an 
error we do not know, but it was evidently 
used in the belief that it was a £d. stamp. 
A new postcard with stamp, of usual design 
to the right, has appeared. 

Adhesive 
Is. brown (? error). 

Post Card. 
\&. rose on white. 

Peru. — In addition to the cards chronicled 
in our last, we have now another value, the 
design being similar, but being printed en- 
tirely in black on white. 

Post Card. 
3 centavos, black on white. 

Portuguese Colonies. — Messrs. Whit- 
field King & Co. inform us that the 15 and 
25 reis were issued on the 1st January in new 
colours, the change having been rendered 
necessary by the recommendation of the 
Postal Union, these values being equal to Jd. 
and id. respectively. Up to the present the 
change has occurred in Angra, Funchal, 
Horta and Ponte Delgada, but it is pre- 
sumed that the other colonies will follow suit. 

Adhesive. 
15 reis, blue-green. 
25 reis, pink. 



Portugal.— The same remark applies as 
to the Colonies. 

Adhesives. 
15 reis, blue-green. 
25 reis, pink. 

Salvador. — MekeeFs Weekly announces 
the ic. and 2c. envelopes of 1897, each with 
a surcharge the same colour as the stamp, and 
reading respectively " Servicio Nacional 
y Local" and "Servicio del Exterior." 

Envelopes. 
ic rose, surcharged in rose. 
2C. , green, ,, green. 




Surinam. — We illustrate the 10c. pro- 
visional recently chronicled. 

United States. — According to MekeeVs 
Weekly, some rare provisional unpaid letter 
stamps were issued in Jefferson, Iowa, on 
October 6th, 1895. They were made by the 
postmaster, who, having run out of 1 cent 
" postage due " stamps, cut some of the 2 
cents in half, and surcharged each half 
•• Postage Due — 1 Cent " in two lines. 
Only about twenty are said to have been 
issued. The 2 cents reply card has been 
altered by having the frame removed and 
its size changed, and the 15 cents adhesive 
now comes in olive. 

Adhesive. 
15c, olive. 

Reply Card. 
ic. by ic. black on cream, no frame, size 140 by 
83mm. 

s2 
K 



\Z\j\j\j^ r ru 




Uruguay. — We now illustrate the type 
of surcharge of the various provisionals 
recently chronicled, and also a new stamp of 
5 mil, which is equal to \ centavo. This is 
printed in pink, on rough unwatermark 
paper, and we should not be at all surprised 
if it were not to remain in use long. 

Adhesive. 
5 mil., pink. perf. \x\. 





The first issue of the imperforate British 
Central Africa provisionals (cheque stamps) 
were signed at the back by the Postmaster 
General with either J. T. G., J. G., or J. T. 
Gosling. 

The Government of India still decline to 
exempt stamps from Customs duty. 

" Fiscalists " is the new word which the 
editor of Stamps has invented to describe 
collectors of fiscal stamps. 

At an auction held at Boston (U.S.A.) 
recently, a pair of id. black Great Britain 
brought #1.50 against a catalogue value of 
20c. This is certainly one of those stamps 
that are most underpriced. At the same 
sale, the is. Tobago error of colour was sold 
for $3.00. 

Mr. F. C. Fisher is starting a new Ex- 
change Society for pain, blocks, and strips of 
stamps only. 

About five years ago, the plates of the 
Providence (U.S.) locals came into the 
possession of an American firm of dealers, 
and they have now decided to make re- 
prints. So that these reprints cannot be 
passed off as originals, each of the twelve 
stamps will have a large letter printed in 
yellow-brown on the back, thus : — 

BOG 

E R T 

D U R 

B I N 

An American firm announces that in one 
of their recent sales they received 1,329 bids 
by post, and could only buy 159 lots for their 
customers ! 

The following reasons for the issue of the 
2^d. on is. Samoa are given by a German 
Navy Officer : — 

" King Malietoa had hardly died, when 
the order was given by the postmaster to all 
offices to immediately return their entire 
stock of the 2§d. stamps, which bore the 
King's effigy. It was explained that the 
natives consider it a sin to look upon the 
picture of a dead ruler. The provisional 
surcharge is very roughly made by hand, 
but a stamp of a new type of the same de- 
nomination was ordered in New Zealand. 
It is expected shortly.-; 



" Kuumania will issue a commemorative 
stamp upon the occasion of the dedication 
of its new Postal Building in Bucharest. 
This stamp will be three times the ordinary 
size ; its design will be of the Byzantine 
style, the centre representing the facade of 
the new building, flanked by Byzantine 
columns. Above will be a medallion por- 
trait of King Karol, at either side of it 
the emblems of the Postal and Telegraph 
services. The die was cut by the Rou- 
manian engraver, Popescu, at Paris." — 
Philatelic Monthly. 

The Brazilian postcards of 40 and 80 reis 
are withdrawn from circulation. 

" I am a firm believer in the value of the 
local club as a true promoter of good fellow- 
ship and collecting impulses ; and that 
philatelist who fails to take advantage of the 
privileges of club membership loses much of 
real value. The exhibiting of new issues, 
the exchange of duplicates, the examination 
of private collections, the exchange of stamp 
magazines, talks, and lectures, all assist in 
making one's own collection seem more 
precious." — A merican Exchange. 

A number of hitherto unknown varieties 
of the stamps of the Republic of Colombia, 
and some of the States, appear to have been 
discovered recently, but as there are so 
many of them, and their character appears 
somewhat peculiar, we do not care to 
chronicle anything further at present. We 
rather suspect reprints or remainders, most 
likely the former. 

The Philatelic Society, of India, an- 
nounces the early appearance of Part II. of 
its work on the British-Indian Adhesive 
Stamps, surcharged for Native States It 
comprises Jhind, Nabha, and Patiala. 

The following portions of the " Tapling " 
Collection are now on view at the British 
Museum : — 

Spain, issues from January 1st, 1873. 
France, issues down to October, 1862. 

Two journals on the Continent, namely, 
La Opinion Impartial, in Madrid, and The 
Kleines Journal, in Berlin, daily provide their 
readers with a column on Philately. Surely, 
this is a considerable advancement on the 
past, and we can see the time approaching 
when the same may be found in the London 
daily papers. 



Items of Interest. 



43 



There is soon to be a new value — 70 cen- 
times — in Switzerland. 

The German ring of collectors having 
secured the old dies of the stamps of Bruns- 
wick, and also dies of some of the essays of 
designs which never came into circulation, 
all these have been handed to the German 
Imperial Postal Museum in Berlin, so that 
no reprints can ever be made again. 

The Committee of the Paris Exhibition of 
1900 is still growing, and the following 
names may now be added : — 
Messrs. R. R. Bogert, 

Bouman, 

W. D. Beckton, 

W. Grunewald, 

Jourin Suter, 

M. Galvez Jiminez, 

Major Shenek, and 

Theodor Buhl. 

In the Illustriertes Briefmarken Journal 
appears a little article on the subject of 
" Postal Orders and Post Office Orders." It 
is written by Dr. J. I., and it pleases us very 
much to hear from this authority that in 
Great Britain a cheque under £2 need not 
be impressed with the stamp, and that, 
therefore, it is possible to remit any sum 
under £2 at a total outlay of id., the cheque 
costing nothing, and the postage costing id. 
We should like to see Dr. J. I. present a 
cheque in this country for any sum, say even 
5/-, and observe his disappointment if he 
could not receive cash for it because it was 
not stamped. 

The idea is gaining ground that at the 
time of the 1900 Exhibition, the French 
Government should be requested to in- 
augurate the National Exhibition of postage 
stamps. M. Maury supports the idea in the 
last number of his paper, and other remarks 
on the subject will be found in another 
column. 

It is stated that the special stamps of 
Nossi-Be, Diego-Suarez, Mayotte.and Sainte- 
Marie have been suppressed, and that the 
stamps of Madagascar and Dependencies are 
now used in their place. Other sources have 
announced that the stamps of the first four 
named Colonies were surcharged, and from 
still another source comes information that 
the stamps are being used indiscriminately ; 
in fact, that the stamps of Nossi-Be and 
Diego-Suarez have been seen used together 
on a letter from Madagascar. 

The proprietors of the Austria Philatelist 
are inviting subscriptions for an important 
work on the obliterations of Austria, Hun- 
gary, and Lombardy. It is to contain no 
less than 70 plates, and the price, elegantly 
bound, will be mks. 5, but we are afraid the 
general demand for such a work will not 
be sufficiently large enough to ensure its 
success. 



Abundant evidence of the growth of 
Philately in South America is the appearance 
of the Brazilian Philatelic Directory, which has 
just reached us, and which consists of just 
over 100 pages, giving the names and 
addresses of collectors in almost every town 
of importance, and many others in Brazil. 
Among the names we notice a very large 
number of English and German. 

The Buenos Aires Philatelico is rather an- 
noyed about the 25c. error of Uruguay with 
the centre inverted, but the annoyance 
appears to be principally that the stamp is 
fetching £2%, and apparently because the 
writer did not secure a copy or two at face 
value. 

We are pleased to announce that the 
eminent Philatelist, Mr. Stewart Wilson, has 
been appointed Postmaster-General of the 
Punjab, from January 1st last. We feel sure 
both from a public and Philatelic point of 
view the department will be in good hands, 
and that Mr. Stewart Wilson will do his 
best to exterminate unnecessary issues. 

From an official decree appearing in a 
Paraguay paper which has been sent us, we 
find that the Provisional 10 centavos on 4 
centavos, was issued on the 12th August, 
1898. 

Some of our readers will be interested to 
know that we contemplate shortly reserving 
a page or so each month for matters con- 
nected with the collecting of Fiscals. 



The Statutes of the Dresden Philatelic 
Society for 1899 are, as usual, very in- 
teresting reading ; they are published in four 
languages, and we think that all advanced 
Philatelists should obtain them and join the 
Society, which numbers, we believe, some- 
thing approaching 2,000 members. 

To show the interest taken in Philately by 
the daily Press, we have received a copy of 
the Syracuse Times of January 15th, which 
not only gives a full column description of 
the fine collection of Mr. J. F. Seybold, but 
also large illustrations of his rarities on 
entire envelopes, such as the Franklin 5c, 
Providence 5c, Oldenburgs, &c. 

We beg to remind our readers that May 
1st next is the last day for entries for the 
Manchester Exhibition, at which no less 
than 140 gold, silver, and bronze medals will 
be offered for competition. 

From the annual report of the Inter- 
national Dealers' Society, at Berlin, we find 
that now there are no less than 197 members, 
without counting the one honorary member — - 
Mr. J. B. Moens. Very few, who are not 
members, are aware how much good this 
Society does in a quiet way, 



44 



The Philatelic Record. 



Our readers will perhaps notice an adver- 
tisement of Messrs. Whitfield King & Co., 
which announces their intention of bringing 
out a Universal Standard Catalogue at a 
reduced price, which is to be issued without 
reference to perforations or to watermarks, 
except in important cases. 

Postage to Malta (from the Daily Mail) : — 
" Malta, 25 Jan. 

" The Malta Government has found the 
way for a partial adoption of the penny 
postage — a measure rendered inevitable 
by the circumstance that the majority of 
correspondents in the United Kingdom 
would only affix a id. stamp to their letters, 
although Malta has not joined in that postal 
reform. 

' ' A notice issued by the Governor announces 
that no surcharge of postage will be claimed 
by the Malta Post Office on letters from the 
United Kingdom weighing under £oz., on 
which postage equivalent to id. has been 
paid. 

" Letters posted here will, of course, con- 
tinue under the 2^d. charge per £oz." 



A certain Mr. Evans stood in a post office 
preparing to post a letter, and had just 
moistened two halfpenny stamps, when they 
slipped from his fingers and fluttered to the 
floor. Mr. Evans, who is a portly man, 
looked at them in disgust, and then stooped 
to pick them up. Before he could put his 
fingers upon them, however, they began to 
move slowly away from him along the floor. 
He drew back, and gazed at the spectacle 
with astonishment and terror. When they 
reached the side of the room they began 
slowly to ascend the wall. Mr. Evans was 
so astonished that he begged someone to 
feel his pulse, for he thought that something 
was wrong with himself. Meanwhile, the 
stamps had risen half-way to the ceiling, and 
were still gliding upwards. Happily for 
Mr. Evans's sanity, the square bits of red 
paper just then altered their course, and 
began to descend, and soon they were within 
reach of his hand. Then the strange 
mystery was fully explained. The moistened 
stamps had fallen upon a big fly's back, and 
had stuck to the insect, which, naturally 
enough, started off with them. 



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IMPORTANT NOTICE. 



Owing to want of space, our " Reviews " are held over until next month. The delay 
in the appearance of this number is due to the delay in the Interview, and to the unfortunate 
illness of the Editor. 




Is the O'Connell an Essay ? 

Some discussion has been going on in 
transatlantic contemporaries as to whether 
the famous O'Connell stamp of New Bruns- 
wick can correctly be called a real postage 
stamp, or only an essay. The history of 
this stamp, says Stamp Talk, can be briefly 
repeated. In 1861 the Hon. Charles Connell 
(or O'Connell?) was made Postmaster- 
General of New Brunswick. Acting in his 
official capacity, he ordered a supply of 
stamps from the American Bank Note Com- 
pany, from designs which he himself pre- 
pared. The ic, with a steam engine, his 
own portrait on the 5c, that of the Queen 
on the ioc, and a steamboat on the i2^c., 
and the Prince's portrait on the 17c. About 
the time of the arrival of these stamps from 
the Bank Note Company, Mr. O'Connell 
gave a banquet, and in the course of the 
evening each of the 200 guests was pre- 
sented with a copy of the 5c. bearing their 
host's portrait. Some of these were used 
next day, and duly passed through the 
mails. However, a political opponent set to 
work to make the appearance of this sign of 
the Postmaster-General's self-esteem the 
occasion for a disturbance. A mass meet- 
ing was called, and O'Connell was requested 
to resign. Upon his resignation the ob- 
noxious stamp was destroyed. 

We fail to understand why there can be 
two opinions on the matter, for if the stamp 
did duty for postage, and was authorized by 
he who was the proper authority at the 
time, it must have been a legal issue. A 
writer in the International Philatelist, says, 
"I have thoroughly investigated the subject, 
and have arrived at the decision that not a 
single specimen was ever used for postage," 
but we think he is wrong. Used copies that 
could be well authenticated have been heard 
of, and are to be found in many old collec- 
tions. — Stamps. 

Danube and other Locals. 

A long and interesting article on the col- 
lectibility of the stamps of the Danube 
Steam Navigation Company and similar 
Companies on the Danube appears in what 
is certainly now rather an old number of 
the reports of the German Ring of collectors. 
The article is from the pen of Mr. L. Berger, 
of Brunswick, and was originally read as a 
paper by this gentleman at one of the annual 
meetings. We ourselves have never doubted 
the genuine postal character of any of these 
labels. Most of our readers probably know 
the T. B. Morton & Co. stamp, of Con- 
stantinople, and many have no doubt, like 
ourselves, seen undoubted used copies of the 



Danube Steam Navigation Company's 
stamps, although the remainders and re- 
prints are to be had so cheap. ^^C'gs- 
Amongst the stamps, which our; author 
mentions in a very long paragraph as 
undoubtedly worthy of being collected, 
are those of the following : — " Donau- 
Dampfschiffahrtsgesellschaft," T. B. Morton 
and Company, " Tavastehus-Tammersfors,'^ 
''Dampfschiffahrts-Gesellschaft Helsingfors- 
Bobacka," " Dampfschiffahrts-Gesellschaft 
Thyra," "Comp. Holback," " Packetbeforde- 
rungs-Gesellschaft zu Odense," "Tyriffjord, 1 * 
and " Suez-Canal " stamps. 

Zanzibar Provisionals. 

LI Echo de la Timbrologie contains a long 
and complicated article on the Provisional 
Stamps of Zanzibar, of July, 1897. These 
Zanzibar stamps are not the ordinary British 
variety, but French stamps surcharged with 
different figures of value in annas, and some- 
times re-surcharged, as far as we can see, 
several times over. There are also blank 
pages of paper with type-set designs, and 
although the illustrations given are only 25,, 
we have an idea that to collect according to 
the author of the article, who is no less a 
celebrity than M. F. Marconett, would 
require a good sized album, without thinking 
of collecting any other country. Our par- 
ticular attention is drawn to the fact that 
in some printings the margins between the 
panes of stamps constituting the sheet have 
received surcharges, and therefore these 
plain pieces of paper with the surcharge 
should also be collected as rare varieties, but 
then, according to an elaborate system of 
calculation, they are rarer in some ways 
than in others, and therefore they become 
more valuable in pairs, namely, a stamp 
with a surcharge and a piece of paper wich 
a surcharge together ; but then, again, the 
rarity depends whether the margin or the 
piece of paper with the surcharge is at the 
top, bottom, right or left hand side of the 
stamp. To sum up, the article may be, and 
no doubt is, very interesting to those who 
like it, but we fancy the average result would 
be a headache. 

Gibraltar. 

Mr. Herbert F. Maxted writes to the 
S.C.F. that the postmistress of Gibraltar 
pronounces the surcharge " Morocco Agen- 
cies " in blue on the 50c. Gibraltar to be a. 
forgery. As we know of copies received 
direct at face value, we cannot understand 
the object of such a forgery. Besides which 
the surcharge is hardly blue — it is blue- 
black, like Stephens' inks, and to our mind 
as much black as blue. 



4 6 



The Philatelic Record. 



Moving Post Offices. 

The United States postal authorities are 
about to inaugurate a system of moving post- 
offices on wheels, which will circulate among 
the remote and rural districts and extend 
free delivery to farmers in all parts of the 
country. Experiments are to be made by 
the authorities on New Year's Day, and the 
utility of the post-wagon, which will be pre- 
sided over by a regularly appointed post- 
master, will be put to a practical test. The 
following description of the " travel-rural 
post-office" is taken from the Tribune: — 
" The post-office department will issue plans 
and specifications for a vehicle of this unique 
class within a few days. The exterior will 
somewhat resemble the modern country 
stage coach, with three windows on a side, 
; and will be labelled 'U.S. Mail' in con- 
spicuous letters. The body will be eight 
feet long, four feet across, and just high 
enough for a man six feet tall to stand erect 
inside. It will be a very light running coach, 
weighing but 600 pounds, and adapted to all 
kinds of weather — rain, hail, snow or blow, 
blizzards or red-hot summer. The personnel 
will consist of but two — the travelling post- 
master and his driver. The latter will be 
mounted upon an ample seat in front, 
sheltered overhead and protected in wet 
weather by a waterproof covering. Entrance 
to the interior of the vehicle will be by a 
door on either side, which, when shut, will 
serve as the centre of the three glass win- 
dows. These windows, and another in front, 
will make the office as light as may be 
desired by day, while a blazing lamp will do 
the same by night. The postmaster will be 
seated in the centre of his office upon a 
revolving chair made stationary with the 
the floor, Both before and behind him will 
be a working table and a complete set of post- 
office pigeonholes. Under ordinary circum- 
stances he will ride with his back toward 
the driver, there being more room at his 
■rear table than at the front. Just above the 
rear table will be a closet with double doors. 
Inside will be shelves, a cash drawer, and 
drawers for storing stamps, postal cards, 
-envelopes, cancellors, and other necessities, 
including a trusty gun for protection against 
the bold highwayman, without whom litera- 
ture on mail coaches is ever dry and un- 
interesting. ' ' — MekeeHs Weekly. 

Ocean Penny Postage. 

A most appropriate article at the preset 
moment is one on Ocean Penny Postage, 
which appears in the number of the Monthly 
[ournal, just issued. It is from the pen of 
that well-known writer, Mr. E. D. Bacon. As 
Mr. Bacon truly says, it is strange, but none 
the less true, how quickly events become 
forgotten, and freely either the history of 
what were once popular agitations sink into 
total oblivion, or the real facts become mis- 
represented by writers of even the next or 
.the succeeding generation. This assertion is 



strikingly borne out in the history of the 
initial movement for an Ocean Penny 
Postage, which has naturally had lately a 
good deal of attention drawn to it owing to the 
adoption of Penny Postage for certain parts 
of the British Empire on Christmas Day last. 
Every writer who has referred to this early 
agitation, including the author of a long 
article on " Imperial Penny Postage," which 
appeared in The Times on December 24th, is 
apparently entirely ignorant of the true 
object of the early Ocean Penny Postage 
reformers, and what they meant by the term. 

The following further paragraphs of the 
article are so interesting that we cannot 
refrain from reproducing them. 

It was in the early part of 1847 that Mr. 
Elihu Burritt first propounded his scheme of 
Ocean Penny Postage. This philanthropist 
was born at New Britain, Connecticut, on 
December 8th, 1810, and from the fact that 
he started life as a smith, was afterwards 
familiarly known as "the learned black- 
smith." He spent many years of his life in 
England, which he devoted entirely to pro- 
moting, in addition to the cheapening of 
postal rates, such objects as the abolition of 
slavery and the establishment of universal 
and unbroken peace, with which latter object 
he founded the "League of Universal 
Brotherhood." He died at New Britain, 
March 6th, 1879. In order to show what 
Elihu Burritt's Ocean Penny Postage scheme 
really was, it is only necessary for me to give 
two extracts from a little work he published 
upon the subject. The Pamphlet is entitled 
Ocean Penny Postage : its necessity shown and 
its feasibility demonstrated. The work con- 
tains thirty-two pages, and was published 
by C Gilpin, of 5, Bishopsgate Street With- 
out, at 8s. per 100, or 2d. each. The only 
copy I have seen has lost its wiapper, so it 
is impossible to say whether the pamphlet 
bore a date ; but from the fact that two pieces 
of poetry at the end have the respective dates 
of " February 3rd, 1848," and "Christmas, 
1848," and from other internal evidence of a 
statistical nature, there can be little doubt 
that it was published in the year 1849. At 
the top of the first page is the illustration of 
a steamer, with ■■ Ocean Penny Postage " on 
the foresail and "id." on the flag at the 
masthead, corresponding exactly with that 
found on one of the illustrations of the Ocean 
Penny Postage envelopes. The following 
are the two extracts I have mentioned ; the 
first contains the opening paragraph of the 
work on page 1, the other is taken from 
page 15 :— 

' ' That the term ' Ocean Penny Postage ' 
may clearly define the proposition which it 
is employed to denominate, it may be proper 
to state, at the outset of our argument, that 
it means simply this : That the single service 
of transporting a letter, weighing under half 
an ounce, from any seaport of the United 
Kingdom to any port beyond the seas, at 
which the British mail packets may touch, 
shall be performed by the English Govern- 
ment for one penny and vice versa ; or, one 



Philately in the Mags. 



47 



penny for its mere conveyance from Folkes- 
tone to Boulogne, Southampton to Bombay, 
Hull to Hamburg, or from Liverpool to Bos- 
ton. As we would not ask the English 
Government to perform any other than this 
single service on a letter for a penny, con- 
sequently the entire charge upon one trans- 
mitted from any town in the United Kingdom, 
either maritime or inland, to any port beyond 
the seas would be twopence — one penny for 
the inland rate, the other for the sea rate." 

Many of our readers have no doubt seen 
the envelopes, which were issued about, or 
soon after, the period of the Mulready, and 
these are reproduced in the Monthly 
Journal, together with Mr. Bacon's notes 
upon them. The article concludes with a 
copy of the pledge of the Universal Brother- 
hood, which is contributed by the Editor of 
the Monthly Journal. 

The Manila Post Office. 

San Francisco, December 3rd. — -Re- 
ferring to the work of the post-office at 
Manila, now in American possession, the 
Call says to-day: "The most interesting 
thing connected with the acquisition of the 
Manila post-office is the adoption by the 
Federal government of the labor facilities of 
the island. Six men were sent from the 
San Francisco post-office to Manila, and 
this number was reinforced by fourteen 
men from Manila. Two of these latter are 
United States soldiers who had enlisted 
from the postal service, and twelve are 



Spanish postal employes, retained because of 
their knowledge of the Spanish language 
and the routine of the office. The Spanish 
before the American occupation received 
salaries of $150 per annum in Mexican 
silver, being equal to about $75 in American 
silver or gold coin. The office was closed 
every alternate day, and when working it 
was closed for two and three hours each 
day, beginning about noon. The total 
number employed was 200, but they took 
life easy, and did the work of about twenty 
Americans. The twelve Spaniards who are 
retained receive salaries ranging from $150 
to $200 per annum in Mexican silver, such 
being the ruling rate of wages in the Philip- 
pines for that kind of service, but they have 
to work every day instead of every alternate 
day as heretofore." — The Post Office. 

Cuban Postal Service. 

E. G. Rathbone, of Ohio, ex-Assistant 
Postmaster General, was to-day (December 
10th) appointed to take charge of the postal 
service in Cuba. He will leave for Havana 
in a few days. A commission of four experts 
representing the office of each of the Assis- 
tant Postmasters General will leave for 
Tampa at once, and sail for Havana pro- 
bably on Wednesday. A number of postal 
employes will also be dispatched probably 
on the same steamer. General Superinten- 
dent A. W. Machen, of the free delivery 
system, will be one of the commissioners. — 
New York Times. 



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tlM 






Williams & Co., of Lima, Peru. 

Within the last few weeks several warnings 
with reference to this much-advertised firm 
have been circulated. A very serious warning 
has been issued by the International Stamp 
Dealers' Society, of Berlin, which Mr. Phillips 
translates in the Monthly Journal, but as it has 
been received by us as a confidential com- 
munication for members only, we do not feel 
justified in making use of it. At the same 
time we reproduce the following from the 
Monthly Journal — 

"As we are going to press, we hear as 
ollows from a well-known Continental 
dealer : — 

' What business relations have you with 
Williams & Co., of Lima ? For your guidance 
this party resides in Lima, in an hotel of low 
rank, and is a retired pugilist. He lives 
entirely by trickery, and says he represents 
your firm and the firm of Williams, of London. 
I think a stop must be put to such pranks, and, 
if you have any interests, you should act 
promptly in order to protect them.' 

" Taking it altogether, we have nun the 
slightest doubt but that a colossal fraud has 
been attempted, and, we are afraid, successfully ; 
and we shall be glad if any of our readers who 
have any claim against this firm will com- 
municate with us, sending us full details of the 
dates of their consignments, the value of same, 
and as to whether applications have been made 
for their return. We will then see if any con- 
certed action can be taken." 

At the same time we must mention that our 
publishers have inserted the advertisements of 
Williams & Co. in absolute good faith, in 
common with many other journals. 

North Borneo, perf. 18J. 

Mr. W.Jacoby writes, enclosing us a copy 
of the ic. orange, North Borneo, perf. 18J, and 
asks for some information on the subject. We 
regret we cannot inform Mr. Tacoby whether 
this perforation is really official, but we have 
known this one value ever since the stamps 
came into use. Of course the ordinary per- 
foration is 12, and it seems curious that one 
value only should be found with such a peculiar 
perforation, which we do not recollect on any 
other colonial stamp. However, though it is 
not chronicled, the stamp is well known, but 
it appears impossible to find out whether it was 
officially issued in this state. Perhaps some of 
our readers can enlighten us on the subject. 

New Books on English. 

Messrs. William Brendon and Son 
announce the publication of a new edition of 
Messrs. Philbrick & Westoby's work on the 



Postage and Telegraph Stamps of Great 
Britain. The price of the first 250 copies 
subscribed for will be 12/-, after which it will 
be raised to 16/6 until actual publication, when 
it will be raised to 21/-. We notice that the 
printing is not to be commenced until 200 
copies have been subscribed for. 

At the same time the early publication of the 
long expected work of the Philatelic Society 
of London on the Postage and Telegraph 
stamps of Great Britain is also announced. 
The price of this will be 24/-, and 600 copies 
are to be printed. It is rather a pity that two 
such important works should be announced at 
the same time, as we are afraid that one will 
clash more or less with the other. 



About Provisionals. 

In Le Philatelist Francaise, M. L. de 
Noailhac publishes an article on the classifi- 
cation of Provisional stamps, which he divides 
nto eight headings: 

1. Value modified (or decreased) by sur- 
charge. 

2. Value modified by more than one sur- 
charge. 

3. Name of country changed by a surcharge. 

4. The value and name of country modified 
at the same time by a surcharge. 

5. Telegraph stamps used poslally. 

6. Fiscals used postally. 

7. Stamps cut in half to replace others of 
half their value. 

8. Stamps of one country used in another 
country without surcharge. 



Proposed Postal Museum. 

From an article, which appears in the Rcvne 
Philatelique Francaise we notice that im- 
portant steps are on foot with the object of 
inducing the Government to inaugurate a 
Postal Museum in Paris on the occasion of the 
50th anniversary of the inauguration of the 
Postage Stamp in France. Several important 
Government officials have already expressed 
their willingness to further the project, and two 
long and interesting letters have been addressed 
to the Assistant Secretary of State of Posts and 
Telegraphs, signed by the following important 
names : — 

Schoeller. 

Erard Le Roy d'Etiolles. 

Bormoy d'Evenans. 

Jules Bernichon. 

Lucien Gilis. 

Albert Coyette. 
We wish the project every success. 



The Philatelic Record 



AND STAMP NEWS. 



MARCH, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 

THE forthcoming Philatelic Exhibition at Manchester has again 
suggested the idea of a Philatelic Congress, on the lines of the annual 
gatherings in Germany. As far as we can recollect, no such meeting has 
ever been held in England, notwithstanding the fact that this country 
probably contains more large collectors than any other. In Germany 
w . , the venue is changed each year ; this year it will be Dresden, 

M h° f * n J u ty' ^ ast y ear ** was Gossnitz, and in 1896 it was held at 
a iYiancnes er c i g ne , where several English dealers attended, and from 
congress personal observations we know that considerable business was 
done. Representatives of all philatelic societies, collectors and dealers attend 
these gatherings, which usually last three days, the programme being arranged 
to include, beyond the routine business and speeches, a dinner, a drive to any 
place of interest in the neighbourhood, and similar entertainments, and a 
large hall is provided where all can meet for business or to " talk stamps." 

We have often wondered why similar arrangements could not be made 
in this country, and although we do not wish to overburden the Manchester 
Executive with work, we make the suggestion to them that the time of their 
exhibition would be most opportune. The matter could be made self-support- 
ing, as in Germany, where tickets are sold to include everything. Two or 
three hundred persons usually meet at the Continental gatherings, and many 
new friendships are made, besides which a considerable incentive to new 
business is the usual result for the dealer. Why not try it ? We feel sure that 
it would afterwards become an annual affair, and Manchester would have the 
credit of the start, to be probably followed by our other large cities, not 
omitting the little village where the Record is published. 




50 The Philatelic Record. 



Editorial Interviews. 



BY THEODOR BUHL. 




Mr. F. R. GINN. 

R. F. R. GINN has been prominently before the public for some 
years, not only as a dealer, but as a Secretary of the Philatelic 
Protection Association (or P. P. A.), which did so much to exterminate 
forgeries. In his advertisement he styles his business premises the 
" Philatelic Centre " (an irreverent dealer refers to it as the 
" Hub "), and if we are to take the word " centre " as a question of position, 
it is well justified by the situation, being on the first floor just opposite the 
Gaiety Theatre. 

The business is all conducted on the one floor. On entering you find a 
counter, with a glass case, containing copies of albums and philatelic 
publications, amongst which we are glad to see the Philatelic Record has 
always a prominent place ; to the right is a large room facing the Strand, 
where the business is conducted by Mr. Ginn and a staff of employees, 
including a younger brother, who bids fair to be a good philatelist. Partitioned 
from this room is a small ante-room, also overlooking the main thoroughfare, 
and it was here on a recent morning we were received by Mr. Ginn, who had 
promised to give us a few facts regarding his business career. 

It was in June, 1864, that our "subject" first saw the light, and the 
locality was Tottenham, where he still lives, and where the now prosperous 
business was originally conducted. 

" I commenced collecting at school, and bought and sold stamps there, 
my first transactions being in 1880," said Mr. Ginn ; thereby reminding us 
that it is the same story with everyone who is" interviewed, and showing the 
necessity of encouraging the schoolboy collector ; " but my first actual launch 
as a dealer was about 1887 ; up to about 1886 I was engaged in the tea trade 
in Mincing Lane, and the transactions in stamps began to increase so 
rapidly that it dawned upon me that I should have to devote my time either 
to tea or stamps. I chose the latter, gave up the tea trade, and have never 
regretted doing so." 

"At that time you conducted your business from your residence at 
Tottenham ? " 

" Yes. It was not until June, 1894, that I came to the Strand. These 
offices had been occupied by Mr. Dawson A. Vindin, and on his return to 
Australia I took the lease off his hands." 

"What is the principal part of your business ? " we asked, knowing full 
well what the answer would be. 

" Approval selections," said Mr. Ginn, with pride, and I believe I do one 
of the largest trades in the world in that line. My business is principally by 
post, but recently there has been a considerable increase in the cash trade 
here." 

" Have you any publications of your own ? " was our next 
question, and Mr. Ginn's reply was a reminder that he publishes the cele- 
brated Philatelic Collecting Books. " I also publish a small catalogue of stamps 
in stock," he added, "giving prices for medium and other stamps and sets; 
I publish nothing else, but I sell other people's albums and publications." 



0ur ^crtrait Qaller^, 




MR. F. R. GINN. 



Editorial Interviews. 



5i 



" You do no wholesale business ? " 

" None whatever," was the reply ; I have quite enough to do with the 
retail, in my own way." 

" It is now some time since you purchased the celebrated " Henderson " 
collection ? " 

"Yes; I gave ^"3,000 for it, but before that I bought a large one in 
Paris for ^"1,500, and recently one from India at £1,000." 

" You have always specialized in American stamps ?" we asked, thinking 
of Mr. Ginn's superb collection of this country. 

"Yes; and my collection of the United States stamps is one of the 
finest and most complete in the world. As you know, it was awarded the 
silver medal at the last London Philatelic Exhibition, and I shall exhibit it at 
Manchester." 

In interviewing a dealer it is the usual thing to ask him how he finds 
" trade," and in reply to our enquiry, Mr. Ginn was pleased to say that trade 
is now very good. Last autumn it was very slack, but at present there is a 
large increase in the turnover and he expects it to continue. 

" And your opinion of the future ? " we queried. 

"The future is safe enough, but I do not believe in the "specialist." I 
believe in the general collector, and as the number of general collectors is on 
the increase, it is a good sign for philately." 

" And what about auctions ? You do not attend many ? " 

" Yes, I do now" said Mr. Ginn, " I went to a bad sale, bought a lot of 
bargains, and since then I attend most of them." 

" Is there anything you would like to say about the P. P. A. and your 
connection with it while you were Secretary ?" 

Only this, that I worked up the Association, and when I resigned in 
July, 1895, I handed my successor the sum of £\\o 4s. iod., being the 
balance in hand. He held one meeting, at which he resigned, but what has 
happened since I don't know." 

And we think not only Mr. Ginn, but others ought to know. The 
P. P. A. was financially all right, and we know of no reason for its disappear- 
ance from the horizon. 

Just then a well-known collector called, and we left, having obtained all 
the information we could from the busy head of the " Philatelic Centre." 




52 The Philatelic Record 



Kashmir Notes. 

By D. P. MASSON. 
(From the Indian Philatelist.) 

I FEAR the readers of the Journal have heard about enough regarding the 
stamps of Kashmir, but I cannot but send a few stray notes on matters 
that have just come to my knowledge. For most of the information I 
am indebted to Captain Stuart H. Godfrey, assistant resident in 

Kashmir, who is taking a deep interest in the philatelic matters of the 
State, as well as in its more important questions. 

Captain Godfrey, in the course of his investigations, discovered the 
engraver of all the genuine dies of the Kashmir rectangular stamps, and in 
this man's specimen book he found proofs of all the dies, shewing them to be 
identical with the dies recently defaced. The proofs are all in black ink, 
and include a complete sheet (20 half-annas and 5 one-annas) of the so-called 
1924"* issue, or the Kashmir province plate of these denominations. Captain 
Godfrey was inclined to consider these proofs as genuine stamps, but I 
pointed out to him that in every case the paper differed from that of used 
copies ; and the engraver confirmed my view by saying he had printed the 
sheets himself, for his own satisfaction, and for the approval of the Maharaja 
Ranbir Singh. Though these impressions must be classed as essays, they 
are both interesting and valuable. 

Other most interesting items in the "find" were perforated proofs of 
the half-anna and one-anna stamps of the new rectangular (1878) issue, prov- 
ing beyond question that some of the anna sheets were perforated as well as 
half-anna ones. The engraver was ordered to prepare perforating machines, 
as well as dies, for the new issues, and the perforators were prepared for him 
by a "lohar" of his acquaintance. His memory was somewhat at fault, as 
he at first stated that only one perforating machine was prepared ; but on my 
pointing out — for Captain Godfrey kindly asked me to be present at the 
interview— that the same machine could not possibly perforate rows of three 
(as in the half-anna sheets) and rows of four (as in the anna sheets), he at 
once said that two machines must have been made. This was undoubtedly 
so, as the perforations on the anna sheet are closer than those on the half- 
anna sheet. In explanation of the perforator not having been more generally 
used, the old man said, with a shrug of contempt, that the postal people could 
not understand its working. 

But perhaps the most interesting "find" of all, from the old engraver, 
was a "proof" (original ?) of what I daresay I am justified in calling 

The Oldest Service (Native State) Stamp of India. 




* The engraver confirmed the information I have already given in my papers, that all 
the oil circular and rectangular stamps bear the date 1923. 



Kashmir Notes. 



53 



The inscriptions are as follows : — In Persian, khat zartiri (urgent letter) ; 
in Shastri, awa shakka pattar (I cannot get this translated) ; and in Dogri, 
kakal zartiri (urgent document). As the inscriptions show, the stamp was 
used for urgent letters. A letter or parcel so stamped was forwarded urgently, 
by night and day, passing from the hand of one runner to another, and 
accompanied by a " time table " to show the hours it passed from one tehsil 
to another. Having been used only on the Maharaja's or State Service, it 
may be classed as a genuine service stamp. The Rev. Mr. Knowles informs 
me he has seen used specimens. It was printed in red. 

By the way, the designs on this stamp, on the Kashmir post-cards, and 
on many fiscals I have seen, confirm my view that the central design of the 
old circular stamps, and the star at the top of the old rectangulars, represent 
a sun, and not a lotus flower. 



Kashmir Remainders. 

To the Editor of the Philatelic Journal oj India. 

Dear Sir, — It was recently announced in your journal that the circular 
Kashmir stamps printed on thin European paper would not in future be 
offered for sale by the Kashmir State, but apparently this is not the case. 

The Rev. C. B. Simons, the Agent of the Kashmir State at Baramula, 
has just sent me on approval ioo unused specimens of Kashmir stamps, 
which include the reprints referred to. The Agent has prefixed the following 
somewhat quaintly worded note to his specimen sheets, so that the purchaser 
is at least candidly informed that he is purchasing at a very high price what 
are nothing more than pure and simple reprints, many of which have never 
been postally used. 

The circular stamps on thick native laid paper are reprints in oil colours 
from the genuine dies. I have seen a few used specimens of these reprints on 
original covers, but it is believed that these stamps were not generally avail- 
able for sale to the public at the post offices in Kashmir. 

With regard to the different shades of green, brown, red, etc., I think 
it is a mistake to class the different shades of the same value as distinct speci- 
mens. The varieties of shade are simply due to the colour having been pre- 
pared in small quantities, and to no care being taken to obtain the same shade 
when the next lot of colour was mixed for use. Some of the shades men- 
tioned by the Rev. Mr. Simons may be rare in the sense that there are only 
a few specimens left in the Agent's hands, but it is probable that this is due 
to a larger quantity of these particular shades having been sold to the public, 
and to dealers and speculators. 

Yours truly, 

W. C. H. 



54 



The Philatelic Record. 



Notes for Primitive Collectors. 

"i. The stamps (i to n) are called circular stamps. They are im- 
pressed from the original dies, and printed in oil colours on native greyish 
laid paper. These specimens are of extreme rarity. Many dealers do sell 
this kind of stamp as the genuine article, whilst in the end one finds that they 
differ in many respects, being impressed from the so-called 'missing die,' 
specimens which the State does not wish to dispose off. Of these 1877 cir- 
culars only a limited quantity is in stock, hence the price will soon be 
doubled. 

"2. The stamps (12 to 16) are circulars from the original die on thin 
European paper. These specimens were probably reprinted in 1884 for the 
many visitors in this country ; consequently they should be considered as 
'reprints,' though undoubtedly genuine. In the Indian bazaars one meets 
frequently with similar stamps, but nearly all of them are impressed from the 
missing die, and hence perhaps forgeries. 

"3. The stamps (17 to 22) are called rectangulars ; they are impressed 
from the original die, and printed in oil colours on native greyish laid paper. 
Except 21, I have never seen these rectangulars 'postally' used, and though 
this fact does not effect in the least their being genuine, nevertheless on 
account of this doubt only, the prices have been remarkably reduced. Of 
these only a few are in stock. 

"4. The stamps (23 to 25) are also rectangulars, and impressed from 
the original die, but printed on thin European paper. Like the circulars on 
thin paper, they have never been postally used, have probably been reprinted 
in 1884, and should therefore be classed as 'reprints.' 

" 5. The stamps (26 to 100) are styled square stamps, either ordinary 
or service. Nobody doubts or ever will doubt their being genuine. The 
stamps (27 to 33) are various shades of brown ; numbers 34 and 35 are scarce 
(refer to Stanley Gibbons' No. 159). The numbers 36 to 45 represent the 
different shades of red. Between 46 and 50 there exists this difference, that 
the former is thick paper, issued in 1879 (see Stanley Gibbons' 154). The 
stamps 47 to 49 are shades of olive. The stamps 51 to 78 form a rare and 
interesting collection of the various shades of the one anna green. No. 79 is 
not catalogued in any book, and very rare ; so is No. 80. The numbers 81 
to 97 need no explanation. The stamps 98 to 100 are service on yellow 
paper. 

" 6. The value of all the stamps taken together amounts to Rs.i 25-14-0. 
However, if the whole collection of 100 varieties is taken, price will be 
Rs.125." 

When read with the above letter, the following advertisement, extracted 
from the Pioneer of the 10th December, will hardly excite much enthusiasm: — 

"Kashmir Stamps! 

"A SUITABLE PRESENT FOR CHRISTMAS ! 
" Complete sets of a hundred unused varieties at Rs.125, 
"Smaller varieties procurable at Rs.25 and upwards. 
"All stamps guaranteed genuine. 
"Terms cash with order or V.-P. P. 

"Apply early to Rev. C. B. Simons, Sole Agent for 
the Sale of Kashmir Stamps by Special Appointment of 
the Kashmir State Council, at Baramulla, Kashmir." 

[Ed., P.J.I.} 



Kashmir. 55 



Kashmir. 

MORE "MISSING DIES." 

By D. P. Masson. 

(From the Indian Philatelist.) 

OOKING over the collection of a friend the other day, my attention 
was instantly arrested by a new type of circular stamp. I thought 
that at last I had found the rare " Die I ;" but alas ! I am again 
doomed to disappointment, as I am informed by Captain Hancock, 
who knows Die I, that this new discovery is a forgery. I bring it 
immediately to the notice of collectors, because it is very dangerous for the 
uninitiated, seeing it marks a step in advance by the forger, it being supplied 
with an imitation of the magenta obliteration of Jammu, or the brick one of 
Srinagar. No wonder Kashmir stamps are in disfavour, if so many forgeries 
are about : I thought I had got to the end of my list in my three papers on 
the old circular and rectangular stamps. 

I have seen only the half-anna and four-anna denominations, but no 
doubt an anna stamp die also exists. 

The four-anna stamp is roughly engraved, and I have seen it only in blue. 
I take the first Dogra 3 -like letter as my key, and I place the Persian 
character on its left in the position of 12 o'clock on a watch dial. 

Four-anna Stamp. — In the forgery, as in that formerly described, the 
stroke within the central sun points in the direction of i o'clock (to the left 
of the first Dogra letter), whereas in the genuine die it points to 1.45 (between 
the first and second Dogra letters). The rays of the central sun in the 
forgery are short, and exactly like the teeth of a cog-wheel, and there is a 
slight space between their ends and the foot of the Dogra letters. Taking 
the first three Dogra letters, it will be found that they are compressed into 
smaller space in the forgery, measuring only 8 mm. from what I shall call 
the abdomen of the first, to the back of the head of the third, as against 
g mm. on the genuine die. The rest of the stamp in the two specimens I 
possess are so badly printed as to make comparison with the genuine die 
impossible. The colour (blue) is a very fair imitation of that of some of the 
genuine stamps. 

Half-anna Stamp. — This die is very well cut. The central sun again 
resembles a cogwheel. The first Dogra letter is a perfect figure 3, the upper 
and lower limbs being about the same shape, whereas in the genuine die the 
lower loop is crooked up, and does not project as far as the upper. The 
second Dogra letter is straight-backed instead of bent-backed ; the left one 
of the three central strokes, instead of being slightly curved, is comma- 
shaped, and the central and right-hand strokes, instead of being parallel, 
would meet on its outer edge of the central sun if prolonged. I have the 
half-anna stamp in three colours : (1) blue, like the 4-anna one, (2) what is 
meant to be black, but is really a dark brown, and (3) a dull red. 

Well printed copies of either forgery can be detected by the two 
encircling rings ; in the genuine die the outer ring is light, the inner heavy ; 
in the forgery the outer ring is heavy, and the inner so light that it sometimes 
prints a dotted circle. 



56 The Philatelic Record. 



The Fiasco of the S.S.S.S. 

(From the Indian Philatelist). 
By DAK. 
So they hunted and they hallo'd till the settin' of the sun, 

An' they'd nawt to bring away at last when the huntin' day was done, 
So one unto the other said this huntin' doesn't pay ; 

But we've footled up an' down a bit an' had a rattlin' day. Look ye there. 

Old Song Re-set. 

THE " four S'd league " is moribund, if indeed it has not already ended 
an inglorious career, and few will regret its final disappearance. For 
three or four years it has proved an object lesson in vacillation and 
incapacity probably without parallel in the experience of any public 
body associated for philatelic advancement, either past or present. 
The evils it was self-created to suppress remained, and its exit from the 
scene without even the semblance of a farewell is perhaps the best thing 
known to its credit. 

From its commencement the Society asked for the confidence of col- 
lectors. Its request was very generally complied with. It was welcomed 
and advertised, and we were prepared to respect its rulings and follow its 
lead. 

"What a good thing it is for you you've some one to help you at last " 
was its tone, and the help took the form of advertising far and wide the little 
weaknesses inherent in our pursuit to a Philistine world that enjoyed the 
revelations. " We've got skeletons in our cupboard — lots of them ! " said 
the S.S.S.S. " Come and look ! " and the world gazed, and was duly 
impressed. 

But the S.S.S.S. is gone, and a long trail of more or less feeble witti- 
cisms in countless stamp papers mark its tortuous course for the puzzlement 
of future philatelic students and historians ; otherwise there is little to 
redeem its memory from an oblivion well deserved. Federation, fizzle, and 
fiasco symbolize its birth, its career, and its ending. May we never look 
upon its like again. 

The lessons of the fiasco are many — too many for enumeration here. 
That we philatelists are powerless to work together for good is perhaps one 
of them, though it is by no means certain but that had we but been favoured 
with more masterful officers in the recent " crusade " the results might not 
have been more encouraging. Another lesson is that the London Society, as 
at present constituted, is hardly, from its nature, the best "cabinet," so to 
speak, for the direction of philatelic politics as apart from philatelic research. 
In the meanwhile we must proceed as well as we can, which means 
that we shall probably get along very well indeed. A " Rock." after all is 
said and done, may be but a mirage. We have but to bring ourselves to see 
that speculative stamps have been, are, and (while human nature remains as 
it is) will be, and that no philatelic plague regulations, nor philatelic pills for 
earthquakes, will ever successfully uproot them. Superficial and not even 
skin-deep blemishes on our pursuit, it is after all our own fault if we let them 
do us any lasting harm. 

The whole trouble about speculative stamps may be safely left to be 
dealt with by the press and the catalogue. The former should (and will) 
throw all the light possible upon the origin, nature, and other facts con- 
cerning all stamps issued, speculative or otherwise. The latter should con- 
tent itself with chronicling all stamps of recognised Governments, whatever 



The Fiasco of the S.S.S.S. 57 

the duration of the life of the stamps, classing commemorative, hospital, or 
other short-lived special issues apart from the general issues of each country. 

If the catalogue and album compiler contented himself with doing this, 
the exigencies of the situation arising out of the creation of undesirable 
but inevitable and legitimate labels would be adequately met. He should 
catalogue all stamps issued, and not descant upon the lack of value to 
collectors of certain issues, nor yet ignore such issues entirely. In the Phila- 
telists Supplement to the Bazaar (9th November), for instance, in " Westoby's 
Stamps of Europe " (of which work it is difficult to speak too highly), the 
St. Anthony and Vasco da Gama series of Portugal are rightly classed under 
the sub-head of "Commemorative Stamps," as the compiler would have 
fallen short of his duty had he failed to record these ephemeral issues of an 
important European Government; but while placing them under their correct 
sub-head he goes out of his way to stigmatise the beautiful Vasco da Gama 
series as " rubbish," in which remark countless philatelists of long experi- 
ence will fail to concur. It is the province of the cataloguer to properly 
classify all the issues of a country whatever his personal feelings may be as 
to their actual necessity, just as it is the duty of a magistrate to administer 
the law as it stands without regard to his private opinion concerning its 
abstract justice. It is not the duty of the catalogue compiler to sit in judg- 
ment upon the stamps he lists, any more than it is the duty of the magis- 
trate to criticise or condemn from the bench the law with the provisions of 
which he may entirely disagree. 

The frequent issue of unpriced uniform handbook-catalogues for the 
whole world on the lines of " Westoby's Europe " would do more than a 
score of amateur and irresponsible "suppression " societies in as many years 
towards the educational aid of collectors, and the defence and upraising of 
Philately from the quagmire of mere commercialism. 



The i^-anna Postage Stamp of 

India. 

(From the Indian Philatelist.) 

'HIS stamp was asked for in 1880 to meet the demand for a single stamp 
to represent the single rate for newspapers, books and samples to the 
United Kingdom at that time. The first supply arrived in October or 
November, 1881, and began to be issued to the public in January, 
1882. There was a moderate demand for these stamps (nearly half 
a million annually) till 1892, when the initial packet postage rate to the United 
Kingdom was reduced to ^ anna. Since then the demand for this stamp has 
been very trifling, and it has now been decided to do away with it altogether. 
About six millions of the stamps have been printed, of which about half a 
million still remain. These will be got rid of in the ordinary way of postal 
business, but no more will be ordered. From January, 1899, the stamp will 
be withdrawn from the official list of postage stamps, but it will not be 
demonetised. Of course it follows that no more i|--anna stamps will be 
surcharged for the use of Native States. Up to date Chamba and Jhind have 
taken but few, and Faridkot none. Gwalior and Patiala have had large 
numbers, and Nabha 14,900. They will all soon be obsolete, when those of 
the Chamba and Jhind States will be rare. 



58 The Philatelic Record. 



The Turkish Postal Service. 

(From a correspondent of the Philatelic World). 

ON account of Emperor William's trip to the Holy Land a German post 
office has been established at Jaffa, which it is understood will remain 
there permanently. At the present time the same stamps are used 
there as in the German post office of Constantinople, the German 
stamps of the current issue with the surcharge in piastres and paras. 
It is curious enough that Turkey should permit such a large number of 
foreign post offices in her own territory, but this custom has become prevalent 
on account of the entire irresponsibility of the Turkish mails and the care- 
lessness of Turkish post officials. All the large cities of the Orient have 
foreign post offices, and even the native merchant employs them in preference 
to his country's mail service. A short description of my experience in Syria 
may explain matters more fully : " The European mail arrives in Jerusalem 
two or three times a week ; this fact is announced by criers, and great com- 
motion can be noticed among the population. Whoever expects letters 
hurries upon the open square in front of the Turkish post office. After 
waiting for a long while patiently, the window opens, and the dignified old 
postmaster reads aloud the addresses of the letters that have arrived. 
Whenever anybody cries out ' here,' the postmaster throws the letter with 
unerring aim over the heads of the crowd in the direction of where the 
'here' was heard. The receiver of the letter, postal card or newspaper is 
supposed to catch his mail on the fly. The novice at first crumples his mail in 
the catching, but soon he learns, and gets use to this method of delivery. 
Letter carriers are unknown in Turkey with but few exceptions. When 
nobody is there to receive arriving letters, they are placed in a glass case in 
front of the post office, where they may be called for at certain hours. And 
even for this service the people must be thankful, for it is better than none at 
all! 

" While I was in Syria I often had to use the Turkish mails. Once I asked 
for letters I expected, and was told to pick it out from a clothes basket full of 
letters standing in one corner, and that after I had been waiting an hour for the 
postmaster to put in an appearance. At Bethlehem I entered the Turish post 
office to buy some postals, and asked for them, ' But, shining light of the West,' 
the postal effendi, a venerable white-bearded Turk replied : ' Why doest thou 
use postal cards for thy correspondence ? Do write letters. You can tell more, 
and everybody cannot read what you say as upon an open post card.' ' I have 
but little to write,' I said, ' and cards will do me very well.' ' But, my beautiful 
turtle dove, you are not one of those poor people, who are compelled to write 
on postal cards for their cheapness. Will you not rather write nice letters ? 
When I insisted energetically upon being given postals the postmaster said 
meekly : ' Much respect stranger, I would like to sell you postals, but I can- 
not do so ! ' ' And why not ? ' ' Because I have none ; I'm all out of them. 
If you have to have them you will have to go to Jerusalem ; they may have 
some left there ! ' Since I did not care to take a day's ride for the sake of a 
few postals I bought stamps, of course, and wrote letters, receiving into the 
bargain the blessings of the effendi, who wished me a happy voyage through 
Syria. Syria has but a few post offices, and the interior is reduced to a 
unique service, that of ambulant postmen. A travelling official passes over a 
given road. every fortnight or so, making regular stops at certain appointed 
places. He has all the letters for the district in a large sheet, tied by the four 



The Turkish Postal Service. 59 

corners. Arriving at one of his stations he simply spreads out his cloth, lays 
his letters face up, and begins to read the addresses of the letters for the dis- 
trict. These people, mostly Arabs, can seldom read, and pay the postman a 
small amount for his trouble in reading their letters to them. Often they 
also have him write the reply for a similar consideration. These postal 
clerks, although engaged by the Turkish Government, seldom receive their 
wages, and depend almost entirely upon their side-earnings of this character. 
Moreover, they forward messages from town to town at the same rates as the 
Government, that is, they collect fees for forwarding letters, but do not pre- 
pay postage or turn in a penny. I received a message in the interior of 
Syria, which necessitated my telegraphing home. At the post office where I 
entered the telegram (in Damascus, the sender of the telegraphic message is 
required to enter the telegram, the number of words, and the amount to be 
paid for it into a book laying on the counter, so as to prevent the officials 
from defrauding the Government), the clerk in charge begged me not to enter 
the despatch. When I replied that I would have to enter it, as this was the 
only way I could rely on having the message forwarded, the clerk entreated 
me in the most plaintive terms : ' Oh, my good sir, I have five hungry chil- 
dren, and for more than six months the Government has not paid me a cent 
of my salaty. Do take pity on me, and don't enter that amount. Your mes- 
sage will arrive promptly, anyway.' I did as he begged me, and had a reply 
inside of seven hours, the quickest service I ever had in Turkey. Friends in 
Syria tell me that telegrams between cities sometimes take five days or a week. 
When in the Orient one soon learns to be patient with the mails. When stormy 
weather prevails, at Jaffa it is impossible to land the mail or passengers, 
and the steamer continues on the way to Beirout. Then the mail is either 
returned with the next steamer down the coast from Beirout, or it is for- 
warded overland, which takes much longer as a rule. When I once asked for 
my mail in Damascus, the postmaster told me, with an injured air, ' Why, 
my dear sir, you've only had letters here last week ! And here you are ask- 
ing again.' 

" Matters are best illustrated, however, by the condition of things at 
Jerusalem. There is quite a large transient population there ; tourist and 
pilgrims come there during the entire year, yet, outside of the boxes within 
the Turkish and Austrian post offices, there is not one single letter-box in 
the entire city." 



6o 



The Philatelic Record. 



The Stamps of Persia, 



C. FORBES (Secretary and Librarian, the Central Philatelic Club). 
(Continued from tage 37.) 





TvrE of 1875 Issue. 



Type of 1S70 Issue. 

1875 issue. 
Design: Printed in Teheran, from the same plates as the 1870 issue, 
but values indicated by an Arabic figure under the belly of the Lion. 
Paper : Thick white wove. 
Imperforate. 

I Shahi, black 



Variety — 



grey black 

blue 

ultramarine 

dark blue 

vermilion 

red 

dull red 

green 

light green 

yellow green 



8 Shahi, yellow green [Tele Bcche). 



Jagged edge perforations, made with a penknife - 



Rouktted — 



Shahi, black 

,, grey black 

,, blue 

,, ultramarine 

,, red 

„ vermilion 

,, green 

,, yellow green 



Shahi, grey black 
,, blue 

ultramarine 
light blue 
vermilion 
red 
green 
yellow green 

These stamps were printed in horizontal rows of four, and, as there were 
only four dies used for each value, a strip of four constitutes a plate. 

The figures of value were inserted by hand, and, as they differ slightly 
from one another, Ave consequently get four type or die varieties to each 
value ; for future reference we will call these varieties Dies A, B, C, and D. 

The figures were inserted for two reasons, to prevent the fraudulent 
use of the. 1870 issue and to more easily distinguish the four values from each 
other ; the colours also were purposely changed for the same reasons. 



The Stamps of Persia. 61 

Note. — With reference to the perforations to be found on this and the later 
printings, made in the early part ot 1876, I would call the attention of my 
readers to the letter from Mr. Riederer to the Neue Freie Presse at Vienna 
(No. 2) in the February article, page 35, in which he states that first the 
stamps were issued imperforate, secondly they were separated by means of a 
penknife, and last that by means of a machine of his own invention he 
succeeded in roughly rouletting them, and this so-called machine was simply 
a short steel rule, with teeth cut like a comb; thus we get — 1st, stamps 
issued imperforate — 2nd, with a very jagged edge, separated with a penknife — 
3rd, a rough roulette. 

The writer has also stamps in his collection in which the strips have 
been simply folded over between the stamps and separated by hand; also 
specimens showing double cuts where they have been divided by means of 
ordinary scissors. 

1876 issue. 
In 1876, whilst waiting for the new series ot stamps, which were being 
printed in Vienna, through Mr. Riederer, by order of the Persian officials, they 
ran short of stamps, and were forced to again resort to the old plates; we get, 
however, two new values added to the series in this issue. 

Pafer : Thin white wove, printed in horizontal and vertical rows and 
blocks of four ; the grouping of the four die varieties are not in all 
cases in the same order as those of the 1875 issue. 

Imperforate. 
Values. 

1 Shahi, black 

1 ,, grey black 

2 ,, blue 

2 ,, pale blue 

4 •> red 

4 „ vermilion 

8 ,, yellow green 

8 ,, green 

Rouktted. — Jagged edge perforations, done with a penknife. 

1 Shahi, grey black 

2 „ blue 
4 .» red 

4 ,, dull red 
1 Kran, carmine 
4 ,, yellow 
4 ,, orange 
Rou letted (with steel rule). 

1 Shahi, grey black 

2 ,, blue 
4 >> red 

8 ,, yellow green 
1 Kran, carmine 
4 ,, orange 



Varieties — 



Errors of colour. 
2 Shahi, black instead of blue 
1 Kran, yellow instead of carmine 
Printed on both sides. 
1 Shahi, black 
1 ,, grey black 
4 ,, vermilion 
4 ,, red 
1 Kran, carmine 
1 ,, red 
4 ,, yellow 
4 ,, orange 
Tite Beche. 
4 Kran, yellow 



62 The Philatelic Record. 



Laid Paper. 
Imperforate. 

i Shahi, black 
i ,, grey black 
4 „ red 
i Kran, carmine 
4 ,, orange 
4 ,, yellow 
The stamps of this issue of the values of i Kran and 4 Kran were 
printed from the same dies as the 1 and 4 Shahi, the only difference being 
in their colours. You therefore get the same varieties in the figures of value 
in the 1 and 4 Kran as are shown on the plates of the 1 and 4 Shahi. 

Note. — As the stamps of the 1875 and 1876 issues were printed by 
hand from the dies we get many minor varieties, caused through careless 
printings ; for instance, many of the stamps show traces of thumb marks, 
caused through the stamps being touched by the fingers before being dried. 
Many other minor varieties exist ; the various shades of colour and the 
different kinds of paper used were all caused through the same careless 
printing. No paper was ever stocked ; this was bought at the bazaars simply 
as required, and whether the paper used was wove, laid, thin or thick, did 
not trouble the Persian printers much. The same thing also happened with 
reference to the various shades of colours found ; in mixing the inks for printing 
very little trouble was taken by them to see that they were the correct shade. 
Although we must admit that the Austrian adviser, Mr. Riederer, did all that 
lay in his power to have the stamps properly and correctly printed, it is as 
well to point out the chief causes of the various varieties found in this issue, 
as many have the idea that they are due to speculation or jobbery. This 
view of the question is, however, quite a mistake ; it was simply the wretched 
system they had in use at that time to print stamps. 




Third issue, August, 1876. 

An entirely new issue was brought out in this month. The stamps 
were printed in Vienna by the Austrian Government, from a design suggested 
by the Shah and approved of by Mr. Riederer. 

Design. — The head of the Shah Nasr-ed-deen, in a circle, surrounded by 
a coloured border, the other portions being filled in by a netted groundwork. 
Typographed, size 19 x 24 mms. 
Paper: White wove. 
Perforated. 
Values: 1, 2, 5, and 10 Shahi. 

Perf. 10J. 

1 Shahi, black and mauve. 

5 .. ,, 11 rose. 

10 ,, ,, ,, blue. 

Perf. 12. 

1 Shahi, black and mauve. 

2 ,, ,, ,, green. 
5 .. 11 1. rose. 
10 ,, ,, ,, blue. 



The Stamps of Persia. 



63 



Perf. 12J. 

1 Shahi, black and mauve. 

2 ,, ,, ,, green. 
5 .. >> 1. rose. 
10 ,, „ ,, blue. 

Perf. 1 3 . 

1 Shahi, black and mauve. 

2 ,, ,, ,, green. 
5 .. ». .. rose. 
10 ,, ,, „ blue. 

Perf. 12 x io£ or 10J by 12. 

1 Shahi, black and mauve. 
5 ,1 >■ .1 rose. 

10 ., ,, ,, blue. 

Perf. 12J x 13. 

2 Shahi, black and mauve. 
5 ,. ,. .. rose. 
10 ,, ,, ,, blue. 

(To be continued.) 




6 4 



The Philatelic Record. 



U.S. Periodicals. 

Official Notice. 
Sale of Newspaper and Periodical Stamps. 



Post Office Department, 
Office of Third Ass't Postmaster-General, 

Washington, D. C, Feb. 4, 1899. 

TP^r NNOUNCEMENT is hereby made that, in compliance with numerous 

■ 1 requests made to the Postmaster-General by collectors and others, 

g\ enough of the newspaper and periodical stamps lately in use by 

-*- -** Postmasters to make up 50,000 complete sets have been reserved 

by the Department for sale, and that on and after the 15th instant 

they may be had of postmasters at first-class post offices, or upon application 

to the Third Assistant Postmaster-General, at the rate of five dollars a set — 

the set consisting of one each of the following denominations:— One, two, 

five, ten, twenty-five, and fifty cents, and two, five, ten, twenty, fifty, and 

one hundred dollars. When applications are made by mail, the money to 

pay for the stamps must accompany the order, with ten cents additional to 

pay for postage and registry fee on the returned packet. 

Not less than a full set will in any case be sold ; but as many more whole 
sets as may be wanted can be bought. When two sets or more are desired, 
any or all of the several denominations may be had in an unsevered con- 
dition ; that is to say, in strips not exceeding ten stamps each, or in blocks 
of four or more. The Department, however, cannot require postmasters to 
segregate, for the accommodation of purchasers, marginal strips of stamps 
bearing plate numbers ; nor can any guarantee be given that the stamps shall 
be perfectly "centered." It must also be understood that the stamps are not 
good for postage, and that after their purchase they cannot be redeemed or 
exchanged for others by the Government. 

The sale of these stamps will continue up to the 31st December next, 
unless the stock is sooner disposed of ; but no more than the 50,000 sets will 
be sold, and no more will hereafter be printed — in fact, the working plates 
from which the stamps were printed will shortly be destroyed. 

The newspaper and periodical stamps of a former issue — of which 
fragmentary lots have been returned to the Department by postmasters — 
will not be sold, but, together with the stock of the last issue returned in 
excess of the 50,000 reserved sets, will all be destroyed. 

JOHN A. MERRITT, 

Third Assistant P. M. General. 




Notable Stamp Exhibit. 



65 



Notable Stamp Exhibit. 

By the Section on Philately, Brooklyn Institute of Art and 

Sciences. 
Philately Recognized as a Science. 



The year 1898 marks a new and most 
important epoch in philately, that is, the 
study, collection and preservation of post- 
age and revenue stamps, and stamped 
envelopes. This subject, which many 
people have imagined only a schoolboy's 
hobby, has received the serious thought and 
earnest support ot students in all parts of 
the civilised world, having among its 
devotees, artists, scientists, theologians, 
financiers, soldiers, and statesmen, Pope 
Leo XIII., the Czar of Russia, Queen of 
Holland, King of Siam, Duke of York, 
Baron Rothschild, Count Th. Von Ferrary 
of Paris, the well-known Americans, 
William Thorne, Esq., of New York, and 
F. W. Ayer, Esq., of Bangor, Maine, being 
among the most ardent collectors. It con- 
duces to extensive research in geography, 
history, and political science, as is indicated 
by acquisitions of new territory, accessions 
of sovereigns to power, and changes in the 
monetary systems of countries, oftentimes 
necessitating an entirely new issue of 
stamps, varied in colour, design, and value. 
During the past summer, the Trustees of 
the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences 
— an institution established " For the 
People, by the People," of the highest 
standing among scientific societies the 
world over — had under consideration the 
application of the Long Island Philatelic 
Society to join the Institute. The import- 
ance of the study and preservation of post- 
age stamps was laid before the trustees in a 
clear and concise manner by the members 
of the Society, and after a careful examina- 
tion and thorough discussion of the merits 
of the subject, the trustees were convinced 
that philately is a study of the highest 
educational value, alike to young and old, 
and one worthy to be classed with the arts 
and sciences, and they unanimously decided 
to form a department, to be known as the 
"Section on Philately." 

To commemorate the recognition of 
philately as a scientific study, and its classi- 
fication as a science — a recognition which 
philatelists over all the world have been 
seeking for years — the section on philately 
of the Brooklyn Institute has decided to 
give a public exhibition of postage and 
revenue stamps, and stamped envelopes, at 
the Art Rooms of the Institute, 174, Monta- 
gue Street, Brooklyn, N.Y., from March 
iSth, 1899, to March 31, 1S99. 

The exhibition will be open on week days 
from 10a.m. to 11 p.m., and on Sundays from 
2 p.m. to 6 p.m. 

The formal opening of the exhibition will 



take place on Saturday evening, March 
1 8th, 1899, at which only members of the 
Section and invited guests will be present ; 
all other days and evenings will be open to 
the public. 

A special day (Saturday, March 25th) 
will be set aside for the school children of 
Brooklyn; packets of postage stamps will 
be distributed ; competent persons versed 
on the subject will be present to talk about 
stamp collecting, and thus arouse among 
them an interest in this valuable pastime. 

Various awards and medals will be offered 
for competition. 

Information concerning classes, awards, 
rules and regulations governing the exhibi- 
tion can be had by applying to John D. 
Carberry, Secretary Exhibition Committee, 
1206, Brunswick Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

It has been decided that no fee shall be 
charged for admission, and all persons inter- 
ested in this most fascinating pursuit are 
invited to view the Exhibition. 

Desiring to further the interests of phil- 
ately, the members of the Section are mak- 
ing a large and valuable collection of the 
stamps of the world, under the supervision 
of the Curator, for the museum of the 
Institute, which is always open to the 
public ; and are also establishing a perman- 
ent philatelic library for the preservation of 
literature for the use of philatelists in search 
of complete knowledge on the subject ; and 
to this end contributions of stamps and phil- 
atelic literature are earnestly solicited. 

The members of the Section are most 
untiring and persistent workers, and their 
efforts to elevate philately to the plan of a 
science, and to increase its popularity, 
deserve to be crowned with success. 
Prospectus. 
The exhibition will be formally opened 
March 18th, 1899, at 8 p.m., and will be 
open free to the public Sundays, from 2 
p.m. until 6 p.m., and week-days from 
10 a.m. to 10 p.m., from Sunday, March 
19th, to Friday, March 31st inclusive, at the 
art rooms of the Brooklyn Institute of 
Arts and Sciences, 174, Montague Street, 
Brooklyn,. N.Y. 

The art rooms of the Institute are 
specially adapted for the exhibition of art 
treasures, and have the advantage of good 
light without danger from exposure to the 
sun's rays. 

Night and day watchmen will be em- 
ployed, and every possible precaution will 
be taken to secure exhibits from damage or 
loss, but neither the members of the com- 
mittee nor the Brooklyn Institute of Arts 



66 



The Philatelic Record. 



and Sciences will assume any liability for 
loss or damage. 

The following rules and regulations 
govern the exhibit and exhibitors, and all 
exhibitors must conform and be subject to 
these rules and regulations. 

The intent of the exhibit is not so much 
its completeness as the benefits derived 
from its educational advantages and the 
general advancement of philately in the 
public eye. Saturday, March 25th, will be 
devoted to the children of the public 
schools, and packets of stamps contributed 
by the leading dealers will be distributed. 
Rules and Regulations. 

All exhibits must be mounted under glass 
in sealed frames, at the exhibitor's own 
expense, ready for hanging, and a uniform 
charge of fifty cents (50) per frame will be 
made for space. 

Arrangements can be made by exhibitors 
for insurance against loss by fire (or 
burglary) of exhibits with the committee 
while same are in their custody, at the rate 
of 25 cents per $100.00 insured for each 
kind. The charge for same, together with 
charge for space, will be payable on de- 
livery of exhibit to the committee. 

Exhibits must be sent, charges prepaid, 
and will be returned at the expense and 
sole risk of owner, unless insured (insur- 
ance in transit, if any, being paid by the 
owner). 

No price or other notification of rate may- 
be fixed to an exhibit. 

The right of refusing any exhibit is re- 
served by the Committee. 

Exhibits for competition must be bona 
fide property of the exhibitor. 

No exhibitor may be awarded more than 
one silver medal. 

The following judges have kindly con- 
sented to act, the awards in each class to be 
made by at least three judges : 

P. F. Bruner, John N. Luff, 

J. W. George, Charles R. Braine. Jr., 

J. M. Andreini, Alex. Holland. 

The following is the table of classes and 
divisions for competition and awards : 
CLASS I. 

For collections of adhesive stamps of 
any one of the following countries or com- 
bination of countries named below : 
Division 1. 

NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA. 

Group A. 
United States Postage (including Depart- 
ments, Dues, and Newspapers). 

Group B. 
United States Revenues — 

1. Document and Private Proprietary. 

2. Telegraphs. 

Group C. 
United States Colonies. 

1. Hawaii. 

2. Cuba. 

3. Porto Rico. 

4. Philippine Isles. 



Group D. 

1. Colombian Republic and States. 

2. Brazil, 

3. Mexico. 

4. Central American States (Salvador, 
Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and 
Honduras). 

5. Chili. 

6. Peru. 

7. Ecuador. 

8. Argentine. 

9. Bolivia. 
Uruguay and Paraguay. 
Venezuela. 
British Colonies in North America 

(Canada, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, 
Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and 
British Columbia). 

13. British Colonies in Western Hemi- 
sphere, remaining. 

14. Danish and Dutch West Indies 
(Surinam, Curacoa). 

15. Hayti and Dominican Republic. 
Awards in this Division : 

Group A, one silver medal. 
Group B, one silver medal. 
Group C, one silver medal. 
Group D, one silver medal. 
Division 2. 

EUROPE, ASIA, AFRICA AND AUSTRALIA. 

Group A. 

1. Great Britain. 

2. Austria (Austrian Italy and Hungary). 

3. Russian (Finland and Poland). 

4 Germany (any two of the follow- 
ing) : Alsace and Lorraine, Baden, Bavaria, 
Bergedorf, Bremen, Brunswick, Empire and 
Confederation ; Hamburg Hanover, Lubec, 
Mecklenburg-Sch. and Str., Oldenburg, 
Prussia, Saxony, Sch. Holstein, Thurn and 
Taxis, Wurtemberg. 

5. Italy (any two of the following : Italy, 
Modena, Naples, Papal States, Parma, 
Romagna, Sicily, Tuscany. 

6. Spain and Portugal. 

7. Switzerland. 

8. Turkey. 

9. France. 

10. Holland and Belgium. 

1 1 . Greece. 

12. Norway and Sweden. 

13. Denmark and Iceland. 

14. British Colonies in Europe (Cyprus, 
Gibraltar, Ionian Islands, Malta). 

15. Balkan States (Servia, Roumania, 
Montenegro, Bulgaria, Bosnia. 

Group B. 

1. Japan. 

2. Persia. 

3. Egypt. 

4. Colonies of France and Fortugal in 
Asia, Africa. 

5. Orange Free State. 

6. Sarawak and Siam. 

7. India and Ceylon. 

8. British Colonies in Asia and Africa, 
other than (7). 

9. Australia and New Zealand. 



Notable Stamp Exhibit. 



6 7 



Awards in this Division ; 

Group A, one silver medal. 
Group B, one silver medal. 
CLASS II. 

EXHIBIT BY A DEALER. 

One silver medal for most meritorious 
exhibit by a dealer. 

Arrangement to count 10 per cent. 
Quantity to count 40 per cent. 
Quality to count 50 per cent. 
CLASS HI. 
Division 1. 

BEST EXHIBIT BY A LADY. 

Division 2. 

BEST EXHIBIT BY A BOY OR GIRL UNDER 
EIGHTEEN. 

this class, Division 1, one 



this class, Division 2, one 



Awards in 
silver medal. 

Awards in 
silver medal. 

SPECIAL AWARDS. 

The following Special Awards have been 
donated : — 

Section on Philately. One Bronze Medal 
for the most meritorious exhibit shown by a 
member of the Section on Philately. 

Nassau Stamp Co. One Gold Medal for 
the Exhibit showing most scientific arrange- 
ment. 

Scott Stamp and Coin Co. One 1 899 
Edition National Album, linen paper, full 
morocco, for the best exhibit shown in 
Class I., Division 1, Group A. 

One 1899 Edition International Album, 
two volumes, half morocco, for the best 
exhibit shown in CHss I., Division 1, 
Group D. 

One subscription to " The Catalogue for 
Advanced Collectors" for the most meri- 
torious exhibit shown. 



A. Kras^a. One " Ne Plus Ultra Pos- 
tage Stamp Album," sunk mounts, for the 
best exhibit shown by a member of the 
Section on Philately, in Class I., Division 
1, Group B. 

One sterling silver " Ne Plus Ultra Stamp 
Cleanser and Hinge Remover" for best 
exhibit shown in Class I., Division 2, Group 
B. 

J. C. Morgetithau & Co. One " sheet 25 
centavas Arequipa, Peru," for the best 
exhibit shown of South American countries. 

Bogert & Durbin. One "5 Pesos Hon- 
duras inverted center," for best exhibit 
shown by a member of the Section on Phi- 
lately, of the Central American States. 

One "sheet Providence Reprints" for 
best exhibit shown of U.S. Reprints. 

Geo. R. Tuttle. One and two cent. Jus- 
tice Department unused for second best 
exhibit shown in Class I., Division 1, Group 
A. 

The /. W. Scott &* Co. One "J. W. 
Scott's Best Blank Album" for best exhibit 
shown in Class I, Division 2, Group A. 

George J. Carter. A set of United States 
Revenues, valued at $20, for the most taste- 
fully arranged general exhibit of stamps by 
a boy or girl under fifteen years of age. 

For further particulars apply to the 
Secretary, Exhibition Committee, 

John D. Carberry, Esq., 

1206, Brunswick Avenue, Brooklyn. 

The following gentlemen comprise the 
Executive Committee of the Exhibition : 
Alex. Holland, Chairman ; John D. Car- 
berry, Secretary ; Charles R. Braine, jun., 
P. Elbert Nostrand, David S. Wells, Dr. T. 
P. Hyatt, Geo. W. Ring. 



Notices. 



Subscriptions. — The Philatelic Recokd and Stamp Xews will be sent post-free to any subscriber at 
home or abroad on receipt of 5s. Subscribers' remittances should be sent to the Publishers, Messrs. Buhl & Co., 
Limited, ii. Queen Victoria Street, London, England. 



Advertisement Rates.— Price per Insertion, net. 





Single. 


3 months. 


6 months. 


12 months. 


Whole Page 

Half Page 


£ 5. d. 
300 

1 15 

100 


£ s. d. 
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18 


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170 

15 


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126 

12 



Small Advertisements— fs. per inch, in double column, prepaid. 
SPECIAL POSITIONS BY ARRANGEMENT. 

Enquiries connected with the Advertisement pages should be addressed to Messrs. Buhl & Co., n, Queen 
Victoria Street. London, E.C. 

Advertisements must be received not later than the 15th of the month for publication in the next issue. 

All letters for the editor shonld be addressed: The Editor, Philatelic Record, care of Buhl <&■ 
Co., Limited, 11, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C. 




We regret to announce the death of Mr. 
Pearson Hill, only son of the late Sir Rowland 
Hill, which occurred at his residence on 
December 13th last, at the age of sixty-six. 
Mr. Hill entered the service of the Post Office 
in 1850, and originated many improvements. 
Although not a keen collector, Mr. Hill was a 
constant buyer some years ago, and we well 
remember seeing him almost daily in a certain 
city stamp shop which has now disappeared. 
lie was a memher of the London Philatelic 
Society. 



Mr. Castle has counted the number of 
stamps in the following five African Colonies, 
according to Gibbons' new catalogue, viz: 
Number of stamps issued by — 
British East Africa 109 

British South Africa 61 
British Central Africa 55 
Niger Coast 63 

Zanzibar 78 



366 

Our confrere heads this " Prolific Philatelic, 
South Africa." The italics are ours. Will 
someone please send on a map of Africa. 




There is an interesting local 
reported from Jacmel, a small 
town on the island of Hayti. 
Mons. Maury having been asked 
as to his opinion about a small 
rectangular stamp, evidently a 
hand stamp, showing the words 
"Poste Paye" in an upright rectangular frame, 
and dating from 1891, replied that he had seen 
several envelopes sent from Jacmel in May and 
June of 1891 bearing the mark described. 

It seems, he says, that stamps must have run 
out in that city and for a few weeks postage 
was collected in this form, the stamp being 
imprinted upon the envelope, and the amount 
written across. 'I hese imprints took the place 
of adhesive stamps, therefore Mons. Maury 
thinks they should be classed and catalogued 
as local provisionals. 



In the Postal Card Bulletin, Mr. Lohmeyer 
describes a number of Indian postcards, which 
he considers as hitherto unknown, and calls a 
"discovery." Why these cards should never 
appear in the catalogues we do not know. It 
is nearly three years since our publishers 
received a number of them for auction from 
India, and they have frequently been offered in 
their sales and privately. 



Mr. Year writes to us that the Siliguri 
Sub-Treasury in Northern Bengal issued a 
sheet of 240 Postal Service stamps by mistake 
for service labels on 8th September last, and 
14 similar stamps n days later. Altogether 
151 were actually postally used. Apparently 
they were not challenged by the Post Office 
for the first day or two, but after that all 
covers franked with the Postal Service stamps 
were charged with unpaid postage. The 
stamp issued in error was the 9-pie carmine 
surcharged "one anna." — Indian Philatelist . 

Malta and Imperial Penny Postage. — 
Reuter's correspondent at Malta, writing 
under date 4th ult., points out that the 
Maltese Government has not accepted the 
Imperial Penny Postage, and that every 
letter received in that island at present 
bearing only a penny stamp is taxed to the 
extent of threepence on each letter. The 
postage to Malta, therefore, remains as pre- 
viously, viz., twopence halfpenny for every 
half ounce. 

Captain Godfrey writes that the Poonch 
stamp dies and obliterator have been handed 
over to him by Rajah Baldeo Singh, of 
Poonch. He proposes to have these defaced 
in presence of two or three representative 
gentlemen, and to deposit them in the 
Srinagar Museum. This is excellent news, 
as Poonch stamps have been largely " obliter- 
ated to order." Rev. Father Simons has 
been appointed agent for the sale of the 
remainders of Poonch stamps too, and we 
hear it whispered that the "used" portion 
of the stock is so only in name. Of this, 
however, we shall no doubt hear more here- 
after. It is at least satisfactory to know 
that there can be no more of this. We have, 
of course, no intention of even hinting that 
the Rev. Father Simons is acting in bad faith 
in the matter. —Indian Philatelist. 

Our Honorary Secretary has his own trials. 
A "philatelist "has sent him a contribution to 
our exhibition which consists of 3,250 used 
current telegraph stamps, and 250 used 
current \ and 1 anna postage stamps. This 
gentleman makes the modest request : — 
" Please kindly do this favour on my behalf 
to exhibit them and to get rewards of silver 
medals for me and please send them to me." 
Pie wants to make quite sure of a package of 
medals, for he adds : " An early reply and 
the rewards will highly oblige me." We 
fear that he will be disappointed when he 
gets his treasures returned without medals — 
aye, without being exhibited. — Indian Phila- 
telist. 



Items of Interest. 



6 9 



A Swedish journal states that a Philatelic 
Congress would take place in Stockholm 
during the month of March, but we have no 
further particulars. 



The Virginia Philatelist state that without 
a doubt the Philatelic Journal of India is one 
of the finest philatetic publications. With 
that we agree ; but our contemporary goes on 
to say that it is published by the Philatelic 
Society of India for members only. With 
the last three words we do not agree. We 
understand anyone can have the journal at 
6s. per annum, post free. 



The latest boom of the " English Special- 
ists," following the Railway Letter stamp 
mania, is English stamps used in Cuba and 
Porto Rico. 



The American Philatelic Association has 
now 708 members. 



Several journals have recently chronicled 
what they consider to be a discovery of a 
hitherto unknown provisional of Barbados. 
It is the one penny of the 1882-84 issue 
perforated diagonally, and each half sur- 
charged "HALF PENNY." One of our 
contemporaries wants "more light on the 
discovery," and we are willing to oblige 
with what we should have thought would be 
common knowledge to dealers and editors. 
The thing is a bogus concoction of a certain 
gang of " fakers," and was made many years 
ago, at which time copies of it frequently 
came under our notice. 



Our Post Office provides a considerable 
sum annually to the budget, but we notice 
that the United States P.O. department has 
an annual deficiency of about ^2,000,000. 



The latest suggested absurdity is a series 
of postcards with the marches and hymns of 
different countries. 



The latest from Bolivia is that forgeries of 
the current 1 peso stamps having been dis- 
covered, nine persons have been arrested, 
including an hotel proprietor, who is alleged 
to have had the stamps in his charge for 
a time. 



No more '"Omaha" stamps are being 
printed. As the supplies are exhausted they 
are being replaced by the regular stamp. 



At least two New York dealers have gone 
to Cuba in quest of new postage stamps. 
Mr. E. D. Powers, representing J. G. 
Morgenthau & Co., left in January for 
Havana. 



M. Arthur Maury has had a curious 
experience recently. He was travelling with 
one of his children on the Cherbourg line 
to Paris on a certain Monday morning, in a 
crowded railway carriage, and it happened 
that on the same day an article on stamps 
was published by a Parisian paper, in which 
his name was mentioned. The conversation 
happened to turn on this subject and a 
bombastic individual in the carriage said 
that he knew Arthur Maury very well, in 
fact he had the day before yesterday pur- 
chased some forgeries from him (Maury), 
and had compelled him to return the money. 
Of course all this was untrue, and when M. 
Maury disclosed his identity the result was 
highly amusing. 



France does not mean to be behind hand, 
and has started her own "Imperial Penny 
Postage," but in this case the cost is 15 
centimes (i^d.) between France and any of 
her colonies. 



Anyone who takes an interest in Oriental 
stamps, such as Afghanistan, Cashmere, 
Japan, &c, cannot do better than purchase 
Dr. Legrand's excellent work on the Oriental 
alphabets and figures {Alphabets et Chiffres 
Orientaux), which is published by M. Moens, 
of Brussels. 



The state of Rio Grande de Sul, one of the 
United States of Brazil, has passed a law 
authorizing the institution of a State postal 
service. This is a novel move, yet perfectly 
comprehensible, considering the peculiar 
condition of the service of the government 
mails. In the first place, the rates of postage 
have been steadily increasing in Brazil of 
late, owing to the depreciation of the money ; 
moreover, the numerous shortcomings and 
imperfections of the service cannot be denied. 
The state mail promises many innovations 
and improvements; quick service at rates 
less than half of those charged by the 
Brazilian Government. New stamps of this 
State service may, therefore, be looked for at 
an early date. 



I hear the Canadian postal authorities are 
preparing a new five dollar stamp, as it is 
required to pay newspaper postage in bulk 
It will not be issued until the high values of 
Jubilee stamps have been exhausted. Under 
a new law, newspapers, which heretofore 
passed free by mail from the office of pub- 
lication, throughout the Dominion, must, 
after January 1st, pay postage at the rate of 
^ cent a pound if sent beyond 20 miles 
from their place of publication, and this rate 
is prepaid by stamps placed in a pass book 
supplied for the purpose, and cancelled at 
the mailing office. 

This use will soon exhaust the high values 
of our Jubilee issue, of which, in spite of the 
condemnation of the S.S.S.S., I am quite 



JO 



The Philatelic Record. 



fond, because we know exactly where we 
stand with it. The number issued of each 
denomination is known beyond all dispute, 
and, thank heaven, the plates are destroyed, 
and we can have no reprints, specimens, 
proofs, or other resurrection abuses. I look 
with pleasure on my handsome page of 
Jubilee blocks. — Weekly Philatelic Era. 

I met a dealer last week, who wore a 
troubled look upon his countenance. He 
showed me a request for stamps on approval 
"not perforated in the effigy." The order 
was filled and nicely centered stamps sent, 
but back came the goods, " unsatisfactory," 
with a request for others on approval. The 
aforesaid dealer told me that he immediately 
closed the correspondence, life being too 
short to deal with the foibles of the condition 
crank. 

The condition crank is a genus homo that 
must be known to be fully appreciated. He 
demands a stamp free from the taint of 
hinge, with a margin of white on all four 
sides, not a straight edge, full, orginal gum, 
and not a perforation missing. Have you 
met this man ? He must believe that govern- 
ments issue stamps, not for postal services, 
but to beautify stamp collections. I suggest 
that the condition crank be taxed for his 
crankiness. Otherwise we shall have a 
catalogue soon, giving valuations upon 
stamps in the various combinations of con- 
dition referred to above. — Mekcel ' s Weeky. 

.Some collectors consider themselves 
philanthropists when they give a beginner 
a few torn and dirty stamps that they would 
be ashamed to have in their own albums. 

The " littleness " of dealing in some of the 
cities of the United States is exemplified by 
a paragraph from Chicago in Mekeel's Weekly, 
which states that " a nice lot of seven can- 
celled two dollar Omahas was sold to a 
dealer by a youth who, as the son of a bank 
president, secures the pick of all the stamps 
received on mail addressed to the banking 
house." In London we should not consider 
the purchase of a hundred two dollar 
Omahas worth mentioning. 

April ioth will witness another addition to 
the ranks of the London dealers. On that 
date Messrs. Bright & Son, of Bournemouth, 
will open a shop at 164, Strand, under the 
able management of Mr. Oliver. 

The author of this article is neither a 
dealer nor a speculator, but a plain ordinary 
collector, who studies his stamps, and who 
wishes to disseminate to the philatelic public 
any information he may thereby gain. He 
considers the stamps of Paraguay neglected, 
and as an almost complete collection can be 
purchased for a small outlay of money, he 
advises all genuine collectors to take time by 
the forelock, and purchase these stamps 
while they are cheap. — Virginian Philatelist. 



The London Philatelist announces that 
Bolivia is selling " used and unused regular 
issues with Government, Fiscal, Telegraph, 
and other stamps at 50 per cent, discount 
from Senf's prices." "No dealers." This 
must, we fear, do much to diminish the 
interest taken by collectors in what our 
contemporary call this" enterprisingvolcanic 
area." This news is certainly surprising, 
and we must beg to express a little doubt as 
to its accuracy until it is officially confirmed. 
The Indian Philatelist, commenting on this, 
says that the earlier issues are probably 
reprints. We would add that no reprints of 
Bolivian stamps exist. 

Orders have been given for the surcharging 
of a number of United States stamps with 
the words " Porto Rico," similar to those 
recently issued for Cuba. 

It has been said that the Americans are 
stamp collectors, and the English philatelists ; 
and there is considerable truth in the remark. 
One of the prominent philatelists of London, 
in writing of the Sidney Views, gives the 
following colour or shades for the 3d : green 
and the following shades of green, bright, 
dull, pale, full, apple, deep apple, myrtle, 
emerald, slightly bluish, brownish, dull 
brownish, yellow, and pale yellow green ; 
14 shades of one stamp. As the 3d. Sidney 
View is catalogued at from $9 to $25 for 
common varieties, and some ot these shades 
are considered as great rarities, it costs 
considerable money to be a specialist in 3d. 
Sidney Views alone. It is the study of 
stamps which enables one to specify all 
these different shades that goes to make 
what is called a philatelist in the true sense 
of the word. Where the Englishman has 
the advantage over the American is that the 
former, if a wealthy man, is a man of leisure ; 
and the latter, in almost any rank of life, is 
immersed in business cares. — Weekly Phila- 
telic Era. 

A New York dealer recently received a 
request and want list of some rare stamps. 
These were accompanied by guarantee of 
safe return by a bank president, in such a 
manner as to leave no doubt as to the safety 
of the stamps. A week later the entire 
selection was returned in perfect order, and 
not the slightest damage had been done in 
any way. Accompanying was a letter stat- 
ing : " * * * I was expecting some Philatelic 
friends to spend the evening, and desired to 
place these fine stamps in my album to show 
them. My friends were delighted with my 
collection, and I now return the stamps to 
you with my best thanks for the loan, &c, 
&c. " No cheek about that, was there ?— 
Wtekly Philatelic Era. 

The St. Louis (U.S.) " Stamp Exchange " 
appears to be a big society. It has no less 
than 131S members, and the value of stamps 
in circulation is $56,000 (^11,200), and the 
weekly turnover about $2,000 (^400). 



• Bright's Catalogue, Third 
Edition, 1899. 

There are many features in this new 
edition of Messrs. Bright and Son's new 
catalogue which will be appreciated by the 
general collector. The whole is published 
in one volume ; the adhesives first, and the 
cards, envelopes, and newsbands at the 
end of the book. It is not too bulky, and 
the matter has the great advantage of being 
arranged in strictly alphabetical order, 
instead of in empires, or different parts of the 
world, or in groups of countries and 
colonies. The binding is substantial, and 
the printing is clear, but most of the copies 
we have seen appear to have been hastily 
cut, as many pages have either no heading, 
or no bottom margins, and many are lop- 
sided, but this, probably, only applies to 
the first few copies which were got out in a 
hurry, and will be found remedied in the 
later ones. 

The illustrations are of unequal merit. 
Some, such as Great Britain, which now 
appear for the first time, being very good, 
but others, such as some of the Brazil, Cey- 
lon, Chili, Cyprus, Mauritius, &c, are very 
poor indeed, and we hope to see this 
improved upon in future editions. 

On page 560 we find an interesting variety 
of Zambesia, with the King of Portugal 
standing on his head, and in many cases 
the arrangement of the pages is spoilt by the 
illustrations appearing at the bottom of one 
column, with the text commencing on the 
next colnmn, which does not look well. 

From the point of view of a catalogue, we 
have little fault to find. We notice that the 
2 para error of Servia, first issue, has been 
omitted, but this is one of the small errors 
which must creep into such a work. 

The prices seem to be calculated on a 
reasonable basis as compared with other 
recent catalogues and the current market 
value. It is, of course, too much to expect 
that the compiler of a catalogue should 
know everything that goes on in the phila- 
telic market, for, although it may be news 
to some of our readers, there is such a 
thing as a philatelic market, and a 
minimum value for every stamp, and we 
must not make too much of the few errors, 
such as the set of Labuan lithographed mi- 
used, which amount to 6s. id., about one- 
fourth of their value. They are several 
times rarer than the engraved (no water- 
mark) issue, which are priced in the same 
catalogue at 18s. 6d., and are cheap at 
that ! 

We are, perhaps, unfortunately, so con- 
servative in our views of matters philatelic, 



that we do not like to see the splitting up of 
prices into " halfpennies." 

After all, no one takes " catalogue prices ' 
as an exact guide, and, to our mind, it 
seems absurd to price some stamps at ^d., 
ijd., or 2^d. If they were priced id., 2d., 
and 3d, or, if you prefer it, id., id., and 2d., 
it would be easier for those who use the 
book, and would not make one atom of 
difference to the reader of the catalogue. 

The above sounds something like a grum- 
ble, but taking the volume all in all, as it 
stands, it is a production very creditable to 
its publishers, and we hope to welcome 
many future editions of what is now so well- 
known as "Bright's Catalogue." 



A New Perforation Gauge. 

Messrs. G. Hamilton Smith & Co. have 
sent us a specimen of the philatelic per- 
foration gauge, which is certainly an im- 
provement on any gauge which we have 
seen up to the present. The perforations, 
which appear to be perfectly accurate, are 
from 9 J to 16, arranged round the four sides 
of the card, thus making it possible to 
measure the perforation of any stamp that 
may be hinged in the ordinary way, without 
taking it out of the album, or removing it 
from the sheet on which it may be placed. 
There is also a neat millimetre scale (up to 
40 mil :) at the side of the card, by which the 
length of any stamp or surcharge may be 
measured without removing the stamp. 
Messrs. Hamilton Smith & Co. are to be 
congratulated on the production of what is 
not only a very happy idea, but an improve- 
ment on any gauge that we have hitherto 
seen. 



A " Philatelic Almanac." 

We have received, for review, a copy of the 
Philatelic Almanac for 1899, published by 
Messrs. Smyth & Co., Boscombe, Bourne- 
mouth. As an almanac it is very useful, 
as it gives us postal rates, a list of countries 
in the Postal Union, the relative value of 
foreign moneys, a list of Kings and Queens, 
and any amount of information on gardening, 
but apart from advertisments, we fail to find 
the least suspicion of anything Philatelic, 
except perhaps a list of Philatelic Journals. 



British Indian Adhesive Stamps, surcharged 
for Native States. Part II. By C. Stewart- 
Wilson, Calcutta, 1898. Published by the 
Philatelic Society of India. 

The good work started by the Philatelic 
Society of London is beginning to bear 



72 



The Philatelic Record. 



fruit. A few years ago no one would have 
thought that there was any society in other 
parts of the British Empire which would be 
able to turn out " handbooks " on philatelic 
subjects to vie with the mother country, but 
philatelic events move rapidly, and the 
Philatelic Society of India should be proud 
indeed of such a work as the one now under 
notice. Mr. C.Stewart-Wilson, who is now 
Postmaster-General of the Punjab, proves 
himself to be a thorough philatelist in every 
sense of the word. The work of 136 pages 
shows most painstaking researches into 
matters which, in a country like India, must 
be difficult to determine, and we really can- 
not select any part for special mention. All 
we can advise our readers is to buy the 
book, which is published at the modest 
price of six shillings. 



Mr. Arthur Manry apparently does not 
mean to be behind the times, so he has pub- 
lished a supplement to his catalogue, being 
a price list of stamps, envelopes, and cards 
issued in 1898. It consists of only 36 pages, 
but should be of considerable interest to 
those who follow the prices of modern 
issues. 



La Cartolina Postale IUustrata is the title of 
a new publication emanating from Milan. 
It appears monthly, is very well got up, and 



is devoted to the collection of — illustrated 
postcards. This is certainly not philately, 
and we only mention the magazine to show 
what rapid strides in the public estimation 
has been made by a new hobby, which can- 
not, and ought not to be, taken seriously, 
and which we feel confident will die out as 
rapidly as it came into fashion. 



Descriptive Catalogue of the Postage Stamps 
and Cards, issued by the Hong Kong Post Office, 
by Juan Mencanni, author of " Catalogo Dcs- 
cripiivo de las Sellos y Tarjetas Postales de las 
Islas Fi!ipinas. n Also, " Descriptive Catalogue 
of the Postage Stamps issued by the Amoy Local 
Post," 1898. 

We have little to say about this work. Mr. 
Mencanni has been a philatelist for many 
years, and is well-known to the older school 
as not only an enthusiast, but also an un- 
doubted authority on anything pertaining to 
philatelic matters in the East. If fault is to be 
found with anything in the little book, it is 
that there is rather too much of the "in- 
troductory remarks," " terminology," and 
"technical terms" about it, but much of 
this is counteracted by the list of the stamps 
of Hong Hong, and the excellent illustra- 
tions of Chinese characters, with their pro- 
nunciations in Mandarin and Cantonese, and 
their meaning in English. 




[Jf.ft, 



&^&j% c^^^l^a 




International Philatelic 
Exhibition, Manchester, 1899. 

The following circular letter is now being 
sent with the prospectus of this exhibition, 
and we hope many of our readers will apply 
for tickets : — 

With reference to the enclosed prospectus 
the Committee beg to intimate that the 
whole of the guarantee fund has been raised 
amongst the members of the Manchester 
Philatelic Society, but with a view to afford 
the general body of Philatelists an oppor- 
tunity of contributing towards the expenses 
of the proposed Exhibition, subscription 
tickets will be issued at one guinea each, 
which tickets will entitle the subscriber to 
admission to the Exhibition, and to all 
functions in connection therewith. 

The names of all those who support the 
Exhibition by subscription will appear in 
the official catalogue. 

Scientific Philately. 

We have received the following further 
communication from the secretary of the 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences: — 
174, Montague Street, 

Brooklyn, New York, Jan, 17th, 1899 

Dear Sir, — By creating a section on Phil- 
ately, the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 
Sciences has publicly and officially recog- 
nised that the study and collection of stamps 
is a science. The members of the section 
have decided to give a public exhibition of 
stamps, and the project has met with the 
approval and support of the trustees of the 
institute. The exhibition will be held in the 
art rooms from March 18th to 30th, 1899. 

The official catalogue will contain a short 
history of postage stamps and postage evolu- 
tion, also pages devoted to advertisements, 
at the following rates, viz. : — One page $10 ; 
half, $5 50c. ; quarter, $3. Special rates will 
be made for more than one page. No type 
smaller than brevier will be used. 

The following facts should be borne in 
mind when deciding whether you will 
embrace this opportunity to advertise : 

1. The Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 
Sciences is an institution of learning, sup- 
ported by the State and city. 

2. There are 7,000 members of the institute. 

3. This is the first time that Philately has 
been publicly recognised as one of the arts 
and sciences. Two public lectures upon 
philatelic subjects have been given ; four 
more are dated, besides this exhibit. All 
matter for advertisement must be in the 
hands of the catalogue committee by Feb. 
15th, 1899. No advertisements will be 
printed without payment in advance. For 
further information address H. Toelke, 



ft^V^r 



Secretary, 91, Grove Street, Brooklyn, N.Y., 
or, yours truly, T. P. Hyatt, 

Chairman Catalogue Committee, 516, No- 
strand Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

A New Album. 

Now that there is such a demand for the 
stamps of Spanish Colonies, or rather late 
Spanish Colonies, there should also be a 
demand for a new album, which has just been 
published by M. Galvez, of Madrid. The 
translation of its title is "An Album for the 
Postage and Telegraph Stamps of Spain and 
her Colonies," by M. Galvez Jiminez, pub- 
lished in Madrid, 1898. To show the com- 
pleteness of the album there are no less than 
120 spaces left for Fiscals used postally, and 
in the ordinary portion there are spaces put to- 
even the very latest issues. Ten pages are 
left for telegiaph stamps, and the book can 
be recommended to those who are now 
specializing these stamps. 

Herts Philatelic Society. 

Honorary President: — Harold J. White. 
Vice-Presidents : — Robert Ehrenbach, Herbert 
R. Oldfield, Gordon Smith, m.a. 
Committee : — 
W. A. Bois, W. G. Cool, 

George Gaffe, E. A. Mardon, 

Louis E. Bradbury, W. Simpson, 
Rev. Walter Jenks, Fredk. A. Wickhart. 

Counterfeit Expert: — Rev. R. B. Earee, 

Miserden Rectory, Cirencester. 

Librarian ;— G. Haynes, Donnington House, 

St. Albans, and 124, Newgate Street, Lon- 
don, E.C. 
Hon. Secretary and Treasurer :— H. A. Slade, 
Ingleside, St. Albans. 

Bankers : London and County Bank, St. 

Albans. 

Annual subscription, 5s. No entrance fee. 

Life membership, £1 is. 

The London Philatelist, and other philatelic 
journals, can be obtained of the secretary at 
reduced rates. 

The counterfeit expert is prepared to give 
his opinion on all stamps submitted to him 
at a charge of one halfpenny per stamp (plus, 
postage). 

Members are allowed to see or contribute, 
to all the exchange packets free of charge. 
No charge is made on purchases, but 2^ per 
cent, commission is deducted from gross 
sales. 

Sheets are returned and balances are paid 
immediately on return of packets. 

A supply of twelve society's sheets is 
forwarded annually to all members free of 
charge. Extra sheets are charged for at cost 
price. 

All subscriptions become due on October- 
1st of each year. 



74 



The Philatelic Record. 



Birmingham Philatelic Society. 

Honorary President :— YV. B. Avery, Esq. 

President : — W. T. Wilson, Esq. 

Vice-Presidents : — R. Hollick, Esq. 

W. Pimm, Esq. 

Committee : — 

Mr. H. Bewlay. Mr. T. W. Peck. 

Mr. P. T. Deakin. Mr. C. A. Stephenson. 

Mr. V. Lundeblad. Mr. W. S. Vaughton, 

Hon. Secretary dv Treasurer : — 

Mr. G. Johnson, B.A. 

Official Address : 208, Birchfield Road, 
Birmingham. 

Dec. 1, 189S. The following were unani- 
mously elected members — Messrs. J . J .Smith, 
A. H. 'Stamford, W. E. Lake, and J. N. 
Kevnes ; on Dec. 15th the following — Messrs 
R. Plant, Yittorio Durani, A. W. Chaytor, 
J. B. Brevoort, G. D. Welding, E. Hegin- 
bottom, II. de Lacey Ahearne. Monsieur 
Jules Bernichon was unanimously elected an 
honorary member of the Society. 

A report of the Exhibition was presented, 
shewing that the total cost to the Society 
was about ^24. This would be borne entirely 
by the funds, and nothing would be accepted 
from private members. It was felt that 
as dealers and collectors in all parts of the 
-world, were most enthusiastically supporting 
the Society, we in turn should do something 
for philately. It had been most successful, 
over 700 seeing the Exhibition during the 
two days and half it was open, and we feel 
sure that it will have a marked and per- 
manent effect. It was decided to send, artisti- 
cally arranged, " votes of thanks" to all 
exhibitors as a memento of a very pleasant 
and successful exhibition. 

Jan. 19, 1899. The following were unani- 
mously elected members : — Mrs. Tillotson, 
Messrs. A. G. Farrar, A. D. Arter, and H. 
H. Buijs. Votes of thanks were given to 
Messrs. PI. Ferrier Kerr, Bright and Son, 
and Gelli and Tani for presentations to the 
Library. It was also decided to purchase 
Philbrick and Westoby's Stamps of Great 
Britain (new edition); Postage stamps of 
India, and the Indian Philatelist. 

Feb. 2nd — Miss S. M. D'Albiac and Mr- 
A. Still were unanimously elected members. 
Mr. W. Pimm showed his collection of New 
South Wales, which is strong in the early 
issues, and includes some exceptionally fine 
re-constructed sheets, every stamp being in 
fine condition. 

Feb. i6th — Messrs. T. E. Laureson and 
L. Konig were unanimously elected members. 
Mr. T. W. Peck gave a short paper on U.S.A. 
watermarks, illustrated by a large number of 
strips and plate numbers. 

The Central Philatelic Club. 

RULES OF THE EXCHANGE PACKET. 

i. — The Packet to be sent to members 
only. Stamps to be affixed to one side of 
page only ; they must not face each other 
and each page to average not less than 15/- in 
value. Stamps to be priced by Stanley 



Gibbons' catalogue, and to be subject to a 
discount of 50 per cent. Sheets to be sent 
to the Secretary by the 1st of each month 
at latest, the Packet being sent out promptly 
on the 5th. 

2.— The settlements to be monthly and in 
cash. Balances must in all cases be settled 
within seven days after receipt of account. 
The Packet will not be sent to members 
neglecting to settle within this period, and 
their sheets in circulation will be retained 
by the Secretary until the amount is paid. 
Every endeavour will be made to pay out all 
amounts due to members within 14 days of 
the return of the sheets. Five per cent, 
commission on net sales to be retained by 
Secretary. This amount will cover all 
postage and printing expenses in connection 
with the Packet. 

3. — The Packet to be forwarded as quickly 
as possible, by Registered Parcel Post, and 
in no case to be kept longer than 24 hours. 
(Any member of the " C.P.C." may see the 
Packet, whether he sends sheets or not, but 
in the case of a member who does not send 
a sheet, special application to the Secretary 
is necessary. ) 

4. — Remarks as to prices and forgeries 
have in every case to be plainly initialed. 

5. — No entire post-cards, envelopes, or 
wrappers may be included. 

6. — The Club will not be responsible for 
the debts of members, or for sheets of 
stamps, or packets lost or stolen. The Com- 
mittee reserve the right to take such action 
as they may deem necessary for the recovery 
of missing stamps or their value. 

7.— A member removing a stamp must 
initial in ink or with a rubber stamp the 
space from which the stamp is taken, and 
enter the total on the front of each sheet. 
He must also enter an account of his takings 
upon the back page of his own sheet ; or, if 
he has no sheet in the Packet, then on a 
blank form, and he must also fill up and 
sign the Postal List accompanying the 
Packet. 

8. — Members should carefully count the 
sheets, and also examine the Packets on 
arrival, and see that all spaces are initialed 
before removing any stamps. Should blank 
spaces be found, notice of such should be 
sent to the Secretary and to the forwarding 
member, who will be debited with the stamp 
or stamps missing. 

9. — The order of the Packet is made in 
the following manner : — All members are 
balloted once to fix their position as regards 
seeing the Packet, but members sending 
sheets will take priority over those who do 
not send sheets, the Secretary taking turn 
with the other members. 

N.B. — A special meeting of the members 
will be held on the first Monday in each 
month at 7 p.m. 

(Signed) C. FORBES, 
Secretary. 



Philatelic Societies. 



75 



Plymouth Philatelic Society. 

The Annual Philatelic Display of this 
Society was held on Saturday afternoon and 
evening, January 14th, at 9a, Princess 
Square, Plymouth, and proved a most 
gratifying success — the exhibits being un- 
questionably in advance of all that had 
preceded. A large number of philatelists 
and philatelic friends inspected the stamps, 
and among those present were the Hon. 
Lady Fremantle, Lieut. -Col. Crookenden, 
Major G. Stockdale, R.E., and several 
members representative of the trade. In 
themselves the exhibits were very varied and 
well mounted, though the room unfortu- 
nately did not lend itself to setting off the 
stamps at their best. To Baron A. de 
Worms certainly fell the honour of the 
finest display. His mint collections of St. 
Helena and British Honduras were 
deservedly the attraction of the room, 
and comprised, in the St. Helena, blocks of 
the 6d. perf. and imperf. , the id. both 
sized bars, a pair of the is. green, short bar 
(difficult enough to procure unused in the 
single copy) and four varieties of the pale 
blue 6d., shown also in pairs ; while in the 
Honduras one noted a pair of the 6d. 
orange and is. grey, two mint specimens of 
the 50 cents on is., and the 3 cent on 3 pence, 
12.J perf. CC — this last stamp perhaps the 
piece de resistance of the many good things 
shown by Baron de Worms. The Rev. 
E. T. Fyffe, R.N., contributed several 
striking copies of the first issue of India, 
with interesting specimens of proofs, but 
reached high watermark in the very hand- 
some display of Sydney views that he also 
sent in. These included a very fine plate of 
the id. die II., with clouds, of July, 1850 — the 
stamps being all in fine colour — along with 
several impressions of varying plates of the 
2d. value, all in fair condition. From Major 
Stockdale, R.E., came an exhibit both of 
quality and quantity, embracing Ceylon, 
Egypt, Persia, Spain, France, Luxembourg 
(unused and complete), Malta (unused), 
Gibraltar (unused), with copies in mint of 
the two early 1/-. Among some of his most 
coveted treasures were to be seen unused 
copies of the iod. imperf. Ceylon, and of the 
9a , 4d., 5d., and 1/9 star issue of the same 
country. Indeed, his Ceylons were very 
complete and fine, and included a number 
of the rare 2 cent surcharges on red lilac. 
Major Stockdale's French, which were also 
much admired, were those recently exhibited 
at Birmingham. An equally full assortment 
of European issues in fine used condition 
was sent by the Rev. E. A. Donaldson. 

His Germany was practically complete, 
and in addition Mr. Donaldson showed very 
full collections of Bremen, the Two, Sicilies, 
Wurtemberg, Parma, Romagna, and Hol- 
stein, breaking ground also into Italy. 
Among the plums of this Continental dish 
the collector picked out the ^ tornese of the 
Two Sicilies, the two shades of the 70 kr. 
W r urtemberg, the 50 and 100 lira, unused, 
1SS4, of Italy, and several fine Oldenberg. 



The New World found its best exponent in 
the Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and New- 
foundland issues exhibited by the Rev. E. 
R. Hudson. These comprised a superb 
copy of the 6^d. orange-vermilion, used, of 
Newfoundland, the 1/- of the same issue, 
but with poor margins, and the 1/- values of 
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the 
latter also lacking environment. Great 
Britain was also shown by the same collector, 
the id. values in mint and often in pairs. 
Nor were West Indians forgotten. Mr. R. T. 
Stevens, the Society's vice-president, con- 
tributed a fascinating little group of Antigua, 
Dominica, St. Vincent, and Tobago — but a 
little of what he could have shown had more 
been called for. And in Dr. Houghton's 
collection of Turk's Island, a very com- 
plete and choice lot of stamps had been got 
together, including as these did several 
varieties, such as a pair of the ^d. surcharge 
on the 4d. grey. Africans were looked after 
by Messrs. H. W. Mayne and W. A. Walker. 
The former, besides sending in some very 
nice St. Helena, displayed British East 
Africa, inclusive of a pair of the 2 anna 
imperf., used, with Uganda, used and unused. 
Mr. Mayne had also on view an effective 
mounting of Gibraltar, with some of its 
later issues in pairs and strips. 

It would be impossible to enumerate 
everything on the walls, but special mention 
must be made of one of the most interesting 
features of the display. This was the ex- 
hibit in a couple of glassed frames of for- 
geries of rare stamps, both modern and old 
{e.g., Swiss Cantonals, &c). These had 
been most kindly sent by Messrs. Alfred 
Smith & Co., of London, and distinctly 
formed one of the attractions of the day. 

Lastly, to the Executive Committee, 
which carried out the display, and in par- 
ticular to Dr. Russel Rendle and Mr. H. W. 
Mayne, the thanks and congratulations of all 
present must be heartily accorded on the 
complete success of the Society's gathering. 

Herts. Philatelic Society. — At a 
special meeting held at Anderton's Hotel, 
Fleet Street. E.C., on Tuesday, December 
6th, the proposed alterations and additions 
to the rules were carried unanimously. The 
expense for reprinting new rules was 
sanctioned. The following gentlemen were 
elected members of the Society : — W. 
Brown as life member, C. D. Lord, W. H. 
Peckett, J. C. Sidebottom as ordinary 
members, E. D. Bacon, Chas. J. Phillips, 
and W. A. S. Westoby as honorary members ; 
W. G. Cook and W. Simpson were voted to 
the two vacant seats on the committee. 

At the close of business W. Simpson gave 
a display of his general collection and of 
some unique blocks of ifr. France, 1853-6 
issue. A vote of thanks to Mr. Simpson for 
his entertainment of members terminated 
the meeting. 

The November packet of the Society con- 
tained 32 sheets, valued at ^614 14s. 8Jd. 
H. A. Slade, Hon. Sec. 

Ingleside, St. Albans. 




Part I. — British Empire. 



British Guiana. — We have received the 
5c. envelopes of 1894, surcharged "two 
cents " in small block capitals, in black, 
across the lower part of the stamp. These 
envelopes exist in two qualities of paper — 
thin, white tough wove, and azure wove 
with blue granite surface inside. The sur- 
charge exists also both with and without a 
period at the end. 

Envelopes. 

2C. on 5c. white, 35 by 106 mm. 
ac. on 5c. azure „ 

India.— Mr. A. W. Carfield has kindly 
sent us the new 3 pies (quarter anna) stamp, 
which replaces the recent provisional. The 
head of Her Majesty is similar to that on 
the high values, with India Postage in a 
curved band at the top, and three pies 
below. 

Adhesive. 
3 pies, rose red, wmk. star. perf. 14. 

Malta. — Some very pretty new values 
have appeared here, which we will illustrate 
shortly. 

A dhcsives. 
4£d. dark brown ; perf. 14. 
5d. vermilion „ 

2s. 6d. greenish grey 
10s. deep blue „ 

New South Wales.— Messrs. Smyth & 
Nicolls have favoured us with specimens of 
the £d., 2^d., and 6d. in new colours, the 



designs being unaltered. Our correspon- 
dents write that the charge in the 6d. was 
hurriedly decided on, and only gazetted on 
January 17th. 

A dhcsives. 

id. green. 
2*d. blue. 
6d. orange. 

Virgin Islands. — Contrary to our ex- 
pectations, which were based on semi- 
official information, a new set of stamps has 
appeared here, so that the Islands have 
apparently seceded from the Leeward Islands 
federation. A figure of the Virgin is still the 
central design, but the stamps are not nearly 
as pretty or artistic as the former issues. 
They are watermarked Crown CC. and 
perf. 14. 

Adhesh'es. 

Jd. yellow green. 

Id. brick red. 

2*d. blue. 

4d. brown. 

6d. purple. 

7d. deep green. 

Is. yellow brown. 

5s. indigo. 

Western Australia.— The id. and 2d. 

are now coming over in new colours, and 
watermarked with a small crown between 
the letters W A, thus : W & A. 
Adhesives. 

Id. rose. 

2d. yellow, wmk. W <& A. 



Part II. Other Countries. 



Columbia. — The 20c. vermilion of 1884 
is announced by L Ami des Tiinbes, with the 
surcharge Vale un peso in blue. 

Switzerland. — Mr. A. W. Drahn in- 
forms us that the colour of the 5 centimes 
has been changed to green. 

Adhesive. 
5 centimes, green. 

Our Monthly Packets of 
New Issues. 



No. 1, price One Shilling (postage extra). 

The March Packet contains : — 

SIX VARIETIES all unused. 

Viz. : Cuba, surcharged on United States, 
ic. on ic. ; 2^c. on 2c. ; 3c. o ; 3c. ; 5c. on 
5c. , &c. 



No. 2, price 5s. (postage extra). 

The March Packet contains :— 

14 VARIETIES, viz.: Complete set of 13 
Nyassa, 1898 (surcharged on Mozambique) ; 
Cuba, surcharged on United States 10c. on 
ioc. 

These packets are on sale until March 31-t 
(unless the supply is previously exhausted), and 
are supplied only to Subscribers to the TlIILA- 
telic Record and Stamp News. Similar 
packets will be on sale every month, and may 
be subscribed lor in advance for the year (Janu- 
ary to December inclusive), at the following 
rates: No. 1 packet. 12s., postage extra: No. 2 
packet, 60s., postage extra. 

The subscription to the paper (5s. per annum) 
is extra.— Bl'HL & Co., Ltd.. 11, Queen Vietoiii 
St., E.C. 



The Philatelic Record 



AND STAMP NEWS. 



APRIL, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 



NTIL the recent flood of surcharges Brazil was always considered 

amongst the model stamp issuing countries ; nothing unnecessary 

was ever issued, and from the year 1843, when the then Empire of 

Brazil issued its "bulls eye" stamps, which, by the way, made it 

the first country after Great Britain to issue stamps, right up to the 

present time, the country was considered blameless as to reprints. Now, 

R ... however, our illusions are dispelled by the information which, 

„ . , with all the accompanying details, comes direct from St. Paulo 

that the 280 reis, vermillion red, of 1861 (small upright figures) 

was reprinted in 1886. The story runs that the plates of this issue were 

preserved in the mint of Rio Janeiro, where all Brazilian stamps are made. 

An engraver, whose name is given, who was employed in the establishment, 

managed clandestinely to secure the plate of the 280 reis, and manufactured 

private reprints to the value of 200,000 reis. (This sounds a big figure, 

"but it is only 200 milreis. At that time a milreis was about is. 6d., now 

it is about 6d.). He was arrested in 1888, and condemned to four years' 

imprisonment, not so much for making reprints of an obsolete stamp, but for 

betraying the confidence of the Government by using the plate, because it 

appears that the plate was put back into its proper place after having been 

used. The originals are vermillion red, and the reprints, so we are informed, 

are rose carmine. It is stated that no used copies of the reprints have been 

seen, and even unused ones must be scarce, as the amount named represents 

less than 800 stamps. 

Such is the story, but it will be seen that the Brazilian Government can 
still boast that it has never issued reprints, as these are quite unofficial ; but 
the strangest part to us is that we do not think we have ever seen one of 
these stamps in rose carmine. Should any of our readers possess a copy, we 
should be much obliged if he or she would kindly send it for our inspection, 
and it shall be promptly returned ; but it is possible that very few ever 
reached the hands of collectors, as we are not informed whether any of these 
reprints were found when the engraver was arrested. 



78 The Philatelic Record. 



Editorial Interviews, 



BY THEODOR BUHL. 



MESSRS. G. HAMILT0N = SM1TH & Co. 

a DOUBLE interview is rather an awkward affair, but it had to be 
done. The two gentlemen whose portraits we publish to-day are 
each so much a part of the firm of G. Hamilton-Smith & Co. that it 
would be impossible to publish an interview with one of them with- 
out mentioning the other, only that to-day our readers must be 
content with rather less " interview " and more of a history of the flourishing 
business which has grown so rapidly. 

Mr. G. Hamilton Smith was born at Bristol in 1870, and commenced 
dealing in stamps while at school at Clifton in 1882, at the age of twelve. 
Ten years earlier, in i860, Mr. Gwyer saw the light in the same city, but his 
philatelic career commenced at a much later age than that of his partner. 

At the firm's comfortable first-floor offices in Bishopsgate Street Within 
we recently found Mr. Hamilton-Smith, not doing anything in particular at 
that moment, and willing to give us a few minutes' time, although he had 
"nothing to say," and didn't know what we wanted to ask. The date of his 
first dealing efforts being already known to us, we plunged at once into Mr. 
Smith's more recent history as to when and why the ancient City of Bristol 
was forsaken. 

" It was in 1893," said Mr. Smith, " that I came to the conclusion that 
there was not enough scope for stamp dealing in Bristol, so I came to 
London, and opened up business on my own account. My first premises 
were in Regent Street." 

" At that time you had not yet secured a partner ? " we queried. 

"No; it was about five months after I had started that I thought a 
partner would be desirable, and I was fortunate enough to meet with Mr. 
Gwyer, a very keen philatelist. The partnership was soon arranged, and 
has, I believe, been entirely satisfactory to both of us." 

At this period Mr. Gwyer entered the room, and the conversation 
assumed a more general tone, from which we gathered that the removal to 
Bishopsgate Street took place at about the same time as the partnership. 

" But why did you leave Regent Street in favour of the City ?" we asked 
Mr. Smith. 

" For the reason that we could not buy in the West End. We could 
sell there well enough, but there was nothing to be bought. In the City it is 
quite different, and we are continually buying." 

" And which was your first big venture ? " 

" The purchase of Dr. Viner's collection," said Mr. Gwyer; " it contained 
some fine things, and took a lot of arranging. A portion of it was sold by 
auction, and realised ,£"1,500." 

"Before we go further will you give a few details about your own 
philatelic career ? " 

" I was one of the earliest members of the London Philatelic Society, 
and was simply a collector until I met Mr. Smith. I should think I have 
in my time formed six or seven collections. Whenever my collection got to 



0ur portrait Qallerxj. 





MR. G. HAMILTON-SMITH. 



MR. GWYER. 



Editorial Interviews. 79 

any size I sold it and started another. The pleasure to me was collecting the 
stamps, not the mere possession of them, and in my travels I had many 
opportunities of collecting ' on the spot.' " 

"Is it not partly owing to your travels that you formed a liking for the 
stamps of the Straits Settlements?" we asked, because "Straits" are Mr. 
Gwyer's strong point ; he is a specialist in them, and the firm hold what is 
probably the best stock in the world of these interesting stamps. 

"Yes, I suppose so," said Mr. Gwyer; "during my residence in Singapore, 
Malacca, and Penang I picked up many of the best things we have now." 

Much more than this we gathered in the few minutes at our disposal. 
The firm of Hamilton Smith & Co. do not believe in great rarities — when 
they get them they try to sell them quickly ; neither do they believe in very 
common stamps, and as to "wholesale" — not at any price. Their 
favourite stamps are the medium article, betweed id. and ^10 each, but the 
business is progressive, and as the clients increase the field may be widened. 
Besides Dr. Viner's, the firm have recently purchased two other collections 
for ;£i,8oo, and Mr. Smith informed us that trade is very good, with good 
prospects for the future. Most of the business is done by post, but sometimes 
there is a rush of "cash trade " to the Bishopsgate Street establishment, and 
as many as five members of the London Philatelic Society have been there 
at one time. 

" You buy largely at auctions ? " 

" Yes," was the reply from both partners, "we buy more at sales for 
ourselves than anyone else." 

" And the approximate value of your stock ? " we queried. 

The reply was in good round figures, and the partners informed us that 
their business has been so successful that they reckon their present stock 
costs them just about nothing. 

" Do you publish a price list ? " 

This was one of our stereotyped questions, and we gathered that Messrs. 
Hamilton Smith & Co. publish what they term a "spasmodic" price list, 
which appears just when it suits them, and contains prices for any goods they 
may have to sell at the moment. 

As to their belief in catalogues, for the two partners seem to think as one, 
they think them very good " as a means of buying." 

The teetotal partner suggested an adjournment to the hostelry next door, 
but as our time was precious we declined the honour, and left with the 
knowledge that we had interviewed a most enterprising young firm which 
appears to have a big future before it. 




8o The Philatelic Record. 



Fiscal Notes. 

Contributed by A. PRESTON PEARCE. 

'HE very great increase of interest now being manifested in the revenue 
stamps of this and of other countries has become matter of 
general observation, and, although the full extent of the movement 
is unknown, even to those who are in the centre of it, there is no 
longer any doubt of the fact that collectors of fiscals are about to 
see their section of the hobby placed on an established and thoroughly 
recognized footing. 

Hitherto — and more especially in this country — fiscals have been regarded 
by the vast majority of unreflecting philatelists as mere rubbish, and, sadder 
still, these same philatelists have united with "the trade "in resolutely refusing" 
to give collectors a ghost of a chance, and in snubbing and boycotting them 
as though they were enemies of their kind. 

Of course there have been exceptions, and most collectors know that 
several of Philately's most honoured sons have taken, and do take, much in- 
terest in fiscals. Now, however, the explorations in the rich fields that await the 
prospectors are not to be conducted solely by a very few, and it is in recogni- 
tion of the fact that notes on revenue stamps will now be acceptable to a 
large and ever increasing number, that I have been asked by our Editor to 
supply a page or so of matter each month. 

I am pleased to announce that there are no cut and dried restrictions as 
to the character of the " copy," and that I have no intention of laying out the 
available space, or of arranging a plan of campaign. One month you may 
be treated to a series of short paragraphs, ranging over most of the earth's 
surface, and next time may have to put up with a solid double-column dis- 
quisition on the perforating machines used — and abused — by the Japanese. 
However, if I make no promises in this respect, I must say that I shall 
always be delighted to receive communications from collectors who have any- 
thing of special interest to bring before their brethren, and if it necessitates 
the use of an illustration to elucidate the matter I believe that our Editor will 
be good enough to admit it. 



We fiscalists are accustomed to take quite a special interest in the annual 
Budget speech of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and, as at the time of 
writing these Notes* it appears only too probable that new or increased 
taxation is inevitable, it may well happen that the forthcoming deliverance 
of Sir Michael E. Hicks-Beach will contain something of immediate concern 
to us other than that common to all taxpayers. 

In this connection it may be recalled that the attractive little stamps of 
the Transfer Duty series, first issued in 1888, were colloquially known as 
" Goschens," being named after their creator. If Sir Michael gives us a 
new series of Customs labels they might most appropriately be styled 
" Beaches." 



[ :|: These notes were written for the March Record, but had to be held 
over until this month. Perhaps Mr. Pearce will tell us something about the 
new British stamp duties in his next contribution. — Ed.] 



Fiscal Notes. 



Mr. E. W. Wetherell, who is known to most collectors in this country, is 
now in India, and is actively pursuing the hobby. He claims that it is 
possible to plate the native issues of Mysore, and promises detailed informa- 
tion on the completion of his researches in this direction. I should think it 
would not be a difficult task to plate the native issues of Berars, for a hap- 
hazard score of specimens are almost sure to exhibit a dozen palpable 
varieties. 



Not so very long ago I was assuring a most courteous correspondent in 
Newfoundland that our cousins in that Colony were exceptionally favoured 
in not being subject to pay stamp duties, but he now informs me that we 
must open a fresh place in our albums for the reception of a series ranging 
from 5 cents to 25 dollars, which has just been emitted. I am expecting 
further information from official sources, and, if received and found to be of 
interest, it shall be summarised for a later issue. 

That there is an intimate connection between postage stamps and letters 
goes without saying, but it would be a very exceptional thing to find the 
latter on the back of the former, especially if it were evident that it had not 
been done for the sake of the doing. However, from the last packet of the 
Fiscal Club I took for my collection an unusually nice and well-centered copy 
of the 6/9 beer duty stamp of New South Wales, which bears on the reverse 
quite a lengthy communication of a personal character. I must admit that 
the label is of an unusual size. 



In these days of specializing it is only natural that I should be asked 
every now and then for the name of the country whose emissions are most 
worthy of special attention, and if I find that my questioner has no excep- 
tional opportunities of procuring the stamps of any particular region, I 
invariably recommend Mexico. It is true that this country has recently 




: -;::., 



Hi 



fallen somewhat from its high estate by the ecoulement of certain remainders, 
but I know of no other which so fully meets all the requirements of the bud- 
ding specialist. The exigencies of space forbid further dilatation at this 
moment, but in all probability I shall frequently recur to the subject. 

As may be surmised, I have personally paid considerable attention to the 
stamps of this Republic, and have been rewarded by several discoveries of 
some interest. Perhaps the most striking of these is conveyed in the announce- 
ment that there are two distinct types of the lowest value of the 1876 issue 
of Documentos y Libros. It appears to me that, after the required supply 
of all the values except the 25 centavos, and possibly the 10 pesos (which 
latter I do not possess), had been printed, it was discovered that the engraver 
had omitted to complete the ear of the patriot, Jose Marie Morelos, whose 



82 



The Philatelic Record. 



portrait occupies the centre of the design. On all the specimens of the 
3, 5, 10 and 50 centavos, and 1 and 5 pesos, this important feature will be 
found to be a mere daub. 

The first printing of the 1 centavo shows the same unfortunate blunder, 
but it was subsequently rectified in the case of this value, and all the speci- 
mens of the 25 centavos that I have encountered are correctly drawn. 

The illustrations appended exhibit the two types which, once known, are 
distinguishable at a glance. It will also be found that the white line bordering 
the collar and lapel of the coat is much less pronounced in the re-engraved 
variety. 

All communications in respect of this page should be addressed to 25, Washingtott 

Terrace, Afutley, Plymouth. 




International Philatelic Exhibition, Manchester, 1899. 83 



International Philatelic Exhibition, 
Manchester, 1899. 




Since the publication of the prospectus, the following additional medals 
have been accepted by the committee. 

Bradford Philatelic Society. 

One silver and one bronze medal for the best exhibits by a resident in 
Yorkshire. 

Liverpool Philatelic Society. 

One silver and one bronze medal for the best exhibits from Liverpool 
and District (i.e., within a radius of 15 miles). 

Plymouth Philatelic Society. 

One silver medal for the best exhibit of uncatalogued varieties shown in 
class 2, consisting of stamps issued up to the end of 1896, and not catalogued 
by Stanley Gibbons or Scott. 

Nederlandsche Vereeniging Van Postzegelverzamelaars, 

Amsterdam. 
One silver medal for the best exhibit by a Dutch collector. 

SOCIETA FlLATELICA LoMBARDA. 

One silver medal for the best exhibit of Italian States. 
Societe Francaise de Timbrologie. 
One silver medal for the best exhibit of France or colonies. 
Messrs. Bright & Son. 



84 The Philatelic Record. 

One silver medal for the best exhibit of Holland in Class 2. 

Messrs. Butler Brothers. 

One bronze medal for the best collection of not less than 2,000 varieties 
shown by a boy or girl under 16, and attending school. 

Messrs. Winch Brothers. 

One bronze medal for the best and most accurate colour chart, con- 
sisting of genuine Government postal issues, with colours named, Seebecks, 
reprints, locals, and forgeries, being excluded. 

Mr. Ernst Stock. 

One gold and one silver medal for the best exhibits of German States, 
in unused condition, regard being paid to the pristine beauty of the specimens 
shown, as well as to their rarity. 

By the courtesy of the Hon. Sec. we are enabled to illustrate the design 
of the medals, of which there are no less than 160, and we hope that many 
of these will fall to the share of our readers. 



®W 




The Brooklyn Exhibition. 85 

The Brooklyn Exhibition of 
Postage and Revenue Stamps, 

(From the Philatelic Monthly and World.) 

^^ERSEVERANCE, hard work, and untiring energy has achieved 
wonders. Handicapped by weather, the rush season of the year, 
insufficient help, and numerous other obstacles, the exhibition was 
opened as promised, and proved more than a success. To the 
committees in charge and the different exhibitors too much credit 
cannot be given for their-efforts and their successful termination. 

The exhibition was held in the Art Rooms, at 174, Montague St., 
Brooklyn, N. Y. It opened March 18th, and was supposed to close March 
31st ; but owing to the enormous quantities of small boys who flocked there 
on Children's Day, and the evident disappointment of those who were refused 
admission on account of the crowd, it was unanimously decided to remain 
open another day. 

Mr. Alexander Holland made an address of welcome, which was well 
received. Although a most dismal rain prevailed a large and enthusiastic 
number of collectors were present, including a number of ladies. Invitations 
had been sent to President McKinley, Postmaster General Smith, 3rd Assis- 
tant Postmaster General Merritt, Governor Roosevelt, and other men of 
prominence. 

The following afternoon the judges met, and awarded prizes as follows : 

CLASS I. 

Division i. 

Group A. Bronze Medal. 

Charles R. Braine, Jr., for stamps of the United States. 

" Ne Plus Ultra Album," sunk mounts. 

John D. Carberry, for stamps of the United States. 

1899 National Album, full morocco. 

P. Elbert Nostrand, for stamps of the United States. 

Frank D. Moffat, One and Two Cent Justice Department, unused, 
for second best exhibit. 

Group B. Bronze Medal. 
Clarence H. Eagle, for United States revenue stamps. 

Honorable Mention. 
Alexander Holland, for private proprietary stamps. 
Joseph S. Rich, for telegraph stamps. 

Group C. Bronze Medal. 
David S. Wells, for stamps of the United States Colonies. 

Honorable Mention. 
John N. Luff, for stamps of Hawaiian Islands. 



86 The Philatelic Record. 

Group D. Bronze Medal. 

George W. Ring, for stamps of the British Colonies in Western 
Hemisphere. 

International Album, two volumes, half morocco. 

Charles R. Braine, Jr., for stamps of New Brunswick and Nova 
Scotia. 

Division ii. 

Group A. Bronze Medal. 

Dr. Thaddeus P. Hyatt, for stamps of Scandinavia. 

Best Blank Album. 

P. Elbert Nostrand, for stamps of Turkey. 

Honorable Mention. 

David S. Wells, for stamps of European Countries. 

Honorable Mention. 

P. F. Bruner, for plated stamps of Switzerland. 

Group B. 
Joseph Holland, for stamps of Sarawak and Siam. 

" Ne Plus Ultra Stamp Cleanser and Hinge Remover." 
Oliver C. Drew, for stamps of British Colonies in Asia and Africa. 

CLASS II. 

DEALERS. 

Bronze Medal. 
Edgar Nelton, for stamps of British North America. 

Honorable Mention. 
A. Krassa, for display of United States proofs. 
Scott Stamp & Coin Co., Ltd. 

CLASS III. 
Division i. 

Bronze Medal. 
Mrs. Frederick A. Hoyt. 

Bronze Medal. 
Miss Elizabeth Nostrand. 

For most meritorious exhibit shown, H. A. Talbot, one subscription to 
Catalogue for Advanced Collectors. 

For most tastefully arranged exhibit by a boy under fifteen, L. A. Thuning, 
set of United States Revenues. 

For most meritorious exhibit shown by a member of the Section on 
Philately, Alex. Holland, one bronze medal. 

For exhibit showing most scientific arrangement, J. W. George, for Private 
Proprietary Stamps, One Gold Medal. 

In all cases where more than one exhibit received an award in any group, 
the exhibits were judged of equal merit. 

A visitor on entering the rooms would be interested in the diversity of 
colors and shades that would meet the eye. Turning to the left he would 
notice a rather curious exhibit of stamps and envelopes used in the late war, 
from Cuba, the different camps, soldiers' letters, etc., shown by Mr. W. J. 
Brennan. A frame containing stamps, supposed to be the most beautiful, 



The Brooklyn Exhibition. 87 

exhibited by Geo. J. Carter, attracted much attention from non-philatelists. 
The page of Tonga, exhibited by A. L. Thuning, 15 years old, deserved well 
the prize it received for neatness in mounting. The exhibition of Swiss plates 
by P. F. Bruner, and of Great Britain id. and 2d. plates by Alexander 
Holland, attracted the attention of specialists, and excited much interest from 
new collectors, who wondered at a person collecting " so many just alike." 

To the lover of rarities, however, the frames exhibited by Edgar Nelton 
appealed with peculiar force. British North America was his specialty. 
Newfoundland scarlets and oranges were common. Three or four New 
Brunswick shillings, Nova Scotia shillings of varied hue, the 6d. yellow and 
ochre, all kinds of splits, pairs and strips on the originals were especially 
noticeable. One frame exhibited by the same gentleman, showing variations 
in the designs of British Colonials, contained the 4.6.., 8d., 2sh. Ceylon, imper- 
forated, unused. 

Zanzibar and Tonga, exhibited by O. C. Drew, were striking examples of 
neatness in mounting. 

The stamps, however, best represented were the United States. In the 
regular postage stamps, the exhibit of Mr. Chas. R. Braine was the best, as 
it showed the departments complete. The stamps exhibited by J. D. Car- 
berry, however, were a close second, the complete sets of newspapers being a 
special feature. 

One of the most interesting exhibits was that of Mr. C. H. Eagle, of 
United States Revenues imperforate. These stamps were shown in pairs, 
strips and blocks, and made a most beautiful appearance. Pairs of the ic. 
playing cards, $200.00, and the $1.30, $1.60, $1.90, all were shown. 

One of the most popular awards was the gold medal to Mr. J. W. George 
for the exhibit showing most scientific arrangement. This gentleman 
exhibited a magnificent collection of private proprietary, match and medicine 
stamps, which for condition can never be surpassed. 

Children's Day, March 25th, is a day which will long live in the 
memories of Messrs. Holland and Briggs, who were in charge at the 
exhibition. Our publishers had decided to give away 1,000 packets contain- 
ing from 200 to 400 stamps. Every fifth package contained a prize. A 
postal card was also given away, on the presentation of which a rebate of ten 
cents was allowed on a twenty-five cent package. 

At nine o'clock the doors were opened, and the rush of children began. 
The gentlemen in charge were literally taken off their feet by the flood of 
small boys. 

After securing a package the children would wander around looking at 
the frames until they saw stamps they had, when a rush would be made, and 
a frame would be obscured from view while the small boy pointed out to 
friends the stamp he had. It was estimated that from 2,500 to 3,000 children 
saw the exhibit, March 25th. 

The exhibition concluded as well as it began. Its good results will be 
incalculable. It has unquestionably revived interest in stamps among many, 
and started more. While no doubt the exhibit could be improved on, for a 
first attempt it has been more of a success than any could have predicted. 
To all who have loaned their time and assistance the heartiest thanks of all 
philatelists is due. 




88 The Philatelic Record. 



The Stamps of Persia. 

BY 

C. FORBES (Secretary and Librarian, Central Philatelic Club). 
{Continued from page 63). 



I 



1887 provisional issue. 

N this year a provisional stamp was made by cutting in half horizontally 
the 10 shahi of the 1876 head type, and surcharging the upper and 
lower halves with the inscription "5 shahi^" or "5 shahy " in 
black or greenish black ink. 




Type of 1S77 provisional. 
Black surcharge. 
5 shahi on upper half of 1876 issue (head issue). 
5 ,, lower ,, ,, 

5 shahy on upper half of 1876 issue. 
5 ,, lower ,, ,, 

" Greenish Black " surcharge. 
5 shahi on upper half of 1876 issue. 
5 ,, lower ,, ,, 

5 shahy on upper half of 1876 issue. 
5 ,, lower ,, ,. 

Note. — This surcharge being merely hand stamped is to be found 
varying somewhat in the thickness of the type. 

It is very important, however, to point out to collectors that this pro- 
visional stamp, although it can be found on pieces of original envelope post- 
marked, is not an official issue ; they were issued by the then postmaster of 
Teheran for speculative purposes, and were never officially used or sanctioned ; 
in fact, as soon as their issue became known to the Persian officials, the 
remainder were seized and destroyed. 

Note. — These stamps in the writer's opinion should be eliminated from 
all catalogues as an official issue, as their insertion is misleading to collectors. 
I should advise their being placed (if it is necessary to catalogue them at all) 
at the end of the catalogues amongst other bogus issues, etc., of other 
countries. A number of these stamps have been placed on the market lately 
unused, with a surcharge in heavy thick type and black ink. It is needless to 
point out that these surcharges are absolutely bogus. 

1878. Fourth issue. 
During the latter part of 1878, the 1876 issue became somewhat 
exhausted, and although orders had been given to the Austrian postal 
authorities for a new series of stamps, the old dies of the 1875 lion type were 
again brought into use temporarily. 



The Stamps of Persia. 89 

The values reprinted from these dies were 1 kr., 4 kr., 5 kr., and 1 toman. 
The dies of the 1 shahi, which were used for printing the 1 kran and 1 
toman values, becoming now somewhat worn, they were slightly recut, and a 
broad white circle was made round the figures of value in the four corners. 
The insertion of these circles enables collectors to easily extinguish the 1 
kran of this issue from the 1 kran stamps of the 1876 issue. 





Im 


perforate : Paper white wove. 


I 


kran 


carmine. 




I 


,, 


pale carmine. 




I 


" 


deep red. 
Paper yellow wove 




I 


kran 


carmine. 




I 


,, 


deep red. 




>ei 


• white wove, also grey and 


greyish white 


4 


kran 


light blue. 




4 


,, 


grey blue. 




4 


,, 


ultramarine. 




4 


, , 


dark blue. 




5 


kran 


slate violet. 




5 




lilac. 




5 


. . 


brown lilac. 




5 


,, 


bronze. 




5 




red bronze. 




5 


,, 


gold. 




1 


toman, gold. 




1 


» 


bronze. 
On blue paper. 




1 


toman, gold. 




1 


" 


bronze. 

Varieties. 
Ttte Beche. 




1 


kran, 


carmine on yellow. 






Showing thumb mark of 


printer. 


4 


kran, 


grey blue. 




4 


,, 


blue. 




4 


, , 


ultramarine. 




5 


,, 


red bronze. 





Note. — In printing the stamps of this issue, the dies A, B, C, D were 
used for the 1 kran and 1 toman stamps ; for the 4 kran values dies A, B, C, 
only of the 4 shahi were printed from. The 5 krans were printed from dies 
A, B, and D of the 8 shahi, the figures and Arabic characters being erased, 
and the figure 5 under the lion, together with the Arabic characters for this 
numeral, being substituted in the circles in the four corners. 

This interesting issue of stamps, which is, more strictly speaking, a 
provisional one, were all printed from the plates by Persian workmen by 
hand. All the stamps were issued imperforate. Mr. Riederer and the other 
Austrian postal officials having returned to Vienna, they were consequently 
printed in a very slovenly and careless manner, and no attempt was ever made 
at perforating them, as this would have called for too much exertion on the 
part of the Persian workmen. No printing machines were used ; the dies 
were simply bound together, inked by hand, and printed from in strips and 
blocks of three and four. As regards the kinds of papers used — why should 
they buy any quantity at a time so as to have one kind only ? Where was 
the need ? Did not they have the bazaars close at hand to replenish the 
stock when needed ? Thus, in the case of the 1 kran, when white paper could 
not be got, they used yellow ; and later, when printing the 4 and 5 krans, 
first white was used, and when that was not obtainable, greyish white, and 
finally, grey paper was used ; and last, when printing the 1 toman stamps, 
they had finally to resort to blue paper. 

In the inks used also, why should they trouble to mix large quantities so 
as to get the exact colours ? There really should have been only one 



9 o 



The Philatelic Record. 



colour for each value, viz., carmine for the i kran, blue for the 4 krans, 
violet or lilac for the 5 krans, and gold for the 1 toman ; but, as 
they continually mixed fresh inks as they were wanted, all the different 
shades cropped up, and in the 5 krans, when they were unable to obtain 
neither lilac or violet, they mixed the red of the 1 kran with the gold of the 
1 toman, and made a mixture of the two, which we can call by no other name 
than red-bronze. In printing the stamps also, the plates were simply inked, 
and the paper, being cut in strips, was pressed on them by hand, and when 
they grew tired of this the foot was called into use, and used to press the paper 
on to the plates. So long as they had impressions of one sort or another, it 
did not matter to them whether they were perfect or not. The writer has in 
his collection specimens — especially of the 5 krans — which show plainly 
distinct thumb marks, and very little else, showing that no trouble was taken 
to see that the ink on the stamps was dry before they were handled. Others 
show impressions on both sides of the paper. In this case, you see, when 
they had an impression which, in their opinion, was very bad, they turned the 
paper over and used the other side ! Was ever such a system in vogue in 
printing stamps in any other country ? We think not. What other country, 
except Persia, would be guilty of such iniquities ? 




THE LATE DR. VON STEPHAN. 

Unveiling of Monument in Berlin. 

(Through Reuter's Agency.) 

The unveiling took place, in the Dome 
Hall of the Postal Museum, of the monu- 
ment of the late Dr. Von Stephan, the first 
Postmaster General ot the German Empire. 
Several speeches were delivered on the 
occasion. 

Herr Sachse, formerly Director of the 
Imperial Post Office, dilated on Stephan's 
eminent services, which, he said, had also 
been recognised abroad, for at the Congress 
of Washington in 1897 t ^ ie lale Postmaster 
was alluded to as the soul of the postal 
world, and as the Bismarck of the Post. 

After the monument had been formally 
handed over to and accepted by General 
Podbielsky, the present Postmaster General 
of the Empire, the latter delivered a speech, 
in which he lauded Stephan as the creator 
of the universal postal union, and exhorted 
the postal officials of to-day to devote them- 
selves with untiring energy to the furtherance 
of means of communication in the Empire. 
General Podbielsky concluded by saying that 
they could not do better than adhere to the 
plan which Von Stephan had prescribed of 
always keeping the postal service of the 
Empire in the very front rank. 

Philatelists will be interested to learn 
(says the Madras Standard) that the Feder- 
ated Malay States will use their own stamps 
on letters, etc., for all parts of the world, 
when transmitted through the post office of 
the Straits Settlements from January 1st. It 
is likely that Johore will conclude a similar 
arrangement with the British Post Office. 
Up to date these Malay States stamps have 
only been able to be used for postage on 
letters between the individual States. 

A big find of New Zealands was recently 
made in Wellington. Amongst the lot were 
no less than 2, 100 2d. blue 1S65. 300 2d. large 
star 1S73, and any quantity of Pelure's N.Z. 
watermarks, etc. The whole lot, the good 
with the bad, have been purchased by our 
local firm, and the lucky finder will soon be 
in the possession of almost enough funds 
for a trip to England by their sale. Talking 
of lucky finds, the following cutting from 
an American paper is interesting: — " Another 
lucky strike of a rare stamp was made many 
years ago by Mr. Francis Foster, of Boston, 
who now has a collection of stamps worth 
thousands of dollars, and second to a very 



few, if any, in New England. While walk- 
ing along Washington Street one day, he was 
accosted by a young boy with a Brattleboro 
local stamp on the original cover, who 
wanted 75 cents for it. In those days the 
local postmaster stamps were not particularly 
desired by the few collectors, and he refused 
to buy it. The boy followed after him and 
reduced the price to 60 cents, and seemed 
very much hurt when he again refused it, 
Mr. Foster thought that probably the boy 
was really in distress for the money, and 
that if he favoured him this time he might, 
sooner or later, bring round something good 
in postage stamps. He turned and whistled 
for the boy to come back, made him happy 
with the 60 cents, and to-day 500 dollars 
wouldn't buy that stamp from Mr. Foster. 
It is one of the great rarities of this coun- 
try." 

The sale of the Painter Collection in 
New York appears to have been the most 
important of the season in the United States, 
and it was attended by collectors and dealers 
from all parts of the country, and even 
from Canada. Prices ruled high, as will be 
seen by the following paragraph in the 
Aletropoli/an Philatelist : — 

" The auction emphasized the return to 
prosperity in the stamp business. Dozens of 
collectors and small dealers living in se- 
cluded parts of the country sent bids on 
from one to five hundred lots and failed to 
secure a single stamp, and yet their bids 
averaged at about prices which prevailed 
six months ago. A large number of stamps 
sold at over catalogue prices, although 
seventy-five per cent, of catalogue appears 
to be the general estimate of value." 

The craze for collecting minor varieties is 
getting rather overdone in the United States 
just now. Someone has discovered that 
some of the sheets of the ic. stamps sur- 
charged " Porto Rico " have the last " O " 
broken in one of the stamps, making it look 
something like a " U," and that the 2c. have 
the same in the second " O " of " Porto." 
Other equally trifling varieties are mentioned, 
but we do not think them worth collecting. 

The Brazilian letter of the Revue Phila- 
telique Francaise states that the following 
journal stamps of 1890 have been surcharged : 
500 reis, yellow surcharged 1000 in green. 
700 reis, yellow surcharged 1000 in green. 
1000 reis, yellow surcharged 2000 in green. 
50 reis, orange surcharged 100 in violet. 
200 reis, black surcharged 300 in violet. 



9 2 



The Philatelic Record, 



The Director-General of Posts for Cuba 
has made application to the department for 
a supply of 2C. and 5c. envelopes, which is 
being favourably reported on. They will be 
manufactured by the Plimpton-Morgan Co., 
and designs have been called for. The 
design will probably be head of Liberty, 
similar to the one on the §20 gold piece. 
Mr. Elliott has also made application for 
25,000 8c. stamps, and also a supply of post- 
age due stamps. It is probable that his 
wishes will be complied with, and a supply 
sent to the island at an early date, although 
no action has been taken in the matter as 
yet.— Metropolitan Philatelist. 

Major Rathbone, of Cuba, is indeed an 
enterprising man, and from all appearance 
will not fail to keep us supplied with novelties 
for some time to come. Special delivery 
stamps will be the next innovation in Cuba. 
An order has been received for 10,000 of 
these stamps surcharged " Cuba, 10 Centavos 
de Pesos," and as soon as the stamps arrive 
the system will be inaugurated in Havana. 
If successful there it will be extended to the 
principal cities throughout the island. 
It is the purpose of the Post Office Depart- 
ment to get up a distinctive stamp of the 
" special delivery " style. What is wanted 
in the shape of a design is one emblematic 
of Cuba and suggestive of quick delivery. — 
Metropolitan Ph ilatelist. 



It is reported that the plates for the new 
Cuban stamps are now ready, and that the 
printing will be commenced shortly. 



The following circular with reference to 
the obsolete newspaper stamps has been 
sent to all the United States postmasters : — 

" March 20, 1899. 
" To the Postmaster : 

' ' You will please report to this office at 
oi:ce (1) the number of complete sets of 
newspapers and periodical stamps recently 
furnished you by the department for sale to 
the public ; (2) the number of these sets 
already sold by you ; (3) the number of sets 
you estimate you can sell up to date for dis- 
continuing the sale of these stamps, Decem- 
ber 1, 1899. 

' ' This report should be made out on the 
attached reply card, which is to be detached 
and forwarded to this office as promptly as 
possible. John A. Merritt, 

"Third Assist. P. M. General." 



One of the standard questions asked 
at the reference department of the Chi- 
cago public library is : In what year were 
postage stamps first made ? 



A newspaper, in answer to an inquiry as 
to what use old postage stamps could be put 
to, says that it understands that a superior 
grade of wall-paper is made from them. 



A gentleman who is specializing in the 
issues of Guatemala shows the following 
varieties in surcharge in the " correos 
nacionales 1 centavo " in red on the long 
fiscal 10 centavos green. The varieties were 
found in the examination of a large number 
of sheets of the stamps. 

Second "r" in correos in smaller type. 

The three letters '"rre" in correos in smaller 
type. 

Inverted "b" and ordinary "b"for"o"in 
nacionales. 

The letter "r " for the second "n " in 
nacionales. 

Inverted "k" for the first " n " in nacionales. 

"C" in centavo entirely missing, making 
" entavo." 

Inverted " a " for " v " in centavo. 

"D" for "o" in centavo. 

Thin type "c" in centavo. 

The Washington correspondent of MekeePs 
Weekly says that the design of the new 
Cuban envelopes will be the head of 
Columbus as it appeared on the Columbian 
half-dollar. It is remembered that the head 
of the coin was roundly ridiculed at the 
time of the mintage of the half-dollars. 

Never before in the history of stamp 
collecting has the boy factor shown up so 
satisfactorily as he is doing now, and because 
these boys are to be the collectors in the 
years to come it should be considered that 
their renewed interest in stamps is especially 
favourable to the continuance of stability 
and popularity in philately. It is no un- 
common sight to see the boys lined up two 
and three deep before the counters of our 
dealers, and it is a most amusing as well as 
interesting sight to watch them pick out 
their selections and drive their bargains. I 
was informed by one of these boys that 
every pupil in his grade at school was a col- 
lector, and all were striving one with 
another as to who should possess the best 
collection. — Avierican Exchange. 

As there seems to be so many priced cata- 
logues now in the market, and as each 
dealer reckons his catalogue, and his alone, 
is the sole reliable index of value, I recently 
persuaded an advanced collector friend to 
value his collection by three different books — 
Serf, Gibbons, and Scott — and the result 
was extremely interesting : — 

£ 

According to Serf (German) 181 

According to Gibbons (English) 220 

According to Scott (American) 270 

This only proves what I have repeatedly 
pointed out, that Scott's catalogue is far too 
high as prices go now-a-days. In my 
opinion Gibbons is the best of the lot. 

It is not generally known that our sister 
colony of New South Wales was the first 
country in the world to issue postage stamps, 
viz., in 1838, fulh' a couple of years before 
the home country. The design of same 
was circular, with the Royal arms in centre, 
surrounded by inscription, "General Post 



Items of Interest. 



93 



Office, Sidney." They should not, perhaps, 
be called stamps, being more like an em- 
bossed envelope. The price was about 2d. 
each, and they served for postage of letters 
within the limits of the city of Sydney. 
These envelopes are very scarce, and are 
worth as many pounds now as they were 
pencein 1838. — Otago Witness (New Zealand). 



Mr. M. Copenhagen, of San Paulo, Brazil' 
announces that the publication of his phila- 
telic journal has been stopped for the pre- 
sent, owing to the lamented death of his 
wife. 

We think it would be as well if the matter 
of the use of obsolete British fiscal stamps 
for postal purposes were settled definitely by 
the authorities. A reader informs us that 
he finds these are accepted in payment of 
postage by the clerks in some offices but 
refused at others. Our impression is that 
they are still available for postal purposes, 
but we should very much like a decision on 
the subject. 

We are informed that British North 
Borneo, Labuan, and Jamaica will join the 
Imperial penny scheme on May 24th (Her 
Majesty's birthday), and that provisional 
stamps of 4 cents will be issued on that day 
for the two first-named places. 

A New Colour Chart. — An unusually ac- 
curate and very comprehensive colour chart 
has at last appeared with the imprint of 
Messrs. Louis Prang & Co., the Boston 
(U.S.A.) art publishers. The chart will be 
found very valuable to stamp collectors and 
cataloguers, and ought to prove a panacea 
for "lake," "stone," "mauve," and other 
temporary aberrations of the philatelic mind 
on the colour names of stamps. 

Mr. George Robey, the comedian, is said 
to be an enthusiastic philatelist. 

It is stated that the stock of Thessaly 
stamps has been sold. 

All Finland stamps are now obsolete, and 
only the ordinary Russian postage stamps 
are to be used there in future. 

We regret to announce the death of Mr. 
August F. de Jong, president of the Staten 
Island Philatelic Society, which occurred at 
his residence, 65, Beach Street, Stapleton, 
New York, at the age of 67 years. 



We have ascertained from a search made 
in the State records by Sirdar Shumsher 
Singh, Postmaster-General, that the native- 
printed stamps of Jhind were introduced as 
early as 1876. — Indian Philatelist. 

Another enthusiast sends an exhibit in 
various classes. To represent Canada he 
sends five current stamps only, and other 
countries are even more amusing. Tasmania 
is represented by one stamp only, and that a 
fiscal ! His " 30 rare stamps " include such 
philatelic treasures as the current id. Eng- 
lish ! Will no one pity the Honorary Secre- 
tary ! — Indian Philatelist. 

Mozambique Provisionals. 
The following cutting is from the Beira 
Post:— 

Philatelists Beware. 
Philatelists will do well to beware of an 
issue of Mozambique Company's stamps, 
carmine, 75 reis, surcharged Provisorio across 
centre, and 25 on top ; the original 75 below 
being ruled out, all surcharging being in 
black ink. Of these 10,000 were printed, 
but less than 3,000 were issued to the 
public from the Post Office ; the balance of 
7,000 were bought up by speculators within 
an hour or two of the Treasury Office 
opening by those who had been privately 
informed of the issue coming out. It was 
not advertised previous to issue ; and there 
is so much doubt connected with the issue 
that locally it is regarded as not an issue fit 
for collectors to touch ; the boycott should 
be general. 

The remains of Mr. Cobb, the late 
British postmaster in Constantinople, were 
interred in the English cemetery at Haidar 
Pasha. — Renter. 

A notice issued by the Postmaster- General 
announces that the postage to Malta has 
been reduced to a penny. 

Police Notice. 
Stolen since 21st March. 24.3.99. 

About 200 foreign and colonial postage 
stamps, some on card, some in light oak 
frame and some in dark wood do. , including 1 
New South Wales 2d. green (with Wales 
spelt " Waees "), 1-2 dollar United States 
Columbus issue : some Brunswick Bremen 
Lubeck, 2 Maltese halfpenny (1 buff and gold, 
1 yellow), also several unused Nova Scotia and 
a 2d. blue Victoria. 

Information should be given to the 
London Police. 




The High Value State Depart- 
ment Stamps. 

Our publishers were all the time of the 
opinion that the statement of John Kerr 
Tiffany and other writers accepted as 
authority that the issue of the $5.00, $10.00 
and $20.00 U. S. Department of States con- 
sisted only of 367 copies of each stamp was 
of rather doubtful value. If really this 
small number of stamps should have been 
printed it would be exceedingly peculiar 
to notice the immense expansion of these 
stamps, the same being frequently met with 
at auction sales, advertisements of dealers, 
and known to e ist in a great many private 
collections. As early as May, 1897, an 
article to this effect was published in these 
columns for the purpose to locate as many 
of these stamps as possible. The article 
appeared at a rather unfortunate time just 
at the beginning of the indifferent stamp 
season. Nevertheless inside of two months 
we were able to locate over 90, or fully one 
quarter of the $20.00 stamps, and propor- 
tionately large numbers of the other values. 
We now beg to thank all our friends who 
have helped us to find out this much, but 
great deal more thanks is due to Mr. John 
N. Luff, of New York, for his indefatigable 
researches in this branch of philately. By 
the same Mr. Luff is now enabled to give 
the exact number of the higher value State 
Department, and in fact of most all other 
departments ever accounted for by the post 
office department. These accounts for the 
year ending December 31, 1S73, comprise 
700 each of the $2.00, $5.00, $10.00 and 
$20.00 State. This first instalment is 
already more than Tiffany's total. 1874 
adds 1,800 $2.00 stamps, while in 1875 tne 
numbers are given 1,980, $2.00; 1,870, $5.00; 
1,930, $10.00; 1,940, $20.00. In 1876 no 
more of the high values State Department 
are accounted for, and it is probable that 
1875 was the last year of their issue. Taking 
this for granted we have in all 4,480, $2.00 ; 
2,570, $5.00; 2,630, $10.00; 2,640, $20.00, 
a result which is certainly more probable 
than the ridiculously low figure given in 
former accounts, and which at the same time 
may throw some new light oa the pro- 
portionate valuation of these certainly much 
coveted stamps. — Philatelic Facts and Falla- 



The Boy Collector. 

How much we have heard of the boy 
collector lately. He has been given a promin- 
ent place in all the periodicals ; he is a mush- 



room product ; he springs into the full 
fascination of the interesting pursuit, or art, in 
a single night, and it often as suddenly loses its 
interest for him, 

To the dealer the boy collector is a source 
of profit. He is not a heavy buyer ; on the 
contrary, he invests but little, but he takes the 
more common varieties off the dealer's hands ; 
he is not that worry ol all dealers, a "philatelic 
crank," he is satisfied with a good stamp. He 
does not require his unused stamps in " mint 
state," but he is very careful to see that their 
faces are clean. If a stamp is one milimeter 
off center he does not refuse it as worthless, 
and if it has a cancellation that can be seen with 
the naked eye he does not consider it valueless. 

He is not a speculator ; he is trying to get as 
many varieties as possible, and a Nicaragua is 
as good as a Norway. He does not worry his 
brain over Colonel Seebeck with his endless 
varieties ; does not obey the commands of the 
great and awful S. S. S. S., but goes merrily 
spending his pennies for Chinese locals and 
jubilees. As a rule the boy collector is "out 
of fashion"; he does not lay aside collecting in 
summer ; on the contrary he spends more time 
over it ; he does not specialize, as a rule he has 
not even a catalogue. 

Still, the faults of the boy collector some- 
times effect the dealer ; he does not keep his 
sheets clean ; he has an unpleasant way of fig- 
uring upon the back of the sheet of what he 
owes the dealer, and often the sheets are re- 
turned with an unaccountable X marked under 
sundry stamps. The stamps come off the 
sheets easily in his possession and he energeti- 
cally replaces them with whatever comes 
handy, be it a drug label or a sticking plaster, 
causing the dealer, when he examines the 
sheet, to scratch his head with thoughts of 
substitution, etc., flitting through his brain. 

The boy collector is usually honest ; he re- 
mits with ungummed stamps or stamps so 
gummy that they stick together ; part of remit- 
tance is usually in stamps and part in coin. He 
usually splits that odd cent, for himself, and 
generally retains 2 cents for postage. 

His writing is, as a rule, such a scrawl that 
within two months the dealer considers him- 
self able to read Chinese. 

Japan. 

Mr. H. B. Haskell, of Yokohama, sends 
us the following " Notification No. 71 " over 
the signature of the Minister of Communi- 
cations : — 

" As the rates of postage are to be changed 
in April next, the department has determined 
to issue new stamps of different colours to 
those now in use. The new 3 sen stamp, 



Philately in the Mags. 



95 



according to a proclamation just issued, will 
be of light chestnut colour, the i sen stamp 
will be brown, while the l / z sen stamp will 
be of the same colour as it is now. The new 
stamps will be sold from the ist of April next, 
but those of the same denomination hereto- 
fore in use will be accepted for the present 
by the post and telegraph offices." 

The same correspondent has also forwarded 
a previous notification (No. 66) covering the 
changes in rates which are responsible for 
the colour alterations noted above. The 
principal sections, relating to single and 
double postal cards, ordinary letters and 
stamped envelopes, are given herewith : — 

1. The cost of postal cards being changed 
to one and a half sen per card, a five riu 
stamp shall be pasted below the part of the 
face of the existing one sen card where the 
cost of the card and seal are stamped. 

2. The cost of return postal cards being 
changed to three sen per card, two five rin 
stamps shall be pasted one each below the 
part of the face of each leaf of existing two 
sen return postal cards where the cost of the 
cards and seal are stamped. 

3. No. 1 postal matter — that is to say 
mails — shall require the postage fee of three 
sen per four momme (for mails under four 
momme the same fee will be charged). For 
mails under four momme three sen stamp or 
stamps of equal value should be pasted, no 
matter how much the weight may be. For 
mails above four momme and up to eight 
momme, six sen will be required ; above eight 
momme and up to twelve momme, nine sen; 
and for mails above twelve momme, a three 
sen stamp should be added for any increase 
not exceeding four momme. 

4. When the existing two sen postal 
envelopes are used, additional stamps shall 
be pasted at the foregoing rate according to 
the weight of mails. Such stamps shall be 
pasted as much as possible below the part of 
the face of the envelope where the cost and 
seal are printed. For example, for mails 
weighing four momme and under, a one sen 
stamp should be pasted, and for mails weigh- 
ing more than four momme and up to eight 
momme, stamps having a value of two sen 
shall be added. — Mekeel's Weekly. 



The "Standard Catalogue" 



Supplement. 



The supplement to the 58th Edition 
Standard Catalogue is now in circulation, 
and seems very well to fill the mission of the 
new catalogue edition usually brought out 
at this time. The supplement notes new 
issues appearing as late as October first, and 
is very complete and accurate as far as it 
goes. 



The publishers have stated their intention 
of waiting until spring for decision regard- 
ing a 59th edition. This must mean' that 
we may or may not see the next edition 
about one year from this date, but can hardly 
expect to have one sooner. 

The issuance of the supplement has made 
a new edition at the present time unnecessary, 
by providing a list of new issues now so popu- 
lar with the trade, and it has further wisely 
dodged the difficult problem of price adjust- 
ment on the old issues. 



The Present Status of the 
58th. 

It seems to be the general opinion that 
the 58th edition catalogue, though created 
in different market conditions from the 
present, still reflects relatively just values of 
the stamps it lists. It is nevertheless be- 
lieved to be too optimistic for present 
conditions, and it will seem to our readers 
almost trite to say that stamps have not 
generally sold in even prime condition at 
prices approximating the catalogue quota- 
tions since the catalogue was printed. The 
fact is universally patent. But the catalogue, 
owing to its relative correctness, has held, 
with varying discounts and concessions, 
during all the abnormal conditions of the 
last hard year. 



The Future. 

There is now no doubt — it is beyond ques- 
tion — that trade is getting better and that 
collectors are no longer holding aloof, but 
are buying at prices which at least make it 
possible for tradesmen to sell. In every 
case when the supply of a thing is limited 
and the demand for it increases, just one of 
two things may be expected to happen ; 
either the supply will be exhausted or the 
price of the thing will go up. In the case of 
a stamp, whether the supply is exhausted or 
merely straightened, popular opinion express- 
ed in various ways forces the price up. So it 
may be safe to assume that prices will not stay, 
even at their present level, indefinitely, but 
will slowly rise toward the level of the 58th 
catalogue. Whether the next catalogue will 
need to lower or raise the general standard 
of prices laid down m the 58th edition will 
depend upon the rapidity of the rise in 
values created by increasing demand. At 
present the 58th edition seems adequate to 
supply the popular need. 



9 6 



The Philatelic Record. 



The Real Status of any 
Catalogue. 

But the "Standard" or any other so- 
called " catalogue " should not be taken too 
seriously 

It should never be forgotten that any such 
publication is, and probably always will be, 
the price-list of an individual business house. 

Of course, generally speaking, it is to the 
interest of any concern to make a "catalogue" 
as complete and as valuable as possible to 
the buying public, in order to insure its 
popularity and sale. It is also usually to 



the interest of a concern, in the publication 
of a price-list, to meet competition in the 
adjustment of prices. But these general 
rules do not necessarily hold in every case, 
and when catalogue and price-list are com- 
bined they may not have all the force that 
they would have in the case of separate 
publications. 

But public opinion is a censor which is 
usually respected and catered to. The only 
danger, on the other hand, is that public opin- 
ion may occasionally lose sight of the fact that 
almost everything in this world should be 
taken cum grano salts, and nothing — net 
even a stamp catalogue — is infallible.— East- 
ern Philatelist. 



Notices. 



Subscriptions. — The Philatelic Record and Stamp News will be sent post-free to any subscriber at 
home or abroad on receipt of 5s. Subscribers' remittances should be sent to the Publishers, Messrs. Buhl & Go., 
Limited, ii, Queen Victoria Street, London, England. 

Advertisement Rates.— Price per Insertion, net. 



Single. 


3 months. 


6 months. 12 m mtl -. 


Whole Page 

Half Page 


£ s. J. 
300 

1 15 

100 


S. s. d 
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1 10 

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£ j. d. 

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Small Advertisements — Js. per inch, in double column, prepaid. 
SPECIAL POSITIONS BY ARRANGEMENT. 

Enquiries connected with the Advertisement pages should be addressed to Messrs. Buhl & Co., 11, Queen 
Victoria Street, London, E.C. 

Advertisements must be received not later than the 15th of the month for publication in the next issue. 

All letters for the editor should be addressed: The Editor, Philatelic Record, care of Buhl &* 
Co., Limited, 11, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C. 






«tfk 



A^kJ. 




isf? -- ^ho^y^ 



When things are at their worst they must 
mend — or end. The beginning of 1898 
found philately in a parlous state. Specu- 
lators of every brand had preyed upon it 
like vultures upon the yet living body of the 
exhausted camel lying in the desert — the 
soi-disant amateur leading the way. Some 
dealers strove to choke it by forcing prices 
to abominably fictitious heights, some auc- 
tioneers did their little best by playing into 
the hands of unscrupulous rings of bidders, 
while even Governments conspired with 
this horde, and aided in the spoliation of the 
philatelist. Well nigh exhausted and appar- 
ently moribund, philately looked almost 
past redemption — but this very exhaustion 
proved its salvation. Seeing there was so 
little blood remaining, the blood-suckers 
stayed their efforts to some extent. So-called 
amateurs ceased to boom a country or a 
continent to their own great ulterior benefit, 
and, instead, investing their money in houses 
or brewery shares. Auctioneers ceased to 
publish reports of their sales, and dealers, 
taught wisdom by experience, reduced their 
prices. Philately breathed again, and if 
only the speculator can be held at arm's 
length, and the common sense of the collector 
be exercised when he is purchasing, so that 
he will prefer to go without a stamp rather 
than be robbed in the purchase, then the 
improvement will go on, and the hobby — or 
science if you will — be established on so 
strong and permanent a basis that it can 
laugh at all assailants. — Floreat Philatelia 
(Philatelic Chronicle). 

Williams & Co., of Lima, Peru, have 
definitely disappeared. We have before us 
a letter addressed to them on December 24th 
last, which has come back through the dead 
letter office. 

The man known as " Williams " was, we 
are informed, in Paris recently, and called 
on several dealers, disposing of a quantity of 
good stamps at very low prices. He an- 
nounced himself as an American dealer, and 
in one case he asked for the addresses of 
persons who would be likely to buy his, 
stamps. He apparently avoided calling on 
any of those with whom he had dene busi- 
ness by correspondence, but one day he 
made a mistake. He called on a certain 
dealer, and as he opened the deer he was 
greeted by a gentleman who knew him in 
Lima with the words, " Hallo, Williams ! " 
Mr. Williams promptly shut tke door and 
disappeared, which is the last we have 
heard of him. 



Birmingham Philatelic 

O 

Society. 

Honorary President : — W. B. Avery, Esq. 

President: — W. T. Wilson, Esq. 

Vice-Presidents : — R. Hollick, Esq. W. 

Pimm, Esq. 

Committee : — 

Mr. H. R. Bewlay. Mr. C. A. Stephenson. 

Mr. P. T. Deakin. Mr. W. S. Vaughton. 

Mr. T. W. Peck. Mr. W. F. Wadams. 

Hon. Secretary and Treasurer : — 

Mr. G. Johnson, b.a. 

Official Address : — 208, Birchfield Road, 

Birmingham. 

March 2nd. The following were unani- 
mously elected members : — Messrs. S. G. 
Vlastos, C. P. W. Andreae, and G. 
Avyerinos. 

Mr. Pimm gave a very interesting paper 
on the stamps of New Zealand, illustrated by 
his own fine collection of that country, and 
also by those of Messrs. W. T. Wilson and 
T. W. Peck, the former showing all varieties 
in ranges of shades, used and unused, and 
the latter, fine blocks of imperfs in Mint 
condition, and other rarities in exceptionally 
fine condition. 

The paper was interspersed and followed 
by remarks and discussion as to the various 
shades in use at certain dates, and a good 
number of copies with dated postmarks and 
stamps on original, including some of the 
rare watermarks, roulettes, etc., materially 
helped the discussion. 

April 20. The following were unani m o u s 1 
elected members : — Messrs. W. Nathan, J. 
Venn, W. Morgan, C. E. Price, and A. N. 
Hayne. 

Mr. R. Hollick then showed his collections 
of New South Wales and Tasmania, care- 
fully explaining to any who required it, the 
numerous varieties and re-touches of the 
plates in the early issues of the former 
colony. Many very fine copies and shades 
of these early issues were shown, and this 
was the cause of a subsequent discussion on 
catalogue values and discounts, from which 
it appeared that most of the members would 
only be glad to get satisfactory copies at full 
catalogue rates, or even more, but such 
copies are a steadily decreasing quantity, 
and for them there is always a good demand 
which is gauged to a very small extent by 
quotations of auctions or catalogues. 



9 8 



The Philatelic Record. 



Plymouth Philatelic Society. 

The eighth session of the Plymouth Phila- 
telic Society, which will shortly close as far 
as active winter work is concerned, has been 
a most successful one. Nineteen new mem- 
bers have joined since October, 1898, and 
fourteen ordinary meetings have been held, 
at which papers have been read in conjunc- 
tion with alternate evenings for discussion 
and exchange. The following have con- 
tributed to the readings : — Major G. W. 
Stockdale (President), twice on the issues of 
France, Rev. E. A. Donaldson and Mr. H. 
W. Mayne on the "Collecting of Entires," 
Rev. E. T. Fyffe, r.n., on "Auction Prices 
and Catalogue Values," and Mr W. A. 
Walker, on "Breikers ahead." On the 14th 
of January, 1899, an exhibition of stamps 
was held, which proved a most gratifying 
success, and the exchange branch of the 
Society shews a very marked development — 
its monthly packets averaging over £100 in 
value. A silver medal has also been con- 
tributed to the forthcoming Manchester 
Philatelic Exhibition. The present session 
will end shortly with a lecture on Philately, 



to be contributed by the Rev. E. Bell, of 

Saltash. 
Hon. Secretary ) .„ . ... .. _ 

and Treasurer } W " A - Walker ' Es * 

E?chan|e C Bran r ch } Dn C E.Russel Rendle 

Central Philatelic Club. 

EXCHANGE PACKET. 

At a Committee meeting held on Monday, 
Feb. 6th, a discussion of the rules of the Ex- 
change Packet, with reference to the pricing 
of stamps, took place, when the following 
proposition was carried that the words by 
Stanley Gibbon s catalogue be erased, and the 
words at member s discretion be inserted. 
Rule 1 will now read : Stamps to be priced at 
member's discretion, subject to a discount of 50 
per cent. As I am anxious to make the 
packets a great success, I trust all members 
will help me by sending sheets regularly. 
The first packet will be sent out on the nth 
inst., but future packets will be issued 
promptly on the 5th, sheets to be sent in by 
the 1st of the month. 

C. Forbes, Secretary. 



Our Monthly Packets of 
New Issues. 



No. 1, price One Shilling (postage extra). 
The April Packet contains : — 

NINE VARIETIES all unused. 

Viz. : Japan, New Issue, 5 rin, 1 sen and 
3 sen ;Uruguay, 5c. on violet ; Ceylon, 6c. on 
15c; Brazil, 2or. on ior. blue journal stamp ; 
Columbia, 1899, IC - re d on yellow, &c. 

No. 2, price 5s. (postage extra). 



The April Packet contains :— 

16 VARIETIES, all unused, viz. :— Cape 
of Good Hope, 3d. lilac ; Straits Settle- 
ments, 4c. on 5c. rose ; Guatemala, ic. on 
50c, and ic. on 75c, and set of 12 Nyassa, 
surcharged on Mozambique. 

These packets are on sale until the supply i-; ex- 
hausted.nnd are supplied onlvto Subscribers to the 
Philatelic Record and Stamp News. Similai 
packets will be on sale every month, and may 
be subscribed for in advance"for the rear (Janu- 
ary to December inclusive), at the following 
rates : No. 1 packet, 12s., postage extra : No. 2 
packet, 60s., postage extra. 

The subscription to the paper (5s. per annum) 
is extra.— BUHL & Co., Ltd., 11, Queen Victoria 
St., E.C. 




Part I.— British Empire, 



Mauritius.— We have received the 18 
cents envelope surcharged "4 cents " in two 
lines in red, with a bar obliterating the 
original value. 

Envelope. 
4 cents in red, on 18 cents, blue on white. 
Samoa. — Messrs. Whitfield, King & Co. 
send us the one penny (tree in centre) with 
the surcharge in red, " surcharged 2^d. " in 
two lines. The word "surcharged" with the 
final d appears peculiar, and is probably 
an error. 

Adhesive, 
'2\&. in red, on Id. green. 

British Guiana. — The 1897 "Jubilee" 
issue does not seem to have gone off as well as 
was expected, as Messrs. Whitfield, King & 
Co. send us two values, the 10c. and 15c, 
each with the horizontal surcharge TWO 
CENTS in black block letters. 

A dhesives. 
2c. in black, on 10c. red brown and grey. 
2c. „ „ 15c. blue and brown. 

Sirmoor.— Messrs. Whitfield, King & 
Co. have sent us four new stamps of the 
" elephant " type, with the inscription 
" Sirmoor postage and Inland Revenue." 

A dhesives. 

3 annas, emerald green. 

4 „ blue green. 
8 „ blue. 

1 rupee, red. 

Queensland. — The saw- tooth perforation 
dies hard, as will be seen from the following 
account by a correspondent of \h& Australian 
Philatelist : 

"The zigzag perforation was a fiasco, 
principally on account of its being neces- 
sary to perforate before gumming. The 
gum then fastened up the holes made by 
the steel rule. It was impossible to per- 
forate after gumming, and about 3,000 out 
of the 5,000 sheets printed as issued to the 
general post office were returned to the 
Government printing office, to be perfo- 
rated in the ordinary way by the comb 
machine. There are thus four varieties 
of this latest perforation, viz. — (1) serrated, 
(2) serrated in black, (3) serrated and perf. 
12^, (4) serrated in black and perf. \z\. 

" The explanation given for the existence 
of the serrated in black variety is that the 
machinists (this work being done on an 
ordinary printing machine), in order to get 
the perforation to register properly, ran 
several sample sheets through the press, and 
so arranged it that the frame did not 
perforate, but, with the judicious application 
of a little printer's ink, simply left a blank im- 



pression. Where this impression encroached 
on the coloured design of the stamp, the 
register was altered, until at last all the 
lines of the perforating frame fell between 
the rows of stamps, then the ' sampling ' 
was discontinued, and the perforating pro- 
ceeded with merrily." 

We chronicle the three varieties added by 
this announcement, having already printed 
the ordinary perce en scie variety adhesives : 

1 penny, orange-red, perce en scie, black lines. 
1 penny, orange-red, perce en scie and perf. 12J. 
1 pennv, orange-red, perce en scie, black lines and 
perf, 12%, 

Victoria. — We are rather amused to see 
the Monthly Journal chronicle the is. blue 
on blue, with blue surcharge. We are writing 
away from our books, and therefore cannot 
fix the exact time when this was chronicled, 
but it must be somewhere between five and 
ten years ago, nearer the latter date, and the 
stamp has been in our possession several 
times. 

Great Barrier Island. — Messrs. Whit- 
field, King & Co. kindly send us the following 
information : — 

" The enquiries we have made about these 
stamps have led to some unexpected results. 
We had no idea of the exact nature of the 
stamps when we first received a few from a 
New Zealand correspondent, as he gave us no 
information about them, but they prove to 
be something startlingly novel. There is no 
cable to the island, and the mail service is 
irregular and infrequent, and as long ago as 
November, 1897, a ' Pigeongram ' service 
was established, the pigeons of course being 
taken out by vessels as opportunity offered, 
and liberated when messages were required 
to be sent. For twelve months this service 
was carried on without the aid of stamps, 
but last November, in consequence of the 
increase in the number of messages, it was 
deemed advisable to issue stamps, and i,8oo 
were printed. The messages are written on 
slips of thin tissue paper, the address being 
at the top, and the stamp is placed on the 
message, as of course no envelope can be 
used in such a service. The stamp is obliter- 
ated by a circular stamp, and the slip is then 
rolled up and tied under the pigeon's wing. 
We do not know how many such messages 
each bird can carry. When the birds are 
liberated at Great Barrier, they fly home to 
Auckland, New Zealand, when the messages 
are removed and placed in envelopes, ad- 
dressed and posted, the fee of is. covering 
delivery to any part of the colony. 



IOO 



The Philatelic Record. 



" There is only the one value, is., which 
is, indeed, the only one required, the fee 
being is for each ' Pigeongram.' The design 
being badly done, a new stamp has been en- 
graved, of which we expect a supply in a few 
weeks, when we shall send you a specimen 
for illustration. Although a private venture, 
we are satisfied that it is bond fide, and it is 
of so unique and interesting a character, that 
we believe the stamps will soon be much 
sought after. If we can get hold of an 
original used ' flimsy ' with stamp attached, 
we shall let you see it, but the stamps are 
generally somewhat the worse for the journey, 
being in a more or less creased condition." 

New Brunswick. — The following con- 
tribution towards the history of a much- 
disputed issue is sent to the Monthly Journal 
by a correspondent who obtained it direct 
from a personal acquaintance of Mr. Con- 
nell:— 

" A number of years ago I was in Wood- 
stock, where Mr. Connell lived, and knew 
him well. On asking him about the cele- 
brated ' Connell ' stamp, he told me that 
what he felt most keenly about the affair was 
the charge of vanity urged against him. His 
explanation was, as well as I can remember, 
that it was necessary, as New Brunswick had 
followed Canada in adopting the decimal 
system, to change the designations of the 
New Brunswick postage stamps. As Post- 
master General, he had to carry out the 
change. He accordingly went to the United 
States to make the necessary arrangements. 
There were several denominations of stamps, 
and the design for each had been settled 
excepting that for the 5 cents stamp. Being 



obliged to return unexpectedly to New 
Brunswick before that design had been 
agreed upon, he urged the designer to give 
him something definite about it. The artist 
said if the matter was left to him he would 
let the Postmaster-General have something 
that he thought would please the people. Mr. 
Connell, in ' a moment of weakness,' agreed 
to the proposal, and l*ft for home. When 
the first consignment of stamps arrived he 
was more surprised than anyone else to find 
that the stamp bore his own likeness. He 
had no time to change the design, so let it 
go. The day for the first issue came, and 
with it a storm of popular wrath, which the 
Premier of the day allayed by the only 
course open to him, viz., by requesting and 
obtaining Mr. Connell's resignation. 

" While Mr. Connell was giving me '.his 
version of the trouble we were walking in 
front of his house. He said, ' I have the 
stamps here, for I felt that it was only right 
that I should pay for them out of my own 
pocket.' Taking me into a room, he showed 
me a great pile of the stamps, and said, 'I 
am going to burn them.' Thinking that a 
souvenir would be a good thing to have, I 
asked him if he would let me have a few. 
He at once acceded to my request, and I 
put some of them into my pocket-book. 
Soon after I learned that he had destroyed 
his little ' Klondyke. ' 

" I understood from him that very few of 
these stamps passed under the official stamp, 
but how many I do not recollect. The 
stamps I received from Mr. Connell I parted 
with about 1877 to an English collector." 



Part II. Other Countries. 



France. — The 5c. now comes in pale 
yellow green, instead of blue green. 
A dhes'me. 
5 centime*, pale \ ellow green. 

New Zealand. — Mr. L. A. Sanderson, 
of the Philatelic Society of New Zealand, 
has favoured us with a pair of the 2d. im- 
perforate betzveen the stamps, vertically. Our 
correspondent informs us that a sheet of 
these has turned up, and we have also come 
across the id. value in a similar condition. 

The new issue — bicoloured — is already 
obsolete, and Messrs. Willcox, Smith & Co. 
inform us that the 1883 issue has been re- 
verted to until the new colonial printed 
series is ready. On this subject the same 
correspondent sends us a cutting from a 
local paper which reads as follows : — 

"Wellington, 12th March. 

" The machinery is now erected, and 
printing is expected to commence in a week 
or ten days' time. 

" The paper wiil be a special one, but the 
usual wm. star and N.Z. will be the same. 

" All the plates have been received except 
the £d., id., and 2d., which are being re- 
placed, so as to get a uniform size of stamp. 
The 4d. is, of course, to be altered, and the 
question of altering the colour to those 
adopted by the Universal Postal Union will 
also be attended to." 



Siam. — Mr. Hood Beng informs us that 
the i2atts was issued on the 12th of March, 
with the surcharge iatt, but does not tell us 
the colour or nature of the surcharge. 

Straits Settlements.— In addition to 
the surcharge chronicled in February, we 
now have the 8c. in blue, with similar sur- 
charge, and also the 5c. printed specially in 
lake red, with the surcharge 4c. in words in 
one line at the bottom. 

Adhesive 
4c. in black on 8c, blue. 
4c. in black on 5c reel lake. 
Both 'watermark C.V.. pert'. 14. 

Argentine Republic. — A correspondent 
sends us a letter sheet with stamp of the some- 
what improved type, and of the same design 
as the current envelopes, the only inscription 
being Memorandum Posto. The inside is 
ruled with blue dotted lines. 

Letter shoe'. 5c, vcrmillion on white. 

Brazil. — It does not appear to be gener- 
ally known that the current 200 reis exists 
with some extraordinary perforations, some 
specimens being perf. 5 and some perf. 7. 

Columbia. — Mr. Alfredo Tarr kindly 
sends us specimens of the new 1 centavo 
The design is similar to the stamp it super 
sedes, but this time the colour is pale brown 
on yellow. 

A dhesive. 
1 centavo. pale brown on yellow. 



The Philatelic Record 



AND STAMP NEWS. 



MAY, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 

IT is only a few years ago that the railway companies were authorised to 
issue stamps of their own for the purpose of being used on letters posted 
at railway stations, to be re-posted in the ordinary letter boxes at the 

town or village to which the letter is addressed. The uniform charge is 

2d. per letter, which must not exceed in weight the ordinary penny 

P .. postage rate. Until recently this was one ounce, but under the 

I U Fee a ^ ere< ^ P osta l rates it is now four ounces. The object of this is 

~ undoubtedly to prevent this rapid means of communication from 

* ' being used for anything else than important letters ; even printers' 
proofs are excluded, but we expect that in time the weight allowance will be 
raised to enable those who are willing to pay for it to use the "railway 
letter " system for larger packages of documents, providing, of course, that 
the post office obtains its proper share of the spoil, otherwise the proper rate 
of postage, and the company could still reap the benefit of a multiple of 
" twopences " in the same ratio. 

Truly this "railway letter" system is capable of considerable improvement, 
both for the benefit of the railway companies and the public. We started this 
article with the object of writing about the stamps, but one point strikes us in 
reference to the system which we think is worthy of a little criticism. A few 
Sundays ago we were anxious to get an important letter to a certain town as 
quickly as possible, and we took it to one of the principal London railway 
stations, and after some trouble succeeded in finding the parcels office. We 
found that we could send the letter, providing it was a letter, and did not 
weigh over four ounces, and, although the green 2d. labels appear to be rare, 
we could get one put on (note that we were not allowed to handle it ourselves) ; 
but the letter was heavy enough to be possibly four ounces, and the authorities 
had not provided scales. A friendly porter offered to get it weighed, and the 
result was about three ounces. Now comes the absurd part of the story. A 
railway letter requires an ordinary penny postage stamp, in addition to the 
company's green 2d. one, but the clerk in the parcels office had no postage 
stamps. " We are not allowed to sell them," he said, plaintively, and from 
his stolid indifference it appeared that he could not even see the ridiculous side 
of the case. The Government permits you to send a letter by a certain system, 
and it lays down regulations by which you are to pay threepence for its 
transmission by a 2d. railway stamp and a id. Government stamp, and you 



102 The Philatelic Record. 



are to hand it in at a railway station, but when you get there you cannot get 
the necessary stamp. The clerk in charge spoke of " fines of twenty pounds," 
and other dreaded penalties, but the fact remains that we could not send our 
letter, as no penny stamp was available. In the end we secured brown paper 
and string and made a " parcel " of it, and as a parcel it was sent off by the 
railway company, by the same train which would have taken it as a letter. 
The whole point is the absurdity of not allowing the railway companies to sell 
penny stamps. For our own part we have never yet understood why anyone 
should not be allowed to sell stamps. It is for the public convenience, and it 
increases the profits of the Government. 

To come to the stamps themselves, which is the subject we originally 
started upon, we agree with Mr. Ewen that there is no serious reason why 
they should not be supplied to the public at face value. It would add to the 
incomes of the railway companies, it could not injure the postal authorities, 
it would be a great convenience to the public, and it would be common sense! 
At present the advertised market values of some of the varieties are ridiculously 
high, and they need not be so if the stamps could be obtained from the com- 
panies. But when we say " stamps " we do not feel satisfied that it is the 
proper definition ; our contention is that not being postage stamps, which 
they certainly are not, they have no value from a philatelic point of view. 
They are not locals and they are not Government issues, hence they have no 
philatelic locus standi. We are well aware that these labels have been 
" boomed " beyond all proportion to their possible value, and we want to know 
who regulates these fancy prices of ios. to 30s. each, of articles which are 
comparatively modern and non -philatelic, and who pays them ? At best the 
ordinary issues are not philatelic and of little value, except perhaps the 
imperforate, and other varieties which are, no doubt, scarce, as such things go; 
but the " British specialist" has been overdoing this sort of thing for some 
time past, while so many other and undoubted postal issue still await the study 
and research of the enthusiast. 



Our ^ e re & ret *h at there is no interview this month, but it is not our 

... fault. We have had two in stock for sometime, but in both cases 

we have, up to the present, been unable to obtain the photographs 

of our victims. We therefore defer the matter until our next number, when 

we hope to start again, and to give some interesting information. 




Fiscal Notes. 103 



Fiscal Notes. 

Contributed by A. PRESTON PEARCE. 



IT does not appear to be probable that the financial proposals of our 
Chancellor of the Exchequer will result in any extension of the long 
list of British revenues. Should an issue of adhesives be found 
desirable, it is expected that the stamps will savour strongly of the 
" Goschens " referred to in the April number, and it is to be remarked 
that through the latest concession the percentage charge becomes the same as 
in this former Transfer Duty. 

The rumour comes that the evidence of payment will be supplied by the 
employment of impressed stamps, and when I referred to the extreme 
inconvenience of having to send the shares and certificates affected by the 
new duty to Somerset House, I was informed that there are two offices in 
the City where securities can be stamped. 



To avoid mixing things up too much, I had better finish my say about our 
own stamps before going abroad. 

Mr. Morley has shown me a circular stamp, 25mm. in diameter, bearing 
the youthful profile of Queen Victoria to the left, with the word " Customs" 
twice repeated above, but separated by a star, and the value — one penny — 
below. The impression is in blue, with inscriptions in thin white slightly 
raised capitals, on stout white wove unwatermarked paper. The stamp is 
not perforated, but is cut square with large margins, and as it does not 
appear to have been gummed it may be a non-adhesive or an essay, or 
(though not without trepidation dare I suggest it) even a cutting from some 
hitherto unnoted official postal stationery. Can any reader furnish information 
concerning it ? 

A valued correspondent, who is "something in the City," draws my 
attention to the fact that " Sea policy " stamps are commonly used on 
transfers of stock. Some correspondence anent the correct designation of 
these labels passed between Mr. Lundy and myself about a year ago, and I 
remember that he wanted to term them general duties. Against this, I 
could only urge the fact that the official title on the Inland Revenue stock 
lists is marine policies, and that, as far as I knew, their employment on other 
documents might only be temporary. Now, however, it is fairly apparent 
that the title hitherto used is too restricted, and Mr. Lundy's suggestion may 
have to be adopted. 

Certain questions, though, present themselves at once, for, inasmuch as 
there can be but little doubt that until recently the stamps of this character 
were only used on policies of marine insurance, where is the dividing line to 
be drawn, and how is the division to be made ? If the former query can be 
satisfactorily settled, the latter might not present much difficulty, and 



104 The Philatelic Record. 

doubtless the specialist catalogue of the near future will contain some such 
headings as : — 

MARiNe Insurance Policies (adhesive). 
1850. 
and, further on : — 

Marine Policies and General Duties. 

18S7. 

The term "adhesive" is advisedly inserted, for, although it may be 

news to many, it is, nevertheless, a fact that a stamp duty on policies against 

losses by sea was first imposed in this country in 1694, though the percentage 

duty on the sum insured dates only from 1795. 



I am now in a position to give a list of the stamp duties in force in 
Newfoundland, and as it contains a sufficiently curious array of titles, some 
of which are strangely suggestive, I propose to give an exact copy of the 
statement furnished by my correspondent. 

The stamps are used in lieu and in payment of the fees payable under 
the following Acts : — 

Crown Lands, Timber, Mines and Minerals, Registration of Births, Marriages and 
Deaths, Judicature Act, Central and Harbour Grace District Courts, Courts of Session, 
Stipendiary Magistrates and Justice of the Peace, Trial by Jury, Registration of Deeds, 
Liens of Mechanics and others, Hawkers and Pedlars being foreigners. 

Patents, Copyrights, Trademarks, Registration of Certificates to Masters and Mates, 
Pilots and Pilotages, Harbour Regulations, Licenses for Sale of Intoxicating Liquors, 
Illegitimacy, Keeping of Dogs, Naturalization of Aliens, Preservation of Deer. 

Cheques drawn on banks in Newfoundland do not bear a stamp. 

Fortunately it has not been considered necessary to have special 
stamps for each duty, and the single set of nine values, listed and illustrated 
in the April number of Stamps, serves for the whole. I am informed that 
the higher values will be chiefly used on Probates of Wills, which, however, 
are not mentioned in the above list, though they may be included in the 
term " Registration of Deeds." 

The only used copy that has yet come my way is the specimen of the 
$1 value, which was cancelled at Her Majesty's Customs Office, St. John's. 



Non-collectors of revenue stamps frequently express great surprise at 
the magnificent designs and exquisite workmanship displayed by such a 
considerable proportion of the objects of our search ; and, as the ordinary 
solution of anticipated sales to collectors is felt to be inapplicable, they are 
apt to be much puzzled to account for the fact. 

There is, however, a perfectly legitimate reason for the lavish ornamen- 
tations that is so characteristic of the fiscal emissions of several countries, 
and it is to be found in the motives that prompt the usual adoption of such 
beautiful and intricate designs for bank notes and other forms of paper 
money. 

I am inclined to think that my collection contains as many specimens 
originally costing me one pound each as there would be found one shilling 
values in a general collection of postage stamps of the same size, and I might 
be able to cover each five shilling stamp by a five pound one, so it will be 
readily seen that the temptation of forgery is much greater in the case of 
fiscals than in that of postage stamps, and the danger has to be guarded 
against as best it may. 

Frequently the authorities adopt a course which, as in the case under 
notice, produces a most pleasing state of affairs, but sometimes the result is 
far less desirable, and I shall revert to this subject again. 



International Philatelic Exhibition. 10; 



International Philatelic Exhibition, 



MANCHESTER, JUNE 29th TO JULY 6th, 1899. 



Held Under the Auspices of the Manchester Philatelic Society. 



r HE time for the opening of the Manchester Exhibition is now rapidly 
approaching, and everything points to a most successful week. There 
will be no less than 160 medals, and the Executive Committee have 
left nothing undone that could in any way aid the success of what 
promises to be the most important philatelic exhibition ever held. 
To give some of our readers an idea of the importance of the undertaking we 
publish the following list of the supporters of the undertaking : — 

Patron.— H.R.H. The Duke of York, K.G. 

The following Societies have signified their approval : — The Philatelic 
Society, London ; Internationaler Pliilatelistenverein, Dresden ; Societe 
Francaise de Timbrologie, Paris; Societa Filatelica Lombarda; The Philatelic 
Society, India ; Nederlandsche Vereeniging van Postzegelverzamelaars, 
Amsterdam ; Birmingham Philatelic Society, Bradford Philatelic Society, 
Brighton Philatelic Society, Bristol and Clifton Philatelic Society, Herts 
Philatelic Society, Leeds Philatelic Society, Oxford Philatelic Society, Ply- 
mouth Philatelic Society, the Scottish Philatelic Society, Sheffield Philatelic 
Society, International Philatelic Union. 

Executive Committee. — J. H. Abbott, F. Barratt, W. Doming Beckton, 
A. Buxton, M. P. Castle, C. H. Coote, G. B. Duerst, D. S. Garson, O. Gillett, 
W. Grunewald, A. H. Harrison, J. E. Heginbottom, J. R. Hesketh, W. W. 
Munn, J. C. North, D. Ostara, T. Oxley, E. Petri, Vernon Roberts, N. Wan- 
stall ; chairman of committee, W. Doming Beckton ; hon. treasurer, Ernest 
Petri; hon. secretary, G. Fred H. Gibson. 

The following members of the Executive Committee will undertake the 
correspondence in — German, G. B. Duerst ; Italian and Spanish, E. Petri ; 
French, W. Grunewald. All communications to be addressed to the " Exhi- 
bition Committee Rooms," 2, Cooper Street, Manchester. 

The following well-known Philatelists have promised their support : — 
C. A. van der Abeelen, J. G. Adamson, G. A. Anderson, Cav. Salvatore 
Arbib, Count d'Assche, W. B. Avery, E. D. Bacon, Attilio Barocci, Mrs. C. 
A. Baynes, L. A. Beausar, A. Beddig, Edmund van der Beeck, F. A. Bel- 
lamy, f.r.a.s., f.r. Met. Soc., W. W. Blest, Bright & Son, W. Brown, Leon 
Brummer, Buhl and Co., Ltd., F. F. Burghard, M.S., f.r.c.s., Lieut-Colonel 
St. L. Burrowes, Geo. Calif & Co., Cav. uff. Vittorio E. Capanna, Stanley M. 
Castle, William Cowland, Albert Coyette, A. B. Creeke, Junr., R. Dalton, 
E. S. Davidson, Alfred A. Davis, H. F. W. Deane, Dr. Emilio Diena, 
Marchese Domenico Pallavicino, T. Phipps Dorman, Robert Ehrenbach, 
Douglas Ellis, H. L'Estrange Ewen, Major E. B. Evans, Henri Fiacre, A. 
E. Fiecchi, Carlo Fino, O. Firth, William Fish, m.a., Rudolph Frentzel, 
Eduard Fiirstenau, Stanley Gibbons, Ltd., Fredk. R. Ginn, Thomas Girtin, 
Francesco Gnecchi, J. H. Townsend Green, Henry Grey, T. W. Hall, J. H. 
Hallett, m.i.c.e., m.i.m.e., m. i.n. a., Leslie R. Hausburg, Henry Hetley, m.d., 



io6 



The Philatelic Record. 



Rev. E. Oldridge de la Hey, G. J. Hymes, W. E. Image, j.p., d.l., G. John- 
son, b.a., T. Wickham Jones, W. R. L. Joynt, Whitfield, King & Co., 
Jonkheer C. Ph. L. van Kinschot, Georg Kirchner, Dr. jur. P. Kloss, C. F. 
Larmour, G. F. Lehman, Eliot Levy, Paul Lietzow, W. S. Lincoln, P. J. 
Lloyd, J. A. Loli, Julius Lossau, Henry Loveridge, J. N. Luff, C. McNaugh- 
ton, D. J. Macfie, Pierre Mahe, Mrs. Marshall, C. F. Dendy Marshall, W. 
Matthews, Carlos Matzenauer, Rudolph Meyer, Dr. J. Michelsen, H. M. 
Millington, J. B. Moens, Walter Morley, E. S. Moser, Prof. O. V. Muller, 
W. J. Myers, Edward J. Nankivell, John A. Nix, H. R. Oldfield, H. G. 
Palliser, m.i.c.e., W. R. Palmer, Prince A. Doria Pamphilj, J. F. Peace, W. 
H. Peckitt, J. Lee Pike, F. Ransom, Rev. G. H. Raynor, m.a., Rev. P. E. 
Raynor, Ad. Reinheimer, Thomas Ridpath, L. Risigari, J. B. Robert, W. 
Denison Roebuck, Dr. Rommel, Adolf Rosenberg, George Bell Routledge, 
E. H. Selby, P. Aylwin Selfe, Ad. Schoeller, J. Schlesinger, W. Schwabacher, 
W. H. Scott, Walter Scott, S. C Skipton, T. Kershaw Skipwith, H. A. 
Slade, Alfred Smith & Son, Gordon Smith, m.a., G. Hamilton Smith & Co., 
J. E. Sparrow, A. H. Stamford, R. Tyeth Stevens, Ernst Stock, Major G. W. 
Stockdale, r.e., Lieut. -Colonel H. A. Tapp, Taylor Brothers, J. A. Tilleard, 
John G. Tolhurst, Dr. C. W. Viner, W. A. Walker, Rob. Weidenhagen, 
W. A. S. Westoby, Harold J. White, C. Stewart Wilson, W. T. Wilson, 
Baron A. de Worms, Baron P. de Worms. 




Mexico. 107 




exico. 

A short review of Mr. Rudolph Frentzel's collection, which will 
be on view at the Manchester Exhibition. 

►E have had the pleasure of seeing this wonderful collection of 
the postage stamps of Mexico, and have written a short account, 
which may interest many of our readers. 

The first issue, 1856, is shown used and unused, with and 
without surcharge, also some Habilitados and other varieties, and 
some splits. The i860 issue contains errors of the half real and one real, 
some varieties and some splits. The 1863 issue contains a set imperf., 
two stamps postally used and various surcharges. The Eagle issue 1864 
is shown in great variety both unused and used, including three 3 centavos, 
one of which is postally used, also Habilitados and manY stamps with 
counter numbers. The Maximilian issue 1866 comprises all the surcharged 
varieties of the previous issue, also some errors and essays. The pro- 
visional issue of 1867 is shown in great variety, both unused and used, 
with and without watermarks. The locals of 1867 are represented by 
the 25c. and 50c. Campeche, J, 1 and 2 reals of Chiapas, and some 140 
stamps of Guadalajara. The 1868 issue is represented by a few sets of 
unused stamps showing the various perforations, Anatados, Habilitados, 
&c. In the 1872 issue are shown several blocks of watermarked stamps, 
also three stamps on laid paper, and some used and unused stamps, both 
with and without moire on backs. The 1S74-77 and 1878-83 issues are 
represented by used and unused stamps, containing several sets of coloured 
surcharges and many unpublished varieties. The 1879 and 1882 issues 
are represented like the preceding issues, and contain also many unpub- 
lished varieties. The 1884 issue contains some imperforated stamps, some 
curious surcharges, &c. The remainder of the issues are mostly represented 
by unused sets. 

N.B. — Only part of the collection will be shown. 




io8 The Philatelic Record. 



The Stamps of Persia. 

BY 

C. FORBES (Secretary and Librarian, the Central Philatelic Club). 
(Continued from page 90. ) 

Note. — Referring to the third issue, the following variety was inad- 
vertently omitted from the reference list : — 
Page 63 (please add) Variety. 
5 Shahi, pair. 

Perf 13 at sides, 12J at top and bottom. 
Imperf. between. 

Reprints of 1875, 1S76, and 1S78 issues. 




About the end of the year 1S85, a number of orders from English and 
European dealers for the first issues of Persia began to pour in to the Post- 
master at the chief office at Teheran. As very few of the stamps of these 
issues were in stock they were at a loss what to do in the matter. To return 
the money was impossible to a Persian official (the very idea of returning 
money once received for an article, even if they are unable to supply the 
same, is almost out of the question with an Oriental); a bright idea entered 
their heads. Why not take out the old dies, which unfortunately for collectors 
had not been destroyed, and have further stamps printed from them ? 

The Postmaster of Teheran, who was then about to go to Paris to 
negotiate for the designing and printing of a new issue of stamps, had the 
dies entrusted to his care, and shortly afterwards the stamp world was flooded 
with all kinds of varieties, printed in all sorts of colours, and on white and 
coloured papers. These stamps were only printed from certain of the dies, 
as many of them were too worn to be of any use. These so-called reprints 
were afterwards sold with forged postal obliterations, the more readily to 
deceive the unwary. 

The majority of these reprints are, however, very easily detected, 
especially the unused, being printed on thick white wove writing paper, with 
a quantity of white gum. In cases where the stamps had been post-marked, 
it is not so easy to detect them at the present time, especially when they 
have been washed, and been handled by collectors a number of times. The 
general appearance of these reprints is against them, as the dies, having been 
very much worn, they were slightly re-cut, and the stamps being printed 
in Paris have a much clearer impression. In pointing out, as far as possible, 
the various differences between the originals and the reprints, the four type 
or die varieties will still be designated as dies A, B, C, and D. 

All the tollowing reprints were issued imperforate, in strips and blocks 
of four to each value. 

1875, 1876, and 1878 issues. 

Values, 1 shahi, 1 kran, and 1 toman, printed from type " B." 

The reprint of these values are easily distinguished from the originals, 
there being a broad white circle round the numerate of value, especially 
noticeable in the 1 shahi value ; the pearls of the circles are plainer and 
heavier, and the figure of value under the belly of the lion is invariably a 
Roman " I," instead of an Arabic "1." 



The Stamps of Persia. 109 



Paper, thick Avhite 


wove. 


Colours : 






1 Shahi, black 




1 ,, grey black 




1 Kran, yellow (shades) 




1 ,, carmine 




Yellow wove paper. 




1 Kran, rose 




I ,, red 




White wove paper. 




1 Toman, bronze 




1 , , gold 




Blue wove paper. 




1 Toman, gold 




1 ,, bronze 




Yellow wove paper. 




1 Toman, bronze 




1 ,, gold 



1875, J 876 issue. 
Value 2 shahi. 

Printed on white wove paper only, from Type "A." 
Colours : 

2 Shahi, blue 

2 ,, ultramarine 

2 ,, black 

2 ,, grey black 

The reprints of this value are blurred, the die being much worn, and 
very slightly re-touched ; the stamps have the appearance of having been 
printed in a hurry. They generally have the outer frame on the left, and 
at the bottom broken, and in some specimens the frame is almost 
undiscernable. 

1875, 1876, and 1878 issues. 
Values, 4 shahi and 4 krans. 
Printed from Type " D." 
Paper : White wove. 

4 Shahi, red 
4 ,, vermilion 
4 Krans, yellow 
4 ,, orange 
4 ,, blue 

Pink paper 
4 Krans, blue 
Printed from Type "A." 
White paper. 

4 Krans green. 
The reprints of th e4 Shahi, red and vermilion, and the 4 Krans, yellow 
and orange, are not in all cases easily distinguished from the originals ; the 
chief distinctions, however, are that the outer line of the frame in the 
originals is thick and the inner line thin, whilst in the reprints the two lines of 
the framework are about the same thickness. In the reprints also there is a 
thick white line commencing from under the figure "4" in the ornaments 
under the Lion, and extending almost to the circle of pearls. This line is 
evidently caused through the die having been dented, or struck in some way 
before it had been printed from. This white line, which is very conspicuous 
when once pointed out, does not appear at all on the originals. 

The other printings, 4 Krans blue on pink paper, and the 4 Krans green 
on white, are easily detected, owing to their wrong colours. 

1875 issue. 
Value : 8 Shahi. 
Paper : White wove. 



no 



The Philatelic Record. 



Printed from dies " B " and " C." 

Colours : 

8 Shahi, green 
8 ,, blue 
1878 issue. 

Value: 5 Krans. 

Printed irom dies " A" and " D," of the 8 Shahi, the figure 8 of which 
had been altered to 5 for printing the original 5 Kran values. 

Co lours : 

5 Krans, lilac and violet 

5 ,, bronze and red bronze 

5 -• g ol d 

These reprints (with the exception of the 8 Shahi blue, which of course 
is the wrong colour) are very similar to the originals ; the remark above, 
with reference to the outer frame of the 4 Shahi value, is also applicable to 
both the 8 Shahi and 5 Kran values. 

Note. — With reference to the above lists, and remarks on the 
reprints of the early issues, I have endeavoured to explain, as far as possible, the 
chief differences between these stamps and the genuine ones ; but I would like 
to point out to my readers that it is very difficult to explain on paper all the 
minor differences. It is only by studying them, and comparing with absolutely 
genuine copies that it is possible to detect all of them; especially is this the 
case were the stamps have been postmarked. The reprints are, as a rule, 
being printed in Paris, far superior in appearance to the originals. 

The 5 Kran and 1 Toman values were also issued perforated. 

Note. — It is scarcely right to call all the above stamps reprints, because 
a reprint is, as the word implies, a further printing from the original dies, 
after an issue has become obsolete; whereas in the above instances, as only one, 
and in some cases twoout of four, of the original dies of each value were used 
for printing purposes, it is obvious that other dies must have been prepared, 
otherwise it would have been impossible to print them as they did, in strips 
and blocks of four, so as to imitate the originals as much as possible. 

To accomplish this feat lithographic transfers were made, and new 
blocks prepared, from these stamps were printed in all manner of colours 
and on various coloured papers. 

In the opinion of the writer these printings should not be called reprints ; 
their proper name should be " Official Imitations or Counterfeits." I designate 
them as "official" because this issue was authorised to be printed by the 
Persian Government for sale to collectors and dealers, and they never were 
intended to do postal service, nor have any of them ever been used for this 
purpose. Unfortunately, however, for the philatelist, the official who gave 
orders for their printing was not satisfied with printing them in their correct 
colours, but also issued a lot of each value in all manner of colours, etc., as 
described above. 

Note. — In a later number I hope to have plates of the above issue 
photographed, so as to show plainly the position and formation, etc., of the 
various figures which constitute the type or die varieties. 




The Stamps of Persia. in 

Fifth issue, February, 1879. 
Values : 1 and 5 Krans. 
Typographed. 

Printed in Vienna from the plates of the 1 and 5 Shahi values of the 
1876 issue (head type), but with a coloured border added, about one-eighth of 
an inch in width round the framework. 

Paper : Thick hard white wove ; thin soft white wove. 
Note. — In the stamps of this issue, as in previous issues, the different 
values are not shown on the stamps, and can only be told by the various 
colours of the borders. 

Perf. 12. 

1 Kran, black, brown border. 
5 .. .. blue ,, 

Perf. i2\. 

1 Kran, black, brown border. 
5 ,, ,, blue 

Perf. 13. 

1 Kran, black, biown border. 
5 ., .. blue ,, 

Perf. 12 x 13. 

1 Kran, black, brown border. 
5 .. ., blue 

Perf. 12J x 13. 
5 Kran, black, blue border. 
l'erf. 12J x 11J. 
1 Kran, black, brown border. 
Perf. 12J x 12 or 12 x 12J. 
5 Kran. black, blue border. 
Varieties. 
Imperforate. 

1 Kran, black, brown border. 
5 >■ ,1 blue ,, 

Provisional issue. 

5 Shahi envelope stamp, cut from envelope and used as adhesive. 
Note. — With the 1876 issue (head of Shah), printed in Vienna, there 
were included a quantity of envelopes of the value of 5 Shahi. The die of the 
5 Shahi stamp was not used for these envelopes. A new one was made, 
very similar, but differing in many minor points. They are also slightly 
larger in size. 

When the envelopes were sent to Persia very few were actually 
used, and then only by the Post Office officials and a few merchants. Very 
few knew their use, and they had been put aside and almost forgotten, 
except by the officials. Having run short of stamps of this value, and, while 
expecting shortly the remainder of the new series, they were forced to use 
these envelope stamps. The stamps in question were cut from the envelopes 
and sold as adhesives. 

This issue is perfectly bona-fide, as they were properly authorised 
by the Government. Great care should be used by the collectors in 
buying these stamps, and those only when on the originals can be 
considered to have been used as described above. The writer has in his 
collection two of these stamps cut from envelopes, used side by side on a 
letter to the value of 10 Shahi. 

January, 1880, continuation of fifth issue. 

Values: 1, 2, 5, and 10 Shahi. 

Typographed. 

Perforated. 

Printed in Vienna from the plates of the 1, 2, 5, and 10 Shahi of the 
1876 issue (head type), but with a coloured border added similar to the 1 
and 5 Krans, as previously described. 



ii2 The Philatelic Record. 



Paper : White wove. 

Perf. 12. 

1 Shahi, black, red border. 

2 ,, ,, yellow border. 

5 - .. 8 reen .» 

io ,, ,, violet ,, (shades). 
Perf. i2|. 

i Shahi, black, red border. 

2 ,, ,, yellow border. 

5 ,, ,, green „ 

io ,, ,, violet ,, 
Perf. 13. 

1 Shahi, black, red border. 

2 ,, ,, yellow border. 
5 „ „ green „ 

10 ,, „ violet ,, 

Perf. 12 x 13. 

1 Shahi, black, red border. 

2 ,, ,, yellow border. 
5 •- .. g re en 

Perf. 12A x 13 or 13 x 12J. 

I Shahi, black, red border. 

5 ., ,, green ,, 

10 ,, ,, violet ,, 

Reprints. 

The above series were officially reprinted, or, more properly speaking, 
counterfeited, in the year 1885, at the same time as the early issues. It has 
always been stated that these stamps were reprinted from the die of the 5 
Shahi envelope. This statement is entirely erroneous. It is true they were 
not printed from the originals, as some of the dies were getting slightly worn, 
but, by order of the Shah, a new head was engraved and inserted in the old 
frame. These new heads are very similar to that of the 5 Shahi envelope ; 
in fact, this design was taken as a copy, but there are several differences, the 
chief being that the inside circle is much smaller, and the whole of the appear- 
ance of the head is more sharply defined. If the two stamps are compared 
side by side many minor points of difference can be noted. The difference 
between these Government counterfeits and the originals can readily be seen. 
The inside circle is smaller, the ground lines are farther apart from one 
another, the nose is more crooked, and the head-dress is lower and of a some- 
what different design. 

Note. — There are no reprints of this design without the coloured borders, 
consequently any collector in doubt as to the genuineness of any of his speci- 
mens should compare them with the stamps of the 1876 issues, from which 
plates all the 1879 and 1880 issues were printed. 

Paper : White wove. 

Perforated. 

Printed in Paris. 



Perf. 12. 






2 Shahi, 


black, 


yellow border. 


2 ,, 


,, 


blue ,, 


5 ,, 


> 1 


green 


5 .. 


,, 


red ,, 


1 Kran, 




pale brown border. 


Perf. 13. 






2 Shahi, 


black, 


3'ellow border. 


2 ,, 




blue ,, 


I Kran, 




pale brown border. 


Perf. 12 


x 13 




2 Shahi, 


black, 


yellow border. 


2 ,, 


,, 


blue ,, 


5 ,, 


,, 


green ,, 


5 




red 


;o 




red-violet border. 


1 Kran 


I( 


brown 



The Stamps of Persia. 



113 



Perf. 12J x 13. 

2 Shahi, black, yellow border. 

2 ,, ,, blue ,, 

1 Kran ,, brown ,, 
Note. — There are no counterfeits of the 1 Shahi black and red, or 
the 5 Kran black and blue. There were only four plates to use to print the 
six values. The 2 Shahi was printed as black and yellow and black and blue, 
and the 5 Shahi as black and green and black and red. 

(To be continued.) 





We are sorry to find that in our March 
number we made a mistake, or rather, three 
mistakes. When quoting from the Philatelic 
Journal of India we referred to that excellent 
journal as the Indian Philatelist. The former 
is the correct title, the magazine being the 
organ of the Philatelic Society of India. 

Very few countries nowadays are without 
their own set of postage stamps and postal 
stationery. 

In Europe there only remain two small 
territories which are still without postage 
stamps — in the Republic of Andorra, in the 
Pyrenees, and the principality of Liech- 
tenstein between the Tyrol and Switzerland — 
neither of which is likely to establish an 
independent postal system unless the revenue 
falls off, and the issue of postage stamps 
appears likely to replenish it. 



In Africa the vast empire of Morocco has 
no government series of stamps so far, and 
as England and France maintain post offices 
at the ports, it is probable that all require- 
ments are fulfilled by these and various 
services of carriers which exist. 



The State of Oman, in Arabia (which was 
very much to the fore in the newspapers 
lately), still remains outside the philatelic 
fold, but the vastness of its trade and its 
close relations with India lead to the belief 
that the authorities may follow the example 
of their kinsfolk in Zanzibar, and join the 
postal union. 

The British colony of New Guinea, 
although already a member of the postal 
union, has no stamps as yet but no doubt an 
issue will take place when the population 
reaches numbers sufficient to warrant it. 

Various States in Central Asia, such as 
Bokhara and Khiva, Thibet and Baluchistan, 
issue no postage stamps, but as they all form 
practically parts of the Russian, Chinese, or 
British empires it is hardly likely that they 
will indulge in the luxury of stamps. 

There are various islands in different parts 
of the world, notably Ascension, which have 
no stamps, but in no case does their size 
warrant the belief that an issue will take 
place. —Stamb Collectors' Journal. 



Stanley Gibbons state they have shipped 
^'600 worth of their new albums to Austra- 
lasia. Judging from that statement, phil- 
ately does not seem to be at all on the 

downward path. 



The story goes that the well-known 
Chicago stamp dealer, Mr.M. P. Wollsieffer, 
recently advertised his willingness to sell 
stamps at 50 per cent, of their value, mean- 
ing, of course, catalogue value. Imagine his 
astonishment on receiving a visit from a 
gentleman who expected to get unused two 
cent U.S.A. stamps of the current issue at 
one cent apiece. That gentleman, like many 
another, wanted to economise on his postage 
bill; but Mr. Wollsieffer could not oblige 
him. 

20,000 Stamps Stolen. 

Harry Frank, 29, who described himself 
as a wood-carver, living at 1, Cannon Street 
Road, E., was charged at the Guildhall with 
being concerned with a man not in custody 
in breaking and entering, on the iSth alt., 
75, Little Britain, and stealing therefrom a 
cash-box containing a £^ note, an open 
cheque for £2, two bills for ,£30 and £26 
respectively, an I O U for ^11, and about 
20,000 foreign and colonial used and unused 
postage stamps, total value about £110, the 
property of Henry Ross Shields. 

On Wednesday morning Constable Staff, 
of the H Division, saw the prisoner offering 
some stamps for sale at 44, St. George's 
Street, E. , a second-hand shop. Noticing 
he answered the description of a gentleman 
the police were looking for as being likely to 
be in a position to throw some light upon 
the mysterious disappearance of property 
in Little Britain, the officer asked him how 
he came by the stamps. He replied that he 
had been saving them for years, and that 
they came from his numerous correspon- 
dents in New York and Johannesburg. He 
further informed the officer that he was no* 
the man the police wanted, and that he 
(Staff) would be in the " wrong box" if he 
arrested him. Notwithstanding this, Staff 
removed him to Leman Street police-station, 
where about 4,000 stamps were found upon 
him. 

Detective-Sergeant Denning, who said he 
believed the accused had been convicted 
before, asked for a remand. 

Prisoner : Commit me to the coming 
sessions. 

The Alderman remanded him for a week. 



Items of Interest. 



ii5 



The Philatelists Francaise gives the 
numbers of stamps contained in the albums 
of some of the leading German collectors as 
follows: — Mr. A. Treichel, of Hochpale- 
schken, 36,000; Mr. J. landman, of Furth, 
32,000: Mr. A. Metzner, of Nordhausen, 
28,000; Dr. A. Knizek, of Reichemberg, 
21,000; Mr. J. Ott, of Freidenau, 19,000; 
Mr. R. Kortenbach, of Bonn, 14,000 (all 
unused); Mr. F. W. Cohn, of Berlin, 12,000 
(all unused). — Stamp Collection Fortnightly. 



Among the exhibits at Manchester will be 
a most interesting collection of the stamps 
of New (or Boer) Republic, which is being 
shown by Mr. H. Marks, who will also 
exhibit a fine collection of Transvaals. 

An American contemporary notices the 
curious anomaly caused by the introduction 
of the Imperial penny post. A letter now 
costs the same as a postcard, both being one 
penny each. 



Our Monthly Packets of 
New Issues. 



No. 1, price One Shilling (postage extra). 
The May Packet contains : — 

FOUR VARIETIES all unused, viz: 

Salvador : Centenary Stamps, ic. blue 
and gold, &c, 5c. rose and gold, &c. ; 
Columbia, Registration 10c. yellow, with sur- 
charge "R colon " in circle; Porto Rico, 
2C " Impuesto de Guerra." 



No. 2, price 5s. (postage extra). 

The May Packet contains :— 
12 VARIETIES, all unused, viz. :— Porto 
Rico, surcharged " Habilitado 1898 - 99," 
2m., 4m., ic, 2C, 3c, 4c, 5c, 6c. and 8c; 
Samoa, " Surcharged 2^d." in red on id. 
green and on 1/- rose ; Philippines, 1898-99, 
4 mils brown. 

These packets are on sale until the supply is ex- 
hausted, and are supplied onlv to Subscribers to the 
Philatelic Record and Stamp News. Similar 
packets will be on sale every month, and may 
he subscribed for in advance for the year (Janu- 
ary to December inclusive), at the following 
rates : No. 1 packet, 12s., postage extra ; No. 2 
packet, 60s., postage extra. 

The subscription to the paper (5s per annum) 
is extra.— BUHL & Co., Ltd., 11, Queen Victoria 
St., E.G. 




Priced Catalogue of Stamps of Foreign 

Countries (1899), London, Stanley 

Gibbons, Limited. 

We are somewhat late in reviewing this, 
the second part of Stanley Gibbons's Cata- 
logue for 1899, which deals with all 
adhesive stamps, exclusive of locals, other 
than those of the British Empire. Much 
anxiety was felt in many quarters as to the 
alteration in prices, which everyone 
expected to be considerably reduced, and the 
rush for "Gibbons Part II." was conse- 
quently very great. On perusing the book 
we find, much to our satisfaction, and also 
quite as we expected, that the reductions 
are really very unimportant, and where they 
are, as in a tew cases, pretty considerable, 
they are undoubtedly justified by circum- 
stances, and by the current market value of 
the stamps themselves. The different 
values of the 1288 issue of Afghanistan 
have been reduced all round, and it is only 
proper that such should be the case, but 
■ against this some of the values of the issues 
from 1293 to 1295 have been raised in price, 
and when we consider the large number of 
Afghan stamps held by Messrs. Gibbons 
from the collection of the late Mr. Gilbert 
Harrison we must consider the prices as 
being very fair. Many alterations are to be 
found in such countries as Buenos Ayres, 
Dominican Republic, Oldenburg, &c. , and 
the stamps of Persia have, as we expected, 
" gone up " considerably, but we see no 
important reductions, unless it be in some of 
the old European countries, such as Spain. 
We are glad to see that our old complaint 
has been partly rectified, inasmuch as we 
now find "Sweden and Norway" as a 
heading, whereas the heading was formerly 
"Norway," followed by Sweden ; but we 
are not quite satisfied, as the compilers of 
the catalogue, evidently anxious not to give 
way too much, have made the first sub- 
heading Norway, and still put Sweden as 
the second string. We ask whether the 
gentleman who rules these countries is 
usually referred to as the King of Sweden or 
the King of Norway, and we leave our 
readers to answer the question for them- 
selves. 

The illustrations are a great improvement 
on the previous edition, though a few faulty 
ones must creep into such a work, notably 
two eminent gentlemen whose features are 
depicted on the modern Salvador stamps, 
and who are illustrated with a black eye 
each. 

Our remarks as to the copious notes in 
Part I. apply equally to the second part, 
and the illustrations of watermarks, and the 



different types of the early Austrian Italy, 
the perforations of Finland, and the different 
types of Bosnia are not only most useful, but 
splendidly executed. 

The paper used for this edition is much 
thinner than formerly, but it is equally 
strong, and, to our mind, it shows up the 
printing much better, at the same time 
reducing the volume to a handy pocket size. 

We need only add that the book is quite 
up to date, and includes such recent 
novelties as the provisionals for Cuba, Porto 
Rico, and other Spanish colonies. 



The Universal Standard Catalogue of 
the Postage Stamps of the World, 
First Edition, 7899, Ipsivich, Whit- 
field, King, &>Co. 

The enterprise, of our Ipswich friends is 
well known, and they are to be congratulated 
on a most creditable production, which will 
undoubtedly be much appreciated not only 
by the rising generation, but by that lar^'e 
class of average general collectors who do 
not wish to be bothered with details of water- 
marks and perforations beyond the absolutely 
distinct varieties. 

The catalogue is published at the modest 
figure of is. 3d., and there is a superior 
edition — an " Edition de Luxe " the publish- 
ers call it — interleaved with plain white paper 
for notes, at 3s. post free. 

Of course, a catalogue of this nature has 
its disadvantages, and would be little, if 
any, use to those who wish to discover the 
value of varieties. With a few notable 
exceptions, no varieties of watermark are 
given, except where the colours are also 
different, or, as in the case of Ceylon, 
where the differences between "Star" and 
" Crown C.C " are noted. This colony itself 
is a very good example of the whole work, 
and is sufficiently interesting to criticise 
specially. The first issue is given as " 1S57 
imperf., watermark star." Then comes the 
1S61 issue, " same types, watermark star, 
perf.," but it will be noticed that no particular 
perforation is mentioned, the varieties 14 and 
12^ of the iod. not being noticed. Then we 
come to " 1862, same type, no watermark, 
perf.," and afterwards " 1S64, same types, 
watermark Crown C.C." The different per- 
forations of the 3d. of 1S67 are not given, and 
the same applies to the various perforations 
of the subsequent issues, both unsurcharged 
and surcharged. In the " Service " stamps 
the 2s. imperforate is not mentioned. This 



Reviews 



117 



will give a goad idea of the style of the work, 
which is not intended for the specialist or 
advanced collector, but is an excellent pro- 
duction for the beginner. It is well printed 
on good paper, and should have a large sale. 



The Transvaal Collectors' Quarterly. 

"We must confess that we had no great 
faith in the success of a magazine devoted 
entirely to the stamps of one country, even 
though that country be such an interesting 
one as the Transvaal, which offers such a 
wide and interesting field for research ; but 
the first number of Mr. Nankivell's new 
quarterly publication is so full of interest that 
it will most probably be read by many who 
have not hitherto specialized in Transvaals, 
and achieve what we believe to be its object, 
namely, to increase the number of specialists 
in the stamps of this country. Mr. Nanki- 
vell's enterprise is to be commended, 
especially as it is hardly likely to be particu- 
larly remunerative. 



The Adhesive Postage Stamps of Europe, 
by W. A. S. Westoby, Part X., 
London, H. Upcott Gill, price 1s. 

The tenth part of this work commences 
with the balance of Romagna, and ends 
in the middle of San Marino, a system which 
we can hardly consider satisfactory. Surely 
each part could be arranged to commence at 
the beginning of a country, and finish at the 
endof one, instead of leaving off in the middle 
of a sentence. 

After this grumble we can find nothing 
but praise. The work is in Mr. Westoby's 
usual thorough-going style, crammed full of 
detail, showing minute research into the 
question of dates of issue, and the illustra- 
tions, which are full size, are excellent. The 
Russian locals are not described, but the 
author gives us three pages of their history, 
written in his usual lucid style. When the 
whole work is completed it should be a 
valuable addition to a philatelic library, as 
the details collected by Mr. Westoby are of 
great interest to the advanced collector apart 
from the usefulness of the work to a novice 










The Revue Philateliqne Francaise has just 
celebrated its tenth birthday with a jubilee 
number. For the purpose of this number 
the editor invited readers and contributors 
in all parts of the world to send him articles 
on the following two subjects :— 

i. What is to be done to keep up the 
continuance of collecting at its present rate ? 

2. In your philatelic career what in- 
cident has given you the most satisfaction, 
or which is the most amusing incident that 
has happened to you ? The answers received 
are from such well-known philatelists as 
Messrs. Leon Brummer, G. B. Duerst, E. B. 
Earee, Dr. Fraenkel, Paul Leitzow, Pierre 
Mahe,' Paul Marconnet, Arthur Maury, 
E. J.' Nankivell, V. Ohrt, A. P. Pearce, 
H. A. Slade, and Victor Suppantschisch, 
and they afford most interesting and amusing 
reading. 

Plymouth Philatelic Society. 

On Wednesday, May ioth, under the 
auspices of the Plymouth Society, a most 
enjoyable lecture was delivered at the 
Athenaeum by the Rev. E. Bell, m.a. (of 
St. Stephen's, Saltash), on the educational 
value of philately. Premising that the 
hobby was a scientific pursuit, the lecturer 
dwelt on the threefold division of philatelic 
humanity into the ignoramus, the tim- 
bromaniac, and the philatelist proper or 
collector, who found in stamps an intelligent 
interest and a valuable training. With this 
introduction the political histories of France 
and Spain and the unification of Italy were 



WPM 







Wir-s^w. 



'jtjO?i^jnnp||n<|n|||n 



ably traced through the postal issues of these 
countries, lantern and screen combining 
most effectively to illustrate the points of 
the lecture. From Southern Europe Mr. 
Bell passed to South Africa, and reviewed 
the vicissitudes of our politics in the Trans- 
vaal, shewing how marked an object lesson 
was to be found in the issues of that Republic. 
Equally impressive but more pleasing was 
the lesson to be learned from the stamps of 
Fiji, where British rule had kept, and not 
relinquished its hold. The diagrams that 
followed on the screen were now of more 
varied type and illustrative of different phases 
of philatelic interest, aesthetic bearing, or 
educational value. Thus on one striking 
group the heads of five Sovereign monarchs 
were depicted, four of whom had met with 
the bitterest reverses of fortune : the effigies 
of our own Queen in varying stages of her 
rule were also presented; and colonial enter- 
prise and sentiment fitly illustrated in the 
symbolisms of New South Wales, Cape 
Colony, and Canada. Finally, after a series 
of plates that typified the debt of philately 
to the natural world in its designs of bird, 
animal, reptile, and fish, the lecturer 
made an eloquent appeal on behalf of the 
hobby of stamp collecting with its aesthetic 
and educational training in contrast to the 
destructive and wanton enthusiasms of the 
ornithologist and entomologist. 

A hearty vote of thanks to Mr. Bell for 
his lucid, interesting and most suggestive 
address was then proposed by Mr. R. L. 
Stevens, seconded by Mr. H. W. Mayne, 
and unanimously accorded by all present. 





Part I.— British Empire. 



British Bechuanaland. — Mr. Beeman 
has sent us the fourpenny registration 
envelope of the Cape of Good Hope, with 
the surcharge, BECHUANALAND PRO- 
TECTORATE, in two lines, in black, across 
the stamp, the surcharge being in block 
capitals. 

Registration Envelope, 
■4(1. blue and black on white, size F. 

Ceylon. — The provisional six cents has 
been superseded by a permanent stamp of 
that value, which has been sent us by 
Messrs. Whitfield, King & Co., together 
with other new values. The design is similar 
to the other values of the current set, but the 
value is printed in black. There is also a 75 
cents, grey, the value being on a red-brown 
tablet ; and the die of the old 2r. 50c. has 
been utilised for two provisionals by printing 
in different colours, and surcharging in 
black, similar to the old ir. 12c. pro- 
visional. 

Adhesives. 
1 6 cents, rose and black. 
75 cents, grey and red brown. 

1 rupee 50 cents in black, on 2r. 50c. grey. 

2 rupee 25 cents in black, on 2r. 50c. yellow. 

Dhar State. — We have received the i 
anna of the new type, printed in purple. 

Adtiesive. 
1 anna, purple. 



Great Barrier Island— Messrs. Whit- 
field, King & Co. have sent us a specimen of 
the second issue for this island. The design 
is similar to the first, but it is engraved and 
printed in blue green on a greyish tinted 
paper. We are informed that only 1,800 of 
the first issue were printed. 
Adhesive. 
is, blue green on greyish. 

Labuan. — A sheet of the 50 cents, brown, 
has been found without the surcharge 
LABUAN. As this stamp was never issued 
in this colour for Borneo, it should be a very 
scarce variety. 

Adlusive. 
50 cents, brown, without surcharge. 

Negri Sembilan. — There is evidently a 
scarcity of the 4c. value here, as Messrs. 
Whitfield, King & Co. have sent us no less 
than four different provisionals. The sur- 
charge in each case is FOUR CENTS, in 
one line, in black ; and on the ic. and 5c. of 
the first type, and the 8c. (Tiger's Head) 
there is a line obliterating the original value, 
but on the 8c. (Tiger's Head) there is no line, 
the surcharge being at the top. 
Provisional Adhesives. 

4c. in black on ic. green. 

4c. „ ,, 5c. blue. 

4c. ,, ,. 3c. lilac and rose. 

4c. ,, „ Sc. ,, ,, blue. 



Part II. Other Countries. 



Argentine Republic. — We have to 
thank Mr. L. Bugnot for specimens and 
information of several new issues from here. 
Firstly there is a new postcard of 6 centavos, 
with stamp similar to that on the " Memo- 
randum Posto " described by us last month, 
and a reply card 6c. by 6c. There are also 
new envelopes of 5c. and 12c, with similar 
stamps, and on the 20th of May there were 
to be wrappers of J, 1, 2, 4c, a postcard of 
4c. , and a 4c. letter card, about which we 
await further information. 

Postcards. 
6c. blue on buff. 
6c. by 6c. blue on buff. 

Envelopes 
5c. orange on buff. 
12c. blue on buff. 



Cuba. — Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
send us the 10 cents " Special Delivery " of 
the United States, surcharged in three lines 
in red. " CUBA, ioc, de PESO." The 
surcharge is very indistinct." 

Special Delivery Stamp. 
ioc. de peso, red on blue. 

Japan. — Mr. George Braithwaite has 
favoured us with specimens of the three 
lowest values of the new set, 5 rin, 1 and 2 
sen., of similar design to the other values 
recently chronicled by us. 

Adhesives 

5 rin grey. 

1 sen pale brown. 

3 sen purple. 



120 



The Philatelic Record. 



Norway. — Mr. H. Dethloff has kindly- 
sent us specimens of the new 2 ore. The 
type is the same as hitherto, but the colour 
is a pale brown, on very white paper. 
Adhesive. 
2 ore pale brown, perf. 14 

Samoa. — Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
have sent us another new provisional, 



similar to the last, but this time the sur- 
charge is in red on the is. value. 
Provisional Adhesive. 
2jd. in red, on is. rose red. 

Uruguay. — A new issue of Envelopes, 
Postcards, and Letter Cards is to appear 
shortly. 



Notices. 



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The Philatelic Record 



AND STAMP NEWS. 



JUNE, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 



JUDGING from what we can hear on all sides, the forthcoming 
International Philatelic Exhibition in " Cottonopolis " is arousing as 
much interest as anything of the kind ever held, not only here, but on 
the Continent, and in America. That it deserves to be a success, there 
can be no doubt, the energy displayed by the Committee, and the many 
T . months of their time which they have devoted to the preparations, 

„ . , the advertising and the multiferous duties connected with such an 
P h'hV undertaking being worthy of all praise, and of the success which 
' we feel sure they will achieve. The Exhibition will be opened 
on Thursday, the 29th June, by Mr. H. Henniker Heaton, M.P., the gentle- 
man who gave us "Imperial Penny Postage," and we expect a large atten- 
dance at the opening ceremony, including many foreign collectors and dealers, 
most of them intending to stay in Manchester until the close. The regulations 
will be found in another column, and the medals number no less than 160, 
gold, silver, and bronze. 

Something of the kind has been badly wanted by Philately ever since 
the last London exhibition, and although our science has now recovered from 
the depression of a year or two ago, it is sure to benefit by this, as it always 
does from such displays. Philatelic Exhibitions interest the non-philatelist 
as well as the enthusiast, and never fail to bring, at least, a few recruits to the 
stamp collecting ranks. We can name several who started with the first 
London exhibition, and we hope later on to hear of many who started with 
Manchester. Even the small exhibition in Birmingham last year opened 
the eyes of the local Press to the fact that there was such a thing as a Birming- 
ham Philatelic Society. Up to the time of the Exhibition those non- 
philatelists who did know of its existence had only looked upon it as an 
association of harmless cranks. 

We will not say that such is the case in Manchester, but the fact remains 
that the display and the publicity given to philately must, and, in such cases, 
always does, have a beneficial effect. The dealers benefit by meeting each. 
other and doing business together, collectors spend money to complete 
or improve their exhibits, and are further encouraged to further efforts if they 
obtain an award or two, and the meetings with one another renew old 
acquaintances or make new ones, with that cosmopolitan good fellowship 
which has always been characteristic of nearly all stamp collectors and dealers. 



122 The Philatelic Record. 



We write this notwithstanding that only five minutes ago a well-known 
dealer told us that he did not believe in exhibitions, and always found trade 
worse after one, and yet we want to see more of them, one or two a year in 
some town or another, inaugurated if possible by the local societies. As we 
have already stated in these columns, the Continent is ahead of us in con- 
gresses or gatherings and in the number of exhibitions, though they may 
not be as interesting and important as the last London one was, or as we 
expect the Manchester one will be. 

The discovery of another of the one penny " Post Office " 
"Post Office," Mauritius stamps on original envelope, which has come into 
Mauritius, the possession of M. Lemaire, and is the fourth within twelve 
months, now raises the number known to twenty ; twelve 
pennies and eight twopennies. Only a few years ago the red one was con- 
sidered the better stamp of the two, but the " finds " have more than equalised 
matters, and yet the price rises ! This is the part we cannot understand. It 
is only a few years ago that a 2d. blue on the envelope was voted dear at 
^"200, and now the supposed value is j£i, 000. One thing, of course, is in 
favour of the price being maintained, and that is that they are all in good 
hands, and probably none could be bought at anything like ^1,000, if at all, 
except perhaps the recent discovery. We prophesy that another 2d. blue 
will be discovered shortly. 

Note. — Owing to a difficulty about the illustrations, the continuation of 
Mr. Forbes' article on the stamps of Persia is postponed until next month. 




Editorial Interviews. 123 



Editorial Interviews. 



BY THEODOR BUHL. 



M. THEOPH1LE LEMAIRE. 

'HE International Philatelic Exhibition at Manchester being held this 
month, we thought it a fitting opportunity to commence the inter- 
national character of our interviews by giving our readers a short 
history of the career and business of one of the largest French dealers, 
and as the conversation took place in that language, we shall put it 
more in the form of a history than " questions and answers." 

We have known M. Lemaire for many years, and as he is now only 34 years 
of age he must have been very young when we first made his acquaintance. 
He first collected stamps at school when nine years old, and kept this up until 
he was sixteen, from which time he owns to being a " collector and dealer." 

" Your first dealings were not alone ? " we asked. 

" No," said M. Lemaire. I first went into partnership with M. P. 
Fontete until he left, and afterwards I was for some time with M. Charles 
Schaupmeier." 

" And when did you commence dealing alone ? " 

" In 1892," said M. Lemaire ; first in the Faubourg St. Denis, then in 
Rue de Chateaudun ; until recently at 30, Rue de Provence, and now I am 
here." 

This " here " consists of a magnificent suite of rooms in the Avenue de 
1'Opera, one of the best parts of Paris, and is a great improvement on M. 
Lemaire's former premises, although he has now no shop. 

" And what is the principal part of your trade ? " was the next question, 
the answer to which was, perhaps, not logical, but certainly emphatic. 
" Everything," said our subject, and it was about correct. 

It is well known that M. Lemaire purchased the celebrated collection of 
Dr. Legrand, for which he paid 300,000 francs, and out of which he sold the 
two " Post Office" Mauritius for, as he informed us, 46,500 francs (^"i,86o), 
but besides this he has purchased a French collection for 40,000 francs, the 
" Marconnet " collection, without France and Colonies, for 60,000 francs — 
and a collection of France and Colonies only of M. Renourd for 25,000 francs, 
all of these having been purchased since 1896. 

" Have you a private collection of your own, M. Lemaire ? " we queried. 

" Yes, I collect unused European that are catalogued up to 10 francs 
each, to see how they will go in ten years," was the reply, and we think the 
idea a very good one. 

" You do a large business in depots, making up sheets and packets for 
shops ; if it is not a secret, how many of these depots have you ? " 

" Eight hundred," was the reply, "and all in France, as I do nothing in 
that way abroad, but I send out approval selections anywhere, and have at 
present about 800 of these all over the world." 

" You employ a large staff? " 

"Yes, I have 21 clerks and 5 workmen always employed." 

" And your publications ? " 



124 The Philatelic Record. 

" Consist of the Philateliste Fvancaise, which I started in May, 1892, my 
catalogue, of which a third edition will shortly appear, and my albums, which 
are now in their second edition, and can be had at all prices." 

"You have secured a few medals at exhibitions during the last five 
years," we said, more as an assertion than a question, and M. Lemaire 
pointed to a sheet of his note paper, which shows 10 medals gained in Paris, 
The Hague, Geneva, and Utrecht, since 1894 ; and now our friend is coming 
to Manchester, where he is exhibiting some fine things. A bold question was 
our next one, but M. Lemaire answered it cheerfully by informing us that 
the value of his stock was from 800,000 to a million francs (^40,000), and that 
trade is very good in the ordinary and medium stamps up to £1, but slow for 
rarities ; the takings for the first three months of this year exceeded any 
previous three months by 31,000 francs, the turnover being half a million 
francs per month, and in 1897 amounted to 831,000 francs. 

We have been worrying our friend for his photograph by letter and 
telegram, and personally, but it has not come to hand in time for this number. 
We are, however, promised it in time for next month, when it will be presented 
to our readers. In appearance M. Lemaire is a typical French gentleman ; 
he is always smiling, and we have never yet seen him bad tempered, which is 
a good deal to say when one considers his responsibilities. Since the above 
interview we have had the pleasure of meeting him again, in Paris, when he 
showed us, among other fine old Mauritius, another recently purchased penny 
" post office " Mauritius, on the original envelope, and in fine condition. We 
hope to renew our acquaintance with the owner and the stamp in Manchester. 




The Stamps of Persia. 12; 



The Stamps of Persia. 

BY 

C. FORBES (Librarian and Secretary, Central Philatelic Club). 

( Contin uedfrom page 113). 

Note. — On page 89, the note with reference to the die varieties of the 5 
krans should read : — The 5 krans were printed from dies " A and D " of the 
8 shahi, and not A, B, and D. The dies B and C were used later for 
printing the reprints of the 8 sh. green. 

Sixth Issue. 
June 1 88 1. 
Lithographed. 
Size 22J by 26Jmms. 
Paper : White wove (medium thickness). 
Perforated 7. 
French money. 
Values : 5, 10, and 25 centimes. 
Note. — As the dies of the 1879- 1880 issue were now getting somewhat 
worn, it was decided to have a new issue of stamps. The design is an entire 
change from any previous issues, and in the writer's opinion is one of the 
most beautiful that has ever been issued by any country up to the present 
time. 

Design : A shining sun, surrounded at the top and sides by a Gothic 
arch, beautifully decorated ; underneath a scroll, containing the words 
" Persian post " in French on one side, and Persian on the other ; and 
below this a circle on a coloured ground, containing the figures of value in 
Roman characters. In the top corners are circles containing Persian characters, 
denoting the different value and country of origin. 

Perf. 12. 
5 centimes violet or purple. 
10 ,, rose or pink. 
25 ,, green. 
Perf. 12J. 
5 centimes violet or purple. 
10 ,, rose or pink. 

Perf. 12 by 13. 
5 centimes violet or purple. 
10 ,, rose or pink. 
25 ,, green. 

Perf. 12^ by 13. 
5 centimes violet or purple. 
10 ,, rose or pink. 
Perf. 13. 
5 centimes violet or purple. 
10 ,, rose or pink. 
25 ,, green. 
Colours : There are two distinct shades of the 5 and 10 centimes, violet 
and purple for the 5 centimes, and rose and pink for the 10 centimes value; 
the 25 centimes is green, but in all the three values the border surrounding 
the stamps is always in a much darker shade than the rest of the stamp. 

January 1882. 
Same values and design, but engraved from copper plates. 

Perforated. 



126 The Philatelic Record. 



The engraved series is easily distinguished from the lithographed series, as 
the Roman figures of value are printed on a groundwork of horizontal lines, 
whereas, in the lithographs, the inside of the circle containing these same 
figures, is printed on a solid ground. 

Colours : The 5 centimes is printed on purple, with the border in pale or 
lilac blue. 

The 10 centimes in carmine, with a scarlet border, and 
The 25 centimes green, with dark green border. 

Perf. 12. 
5 centimes purple. 
10 ., carmine. 

25 .. green. 

Perf. 12A. 
5 centimes purple. 
10 ,, carmine. 
25 „ green. 

Perf. 13. 
5 centimes purple. 
10 ,, carmine. 
25 ., green. 
Perf. 12 by 13. 
5 centimes purple. 
10 ,, carmine. 
25 „ green. 
Perf. 12J by 13 or 13 by 12J. 
10 centime6 carmine. 
25 ,, green. 
The above series of stamps were designed in Paris, and printed from 
copper plate dies by the Austrian Government State Printing Works in 
Vienna. The lithograph series was merely a temporary issue, and they were in 
use only a few months, the reason being that the Persian officials were 
very anxious for the new series of stamps, as they w r ere running short of 
these particular values, and as the copper plates were not yet ready for use, 
a lithographic impression was hurriedly made and printed from. Of these 
stamps 10,000 of each of the 5 and 10 centime values were printed, and 
about 5,000 of the 25 centimes green. Now, if we take into consideration 
the small number printed of each value, we cannot but come to the con- 
clusion that these stamps are considerably rarer than the majority of col- 
lectors and dealers imagine ; as after eight years there cannot be more than 
half that number in existence, and we think that the catalogue price, 
especially for the 5 and 10 centimes, is ridiculously low. 

Note. — In this and the following issues the French standard of currency 
was brought into use, and the values denoted on the stamps are in francs and 
centimes. This drastic change was brought about through the visits of the 
Shah at this time to the various European capitals, the idea being to 
bring the Persian post office more in touch with the European postal system. 
The change, however, did not meet with the approval of either the people in 
general or the Persian postal officials, and in 1885 the post office again 
returned to the Persian currency of krans and shahi, and has continued to do 
so until the present day. 



(To be continued.) 




International Philatelic Exhibition. 127 



International Philatelic Exhibition. 



MANCHESTER, June 29th to July 6th, 1899. 

Held in the City Art Gallery : 

To be opened by H. Henniker Heaton, esq., m.p 

PROSPECTUS. 

'EW pursuits have undergone greater changes or seen more extensive 
developments in recent times than that of Philately, which from 
being almost entirely monopolised thirty or forty years ago by school- 
boys, now occupies the serious attention of collectors of all ages 
and all classes in every part of the civilised world. 

This was amply demonstrated by the general enthusiasm aroused by the 
London Exhibition of 1897, and as the unparalleled success of that under- 
taking convinces the members of the Manchester Philatelic Society that the 
time is fully ripe for one of a similar nature in this city, they have decided, 
after careful consideration of ways and means, to hold an Exhibition of an 
International character. 

It will consist of specimens of the Postage Stamps, Envelopes, Post Cards, 
Wrappers, &c, of the whole world, Proofs, Essays, and other Objects of 
Interest connected with Philately and the Postal Service, as well as Albums, 
Books, and Philatelic Appliances of every description. 

It will be opened on Thursday, June 29th, 1899, and it is hoped that 
the numerous promises of support which the Committee have received from 
many eminent collectors at home and abroad, will be so augmented as to 
make the Exhibition thoroughly representative of Philately in all its phases. 

The Committee have obtained the use of the Manchester City Art 
Gallery, which possesses the advantages of ample space and good light 
from above, without the risk of undue exposure to the rays of the sun, as well 
as a commanding position in a leading thoroughfare in the centre of the city, 
and is therefore in every way most suitable for an Exhibition of Stamps. 

All the stamps will be shown under glass in locked or sealed frames and 
cases, and every possible precaution will be taken to ensure the security of the 
Exhibits, including the employment of day and night watchmen, but no per- 
sonal responsibility will be undertaken by the Committee. 

The provisions against risk by fire or theft are specially mentioned in the 
Rules and Regulations which follow, and to these the attention of intending 
Exhibitors is particularly drawn. 

Special arrangements will be made for the passage through the Customs 
of Exhibits from foreign countries without risk of damage. 

The Exhibition will remain open to the public for one week, a charge 
being made for admission, which will afford a better opportunity for super- 
vision by the members of the Committee (two of whom at least will always 
be in attendance during the time that the Exhibition is so open), thus secur- 
ing additional safety. 

The Exhibits will be returned to their owners as soon as possible after 
the close of the Exhibition. 

To facilitate the work of the Committee, and to assist them in the 
preparation of the Official Catalogue, Exhibitors are earnestly requested to 
send full particulars of their Exhibits as early as possible before the date 
stipulated in the Regulations. 



128 The Philatelic Record, 



In the scheme of the Exhibition, which will be found below, the Com- 
mittee wish to draw attention to the fact that whilst every provision has been 
made to secure keen competition amongst advanced specialists, the interests 
of general collectors have been carefully protected. It is with the first object 
in view that more divisions have been made in the prospectus than was the 
case in London, and for the latter purpose that certain favourite and most 
difficult countries have been introduced twice, in the first instance as a country 
complete, which the advanced specialists can exhibit, and secondly, after 
omitting the earlier and usually rarer issues, for the benefit of those who 
specialise in these countries, but are not strong enough in such issues to com- 
pete with collectors of the first rank. 

The Exhibition will be subject to the following Rules and Regulations, of 
which all Exhibitors will be held to h a ve had notice : — 

RULES AND REGULATIONS, 
i. — Exhibits in Classes I., II., and III. must be mounted on cards or 
loose pages. Although no special size of cards or other material is obligatory, 
it is hoped that Exhibitors who mount their stamps especially for the Exhibi- 
tion will, as far as possible, endeavour to assist the Committee in securing 
uniformity, for the sake of economizing the space at their disposal. This 
object will be attained by the use of cards of the following sizes, viz., io 
inches by g inches, or gf inches by u£ inches, and, if desired, cards measuring 
9f inches by n-^ inches, can be supplied, on application to the Secretary, at 
a trifling cost. The sizes in centimetres will be 25^ by ii\, or 24^ by 28 i-5th. The 
size of the frames willbe 40 inches by 36 inches (inside measurement), so that each frame 
will carry 16 sheets 10 inches by 9 inches, and 12 sheets 9f inches by n-| inches. 
2. — A charge for space will be made on the following scale : — 
For each frame or part of frame occupied in Classes I. and II. 4/- 
For each Exhibit in Class III. ... ... ... ... 5/- 

For each album or volume shown in Classes IV., V., VI., 

VIII., and IX. ... ... ... ... ... 5/- 

For each Exhibit in Class X. ... ... ... 5/- 

Class XL— Charge will be made according to nature and size 

of Exhibit, minimum charge... ... ... ... 2/6 

Class VII. — No charge will be made. 
Arrangements have been made by the Committee for insurance against loss 
by fire or theft of Exhibits while in the custody of the Committee, either 
before or during the continuance ot the Exhibition and after the close of the 
Exhibition, until despatched for return to the owners. *A.n inclusive charge 
of 2s. 6d. will be made for each ^100 insured. Owners of Exhibits desiring 
to insure, and paying the prescribed amount, will have the benefit of the 
policy effected by the Committee to the extent of the value at which such 
Exhibits are accepted for insurance, but no personal liability is in any event 
incurred by the Committee in regard to loss. 

The charge for space and insurance (if any) will be payable by the 
Exhibitor on sending in his Exhibit. 

All Exhibits will be returned free of charge to their owners, by post or 
otherwise, but transmission will in all cases be at the sole risk of the owner, 
insurance in course of transit (if any) being paid by him. 

5. — The right of refusing any Exhibit without assigning any reason for 
such refusal, is reserved by the Committee, as also the right of showing such 
part of any Exhibit as the Committee may decide, in case of there being 
insufficient space available for showing the whole. 

6. — All Exhibits entered for competition must be bona-fide the property 
of the Exhibitor. Joint collections must be shown in the joint names or firm 
name, as the case may be, but no combination made solely for the purposes of 
the Exhibition can be admitted for competition. 



International Philatelic Exhibition, 



-. — Albums and volumes of stamps "will be exhibited open at the most 

interesting pages, to be varied from time to time during the Exhibition by a 

member of the Committee. Xo albums will be allowed to be inspected 

excepted by the fudges without the written permission of the owner and at 

his risk, and then only in the presence of a member of the Committee. 

5. — Xo price or other notification that it is tor sale may be fixed to any 
Exhibit. Xo Exhibit can be removed before the close of the Exhibition. 

9. — The Judges will be appointed by the Executive Committee, and 
their decision "will in ail cases be final. They will be seven in number, of 
whom it is proposed that three at least shall be chosen from representative-^ 
of ttreiern ttunrries. 

10. — Xo Exhibits by any of the Judges can be; entered for competition. 

11. — The following scheme of competiti :_: has been adopted by the Com- 
mittee; but ail Exhibits which the owners may desire to enter as " Xot for 
Competition" will be so marked Li the several classes in which they may 
be shown. In making their at ads the Judges will be requested ti take- into special 
{deration, wtonl the a .. and completeness of the Exhibit, but also the neatness 

accuracy of arrangement, method of mounting and condition oj the sped sns sub- 
mitted, and the Ph'latelic knowledge displa the Exhibitc . 

Class I. 
Will ; :r_sist :f Special Collections of Postal Adhesive Stamps of Great Britain. 
L it ision 1. — Postal Adhesi ve Stamps of Great Britain, unused only. 

2. — .. ., .. ,, (Single Specimen Collections). 

3. — .. .. .. ,. .. used only. 

Awards in this cAss. — Division i. — One Gcid. 1 Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 

.. 2. — One Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 
3. — One Siiver and 1 Bronze Medal. 

Class II. 
For Special Collections of Postal Adhesive Stamps of any one of the 
• Countries or combinations of Countries named below : — 
Division i. A. — British Empire, including Protectorates, etc. 
British Guiana New South Wales. 

C-tshmere and Native States of Xew Zealand. 

India (any two). Queensland. 

Cryion. South Australia. 

Mauritius. Victoria. 

Awards. — One Gold and 2 Silver Medals. 

B. 

Canada. Straits Settlements and Dependencies. 

Cape of Good Hone. SouthAustralianDepartmentalStamps. 

- s i iia. Tasmania. 

Natal. Trinidad. 

Newfoundland. Western Australia. 

New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, 
British Columbia and Van- 
couver. 

Awards. — One Gold, 2 Siiver and 1 Bronze Medal. 

C. 
Barbados. S. \ incent. 

Fiji Islands. Turks Islands. 

Heligoland. Ceylon, from 1863. 

Labuan. New South Wales, from 1S60. 

Nevis. : toria, from 1S62. 

St. Lucia. Western Australia, from 1861. 

Awards. — Two Silver and 1 Bronze MedaL 



130 



The Philatelic Record. 



D. 



Bahamas. 

British Bechuanaland and Pro- 
tectorate. 
,, Honduras. 
Cyprus. 
Grenada. 
Griqualand. 
St. Helena. 

Awards 



British Central Africa. 
n East „ 

,, South „ 
Oil Rivers and Niger Coast, 
British Guiana, from 1863. 
Mauritius, from 1863. 



- any two. 



One Silver and 2 Bronze Medals. 
E. 



Any two of the following- 



Antigua. 
Bermuda. 
Cook Islands. 
Dominica. 
Falkland Islands. 
Gambia. 
Gibraltar. 
Gold Coast. 
Hong Kong. 



St. Christopher. 
Seychelles. 
Sierra Leone. 
Tobago. 



Awards. - 



Austria, Austrian 

Hungary. 
France and Monaco. 
Greece. 
Roumania with Moldo-Wallachia 



Ionian Islands 
Jamaica. 
Lagos. 

Leeward Islands. 
Malta. 
Madagascar. 
Montserrat. 
North Borneo. 
Prince Edward Island. 
—One Silver and 2 Bronze Medals. 
Division 2. — Europe. 
A. 

Russia, Finland, Russian Levant, 
Livonia, Wenden and Poland. 



Virgin Islands. 
Uganda. 
Zanzibar. 
Zululand. 



Italy, and 



Spain. 
Switzerland. 
Turkey. 
Awards. — One Gold, 2 Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 
B. 
Germany (any two of the following) : — 

Baden, Bavaria, Bergedorf, Bremen, Brunswick, German Con- 
federation and Empire (including Alsace and Lorraine), Ham- 
burg, Hanover, Liibeck, Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Strelitz, 
Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, Thurn and 
Taxis, Wurtemburg. 
Italy (any two of the following) : — 

Italy, Modena, Naples, Papal States, Parma, Romagna, Sardinia, 
Sicily, Tuscany. 

Awards. — One Gold, 1 Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 
C. 
Bulgaria, Southern Bulgaria and Eastern Roumelia, Servia, Montenegro, 
Bosnia and Herzegovina (any three). 
Roumania. 
Russian Locals. 

Switzerland (including Federals, but excluding the Cantonals, Orts-Post 
and Poste Locale). 

Germany (any three of the following) : — 

Baden, Brunswick, German Confederation and Empire, Alsace and 
Lorraine, Hanover, Liibeck, Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Strelitz, 
Prussia, Thurn, and Taxis. 
Italy (any three of the following) : — 

Italy, Papal States, Parma, Romagna, Sardinia, San Marino, Sicily, 
Eritrea. 

Awards — Two Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 



International Philatelic Exhibition. 131 

D. 

Belgium. Norway. 

Denmark and Iceland. Portugal. 

Holland. Sweden. 

Luxemburg. 

Awards. — Two Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 
Division 3. — A. 
Asia and Africa. 
Afghanistan. Portuguese Indies. 

Japan. Transvaal. 

Philippine Islands. 

Awards. — One Gold and 1 Silver Medal. 
Azores and Madeira. Persia. 

Egypt and Suez Canal. Shanghai and China (no locals). 

New Republic. 

Awards. — One Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 
C. 
Any four French Colonies or Orange Free State or Swazieland. 

Possessions. Any four Portuguese Colonies or 

Possessions. 
Any four of the following : — 

Congo, Liberia, Dutch Indies, Sarawak, Siam, Corea, Formosa, German 
Colonies. 

Awards. — Two Bronze Medals. 

Division 4. — A. 
America. 
Brazil. Hawaii. 

Buenos Ayres. Mexico (including locals). 

Bolivia. Peru and Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

Colombian Republic San Domingo, 

(including various States). 

Awards. — One Gold, 2 Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 
B. 
Confederate States of America United States of America 

(including Postmaster stamps). (including Postmaster stamps). 

United States Locals. 
Awards. — One Gold and 1 Silver Medal. 
C. 
Argentine Confederation and Republic. Uruguay. 
Chili. Venezuela and La Guaira. 

Cuba, Porto Rico and Fernando Poo. Hawaii, from 1864, and Tonga. 
Any two of the following : — 

Corrientes and Cordova, Costa Rica, Curacao and Surinam, Danish 
West Indies, Ecuador, Hayti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Salvador, 
Guatemala, Paraguay, Samoa. 

Awards. — One Silver and 2 Bronze Medals. 

Division 5. — A. 

Any three countries in Europe. 

B. 

Any three countries in Asia or Africa. 

C. 

Any three British Colonies or Possessions in Australia, North America, 

or Asia. 

D. 

Any three British Colonies, Protectorates, or Possessions in Europe, Africa 

or West Indies. 



132 The Philatelic Record. 

E. 

Any three countries in America or elsewhere, and not coming within the 

definition of sub-divisions. 

A.B.C.D. 

Awards. — One Bronze Medal in each sub-division. 

N.B. — Division 5 is not intended for the advanced Specialist, and no one who 

has gained a medal at the Exhibition in London in 1897 is eligible to 

compete. 

Class III. 
For Collections of Rare Stamps. 

Division i. — Each Exhibit to consist of not less than 75 nor more than 100. 
,, 2. — ,, ;, ,, not more than 50 stamps, and each 

stamp in Division 2 not to exceed catalogue (Stanley Gibbons) value of £1 each. 
Awards. — Division 1. — One Gold and 1 Silver Medal. 
,, ,, 2. — One Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 

N.B. — In Division 1 pairs or blocks of the same stamp will be counted as 
one ; where blocks or pairs are shown, however, the total Exhibit must not 
contain more than 200 stamps) each stamp in the block for this purpose 
being counted separately). 

Class IV. 

Will consist of entire General Collections of Postal Adhesives with or without 
Envelopes, Postcards, &c, in albums or volumes, not less than 10 
countries to be shown in any Exhibit in Divisions 1, 2, and 3. 
Division i. — Without limit as to number. 

Awards. — One Gold and 1 Silver Medal. 
,, 2. — Total number not to exceed 10,000. 

Awards. — One Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 
,, 3. — Total number not to exceed 5,000 

Awards. — Two Bronze Medals. 
,, 4. — Collections of British Railway Stamps. 

Award. — One Bronze Medal. 
,, 5. — Special Collections of a single Country. 

Awards. — One Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 
,, 6. — Special Collections of any three of the British Colonies, all 
of whose stamps are obsolete at the date of this prospectus. 
Award. — One Silver Medal. 
,. 7. — Special Group Collections. 
N.B. — In the grouping of Collections in Division 7 regard must be paid to 
considerations of either a Geographical, Historical or Political character. 
Award. — One Silver Medal. 

Class V. 

Division i. — For Collections of entire Envelopes and Wrappers, one or more 

of the Countries or combination of Countries enumerated below : — 
Austria, Hungary, and Lombardy. Mauritius. 
Great Britain. Russia, Finland and Poland. 

Germany and all States. United States of America. 

Division 2. — Not less than three of an yjCountries not enumerated in Division 1. 
Awards. — Division 1. — One Gold and 1 Silver Medal. 
,, 2. — One Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 

Class VI. 
Will consist of Collections of entire Post Cards and Letter Cards. 



International Philatelic Exhibition. 133 

Division i. — One or more of the Countries, or Combinations of Countries 

enumerated below : — 
Russia and Finland. Belgium. 

Germany and all States. Mexico. 

Jamaica. Roumania. 

Japan. Spain and Colonies. 

Luxemburg. 

Division 2. — Not less than three of any Countries not enumerated in Division 1. 

Awards. — Division i. — One Silver and 1 Bronze Medal. 

,, 2. — One Bronze Medal. 

Class VII. 

For Exhibits by Stamp Engravers and Manufacturers of Postage Stamps 

and Telegraph Stamps. 
N.B. — Stamps shown by any person, firm, or company in this Class 
must be limited to specimens of their own work, and may comprise Stamps as 
issued, Proofs, or Essays, or all three. 

Awards. — Two Silver Medals with Diplomas. 
Class VHP 
For Philatelic Literature and Works. 
Division i. — Current Philatelic Journals Exhibited by the Publishers. 

,, 2. — Philatelic Works published since 31st October, 1890, and shown 
by the Publishers. 
N.B. — In the case of serial publications in Division 1, the last volume 
published only to be shown. 

Awards. — Division i. — Two Bronze Medals with Diplomas. 

,, 2.— Two ,, ,, ,, 

Class IX. 

For Albums, &c. 

Division i. — The most suitable Album or Book for a special collection. 

,, 2. — ,, ,, ,, ,, ^ general ,, 

Awards. — Division i. — Two Bronze Medals with Diplomas. 

Class X. 

For Philatelic Accessories and Appliances for use by Collectors. 

Awards. — Two Diplomas. 

Class XL 

Special arrangements of Stamps, Stamps on Original Letter Sheets or 

Envelopes, Proofs, Essays, Curiosities, and Objects of Interest in 

connection with Philately and the Postal Service (including engravings). 

Awards. — Two Bronze Medals. 
A Special Gold Medal, being the Grand Prize of the Exhibition, will 
be given for the most meritorious Exhibit of Adhesive Postage Stamps shown 
in the Exhibition. 

No exhibitor can take more than one prize in each Class (exclusive of 
Special Prizes) except in Class II., in which Class not more than two prizes 
may be taken by one Exhibitor. 

The Judges shall be at liberty to withold any prize if from insufficiency 
of competition, or for any other reason, they shall think that it should not be 
awarded. 

The following Special Prizes will also be Awarded : — 
Manchester Philatelic Society. — One gold and one silver medal for the 
two best exhibits in Class II. shown by a Philatelist resident out of the 
British Isles. One silver medal to the Society whose members figure most 
numerously in the list of exhibitors. 

The Philatelic Society, London. — One gold medal for the finest special 
collection of any one country, having regard to the difficulty in forming it, 
apart from the monetary value. One silver medal for the best special or 
general collection shown by a lady. 



134 The Philatelic Record. 

Herts Philatelic Society. — One silver medal for the best Exhibit by a 
member of the Herts Philatelic Society in Class II. 

Leeds Philatelic Society. — One silver medal for the best exhibit shown 
by a member of the Leeds Philatelic Society. 

Mr. H. A. Stamford (President of the Sheffield Philatelic Society). — One 
silver medal for the best exhibit shown by a member of the Sheffield Philatelic 
Society. 

Mr. W. T. Wilson (President of the Birmingham Philatelic Society). — One 
silver and one bronze medal for the two best exhibits shown by a member of 
the Birmingham Philatelic Society. 

Mr. J. H. Abbott. — One silver medal for the best exhibit from Scotland. 
One silver medal for the best exhibit from Ireland. 

Mr. W. Dorington Beckton (President of the Manchester Philatelic 
Society). — One gold medal for the most meritorious exhibit amongst those 
which have gained a silver medal in the open competition in Class II. One 
silver medal for the most meritorious exhibit amongst those who have gained 
a bronze medal in the open competition in Class II. 

Mr. William Brown. — One silver and one bronze medal for the two best 
collections of stamps issued since 1890, and shown in Class IV., Division 3. 

Mr. J. E. Heginbottom, b.a. — One gold medal for the best exhibit of 
West Indies. One silver medal for the best exhibit in Class IV., shown by 
an exhibitor under 21. 

Mr. W. H. Peckitt. — One gold and one silver medal for the two most 
meritorious exhibits, regard being paid primarily to the question of condition, 
in Class III. One gold and one silver medal for the two most meritorious 
exhibits in Class I. 

Mr. Ernest Petri. — One silver and one bronze medal for the two best 
exhibits shown by a lady resident within a radius of 15 miles from the Man- 
chester Royal Exchange. 

Messrs. Stanley Gibbons, Ltd. — One gold and one silver medal for the two 
best collections of Australian Stamps. One silver and one bronze medal for the 
two best collections shown by a youth under 21 in Class IV., in an album of 
English manufacture. 

Mr. Vernon Roberts. — One gold medal for the best exhibit shown in Class 
II., Division I. One silver medal for the best exhibit of St. Lucia. One silver 
medal for the best exhibit from Wales. 

Mr. George H. Calif. — One silver medal for the best exhibit of Sydney 
Views. 

Mr. Adolf Rosenberg.— One silver medal for the best exhibit shown by a 
German resident in Germany. 

Mr. Thomas Beckton. — One silver medal for the best exhibit by a mem- 
ber of the Manchester Philatelic Society failing to obtain a medal in the open 
competition. One silver medal for the best exhibit in Class II., Division 5. 

Mr. Arthur H. Harrison — One silver medal for the best collection of either 
Sweden, Norway, or Denmark, and Iceland, shown in Class II., Division 2 D., 
by an exhibitor resident in any of these countries. 

Mr. G. Fred H. Gibson. — One silver medal for the best exhibit in Classes 
I. or II., shown by a member of a Provincial Philatelic Society (Manchester 
excluded). 

Mr. D. Ostara. — One silver medal for the most meritorious exhibit of 
adhesives on entire shown in Class IV. 

Mr. G. B. Duerst. — One silver and one bronze medal for the two best 
exhibits shown by an exhibitor resident within a radius of 20 miles of the 
Manchester Royal Exchange, and not a member of the Manchester Philatelic 
Society. 

Two silver and two bronze medals will be placed at the disposal of the 
judges, to award all or any as they think fit to exhibitors whose exhibits display 
the most philatelic knowledge, regard being had to individual research. 



Fiscal Notes. 135 



Fiscal Notes. 

Contributed by A. PRESTON PEARCE. 

Of late I have had several occasions to refer, elsewhere, to the private 
proprietary stamps now being issued by Uncle Sam in his endeavour to 
obtain the wherwithal for playing the most expensive of all games. 

I have found that several inexperienced collectors of fiscals are not at 
all clear as to the actual status of these labels, which certainly occupy a 
most extraordinary position, and, if so desired by two or three readers, I 
shall be pleased to give such particulars as may serve to elucidate the matter. 



The humble seeker after the despised fiscal has hitherto quietly pursued 
his inoffensive way, untroubled by many of the dangers that beset the 
path of his more favoured brother, but with increasing popularity comes 
increasing care, and, as our section of the hobby comes into greater 
prominence, we shall have to face the fact that pitfalls designed to entrap the 
unwary will as certainly be prepared for us as for other riders. 

A sign of the times has been noticed by Mr. Walter Morley, who 
desires me to warn collectors against the wily device of an individual who is 
manufacturing tete-beche pairs of such British stamps as first issue Customs, 
Chancery Fee Fund, &c. These stamps have a black separating line, and 
advantage is taken of this fact to obtain a cloak for the concealment of a 
skilful join. 

The S.S.S.S. had not a very successful career, but another alliterative 
association with a strong Fraud Fighting Fund, to which every Secretary of 
a Society and Club should be invited to belong and to contribute an annual 
shilling on behalf of each member, might effect a wondrous reformation if it 
carried on a vigorous campaign. 

■f * * 

The announcement has been made that Canada has emitted a new series 
of Weights and Measures, but according to advices received from Mr. H. G. 
La Mothe this is not quite correct. Up to the time of writing, only the 
50 cents has appeared in its new and more ornate form, but a supply of 
20 cents and of 70 cents (this latter a new denomination) has been ordered, 
and may be expected to come into employment ere long. There are still large 
stocks in hand of some of the values, so a complete set in the new type will 
not adorn our albums for a long time to come. 

In the extremely handsome design prepared by the American Bank 
Note Co., for the Supreme Court (reproduced in Feb. Stamps) only the 
10 cents value has appeared, and no other is likely to be seen for some months. 

The same valued correspondent informs me that fresh supplies of the 
25 cents and 50 cents Gas Inspection have been ordered, and, although he 
does not say so, I presume that these also will appear in a new dress. 



136 The Philatelic Record. 



The engraver to the lively Republic of Hayti appears to have been 
paying attention to the surprisingly pacific study of arboriculture, for, accord- 
ing to La Revue Phil. Francs, the 2 cents Quittances and the 70 cents Timbre 
have been seen with an alteration in the outline of the palm tree; a reduction 
in the size of the figures of value is also noticeable. 



The disturbance caused by our American cousins in the status quo ante 
existing in some of the Spanish Colonies has been abundantly manifested in 
the New Issues columns ever since the beginning of the end. As regards the 
revenue stamps of those places, the authorities have lamentably failed to 
produce that prolific supply of provisionals so anxiously desired by a small 
but earnest group of philatelists. 

How different things would have been had we only been a little more 
obtrusive. But doubtless the day will come when needy governments will vie 
with one another in the production of monthly series of artistic Bill Stamps, 
taxing the skill of Messrs. Waterlow & Sons in the reproduction of the 
masterpieces of Wiertz, or of Jan Van Beers. 

I am very desirous of obtaining the names and addresses of all who 
are interested in the collection of fiscals ; there are a good many of us, but 
widely scattered, and with but few rallying points. 



All communications in respect of this page should be addressed to 98, Alexandra 
Road, Mutley, Plymouth, and correspondents are requested to make a note of the 
change that has been occasioned by the renumbering of the streets in this suburb. 




Catalogues and Prices, 



137 



Catalogues and Prices, 



(From the Philatelic Journal of India). 




S we have occupied ourselves considerably of late in the study of the 
stamps of those Indian Native States which use Indian stamps sur- 
charged, it has occurred to us that it might be useful to examine some 
of the catalogues recently issued with a view to ascertaining whether 
any one of them has adopted any visible method in its pricing. The 
catalogues which we have selected are Messrs. Stanley Gibbons', Whitfield 
King's, and Bright's. Messrs. Stanley Gibbons' prices as corrected in the 
Monthly Journal 'are given. 



We began by looking up those of the early issues of those States which 
are rarest ; for, of course, recent issues, no matter how limited, are on a 
different footing;. This was the result : — 



Date of 

issue. 


N umbers 
printed. 




S. G. & Co. 


W. K. & Co. 


Bright. 


1884 

Do. 

1885 

1884 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 


240 
240 

45° 
480 
480 
480 
4S0 


Nabha, 8 as. 1st issue 

1 rupee 
red surcharge ... 
Patiala, 8 as. 1st issue 

1 rupee 
Jhind, 8 as. 

1 rupee 


2 10 
1 10 

15 

1 10 
17 6 

2 10 
2 10 


1 10 O 
1 5 

12 6 

1 5 

17 6 ; 

1 10 

1 10 1 


O 15 

17 6 
090 

1 5 

15 

1 5 
1 5 



Not much help here. In fact, the whole performance reminds one of a 
sort of Chinese puzzle. Let us try again, and take this time the three 
highest value stamps, all issued about the same time, all obsolete, and all to 
remain so. 



1 3« 



The Philatelic Record. 



Date 
of issue. 


Numbers 
Printed. 




S. G. & Co. 


W. K.&Co. 


B 


right. 


July 1897 


288 


/hind, Rs. 2 


I 5 


O 


100 





4 


Do. 


192 


., 3 


I 15 


O 


I 10 





6 


Do. 


192 


.. 5 


3 O 


O 


2 IO O 





10 


Jan. 1897 


576 


Nabha, ,, 2 


10 


O 


12 6 





4 6 


Do. 


576 


., 3 


12 


6 


II 





6 9 


Do. 


576 


.. 5 


16 


6 


I 7 6 





10 


Nov. 1895 


450 


Paliala, ,,2 






200 






Nov. 1895 


400 


Patiala. Rs. 3 






300 






Do 


300 


.. 5 






400 






Dec. 1895 


I 672 














and 


Chamba, ,,2 


1 





17 6 





3 9 


Oct. 1896 


) 














Do. 


672 


.. 3 


1 10 





1 5 





5 6 


Do. 


672 


., 5 


2 O 





1 15 





9 6 


May 1896 


2,496 


Gwalior, ,,2 


O 12 


6 


10 





4 


Do. 


2»396 


.. 3 


O l6 





15 





6 


Do. 


1,240 


.. 5 


I IO 





1 5 





y 6 



This table shows us only that Messrs. Whitfield King are desirous of 
underselling Messrs. Stanley Gibbons, and Messrs. Bright did not know that 
these stamps were obsolete. But the ratio of the price of one stamp to 
another remains a mystery. Now let us take the grey rupee stamp sur- 
charged for ordinary and for service use, taking in all cases the commonest 
variety of surcharge. We shall also note this time the date on which the 
stamps become obsolete, as this should help us in judging of their comparative 
variety. Here is the result : — 



Became 
obsolete, in. 


Numbers. 




S. G. & Co. 


W.K.& Co. 


Bright. 


Dec. 1895 


2,281 


Chamba, Ord. 


15 





10 





066 


Sept. 1898 


1,819 


Service 


17 


6 


15 







Aug. 1893 


1,560 


Faridkot, Ord. 


10 





7 


6 


10 


Dec. 1898 


1,320 


Service 


10 





15 





15 


Oct. 1897 


2,400 


J hind, Ord. 


8 


6 


O 6 


6 


030 


Do. 1893 


2,640 


Nabha, Ord. 


7 


6 


O 7 


6 


046 


Jan. 1S97 


1,000 


Service 


10 





O 7 


6 


030 


Current ... 


24,000 


Patiala, Service 


5 





5 





040 


May 1896 


24.155 


Gwalior, long, black sur- 


5 





5 





090 



charge 



Here indeed is confusion worse confounded. A current stamp of which 
24,200 have been issued is worth from three to four times its face value, while 
one of which only 1 ,000 ever existed, and which has been obsolete for two years, 
is worth from a little over double to seven times its face value. Messrs. 
Bright are actually prepared to sell the latter for 25 p. c. less than the 
former ! (The same firm, by-the-way, value the Gwalior grey rupee, short 
black surcharge — the rarest stamp of this State — at 10s., against 7s. 6d. for the 
fairly common one of the long surcharge !) But it is unnecessary to do more 
than simply call attention to the astounding figures given above. 

We need not dwell either on the stamps of these States which never 
existed, but yet are found priced in one and another of the current catalogues. 
The stamps which we are discussing are only just emerging from absolute 
obscurity, and must, we suppose, put up with what treatment they can get. 



Catalogues and Prices. 



139 



We have, however, we hope, shown that the method used in pricing these 
stamps is not one which produces results likely to be of any use to an amateur 
collector desirous of exchanging his wares for stamps of countries better 
known and better catalogued. 

Why, by-the-way, is the current 6 annas stamps, Indian, priced in all 
catalogues at three times its face value or more, while other current stamps 
are priced at only 25 to 50 p. c. over tace value ? 





The American Journal of Philately gives 
the following as a complete list so far of 
this year's Guatemala Provisionals, with the 
numbers of each printed : — 



I centavo 
i 


on 5c 
,, 25c 


postage 






100,000 
30,000 


i 


,, 5c 








50,000 


i 


.- 75C 








50,000 


6 centavos 


on 5c 








100,000 


6 


,, IOC 








10,000 


6 » 


,, 20c 








20,000 


6 


,, 1 00c 








20,000 


6 


,, 150c 








20,000 


6 


,, 200c 








20,000 


IO 


,, 20c 








20,000 


i centavo 


on large revenue 


stamp 


150,000 


2 centavos 


on ic. large rev 


stamp 


1 10,000 


i centavo 


on ioc. small ,, 


,, 


150,000 


2 centavos 


on ic. , ,, 


,, 


40,000 


2 


,. 5c 


,, 


.. 


103,500 


2 


,, IOC 


■ ■ ii 


,, 


22,200 


2 


„ 25c. 


n n 


,, 


14,000 


2 


.. 5 oc - 


.■ >• 


,, 


10,000 


6 


,, 1 peso ,, 


,, 


20,000 


6 


,, 5 pesos ,, 


,, 


10,000 


6 


,, 10 


,> 


1. 




10,000 



Among the Continental dealers who will 
visit Manchester during the International 
l'hilatelic Exhibition, we already know of 
Messrs. Bernichon, Lemaire, Stock, Monclus, 
and Singer. 



Mr. Andreini sends to the Metropolitan 
Philatelists the following official list of the 
1896-1S97 series of postage stamps, sur- 
charged. 

'' Habilitado para 189S y 1899." 
200,000 of 1 milesima. 
500,000 of 2 milesimas. 
100,000 of 4 ,, 

300,000 of 1 centavo. 
300,000 of 2 centavos. 
2,000,000 of 3 „ 
100,000 of 4 ,, 
300,000 of 5 ,, 
300,000 of 6 ,, 
70,000 of 8 ,, 
50,000 of 20 ,, 
25,000 of 40 ,, 
6,500 of 80 

No other stamps have been surcharged in 
San Juan, Puerto Rico, since 1873, so that 
the so-called "Provisionals" are fraudulent; 
while the changes in value other than the 
changes to 2 and 5 centavos on the War Tax 
stamps are likewise fraudulent, and the 
surcharged 4 milesimas on the 5 milesimas, 
1898-99 type, is the greatest fraud of all. 

The Philatelic Journal of India for March 
contains, as a supplement, a large map or 
diagiam showing the progress of the Indian 
Post Office from 1853 onward. It is very 
interesting, but of no philatelic value, as, in 
the ordinary course of events, it is only to be 
expected that the population, and conse- 
quently the postal communication, should 
increase. 




A Colour Dictionary, with about two 
hundred names of colours used in print- 
ing, &>c, specially prepared for Stamp 
Collectors by B. W. Warhurst. Lon- 
don: Stanley Gibbons, Limited. 



Most philatelists know the " colour chart" 
published some years ago by the Scott 
Stamp and Coin Company. It had a large 
sale at the time, and it is yet frequently re- 
ferred to by writers who wish to describe a 
particular shade of colour. At the time of 
its appearance it was se/erely criticised in 
many quarters, and we anticipate that the 
work now under notice will not fail to re- 
ceive even a larger share of attention. A 
first glance at the book gave us a favourable 
impression, but when we look closely into it 
from a stamp collector's point of view, we 
fail to see its utility. True, it is more of a 
history and description of colours and their 
origin than a "colour chart." Mr. War- 
hurst is at times scientific, and at others he 
turns to quotations from the poets, such as 
" blue violets " and " purple violets." If he 
will go to the vegetable market he will find 
that a red cabbage belongs to the genus 
" greens." The volume commences with 
a title page in purple on something — we are 
afraid to give it a name for fear of making a 
mistake ; once upon a time we should have 
called it buff. Then we come to " plate 
No. i," a kaleidoscopic arrangement some- 
thing like a star, consisting of an arrange- 
ment of twelve colours and six minor 
varieties, which is pretty. The six primary 
colours, being the longest points of the star, 
are all right ; but we don't like the look of 
that orange red. Then we come to the 
literary part of the work, which is printed 
on different coloured papers, and is un- 
doubtedly excellent in its way, so much so 
that we regret that space will not permit a 
more extended review. We are told that 
it would be just as nice and correct to speak 
nf " reddish blue" as to use the terms " red 
violet" or " violet red," and the following 
anent mauve will undoubtedly speak for 
itself. 

" Professor Church, 

whose opinion should be authoritative on 
this matter, writes in The Technical Educator, 
issued about 1870 : — ' The aniline dye known 
as mauve may be taken as somewhat near 
the normal violet . . . which usually 
appears much redder by gaslight than day- 
light.' In a previous table he assumes (for 



another purpose) the equivalents of yellow 
as 3, of red as 5, of blue as 8 ; and for 
bluish-violet = 1 Red + 2 Blue ; [Purple 
or] reddish-violet = 2 Red + 1 Blue. We 
may therefore be justified in considering 
mauve as = ij R. + 1^ B ; or, using the 
figures ot the primaries named, we get 
pttrple as 10 for red + 8 for blue = 18 ; 
mauve as 7J for red + 12 for blue = 19J ; 
and violet as 5 for red +16 for blue — 21." 

We have copied it verbatim, and regret 
that we must now pass on to a " map of 
Colourland." It is printed in black on 
blue (?) in the shape of a pansy — one of our 
author's " purple pansies " we suppose, or 
perhaps it is a clover leaf with six petals. 
It is arranged in " countries," the colours 
radiating from the centre of each petal 
(which represents a primary colour) in 
accordance with their degrees of importance, 
and then we come to the illustrations of 
colours. There are only forty of them, and 
our author admits they are not a third of the 
actual shades used for stamp printing, but 
they are to be used as "fingerposts." The 
"magenta" is hardly the magenta of our 
boyhood, and the " yellow green " appears to 
us to be a particularly bilious looking yellow ; 
the " emerald green " is exactly the shade of 
our old triangular friend of the Cape, bu 
the buff is hardly the buff of postcards 
There is an alphabetical list of colour 
names, in which we miss the celebrated 
" Kanarienvogelgelb," and in which, although 
we notice a Prussian green, our old friend 
" Prussian blue " does not appear — a prob- 
able omission which is made up for by " red 
currant;" and, though "strawberry" does 
not appear as a colour, we have " apricot," 
" Havana," and many others. The author 
states that black is black (the italics are his), 
and we are glad to hear it, as we have heard 
of people who would swear that it is white. 
Seriously the work should be useful to the 
student of colours and to many philatelists, 
besides which we notice that it is advertised 
as " suitable for use in schools." 



Priced Catalogue of the local postage 
stamps of the world (1899) — London: 
Stanley Gibbons, Limited. Price 1/-, 
Post free, 1/3. 

This is the third part of the celebrated 
" Gibbons' Catalogue," and, we believe, the 
first publication of its kind devoted entirely 
to locals. In size it is uniform with the 



I 4 2 



The Philatelic Record. 



other parts and, to our surprise, it makes 
quite a respectable volume, being almost as 
thick as the British Empire section. The 
paper and printing and the illustrations are 
equal to parts I. and II., which is satisfactory, 
except in some cases of illustrations, which 
is, however, partly due to their being too 
small to show up the details of the designs. 
The volume commences with the English 
■" Railway Letter Stamps," which have now 



found a new and perhaps permanent home 
as "locals," probably much to the surprise 
of many of our readers. Of the 122 
pages which constitute the volume, Russia 
occupies no less than seventy-two, or more 
than half, and the United States sixteen. 
As to the prices we will make no comments; 
locals are an acquired taste, and their 
relative values have never hitherto been 
properly denned. 



Our Monthly Packets of 
New Issues. 



"No. 1, price One Shilling (postage extra). 
The June Packet contains : — 
SEVERAL VARIETIES all unused, 

No. 2, price 5s. (postage extra). 



The June Packet contains :— 

SEVERAL VARIETIES, all unused, 
including : — Panama, 10c. Registration ; 
Guatemala, ic. in red on 5c. violet, &c. 

These packets are on sale until the supply is ex- 
hausted, and are supplied only to SubscribcrsXo the 
Philatelic Record and Stamp News. Similai 
packets will he on sale every month, and may 
he subscribed for in advance for the year (Janu- 
ary to December inclusive), at the following 
rates : No. 1 packet, 12s., postage extra ; Nc £ 
packet, 60s., postage extra. 

The subscription to the paper (os per annum) 
is extra-— BUHL & Co., Ltd., 11, Queen Victetia 
St., E.C. 




Williams & Co. 



J 43 



"Williams & Co." 

Now that the " Williams " bubble is 
burst, we hear some details. Thus the Revue 

Philatelique Postale : — 

" A friend of ours has just returned from 
Peru, and has given us some definite infor- 
mation about the great firm of Williams & 
Co., Lima, Peru, which for months past has 
been filling with its enormous advertisements 
the philatelic publications of the whole 
world. 

" We may say at once that the news which 
reaches us is not reassuring, as the following 
will show : — 

" First of all, Williams does not exist, and 
never did exist. He is a myth. 

"The Co., more fortunate than his part- 
ner, is in the land of the living, and bears 
the name of Casnough. 



" Mr. Casnough holds a post at the Cable 
Office of Barranco (a suburb of Lima), and 
lives in a little room on the ground floor of 
the Hotel Cardinal. 

" Mr. Casnough has two employes : first, 
a Mr. Farrant, who looks after the German 
correspondence ; and second, a parrot. 

"This room in the hotel, which alone 
constitutes the 'stock-room ' and ' offices ' of 
the important firm of 'Williams & Co.', is 
so small, and the parrot fills it so completely 
with its discordant cries, that the few persons 
who wish to interview Mr. Casnough do so 
from the street outside, through the window, 
which thus serves as a sort of guichet. 

" When this guichet window opens, it is 
generally to let in the air which Mr. 
Casnough needs for the task of writing his 
advertisements ; the parrot, too, wants it, 
as he perches, screeching at the philatelists 
of Europe." — Philatelic Journal of India. 



Notices. 



Subscriptions.— The Philatelic Record and Stamp News will be sent post-free to any subscriber at 
home or abroad on receipt of 5s. Subscribers' remittances should be sent to the Publishers, Messrs. Buhl & Co., 
Limited, ii, Queen Victoria Street, London, England. 

Advertisement Rates.— Price per Insertion, net. 





Single. 


3 months. 


6 months. 


12 months. 


Whole Page 

Half Page 

Quarter Page 


£ J. d. 
300 

1 13 

100 


£ J. d. 
2 16 

1 10 

i3 


£ J. d. 
2 12 6 

170 

15 


£ s. d. 

200 

126 
12 



Small Advertisements— js. per ifich, in double column, prepaid. 
SPECIAL POSITIONS BY ARRANGEMENT. 

Enquiries connected with the Advertisement pages should be addressed to Messrs. Buhl & Co., u, Queen 
Victoria Street, London, E.C. 

Advertisements must be received not later than the 15th of the month for publication in the next issue. 

All letters for the editor should be addressed: The Editor, Philatelic Record, care of Buhl & 
Co., Limited, II, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C 




144 Advertisements. June, 1899. 



M. TH. LEMAIRE, 




Can be seen any morning 
during the Philatelic Exhibition 

at the 

Queer's Hotel, 



apcbester. 



He will have for inspection a 

Fine Selection of Stamps 

PRINCIPALLY 

. . MAURITIUS, . . 

INCLUDING THE 

ONE PENNY "POST OFFICE." 



The Philatelic Record. 




M. THEOPHILE LEMAIRE. 






The Philatelic Record 

AND STAMP NEWS. 



JULY, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 



AFTER every great effort in the direction of a Stamp Exhibition, 
certain minds of a philosophic cast ruminate over the old question 
" How has the Exhibition affected Stamp Collecting ? " Up to a 
certain point the reply is simple enough. Immediately before the 
Exhibition intending exhibitors are looking up dealers and 
After the examining stock books in all directions, in the hope of 
Exhibition, completing some series, or filling some gap, and consequently 
there is, before the opening of an Exhibition, an abnormal 
and active demand for stamps. This demand is by no means confined to 
rare stamps, for your specialist has, in such cases, more often to complete 
his series of modern issues than to fill up gaps in old rarities. 

After the Exhibition is quite another matter. Theoretically, an Ex- 
hibition should bring in a lot of recruits, and there is no doubt it does 
have some effect in this direction ; but the effect, we are persuaded, is out 
of all proportion to the effort. And the reason is obvious. Apart from 
showing the stamps there is no attempt whatever to gather in recruits. 

Q Q Q 

The lull that too ominously follows every Stamp Exhibition 
Exhibitions compels the question " Can Exhibitions be used as Recruit- 
as ing Grounds ? " We see no reason to doubt their great 
Eecruiting value as recruiting grounds, under efficient and intelligent 
Grounds. management. Hitherto Exhibitions have been run and 
patronised for the main purpose of enabling a few well 
known and wealthy specialists to make a public display of their 
marvellous philatelic wealth to an admiring philatelic crowd. There 
has been no special attempt whatever to extend the pursuit of the 
hobby, to further popularise it. In ordinary exhibitions you are flooded 
with literature of an instructive character, designed to interest you in the 
articles or goods exhibited, and there are often lectures delivered and 
papers read with the same excellent purpose. 

Some day we may return to this topic. Meanwhile we throw out the 
suggestion for rumination. 



146 The Philatelic Record. 

Better than all the great International Philatelic Exhi- 

More Society bitions, in which the distribution of a plethora of medals 

Exhibitions is a foregone conclusion, is probably the purely local 

Wanted. exhibition of a local society, when every member shows, for 

comparison and study, all he possesses of a particular 

country. The educative value of such shows is probably more enduring 

than the confusion of a great International display. There is not enough 

of the business of comparison and study in our Society gatherings. In 

the old days, in the meetings of the Philatelic Society of London, every 

member was required to bring his possession of the country set down for 

study, and so important was this requirement regarded, that any member 

who failed to comply with the rule subjected himself to a fine of a shilling. 

But specialism gradually elbowed this excellent rule out of the Society's 

statutes. And now some specialist reads a paper and passes round his 

grand possessions and the rest of "the members look on in wonder and 

rarely even mention their own endeavours. Yet, so great is the variety of 

stamps now-a-days in shade, perforation, or watermark, that in all 

probability many useful lessons are lost by this latter-day prevalence of 

one man shows. 




Catalogue for Collectors. 147 



Catalogue for Collectors. 



A Paper read before the Philatelic Society, London, 
on March 17TH, 1899. 

By EDWARD J. NANKIVELL. 

(From the London Philatelist^) 

IN setting forth a proposal for the compilation of a Catalogue for 
Collectors, I do not wish to undervalue the splendid price lists 
published by dealers, which have hitherto served the double purpose 

of trade price lists and guides to collecting. 

What I wish to emphasize is the fact that stamp collecting has now 
taken such a firm hold upon all classes of the community as to be regarded 
as one of the most delightful of the many hobbies which serve to divert 
the attention of the busy man and provide a pastime for the man of no 
occupation. Its adherents now include some of the keenest business men 
of the day, some of the most exalted in the State, and some of the most 
studious. The result is that we are every year more and more efficiently 
gathering up and piecing together the postal history of every stamp- 
issuing country. Hence it follows that Philatelists have become the real 
historians of the introduction and the development of the Postal Service 
of the world. 

Under these circumstances I submit that it is somewhat of an 
anomaly that we should continue to depend solely upon dealers' price lists 
for the publication, in catalogue form, of the results of our studies and 
researches. 

The excellent price lists which the leading dealers now publish have 
unquestionably been brought to a most commendable state of perfection — 
as price lists. But as Catalogues for Collectors, as guides to collecting, 
they are lacking in not a few very important essentials. 

The dealer provides a price list for the sale of his goods, and he 
naturally compiles it with that view. 

In some countries we have a wealth of detail in the matter of 
perforation, printing, and surcharge ; in other countries but little attention 
is paid to these matters. There is, in fact, and in the nature of the case, 
an utter lack of proportion in the price lists of the day, regarded from the 
purely Philatelic standpoint. This is so apparent to the most ordinary 
collector that I need not labour the point by drawing invidious comparisons. 

What the collector wants is a Catalogue that shall deal exhaustively 
with every country, whether it be a popular selling country or a much- 
neglected State. 

A dealer may justifiably economise space when dealing with countries 
for the stamps of which there is no commensurate demand. But the 
Philatelist can have no such excuse, and it somewhat reflects upon us as 
Philatelists that we have not before this set to work to remedy an admitted 
defect. 



148 The Philatelic Record. 

The need of a Catalogue for Collectors by collectors is every day 
becoming more and more pressing. In the price lists there is an undue 
straining after varieties in the case of popular countries, a multiplication 
of infinitesimal oddities, that is doing much mischief to the true interests 
of collecting. 

Given a popular country and an enthusiastic specialist with a micro- 
scopic vision, and you may ruin the most promising and enjoyable country 
by over-elaboration. More than one splendid country has been smothered 
with infinitesimal varieties. If we follow the road some specialists would 
lead us, we shall some day come to collect by microscope. We shall have 
Die. I., Die II., Die III., and dies innumerable, till we die altogether, 
prematurely hastened into our graves by racking endeavours to differentiate 
between varieties which even the most powerful microscopes fail to make 
satisfactorily clear. 

Can we remedy this state of things ? I contend that we can, and that 
we should do so without further delay by the publication of a Catalogue 
prepared and issued by Collectors for collectors, and published with the 
authority and imprimatur of the Philatelic Society of London. 

My proposal would embody the production of a Catalogue that should 
be unpriced, that should deal exhaustively and in proper proportion with 
every country, and that should serve alike the purposes of the beginner, 
the advanced collector, and the specialist. This may seem a large order, 
but, properly managed, it may easily come within the scope of a Society 
which commands so much Philatelic talent as our own Society embraces 
within its roll of membership. 

As to the modus operandi. I would form a large committee of, say, a 
dozen or twenty of our leading members, including, of course, the members 
of the Publishing Committee. The committee should be large, so as to be 
able to delegate portions of the work to sub-committees of its own body. 
This committee should have its elected chairman, an editor, and an 
energetic secretary. 

The duty of the committee would be to prepare a draft of a Catalogue 
which, as I have said, should deal exhaustively, and in proper proportion, 
with every country down to the end of 1900. This draft should be set up 
in type and supplied in proof form to the regular attendants at our 
meetings, and to any other members or collectors whose desirable 
co-operation could be secured. The recipients of those proofs should 
examine, criticise, and make suggestions. To further revise the lists and 
ensure their accuracy I would reinstitute our reference list meetings. At 
those meetings the lists should be examined in detail, and members having 
had the opportunity of previously examining and criticising the proof 
should be able to help materially in the work of perfecting the details of 
the Catalogue. The co-operation of specialists should be invited in order 
that the Catalogue should be as comprehensive as the closest study could 
make it. The work of final revision and the examination of suggestions 
and corrections would of course rest with the committee, who would finally 
decide what to omit and what to include after taking note of the evidence 
gathered together as the result of the circulation of the proofs. 

In order to make it available for the beginner, the advanced collector, 
and the specialist alike, the normal issues should be set up in large type, 
say long primer, and the varieties in small type, say nonpareil. The 
beginner would collect by the large type the normal issues, and the 
advanced collector and specialist would take in the small type as well. 

The illustrations should all be of the very best quality, and specially 
done for the Catalogue, each stamp being in its natural size, and every 
type, whether of design or surcharge, should be clearly illustrated. 



Catalogue for Collectors. 149 

The cost of production will no doubt bulk up heavily. The printing 
of proofs and the subsequent correction of those proofs, and the pre- 
paration of the thousands of illustrations which would be necessary, 
would total up to a very considerable item. I do not wish to minimise 
either the labour or the expense which it will entail. 

But despite all these drawbacks, properly managed it would be a 
source, not of loss, but of very considerable profit to our Society. Taking 
it from the strictly pecuniary point of view, it would not be too much to 
say that it would be certain to secure a very large circulation. Personally, 
I should be disappointed at anything under a circulation of 5000 copies, 
for it would be in demand wherever there is an English-speaking 
collector. It would therefore have an unquestionable value as an 
advertising medium, and I estimate that the advertisements would cover 
the cost of production, and that the sales would be net profit. 

Finally, the question arises, " Is the game worth the candle ? " It 
seems to me that it is. 

To a Society like ours the effort should be worth the making. It 
would be no small gain to Philately if we produced a work that 
should truly and comprehensively register the high-water mark which we 
have reached in the study of the postal issues of the world ; that should 
set out, in form as serviceable to the beginner as to the specialist, the 
normal issues and the true varieties of every country ; that should include 
all true type varieties and weed out the infinitesimal and the accidental ; 
and that should discriminate between genuine postal issues and worthless 
speculative issues. 

Such a Catalogue, I venture to say, would satisfy the cravings of the 
beginner and the specialist alike, would settle disputed points of varieties, 
once and for all, for dealer as well as for collector ; for the imprimatur of the 
Society to such a work would in the end establish an undeniable authority 
for the dictum of the Catalogue. 

I feel certain that it would redound to the credit of this Society, that 
it would establish more firmly than ever its claim to the sympathy and 
respect of the Philatelic world. And there is no question that it would 
give stamp collecting an impetus that would be felt in the years to come. 
It would put an end to perplexities that puzzle us ; it would settle questions 
that vex us, for it would be the final court of Philatelic appeal. We should 
free Philately from the thraldom of the price list, from the domination of 
the trader, and give it a better and truer and freer status as a pleasure- 
yielding pursuit. 




150 The Philatelic Record. 



New Stamps for Tasmania. 



From the Australian Philatelist. 



SEVERAL correspondents have kindly sent us the following news- 
paper paragraphs : 
" Hobart, Tuesday. — Collectors of postage stamps all over the 
world will be glad to know that Sir Edward Braddon has ordered the 
Secretary of the General Post Office to send to England for a new set of 
stamps similar to those lately issued in New Zealand. These stamps will 
be illustrated with views of different places of interest in Tasmania. 

" The decision of the Government to lay in a new stock of stamps, 
letter cards, and other saleable postal goods, may be regarded as an indica- 
tion that the public officials connected with that department are waking up 
to a sense of the importance of letting the colony appear before the world 
in its best clothes. Since the question of more effectively advertising 
Tasmania has been under discussion — a period covered approximately by 
the time that has elapsed since an industrial policy was outlined in our 
columns in 1897 — a distinct desire to move ahead has been apparent. It is 
evidently beginning to dawn upon those to whom the idea previously 
seemed preposterous that by more enterprise in certain directions, and 
more efficient organization, some departments of the public service hitherto 
regarded as encumbrances can be made reproductive, and that compara- 
tively little expenditure is needed to do it. Brains rather than money are 
wanted to put the colony on something like a fair footing with its neigh- 
bours as regards dissemination of information concerning the island and its 
natural resources. The adoption of stamps and letter cards as mediums 
for advertising the attractions of the colony is a step in the right direction. 
If the illustrations are well done they will help to convey to thousands of 
people beyond the shores of Tasmania some idea as to the charms of its 
scenery. Now the penny postage system is becoming general throughout 
the empire, the question of stamps of uniform color and size is being 
debated. It would certainly be an advantage to know that a green stamp 
represented the same price all over the empire, and that other colored 
stamps were similarly of equal value wherever bought. When we get 
federation it will be possible, of course to have a uniform postage system 
throughout the Commonwealth, so that a Tasmanian halfpenny stamp will 
be the same color as one obtained in any other colony." — 

Daily Telegraph, March 3rd. 

Mr. P. Malone informs us further that the following is an approximate 
list of values, colors, and designs : 

\&. green, Lake Marion, Du Cane Range, 
id. red, Mountain Lake, Huon Road. 
2d. lilac, Cataract Gorge, Launceston. 
2^d. dark blue, St. Columba Falls. 
3d. claret, Lake St. Clair. 
4d. orange, Russel Falls. 
5d. light blue, Mount Gould. 
6d. violet lake, Dilston Falls. 



New Stamps for Tasmania. 



151 



Doubtless this list is incomplete, none of the higher values being 
represented. It will be seen that the ^d., id., and 2^d., are to be in the 
Postal Union colors, from which we may infer that the current -|d. and 2^d. 
will not be changed in color. 

A number of illustrated post and letter cards are also to appear, the 
latter with impressed 2d. stamp in lilac. The cards are to be tinted, in size 
5f x 3-J inches, and will bear the following views: — Hobart, Launceston, 
Great Lake, River Derwent (New Norfolk), St. Mary's Pass, and Mount 
Ida (Lake St. Clair). The order for the stamps has been placed in the 
hands of the engravers, and it is expected that they will reach the colony 
and be ready for issue in the course of a few months time. 

Mr. F. Bourne sends us the following letter he received from the 
Premier's office : 

6th March, 1899. 
Sir, — In reply to your letter of the 3rd instant, I am instructed by the 
Right Honourable the Premier, to inform you that the designs for the new 
issue of postage stamps have already been chosen. Whilst they are 
scarcely intended to be permanent, they will last until there is a reason for 
a change in the same. — I have, etc., 

Signed, Geo. Steward, Secretary to the Premier. 

From this letter we gather that the issue is not officially regarded as a 
strictly permanent one. Nevertheless there must be a " reason " before 
any change will be made. Let us hope that the only reason will be the 
federation of the colonies. 




152 



The Philatelic Record. 



Fiscal Notes. 

By A. PRESTON PEARCE. 



THROUGH some mischance no proof of 
my May Notes reached me, and I have, 
therefore, to apologize for various printers' 
errors of a more or less noticeable kind, and 
to correct one stupid blunder that not only 
disguises my meaning, but creates the 
painfully erroneous impression that I must 
be a multi-millionaire. Will readers kindly 
turn to page 104, and strike out the personal 
pronoun appearing as the third word in the 
ninth line from the bottom ? 

Referring to the Marine Policy stamps, the 
extended employment of which was re- 
cently under consideration, Mr. A. White 
informs me that he recently saw a specimen 
affixed to a Power of Attorney, the irregular- 
ity being caused by the fact that the stamp- 
ing machine was out of order. 

* * * 

According to UAmi des Timbres, the 
Brazilian Budget for the current year pro- 
vides for the imposition of stamp duties on 
perfumes, candles, and boots. It also 
quadruples the duty on tobacco ; so it is 
quite on the cards that specimens belonging 
to four new series will soon be coming over. 

Perfumes and candles are familiar objects 
in our lists, but a tax on footgear is a 

decided novelty. 

* » * 

If some enterprising publisher would get 
together the material, and issue a small 
annual containing the Budget proposals of 
all countries, the compilation should prove 
most interesting reading. 

It has always been one of the charms of 
revenue stamp collecting that the varying 
economic needs and resources of different 
localities are so frequently displayed by the 
objects of our search, and it would appear 
that the wide range of things dutiable is 
only circumscribed by the ingenuity of the 
imposing powers. 

* * * 

A few months ago I had occasion to make 
some comments in Stamps on the paucity of 
ha'penny revenues available for our collec- 
tions. Of my own knowledge I could only 
enumerate one British, two Cape, and one 
Victorian, but added, on the authority of 
Continental catalogues, the £d. rose news- 
paper stamp of New Zealand, overprinted 
"Stamp Duty" in black. The genuineness 
of this last is now questioned by Mr. A. 
Hamilton, of Dunedin, so if any reader 



possesses a specimen I should be grateful 
for the opportunity of examining it. 

Reference was made in the May Notes to 
the care necessary to fustrate the aims of the 
forger, and I am constrained to revert to the 
subject by the appearance of the set of 
Portuguese Bills for 1899, which are without 
indication of " Semestre." 

A couple of years ago some serious frauds 
were discovered in Portugal, which pointed 
to the necessity for more careful supervision, 
and to facilitate this the dated portion of 
the design was changed each half-year. 
Collectors then had to choose between con- 
siderably extending their lists and ignoring 
the innovation, and, as one's natural impulse 
is to retain all distinct varieties that are 
encountered, it is probable that only the 
most strong-minded of general collectors 
adopted the alternative course. It is, there- 
fore, quite a relief to find that this modifica- 
tion has been abandoned, and we are now 
free to hope that Uruguay may soon be able 
to dispense with the similar quarterly pre- 
caution that in her case has been in force 
ever since July, 1891. 

For the information of beginners it may 
perhaps be as well to state that the biennial 
dates so frequently found on stamps seldom 
imply that the period of service is one of 
two years, for in the great majority of such 
cases they merely indicate the financial year 
commencing on July 1st. — 1894-1895, 2do. 
Trimestre (Uruguay), covers the period 
October-December, 1894; ar >d the date 18S7- 
1888 on the Mexican issues denotes a period 
of twelve months, commencing July 1st, 



"A horrible nigger's head" is the un- 
complimentary description in Le Timbre 
Poste of the principal feature of a stamp 
received by Monsieur Moens. It is inscribed 
" Republic of Hawaii — Internal Revenue — 
One Dollar," and is printed by the American 
Bank Note Co., in deep blue on white paper, 
perf. 12. 

Doubtless some American reader can 
furnish information as to the fiscal position 
in the Sandwich Isles, and can tell us what 
revenue stamps are now current there. The 
specimen just described can hardly have 
been issued since the annexation, and the 
fact that it has remained unknown for some 
time is most readily accounted for by its 
non-appearance on Foreign Bills. 



Philately in the Mags. 



153 



r S. 



Queensland Zig-Zag Perfs. 

The Australian Philatelist gives the 
following information concerning recent 
vagaries in Queensland Perforations ; 

" The zig-zag perforation was a fiasco, 
principally on account of it being necessary 
to perforate before gumming. The gum 
then fastened up the holes made by the steel 
rule. It was impossible to perforate after 
gumming, and about 3,000 out of the 5,000 
sheets printed and issued to the General 
Post Office were returned to the Government 
Printing Office, to be perforated in the 
ordinary way by the comb machine. There 
are thus four varieties of this latest per- 
foration, viz. : 

1. Serrated. 

2. Serrated in black. 

3. Serrated and perf. 12^. 

4. Serrated in black and perf. 12J. 
The explanation given for the existence of 

the serrated in black variety is that the 
machinists (this work being done on an 
ordinary printing machine), in order to get 
the perforation to register properly, ran 
several sample sheets through the press and 
so arranged it that the frame did not per- 
forate, but, with the judicious application of 
a little printers' ink, simply left a black 
impression. Where this impression en- 
croached on the coloured design of the 
stamp, the register was altered, until at last 
all the lines of the perforating frame fell 
between the rows of stamps, then the 
'sampling' was discontinued, and the per- 
forating proceeded merrily." 

Belgian Telegraph Stamps. 

The American journal of Philately 
publishes the following from its Brussels 
agent concerning Belgium Telegraph stamps 
said by Mr. Bouvez to have done service 
as postage stamps. 

" Telegraph " stamps, as Special Delivery 
stamps (the 25c. excepted) are nonsense ; 
Bouvez, Senf., etc., to the contrary notwith- 
standing. 

In their time the 25c. telegraph stamps 
were used for special delivery letters ; in the 
majority of cases, on such letters, they were 
found cancelled with a hexagonal stamp. 
When, however, they were cancelled at a 
sub-station or a smaller office, which had 
only the circular cancellation stamp, this 
was necessarily employed. In the less 
important telegraph offices too, particularly 
where the telegraph and post offices were 
combined at the railroad station, either 
cancellation stamp was used according to 
the convenience of the moment, and con- 



sequently 50c, fr. 1. 00 and fr. 5.00 telegraph 
stamps, on the telegraph blanks, are also 
found with circular (postal) cancellations ; 
unscrupulous individuals describe these as 
having been used on special delivery letters 
and sell them as such — just as others 
endeavour to sell postal packet stamps, 
cancelled at small stations with the circular 
cancellation stamp, as postage stamps. 

At present only postage stamps are used to 
prepay special delivery fees, 25 centimes for 
each letter (the single or plural postal rate 
not included) ; and this charge is the same 
for every post office or railroad station in the 
country, 25c. equally for Ostend or Verviers. 
Should the destination of the letter be 
beyond the limits of the office, the receiving 
office collects the rate in cash according to a 
distance tariff (per kilometre) established for 
each locality, and enters it to the credit of 
the delivering office. Consequently no 50c, 
fr. 1. 00 or fr. 5.00 stamps are to be found on 
special delivery letters. 

It is necessary to be cautious even with 
the circular cancelled 25c. telegraph stamps, 
at one time actually used on special delivery 
letters ; the dark green (including the dark 
yellow green) only is genuine. The light 
green and the emerald green are too recent ; 
these colors appeared after the use of postage 
stamps exclusively for special delivery letters 
had begun. The best criterion is an old 
date-stamp. 

The best way to get 5c. and 10c. telegraph 
stamps, " postally used," is to prepay a local 
letter with such stamps and drop it in the 
post box, or in one of the boxes found on 
omnibuses or street cars, instead of handing 
it over the counter as prescribed. The 
cancelling clerk will note " found in the box " 
and let the letter pass, since the Government 
loses nothing by the operation." 

German Colonials. 

Some day the Specialist will take up 
German Colonials. Meanwhile the follow- 
ing information from the Philatelic Monthly 
and World will help to their better appreci- 
ation : 

" The new ' China ' series of surcharged 
German stamp dates from January, i8g8, for 
the values of 5, 10, 20, 25 and 50 pf. The 3 
pf. postage stamp was not issued at first and 
only since January of this year a small 
quantity of stamps of 3 pf. was sent to 
Shanghai and Tsintau. This value can only 
be employed in sending circulars or news- 
papers between the two cities just mentioned. 

German East Africa was the first German 
colony to receive postage stamps of its own, 
mainly because of the different currency 



154 



The Philatelic Record. 



used in that country. The first issue — i8g3 
— without the name of the colony consisted 
of the following values : 2 pesa on 3 pf. 
brown ; 3 p. on 5 pf. green ; 5 p. on 10 pf. 
red ; 10 p. on 20 pf. blue ; and 25 p. on 50 
pf. red-brown. The second issue — i8g6 — 
consist of the same values surcharged 
" Deutsch Ostafrika," and a new value 
diagonally across the stamp. 

There is but one Post Office on the Mar- 
shall Islands Archipelago, Jaluit. This 
explains, why 3 and 25 pf. stamps are entirely 
superfluous. As a matter of fact only the 10 
and 20 pf. stamps have ever been seen used, 
and it is not known definitely whether the 
5 and 50 pf. have ever reached the Islands. 
Since the Spanish-American conflict the 
former mail route from Ponape (Carolines) 
has ceased to exist and Jaluit has now only 
irregular and occasional steamer connection 
with Sydney. There is only one steamer 
every two months between Jaluit and German 
New Guinea. 

Of German South-west Africa there are 
two distinct issues. The name of the colony 
in the first reads " Deutsch Sud-west-Afrika," 
in the second " Deutsch Sudwestafrica." Of 
the former — 1897 — only the 3, 5, 10 and 20 
pf. were ever issued in that colony. There 
was no use for a stamp of 25 pf. and a 50 pf. 
postage stamp was only ordered after the 
second issue was circulated. The second 
issue was prepared in the fall of 1898. The 
first values to appear with the second line of 
the inscription in one word were the 10 and 
50 pf., in October, 1898 and the 28 pf. on 
December 7th. No 25 pf. postage stamp has 
ever been introduced into the colony and the 
3 and 5 pf. postage stamps have not as yet 
been issued to the colonies for their is a 
sufficient stock of the first issue on hand. 
Full sets of the second issue were obtained 
from the Berlin Colonial office and cannot 
come from the colony ; yet some German 
catalogues quote this set new or used." 

U.S. Periodical Remainders. 

Mr. John N. Luff, in his very exhaustive 
series of articles on " The Postage Stamps 
of the United States " tells the story of the 
Periodical Remainders and Reprints. He 
writes : 

" This issue is largely due to the efforts of 
one or two short-sighted dealers who, valuing 
a present small profit more than the future 
good of philately, persuaded our post office 
officials to make the issue as a source of 
revenue. That the result has been a 
disappointment to collectors and an injury to 
philately there can be no doubt, and stamp 
peddling is not an expedient which is 
commendable in any government, least of 
all in a great and wealthy one. To add to 
the unpleasant features of the case, the re- 
prints were not placed on the market as such 
but under the pretence that they were 
remainders. 

When it was proposed to sell to the public, 
at a nominal price 50,000 sets of remainders 



of this issue, it was found that there was not 
on hand a sufficient quantity of five of the 
values, so reprints were made to supply the 
deficiency. The five values were the 5, 10, 
20, 50 and 100 dollars. The reprinting was 
done in February, 1899, from plates 137, 138, 
139, 135 and 140. The quantities were : 
Remainders. Reprints. 

5 dollars 155 49.845 

10 dollars 11,640 38,360 

20 dollars 8,780 41,220 

50 dollars 16,245 33-755 

100 dollars 7)685 4 2 >3 I 5 

It is said that eventually 5,000 originals of 
each of the four higher values were used and 
45,000 reprints. 

The reprints are on the regular paper, 
watermarked U.S. P. S. They have a smooth 
white gum, while the gum of the originals is 
yellowish. The colours lack depth and rich- 
ness and look cold and thin. They are : 
5 dollars slate-blue. 
10 dollars grey-green. 
20 dollars lilac-grey. 
50 dollars brownish-rose. 
100 dollars bluish-purple. 

A " Stamp Hunter's " haul 
of U.S. Periodicals. 

The following " stamp hunter's " story is 
from Stamp Talk, U.S. — "I haven't much 
to report anyway this time, except a little 
story on the Government that came nearly 
to getting me into serious trouble. You 
know the use of Newspaper stamps, as 
vouchers for newspaper postage, has been 
abolished. Well the Government called in 
all the remainders and were to destroy them, 
but several of the leading stamp dealers 
petitioned the department to sell them to 
stamp cranks at a nominal sum. The 
Attorney General passed down an opinion 
that they could be sold at any price they 
cared to make on them and the Post Office 
Department finally decided to offer for sale 
50,000 sets at $5.00 a set, and at the end 
of the year if there were any remaining, 
destroy them with all the plates and dies. 
These stamps run from ic. to $100 — ic, 
2c, 5c, ioc, 25c, 50c, $2.00, $5.00, $10.00, 
$20.00, $50.00 $100 — twelve stamps of a 
total face value of $187.93. 

" I have a stamp-collecting friend over in 
the western part of the State who wanted 
these stamps and requested his Postmaster 
to send and get him a set. He planked up 
his $5.00 and the Washington authorities 
wrote on for ioc. more for registration fee 
and postage, which was forwarded. In due 
course of time my friend called for his 
stamps and was given, by the Postmaster, 
a big parcel what the department had sent 
for his $5.00. 

" I came along the next day, and my 
friend gave me the whole bunch, with the 
request to sell them and divide with him. 
If I had thought twice I wouldn't have 
taken them, but I jumped to the conclusion 
at once that the Department knew what 



Philately in the Mags. 



155 



they were doing, and I took them and left 
town with ninety-eight sets of these stamps 
a face value of $18,314.14. In other words 
my friend kept two sets and gave me the 
balance. The authorities sent him one 
hundred sets instead of one for his money. 

" I immediately sent them out, or most 
of them, around the country to my stamp 
customers, but I hadn't more than done so 
when the mistake was discovered and they 
were after me, and the Assistant Post- 
master himself caught me in Quincy. Just 
as soon as I found that he was to be held for 
them I assured him, of course, that he 
would get them all back or their equivalent. 
But either he wasn't satisfied or for some 
other reason I was nabbed in Kansas City, 
by an Inspector, and asked to turn over the 
stamps, which I refused to do, but agreed 
to make it good to my friend from whom I 
had received the stamps. That evening 
there came trooping up to my hotel, the 
Chief Inspector, his Assistant, and the 
United States Marshall, with a writ of 
replevin and a summons that Wm. McKinley, 
President of the United States, commanded 
my appearance in the United States Federal 
Court, for wrongfully and illegally taking 

away from the P. O., ninety-nine sets 

of Newspaper stamps to the value of 
$495.00, etc. They didn't get any of them, 
however, but as I tell you, Doc, I had felt 
before, it wasn't exactly right to keep the 
stamps, and have made it good to the 
satisfaction of all concerned. 

" I admit right here I was hasty in taking 
them in the first place and should not have 
done so. But I felt this way, perhaps the 
Government are going to sell these stamps 
at any old price ; they represent nothing of 
value to the Government : they are not 
redeemable : they are, in fact, only worth- 
less bits of paper, and it is still a question 
before the law if I could be held liable for 
the fictitious value placed on them by the 
United States authorities, with the circum- 
stances under which they came into my 
possession." 



Recent Philippine Surcharges. 

Madrid Filatelico presents in its most 
recent number a reproduction of an entire 
sheet of surcharges of the 1897 issue which 
is indeed wonderfully and tearfully made. 
The sheet is composed of the 25c. brown 
stamps of the 1890 issue, which were sur- 
charged with various values in 1897. This 
particular sheet shows a number of inverted 
surcharges, the varieties being mixed on 
every line. The sheet is composed of the 
following : 

58 stamps with surcharge 20 centavos. 

12 ,, ,, ,, 20 ,, inverted. 

10 „ „ „ 15 

10 ,, „ „ 5 

10 ,, ,, telegraph surcharge. 

The American Journal of Philately 
surmises that this sheet is in the nature 
of a trial. Let us hope it may prove to be 
so and that the trial has been confined to one 
sheet. 

British Guiana. 

Mr. B. O. Smith, an employee of the 
Post Office, has sent the American Journal 
of Philately a number of varieties of the 
recent surcharges — 2c. on 10c. and 2c. on 
15c, indicating the quantities issued of each 
kind. 

No. issued. 
2c. on ioc, inverted surcharge, 60 

Small " e " in " cents," 500 

No period and narrower " c " in 

"cents," 1,600 

"gents," instead of "cents," 

no period after " cents," 500 

2C on 15c, comma between "t" and 

" s " in " cents," 2,000 

Dash between "2" and "cents," 2,000 
Comma between "n" and "t" 

of " cents," 1,800 

Double surcharge, 50 

No period after "cents," 2,100 




156 



The Philatelic Record. 



Philatelic Gossip. 



Jamaica and Imperial 
Penny Postage. 

Jamaica has decided to join in the Imperial 
Penny Postage arrangements, and will 
become a member of the union on the 
Queen's birthday. The new stamps will 
bear a view of Jamaican scenery. It is 
estimated that there will be a loss for the 
first year of about £1,500. 

Jamaica has held off for a good while, and 
even when giving in she cannot, if report 
speaks truly, resist the opportunity to make 
a little out of the business. Apparently the 
loss is to be collected, as usual, from the 
Stamp Collector. 

Australian Federation. 

Discussing the question of Australian 
Federation, Mr. A. F. Bassett Hull writes : 
Of course the influence of Federation on 
Philately will be far-reaching indeed ; the 
separate issues of the six Colonies of New 
South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South 
Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia 
will give way to a uniform series for the 
whole Commonwealth, and a convenient 
stopping place will be provided for specialists 
who wish to limit their sphere of collecting. 

Stamps for Decoration. 

According to the British Realm a lady 
philatelist boasts of a bedroom suite which is 
entirely covered by stamps. They are 
secured to the various articles by the aid of 
glue, and then covered with thick varnish. 
They can be washed in their present con- 
dition, without injury. The beginning of 
this strange collection, numbering nearly 
two million, dates back many years. 



Postal Union Statistics. 

From the headquarters of the Universal 
Postal Union come the 1896-97 statistics of 
the postal services of the various countries 
comprised in the Union. The following 
interesting comparisons have been made : — 

The largest numbers of post offices in the 
various countries : — 



I. 

2. 

3- 


United States 
Germany . . 
Great Britain 


72,278 
41,028 
21,202 


4- 
5- 
6. 


India 

Canada 

France 


11,989 

9.37 1 
9,066 


The 


largest numbers of 


letter-boxes in 


use : — 






1. 

2. 
3- 
4- 
5- 
6. 

7- 


United States 

Germany . . 

France 

Great Britain 

Japan 

Italy 

India 


• 139.435 

108,897 
67,684 

51.595 
40,984 
40,096 
20,990 


The 
various 


greatest lengths (in kilometres) of the 
" postal lines " : — 


1. 


United States 


752,360 


2. 
3- 

4- 


Russia . . . 

India 

Germany . . 


254,968 
198,529 
153.285 



Miscellaneous. 

His Honour Judge Philbrick, q.c, has 
been re-elected to " Grand Office" in that 
cabalistically-named masonic brotherhood, 
"the Order of the Secret Monitor." 

Herr Lindenberg has now definitively 
retired from the post of Director of the 
Postal Museum of Berlin. His successor, 
according to the Deutsche Briefmarken 
Zeitung, will be Herr Piischel. 



Notices. 



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The Philatelic Record 

AND STAMP NEWS. 



AUGUST, 1899. 



Editorial Notes, 



THE Manchester Exhibition which was opened on the 29th June 
and closed on the 5th July last has been pronounced on all 
hands to be a thorough success from every point of view, excepting 
only, perhaps, the financial. In the financial part of the scheme 
the Committee was heavily handicapped in not being able to 
Manchester admit stall holders for the sale of stamps. However, it is 
Exhibition, to be hoped that despite the serious loss of such a source of 
revenue, the financial loss on the Exhibition will not be 
a serious one, for from all other aspects it not only deserved but it 
secured the most unquestioned success. In every possible way it was well 
arranged and well conducted. The promoters started out with the hope 
that Manchester would be able to make a good second to the great 
London Exhibition of 1897. In the opinion of the most competent 
judges it was quite equal if not superior to the London show. As 
in the London, so in Manchester there was a plethora of medals, such a 
plethora as to materially reduce the value of most if not all, but the one 
medal given to the one best Exhibitor as the blue ribbon of the gathering. 

© © © 

Major Evans in the Monthly Journal confesses his inability to 

The Fate of say whether the S.S.S.S. is dead or only sleeping. Perhaps 

the S.S.S.S. it will be most charitable to all concerned to say that it is 

dormant. Let us label it so, and encourage the fiction 

that it is a slumbering volcano which on the slightest provocation may 

break out with renewed vigour and start swearing soundly once more at 

offending governments. As there is very little to swear at just now the 

S.S.S.S. and all that it represented as a revolt against official swindling, 

may very well take a rest and cease from troubling. It has served its 

purpose for the time being. It has convinced certain governments 

that Stamp Collectors are not such tame fools as they are sometimes 

represented to be, and that they can kick and bite and scratch as well as 

other members of the body politic once they are roused. They don't want 

to fight, but, by Jingo ! if they do, etc. 



1 5 8 



The Philatelic Record. 



For a considerable time Stamp Collectors in India 

Duty on have been agitating for a removal of the Customs 

Postage Stamps. Duty, levied by the Indian Government on Postage 

stamps passing between collectors and dealers. 

The Indian Government has now replied to a memorial that it 

" Sees no sufficient reason for granting the exemption applied for." 

Here, again, we have another proof of the need of more cohesion 
amongst Stamp Collectors. If we had a real live Philatelic Society that 
would take up these matters at home, much might be done to protect the 
interests of philatelists. 

Meanwhile, as the memorialists pointed out in their memorial, the 
duty may, and, we will add should, be evaded by sending books and sheets 
of stamps under ordinary registered cover. 



On another page we quote some very pertinent words from 

Rarity and Major Evans on the question of rarity as effecting the market 

Prices. price of a stamp. There are numbers of collectors to whom 

Major Evans explanation will be useful. The average tyro 

cannot imagine why a stamp of which many are known should fetch 

enormous prices whilst a very much rarer stamp from the point of scarcity 

should be almost unsaleable. Our old friend fashion steps in and settles 

the matter. 

But after all has been said Major Evans will, we imagine, admit that 
there are many discrepancies between rarity and value that are attributable 
to other causes than fashion. We have often known a certain stamp of a 
country priced and boomed under the impression that it was the scarcest 
and therefore the rarest of a series of that country where in reality it was 
the common variety. The specialist sees much of this sort of thing. 




Our Trade with India. 159 



Our Trade with India. 



THE following letter from Messrs. Whitfield King & Co., speaks for 
itself. It discloses a serious condition of matters as affecting a 
branch of our trade with India. If all our trade with India were 
subject to such vexatious barriers, we fear matters would assume 
a serious aspect. Dealers should make a joint representation and lay the 
facts before the Secretary of State for India. We can suggest no other 
remedy, for the collectors of India seem to be able to make no impression 
on the Indian Government. We have never heard of a more scandalous 
threat than that mentioned in the letter, that the postal authorities 
would stop all delivery of letters till the duty on a certain letter was paid. 
The postal arrangements of India must be on the most curious basis if the 
authorities possess the power to carry out any such outrageous threat. 

Sir, — A great deal has been written on the subject of approval consignments 
of stamps sent to India by post being charged customs duty on the full value, but 
we venture to think our experience in one particular case puts in the shade any- 
thing else yet recorded. 

On October 27th, 1898, we sent a small book of stamps, value £22 12s. 8d., by 
registered letter addressed to a collector in India. The letter was opened in India 
by the customs officers, and our customer was informed he could have it on pay- 
ment of 17 rupees (£1 2s. 8d.) for duty. 

He declined to pay unless he could first see the contents of the letter, where- 
upon he was told that he would have to sign the receipt for the letter before he 
could be allowed to inspect its contents. This he did, and after examination, 
finding he would not be likely to buy enough to justify payment of duty on all, he 
refused to pay, and handed the letter and contents intact back to the postman. 

As our confreres in India have failed to get any rational adjustment of 
this old grievance of Government checks upon our trade with India in 
postage stamps, it becomes a question whether English collectors and 
dealers here should not put their heads together and combine to get up a 
joint deputation to the Secretary for India. We feel sure that if the facts 
were properly placed before the Home Authorities some good results 
would accrue. It only wants some public spirited individual to see 
the business through. 




^r^> 



i6o 



The Philatelic Record. 



Manchester Philatelic Exhibition, 

1899. 



THE Manchester Philatelic Exhibition was opened on the 29th June 
and closed on the 5th July, 1899. And it has been a grand 
success. The Exhibition was held in the Art Gallery, situated in 
the centre of the City of Manchester. 
Mr. Henniker Heaton, m.p., of Imperial Penny Postage, fame, 
performed the opening ceremony, and delivered a philatelic speech, in 
which he dilated upon ; 1, the most valuable collection in the world, which he 
allotted to Herr von Ferrary, and valued at ^250,000 to ^"300,000 ; 2, the 
greatest number of stamps collected, setting down a fairly large collection 
at from 50,000 to 80,000 stamps ; 3, the decoration of walls with stamps 
a la Mr. Whitfield King ; 4, the highest price paid for a stamp, which fell 
to the 10 cents United States Postmaster stamp issued in Baltimore, of 
which only one specimen was known and which was sold by a Parisian 
dealer two years ago for ^"910 ; 5, the greatest price paid for a collection, 
which he credited to Stanley Gibbons, Ltd., for the purchase of the Mr. M. 
P. Castle's Australians at ^"10,000 ; 6, the largest stock of stamps held by a 
dealer, a strangely curious item upon which to hasard an opinion, but which, 
taking Stanley Gibbons own figures, he credited to them at £^90,000 ; 7, the 
best known forgeries, the first four issues of Spain, the Moldavia Circulars 
and the Swiss Cantonals ; 8, finds of old stamps, i.e., British Guiana, 
Moldavias and St. Louis ; 9, the highest face value ot a stamp, i.e., 
Australians at ^"100 ; and 10, the smallest value of a stamp printed, i.e., 
Spanish Colonials of \ mil de peso, equal to the fortieth part of a penny, 
and then he finished up with a few chestnuts, evidently supplied to order, 
in the shape of anecdotes. 

A Dinner to the Judges on the 1st July was a pleasant function. 
Mr. W. Doming Beckton, the tireless originator and promoter of the 
Exhibition, presided, and all concerned toasted each other with the good 
humour that is begotten of success. Mr. Gibson, the energetic Secretary, 
set the tables in a roar when he informed them that the Commissioners of 
Inland Revenue had sent in forms to be filled up showing the salaries and 
profits of the Exhibition. 

Another pleasant gathering was the Conversazione at the City Art 
Galleries on the 4th July. The company present included the Lord Mayor 
and Lady Mayoress, and many of the prominent citizens of Manchester. 

LIST OF AWARDS. 



Postal Adhesive Stamps of Great Britain, 
unused only. 

Gold Medal .. Harold J. White. 
Silver Medal .. W. T. Willett. 
Bronze Medal . . Edgar H. Selby. 

Great Britain Adhesives, unused, single 
specimen collection. 

No Competition. 

Used Postal Adhesives of Great Britain. 



Silver Medal 
Bronze Medal 



J. E. Heginbottom. 
Wm. Brown and S. C. 
Skipton. 



For special collections of Postal Adhesives 
of British Empire (selected Colonies). 



Gold Medal 
Silver Medal 



Silver Medal 



Gold Medal 
Silver Medal 
Silver Medal 



Baron A. de Worms, for 
Ceylon. 

Harvey R. G. Clarke, for 
New South Wales. 

H. J. Duveen, for British 
Guiana. 

Vernon Roberts, for Cape 
of Good Hope. 

H. J. Duveen, for New- 
foundland. 

C. Stewart Wilson, for 
India. 



List of Awards. 



161 



Bronze Medal . . 
Silver Medal 

Silver Medal 
Bronze Medal . . 

Silver Medal 

Bronze Medal . . 

Bronze Medal . . 
Silver Medal 

Bronze Medal . . 
Bronze Medal . . 
Ext. Bron. Medal 



F. Ransom, for Trinidad. 

Edgar H. Selby, for 

Barbados. 
W. T. Willett, for Nevis. 

H. M. Hepworth, for 

Barbados. 
Leslie L. R. Hausberg, 

for Grenada. 
J. W. Mercer, for 

Grenada. 
J. C. North, for Cyprus. 

Leslie L. R. Hausberg, 
for Jamaica and Hong 
Kong. 

Vernon Roberts,for Gam- 
bia and Gold Coast. 

Baron A. de Worms, for 
Lagos & Sierra Leone. 

G. Fred H. Gibson, for 
Gibraltar and Malta. 



For Special 

Gold Medal 
Silver Medal 
Silver Medal 

Bronze Medal 
Ext. Bron. Me 
Gold Medal 
Silver Medal 
Silver Medal 

Silver Medal 

Bronze Medal 
Silver Medal 
Silver Medal 
Bronze Medal 



Collections of European 
Countries. 

W. Grunewald, for 
France and Monaco. 

W. B. Avery, for Switzer- 
land. 

W. Doming Beckton, for 
Roumaniawith Moldo- 
Wallachia 

L. Einstein, for Switzer- 
land, 
dal Lieut. Georges Dumont, 
for France and Spain. 

Ernest Petri, for Modena 
and Tuscany. 

Oswald Gillett, for 
Modena and Tuscany. 

J. H. Abbott, for Servia, 
Bulgaria, Southern 
Bulgaria and Eastern 
Roumelia. 

Herbert R. Oldfield, for 
Servia, Bulgaria and 
Montenegro. 

G. B. Duerst, for 
Roumania. 

Hubert Buckley, for 
Norway. 

J. N. Marsden, for 
Portugal. 

A. H. Harrison, for 
Norway. 



For Special Collections of Asia & Africa. 

Gold Medal . . T. Wickham Jones, for 
Japan. 

Silver Medal .. Major Hancock, for Af- 
ghanistan. 

Ext. Silver Medal C. F. Larmour, for Por- 
tuguese Indies. 

Ext. Silver Medal BaronA.deReuterskiold, 
for Philippine Islands. 

Ext. Bron. Medal Hyman Marks, for 
Transvaal. 



Silver Medal 
Bronze Medal 

For Special 

Gold Medal 

Silver Medal 
Silver Medal 
Bronze Medal 

Gold Medal 

Silver Medal 

Silver Medal 

Bronze Medal 
Bronze Medal , 



J.N. Marsden, for Azores 
and Madeira. 
. J. H. Abbott, for Egypt 
and Suez Canal. 

Collections of America. 

. Herbert R. Oldfield. for 
Columbian Republic 
and States. 
R. Fretzel, for Mexico. 
W.T.Wilson, forMexico. 
Evan T. Roberts, for 
Brazil. 
, . Stanley M. Castle, for 

United States. 
, . W. B. Avery, for Con- 
federate States. 
.. T.W.Hall, for Argentine 
Confederation and Re- 
public. 
Edw. S. Davidson, for 
Cuba and Porto Rico. 
. T. W. Hall, for Cor- 
rientes and Cordova, 
Curacao and Surinam. 



For any three Countries in Europe. 



Bronze Medal .. F. A. 



. a. von Sobbe, for 
Greece, Germany and 
Italy. 

Any three Countries in Asia or Africa. 

Bronze Medal . . F. J. Beazley, for Gam- 
bia, Gold Coast and 
Sierra Leone. 

Any three British Colonies (Australia, 
with America or Asia). 

Bronze Medal .. J. E. Heginbotton, for 
Ceylon, Queensland 
and Victoria. 

Any three British Possessions in Europe, 
Africa or West Indies. 



Bronze Medal 



J. E. Heginbottom, for 
Barbados, St. Vincent 
and St. Lucia. 



Any three Countries in America (not in 
A, B, C or D.) 

Bronze Medal . . D. M. de Heer, for Peru, 
Argentine and Curacao. 

For Collections of Bare Stamps. 

Not less than 75 nor more than 100. 
Gold Medal .. Vernon Roberts 
Silver Medal . . Lachlan Gibb 
Extra Sil. Med. . . Prince Doria Pamphily 
Extra Sil. Med.. . Ph. Kosack 
Extra Sil. Med... A. S. Tomson. 

Not more than 50 stamps — No stamp cat- 
alogued at more than £2. 

Silver Medal .. J.H.Abbott. 
Bronze Medal . . F. W. Lake, 



l62 



The Philatelic Record. 



For Entire General Collections, with or 
without Postcards, etc. 

No limit as to number. 

Gold Medal . . A. H. Jefferis. 
Silver Medal . . D. S. Garson. 

Total number not to exceed 10,000. 

Silver Medal . . Franz Reichenheim. 
Bronze Medal . . Lawrence M. Harris. 

Not to exceed 5000. 

Bronze Medal .. C. H. Coote. 
Bronze Medal .. C. S. Milnef. 

Collection of British Railway Stamps. 

Bronze Medal .. C. F. Dendy Marshall. 

Special Collections of a single Country. 

Silver Medal .. H. R. Oldfield. 
Bronze Medal .. W. B. Thornhill, for 
Shanghai. 

Special Collections of any three British 
Colonies (all obsolete Stamps.) 

No Competition. 

Special Group Collections. 

Silver Medal .. W. Doming Beckton, for 

West Indies. 
Ext. Silver Medal Mrs. Hetley, for Australia 

For Collections of Entire Envelopes and 
Wrappers (Selected Countries.) 

Silver Medal . . Oliver Firth, for Registra- 
tion Envelopes of Great 
Britain. 

Silver Medal . . Th. Lemaire. 

Not less than three Countries not in 
Division 1. 

No Competition. 

For Collections of Entire Postcards and 
Letter Cards. 

Selected Countries. 

Silver Medal 



Bronze Medal 



T. Ridpath, for Belgium, 
Roumania, Mexico, 
Spain and Colonies. 

W.Brown & S.C. Skipton 
for Mexico & Belgium. 



Any three Countries not in Division 1. 

Bronze Medal . . J. L. Van Dieten.for Cey- 
lon, Gibraltar Turks 
Island, and Virgin 
Islands. 

For Exhibits by Stamp Engravers and 
Manufacturers. 

Silver Medal and Diploma 

Bradbury, Wilkinson & Co. 
Silver Medal and Diploma 

Compania Sud Americana 
de Billetes de Banco. 



For Philatelic Literature and Works 
Current Philatelic Journals by Publishes. 

Bronze Medal and Diploma 

Hugo Krotzsch. 
Bronze Medal and Diploma 

Societe Francaise de Tim- 

brologie. 

Philatelic Works Published since Oct. 
1890. 

Bronze Medal and Diploma 

Berlin Philatelisten Club. 
Bronze Medal and Diploma 

Stanley Gibbons Ltd. 
Extra Bronze Medal 

Bright & Son. 
Extra Bronze Medal 

Philatelic Society of India. 
Extra Bronze Medal 

Sociedad Filatelica Santiago, 

Chili. 

Album for a Special Collection. 

Bronze Medal and Diploma 

Richard Dalton. 

Bronze Medal and Diploma 

Stanley Gibbons, Ltd. 

Album for General Collection. 

Bronze Medal and Diploma 

Paul Kohl. 
Bronze Medal and Diploma 

W. T. Wilson. 

For Philatelic Accessories for use 
by Collectors. 

Diploma . . Army and Navy Co-oper- 

ative Society, London. 
Diploma . . Stanley Gibbons, Ltd. 

Special arrangements of Stamps, Proofs, 

Essays, &c, &c. 

Bronze Medal . . M. W. Jones. 
Bronze Medal . . B. M. Warhurst. 

The extra medals mentioned in the above list 
are given at the recommendation of the Judges. 

SPECIAL GOLD MEDAL, 

Being the grand prize of the Exhibition 
Harold J. White, for Great Britain. 



SPECIAL MEDALS. 



Manchester Philatelic Society. — For 
the best two exhibits in Class II. shown by 
Philatelists resident out of the British Isles. 

Gold Medal. D. P. Masson, for Cash- 
mere. 

Silver Medal. Baron A. de Reuterskiold, 
for Philippine Islands. 

Silver Medal to the Society whose 
members figure most numerously in 
the list of Exhibitors. 

London Philatelic Society. 



List of Awards. 



163 



The Philatelic Society, London. — Gold 
Medal for the finest Special Collection of any 
one country, having regard to the difficulty in 
forming it, apart from the monetary value. 

Baron A. de Worms, for Ceylon. 

Silver Medal for the best Special or 
General Collection shown by a lady. 
Mrs. Baynes, for Greece. 

Philatelic Society of India, — Silver 
Medal for the best exhibit of Indian Stamps, 
including the surcharged British Indian 
Issues used in Native States. 

C. Stewart Wilson. 

Bradford Philatelic Society. — One 
Silver and one Bronze Medal for the best 
two exhibits from residents in Yorkshire. 

Silver Medal. T. K. Skipwith, for Sey- 
chelles and Uganda. 

Bronze Medal. Eugene Egly, for 50 
Rare Stamps. 

Herts Philatelic Society. — Silver 
Medal for the best exhibit by a member of 
the Herts Philatelic Society in Class II. 

H. R. Oldfield, for Columbia. 

Leeds Philatelic Society. — Silver 
Medal for the best exhibit shown by a 
member of the Leeds Philatelic Society. 

H. M. Hepworth, for Barbados. 

Liverpool Philatelic Society. — One 
Silver and one Bronze Medal for the best 
exhibits from Liverpool and District. 

Silver Medal. F. A. von Sobbe, for 
Greece, Germany and Italy. 

Bronze Medal. C. S. Milner, for col- 
lection under 5,000. 

Plymouth Philatelic Society. — Silver 
Medal for the best exhibit of uncatalogued 
varieties shown in Class II., consisting of 
Stamps issued up to the end of 1896, and 
not catalogued by Stanley Gibbons or Scott. 

R. Frentzel. 

Nederlandsche Vereeniging Van Post- 

ZEGELVERZAMELAARS, AMSTERDAM. — Silver 

Medal for the best exhibit by a native of 
Holland. 

H. M. de Heer, for 50 Rare Stamps. 

SOCIETE FRANCAISE DE TlMBROLOGIE, 

Paris.— Silver Medal for the best exhibit of 
the Stamps of France or French Colonies. 

W. Grunewald. 

Society Filatelica Lombarda, Milan. 
— Silver Medal for the most meritorious 
exhibit of Italian States in Class II. 

E. Petri, for Modena and Tuscany. 

Mr. W. Dorning Beckton. — Gold Medal 
for the most meritorious exhibit amongst 
those which have gained a Silver Medal in 
the open competition in Class II. 

H. J. Duveen, for British Guiana. 



Silver Medal for the most meritorious 
exhibit amongst those which have 
gained a Bronze Medal in the open 
competition in Class II. 

G. B. Duerst, for Roumania. 

Mr. H. A. Stamford. — Silver Medal for 
the best exhibit shown by a member of the 
Bradford Philatelic Society. 

Oliver Firth, for Great Britain Registra- 
tion Envelopes. 

Mr. W. T. Wilson. — One Silver and one 
Bronze Medal for the best two exhibits 
shown by members of the Birmingham 
Philatelic Society. 

Silver Medal. Stanley M. Castle, for 
United States 

Bronze Medal. W. Hadlow, for Queens- 
land. 

Mr. J. H. Abbott. — Silver Medal for the 
best exhibit from Scotland. 

R. S. Richardson, for Cape of Good Hope, 
Newfoundland and Canada. 

Silver Medal for the best exhibit from 
Ireland. 

Hugh Higginson, for collection under 
5,000. 

Mr. Thomas Beckton.— Silver Medal for 
the best exhibit by a member of the Man- 
chester Philatelic Society failing to obtain a 
medal in the open competition. 

John Cooper, for general collection. 
Silver Medal for the best exhibit in Class 

II., Division 5. 
F. A. Von Sobbe, for Greece, Germany 

and Italy. 

M. Jules Bernichon.— Gold Medal for 
the best collection of French, tete-beche, 
shown either alone in Class III., or forming 
part of an exhibit of France in Class II. 
W. Grunewald. 

Messrs. Bright & Son. — Silver Medal 
for the best exhibit of Holland in Class II. 
No competition. 

Mr. William Brown. — One Silver and 
one Bronze Medal for the best two collections 
of Stamps issued since i8go, and shown in 
class IV., Division 3. 

Silver Medal. C. S. Milner. 
Bronze Medal. Hugh Higginson. 

Mr. George H. Callf. — Silver Medal for 
the best exhibit of Sydney views. 

Harvey R. G. Clarke. 

Mr. G. B. Duerst. One Silver and one 
Bronze Medal for the best two exhibits shown 
by an exhibitor resident within a radius of 20 
miles of the Manchester Royal Exchange, 
and not a member of the Manchester Phila- 
telic Society. 

Silver Medal. A. H. Jefferies. 
Bronze Medal. A. R. Stelling for gen- 
eral collection. 



164 



The Philatelic Record. 



Messrs. Stanley Gibbons, Ltd. — One 
Gold and one Silver Medal for the best two 
collections of Australian Stamps. 

Gold Medal. Harvey R. G. Clarke. 

Silver Medal. M. Z. Kuttner. 

One Silver end one Bronze Medal for 
the best two collections shown by 
youths under 21 in Class IV., in an 
album of English manufacture. 

Silver Medal. J. S. Higgins, Junr. 

Bronze Medal. A. R. Stelling. 

Messrs. Butler Bros. — Bronze Medal for 
the best collection of not less than 2,000 
varieties shown by a boy or girl nnder 16 
and attending school. 

J. S. Higgins, Junr. 

Mr. G. Fred H. Gibson. — One Silver and 
one Bronze Medal for the best two exhibits 
in Class I. or II., shown by members of a 
Provincial Philatelic Society (Manchester 
excluded). 

Silver Medal. Baron A. de Worms, for 

Ceylon. 
Bronze Medal. Stanley M. Castle, for 

United States. 

Mr. Arthur H. Harrison. — Silver Medal 
for the best collection of Sweden, Norway, 
or Denmark and Iceland, shown in Class II., 
Division 2, D, by an exhibitor resident in any 
of these countries. 

Hubert Buckley. 

Mr. J. E. Heginbottom. — Gold Medal for 
the best exhibit of West Indies. 

W. Doming Beckton. 

Silver Medal for the best exhibit in 
Class IV., shown by an exhibitor 



under 21. 
S. Higgins, Junr. 



Mr. D. Ostara. — Silver Medal for the 
most meritorious exhibit of Adhesives on 
entire shown in Class IV. 

No competition. 



Mr. W. A. Peckitt. — One Gold and one 
Silver Medal for the two most meritorious 
exhibits, regard being paid primarily to the 
question of condition, in Class III. 

Gold Medal. Vernon Roberts. 

Silver Medal. Lachlan Gibb. 

One Gold and one Silver Medal for the 

two most meritorious exhibits in 

Class I. 

Gold Medal. H. J. White. 
Silver Medal. W. T. Willett. 

Mr. Ernest Petri. — One Silver and one 
Bronze Medal for the best two exhibits 
shown by a lady resident within a radius of 
15 miles from the Manchester Royal 
Exchange. 

Silver Medal. Mrs. Harrison. 
Bronze Medal. Mrs. Vaudrey. 

Mr. Vernon Roberts. — Gold Medal for 
the best exhibit shown in Class II., Division 1. 
Baron A. de Worms, for Ceylon. 

Silver Medal for the best exhibit of St. 
Lucia. W. Pimm. 

Silver Medal for the best exhibit from 
Wales. J. R. Jones. 

Mr. Adolf Rosenberg. — Silver Medal for 
the best exhibit shown by a German Resident 
in Germany. 

L. Einstein. 

Mr. Ernst Stock. -One Gold and one 

Silver Medal for the best two exhibits of 
unused German States, regard being paid to 
the pristine beauty of the specimens shown 
as well as to their rarity. 

Silver Medal. F. A. von Sobbe. 

Messrs. Winch Bros. — One Bronze Medal 
for the best and most accurate Colour Chart, 
consisting of genuine government postal 
issues, with colours named — Seebecks, Re- 
prints, Locals, and Forgeries being excluded. 

B. W. Warhurst. 



Philately in the Mags. 



165 



Philately in the Mags. 



U.S. 



30c. orange, 
Imperf. 



1851-6, 



The 30c. orange of the U.S., 1851-6 series 
in an imperforate state has always been 
set down as a proof, but the Post Office tells 
us that Mr. Power on a recent visit to 
England obtained a used copy on the 
original cover. 

" The letter is addressed to a firm in 
Lyons, France, and is cancelled new york, 
oct. 2, paid 24 in a large circle, partly 
covering the stamp with the regular additional 
bar cancellation also partly covering the 
stamp ; the receiving cancellation on the 
back reads : lyon 16 oct. 60 in small circle. 
There is an additional small circular can- 
cellation on the face of the cover bearing the 

WOrds ET. UNIS SERV. BR. A. C. 15 OCT. 60. G. 

The stamp itself is from the centre of the 
sheet as the left hand margin bears the 
dividing line as well as part of the adjoining 
stamp ; the margin on the right is so large 
that it is not possible that the perforations 
can have been clipped ; the margin is good 
at the bottom, but the stamp has been cut 
close at the top. The cover has been sub- 
mitted by us to such excellent judges of 
United States stamps as H. G. Mandel, 
John N. Luff and Henry Caiman, all of 
whom pronounce it as unquestionably 
genuine, and exceedingly valuable as settling 
the contention in regard to this stamp. 

The color of the stamp also differs 
materially from that of the perforated 30 
cent stamp, as well as from that of the 
proofs. The catalogue date 1851-56, should 
however be changed, as no 30 cent stamps 
were issued to the public before i860. In 
this connection it may be well to remind our 
readers of a fact that has not yet received 
sufficient publicity, viz., that 30 cent stamps 
were originally printed in black and issued 
in an imperforate state to the public. 
Copies of this stamp 30 cent black im- 
perforate are known to exist in the collections 
of at least two well known New York 
collectors." 

Stamps of the Malay States. 

Mr. A. F. Basset Hull contributes the fol- 
lowing interesting note on the Stamps of the 
Malay States to the Monthly Journal : "Until 
the end of the year 1898 the postage on corre- 
spondence from the Protected Native States 
of Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, and 
Pahang, for places beyond the colony could 
only be prepaid by means of stamps of the 
Straits Settlements, those States having 
always been treated in their foreign 
postal relations as forming part of that 
colony. Mr. P. J. Nelson, Superintendent 
Of Posts and Telegraphs of Perak, acting 
on behalf of the Federated Malay States, 



made arrangements with the Straits Settle- 
ments Postal Department for the labels of 
the different States to be recognised as valid 
for prepayment of postage on correspondence 
for all parts of the World. The arrange- 
ments having been approved by the imperial 
and colonial authorities and by the Resident- 
General of the Native States, was brought 
into operation on the 1st January, 1899. 
The postal status of the States remains in 
other respects practically unchanged. A 
similar arrangement has been made for the re- 
cognition of the postage stamps of His High- 
ness the Sultan of Johore. In bygone years 
Straits postage labels were used to prepay a 
considerable amount of correspondence 
emanating from the Philippine Islands and 
the whole of that from Siam, North Borneo, 
and Sarawak, but henceforth those labels 
will be used nowhere outside the colony. 
The value of postage stamps for international 
service supplied to the different Malay States 
during 1898 was as follows : Perak, 86519; 
Selangor, 85605 ; Negri Sembilan, $1008 ; 
Pahang, $1011 ; and Johore, $290." 

Postal Union Colours. 

It will be remembered that at the last 
Postal Union Congress a recommendation 
was agreed to that each country should 
print its stamps for foreign postage in blue, 
for inland postage in red, and for printed 
matter in green, i.e. : 

£d. green. 

id. red. 

2£d. blue. 

Mr. Eustace B. Power has compiled a list 
of the various countries already in line and 
of those that still stand out. We quote 
these interesting lists from the Post Office. 

The following countries now issue their 
stamps in the regulation colors. 



Argentine Rep., 

Bahamas, 

Bavaria, 

Bosnia, 

Br. Honduras, 

Cape Good Hope, 

Cyprus, 

Dominican Rep., 

Eritrea, 

Gambia, 

Gibraltar, 

Greece, 

Grenada, 

Iceland, 

Japan, 

Leeward Isles, 

Macao, 

Mexico, 

Morocco Agencies, 

New S. Wales, 

Norway, 



Austria, 

Barbados, 

Bermuda, 

Br. E. Africa, 

Bulgaria, 

Cuba (U.S.), 

Denmark, 

Egypt and Soudan, 

Finland, 

Germany & Colonies, 

Gold Coast, 

Hungary, 

Italy, 

Lagos, 

Luxemburg, 

Malta, 

Montenegro, 

Natal, 

Newfoundland, 

Paraguay, 

Philippine Isles (U.S.), 



1 66 



The Philatelic Record. 



Peru, 

Porto Rico (U.S.), 

Russia, 

St. Vincent, 

Seychelles, 

So. African Rep., 

Sweden, 

Turkey, 

United States, 



Portugal and Colonies. 

St. Helena, 

Servia, 

Sierra Leone, 

Straits Settlements, 

Trinidad, 

Turks Isles, 

Virgin Isles, 

Wurtemburg, 



West Australia. 

The following countries have stamps in 
issue whose colours do not conform with the 
plan. 

Belgium, 10 centimes is red-brown. 
Bechuanaland Prot. on Great Britain. 
Brazil, 3oor. green and black. 

5oor. blue. 
British Guiana, 2C. mauve and orange. 
Canada, 2c. violet. 
Ceylon, 6c. on 15c. green. 
Chili, ioc. orange. 

Columbian Rep., ioc. bistre on rose. 
2C. green. 

ic orange and yellow. 
Congo, 50c. green on black, 
ioc. blue on black, 
ic. brown and black. 
Corea, 25p. brown-carmine. 

iop. deep blue. 
Costa Rica, ioc. green. 
2C. yellow. 
Danish West Indies, ioc. brown and blue. 
3c. blue and lake, 
ic. green & magenta. 
Ecuador, ioc. brown. 

2c. vermilion. 
Falkland Islands, ip. red brown. 
Fernando Po, 25c. carmine. 

ioc. brown. 
Fiji, 2^p. brown, 
ip. lilac. 

2*P- gray- 
France and Colonies, 25c. black on rose. 

ioc. black on lavender. 
Great Britain, ip. lilac. 

£p. vermilion. 
Guatemala, ioc. red. 

2C. brown, 
ic. blue. 
Hawaii, 5c. rose. 

ic. yellow. 
Hayti, ioc. orange. 
3c. green. 
2c. orange. 
Honduras, ic. brown. 
India, ia. purple-brown. 
Jamaica, ip. lilac and violet. 
Labuan, 8c. rose and black. 
3c. bistre and black. 
2C blue and black. 
Liberia, 8c. brown. 

3c. red and green, 
ic. violet. 
Mauritius, 18c. green and ultramarine. 
4c. lilac and green. 
2C. lilac and orange. 
Monaco, 25c. green. 

ioc. brown on yellow. 
5c. blue. 
Netherlands, 12JC gray. 



Netherlands, 5c. blue. 

2^c. brown-violet. 
Curacao, 25c. blue. 
Dutch Indies, 25c. red-violet. 

2jc. yellow. 
Surinam, 5c. blue. 

2Ac. carmine. 
New Zealand, £p. black. 
Nicaragua, ioc. purple. 
2C. slate, 
ic. brown. 
North Borneo, 8c. lilac and black 
3c. lilac and green. 
ic. brown and black. 
Orange Free State, ip. violet. 

$p. orange. 
Persia, 12s. rose. 

5s. yellow. 
3s. violet. 
Queensland, 2^p. violet on blue. 

ip. orange. 
Roumania, 25b. violet. 
5b. blue. 
3b. brown. 
St. Lucia, ip. lilac. 
Salvador, 13c. brown-red. 

5c. green. 
San Marino, 25c. blue and brown, 
ioc. green. 
5c. olive. 
Sarawak, 8c. green. 

3c. lilac and blue, 
ic. lilac and slate. 
Siam, 12a. lilac and carmine. 

4a. on 12a. lilac and carmine. 
South Australia, 2^p. violet-blue. 
Jp. green. 
£p. brown. 
Spain, ioc. red-brown. 

5c. ultramarine. 
Switzerland, 25c. green. 
Tasmania, 2$p. red-violet. 

Jp. orange and violet. 
Tunis, 25c. black on rose. 

ioc. black on lavender. 
Uruguay, ioc. red. 

2C. violet, 
ic. blue. 
Venezuela, 25c. magenta. 
ioc. blue. 
5c red-brown. 
Victoria, 2^p. carmine on yellow, 
ip. orange-brown. 
£p. rose. 
Zanzibar, ia. black, blue and red. 

The following countries issuing stamps 
have not yet entered the Postal Union, 
according to the latest report of the Post 
Office Guide : 
Abyssinia. 
Afghanistan. 
British Central Africa. 
China. 

Cook Islands. 
New Hebrides. 
Niger Coast. 
Rhodesia. 
Samoa. 
Tonga. 
Uganda. 



Philately Gossip. 



167 



Philatelic Gossip. 



Australian Federation. 

The Australian Philatelist for June antici- 
pates that the first Federal Parliament will 
meet about January 1st, igoi. Of the effect 
upon the issue of Australian postage stamps 
Mr. Basset Hull, the Editor says : 

" It is early yet to indulge in anticipations 
as to the probable design of the Common- 
wealth postage stamps, but it may be taken 
for granted that the occasion will be con- 
sidered one calling for the exercise of great 
care and judgment not only in the selection 
of beautiful and effective designs, but in the 
adoption of the most advanced methods of 
production." 

Then follows the question, " What will 
become of the ' remainders ' of the separate 
Colonial issues after the momentous Act of 
Union has come into force ? " 

The date of the coming into force of the 
Act of Union will, however, presumably 
be known many months beforehand, and that 
being so there should not be any overstock- 
ing, and, therefore, no consequent ' remain- 
ders' left for speculation. If there are large 
stocks of ' remainders ' we shall know that 
some one has blundered — or worse. 

Mr. A. E. Cousins, Stamp 
Engraver. 

The name of Mr. A. . Cousins is well 
known as an Australian stamp engraver, and 
the following biographical note, " from the 
pen of Mr. A. F. Basset Hull, in the Monthly 
Journal, will be read with interest. 

" Mr. A. E. Cousins, who engraved the 
dies for some of the New Zealand stamps, 
the first two issues of Tonga, the current 
Samoans, Cook Islands, &c, is now residing 
in Sydney, and I had the pleasure of an 
interview with him the other day. Mr. 
Cousins is a comparatively young man, and 
was for some time in partnership with Mr. 
Alfred Bock, the engraver of the Tasmanian 
St. George and Dragon stamps. The firm 
turned out the dies for the first issue of 
Tonga in 1886, and Mr. Cousins subsequently 
severed his connection with Mr. Bock and 
carried on the engraving business on his 
own account. He engraved the dies for the 
1 89 1 issue of Tonga, having been furnished 
with a copy of the arms of the kingdom 
embossed in colour and a portrait of King 
George I. as designs. The framing was his 



own drawing, and it must be admitted that 
the work is very creditable, the portrait being 
excellent, and the whole stamp effectively 
produced and well balanced in each case. 

Mr. Cousins engraved the dies for the 
Cook Islands stamps of 1893. He produced 
a single die for the portrait of Queen Makea, 
and engraved the frame for each value 
separately. I saw a set of his progress 
proofs of this portrait, forty-five in number, 
showing the gradual growth of the head 
from a few outlines to the completed picture. 
The new issues are also from bis bureau. 
The material furnished him for making the 
design consisted of a large photograph of a 
misty looking-island and a very rough wood- 
cut heading from a local newspaper, entitled : 
"Te Torea,"and representing a species of tern 
flying. But one die was engraved for this 
series, the values being produced by means 
of an overprint forme which prints the 
denominations in figures in each of the four 
angles. 

The New Zealand stamps engraved by 
Mr. Cousins are £d. black, 2.|d. blue (1891), 
5d. grey-black and the i£d. letter card. He 
also recut some of De La Rue's dies of the 
1882 issue — the id., 2d., 6d. and 8d." 

Countries without Stamps. 

The Illustrated Briefmarken Journal gives 
the following list of Countries which have 
not yet issued postage stamps : — 

" Andorra, a small republic on the southern 
side of the Pyrenees ; population, 6000. 

Liechenstein, a small principality in the 
Tyrol; population, 9,124. 

Morocco. 

Mnscal, in Southern Arabia. 

British New Guinea.'" 

Porto Rico, 1890, 
8 m. de peso. 

According to our American contempories 
a promising postage stamp as concerns rarity 
is the 8 mils de peso, bistre, of Porto Rico of 
i8go. This stamp which is quoted fifty 
cents in the last edition of Scott's Catalogue 
and only about half of that amount in 
European price lists has become quite scarce 
within the last few months. It is reported 
that only a short time ago a Porto Rican 
collector offered a stamp dealer in Porto Rico 



i68 



The Philatelic Record. 



400 pesetas ($80), for a block of four of these 
stamps, but the merchant considering the 
offer insufficient kept his block. 

Rarity and Prices. 

Major Evans in an editorial in the 
Monthly Journal discusses the question of 
rarity as a factor in determining the market 
price of a stamp. He writes : — 

" One of the latest, and not the least 
hopeless, of the suggestions that we have 
recently seen put forward for ascertaining 
the proper prices for stamps, is that they 
should be fixed in accordance with the 
numbers known to have been issued of the 
various stamps to be compared. Ascertain 
the exact number printed, we are told, and 
the relative values can be fixed mechanically. 
But there are a few other circumstances to 
be taken into account. In the first place our 
good friends must remember that it is not 
supply alone that regulates prices in any 
market; demand has something to do with 
the matter also. We know of more than 
one stamp, as distinct and recognisable 
varieties as the famous " Post Office " 
Mauritius, and twice as rare, but if one of 
them came into the market would it fetch a 
thousand pounds ? We doubt whether it 
would fetch a thousand pence ! But in any 
case the numbers printed afford little guid- 
ance. What we want to know is how 
many are in the market, or in existence. 
For instance, are we to place those same 
" Post Office" Mauritius stamps, of which in 
all probability g5 per cent, have disappeared 
absolutely, past all hope of recall, on the 
same level with some mushroom issue of 
surcharged fragments in, say, the Oil River 
Protectorate, of which 95 per cent, went 
into the hands of enthusiastic philatelists ? 
Again, are we to compare an issue of 
100,000 specimens in one of our smaller 
colonies with an issue of that number in 
Great Britain, France, Germany, or the 
United States ? In one of these countries 



100,000 adhesives of the value of a penny, 
or thereabouts, would be far less than the 
supply of a single day, and the whole 
number might be swallowed up without a 
single collector ever seeing one ; in the 
Colonial Post Office the same number would 
last for months, and every dealer would 
have an opportunity of obtaining a supply. 
Statistics are of very little practical use ; it 
has even happened that, in the case of a 
stamp which was very difficult to obtain, and 
had perhaps ceased to be commonly sought 
after for that reason, a few copies coming 
into the market have actually caused a rise 
in price, from the stamp becoming obtainable 
and thus more marketable." 

Turkey : New Design. 

The Philatelic Monthly &• World says the 
postal authorities of Turkey recently opened 
a competition for a new design for their 
postage stamps. Among the numerous pro- 
posals submitted the one designed by Nazine 
Effendi, a civil functionary of the Seraskierate 
was unanimously selected and being sub- 
mitted to the Sultan, was equally approved 
by him. The young, successful official was 
given a furlough from his official duties in 
the Ministry in order to prepare the designs 
for the new plates and to superintend the 
obtaining of essays and proofs. The nature 
of the design has not as yet been given out. 

Miscellaneous. 

The death is announced of Mr. E. Win- 
zer of Dresden. Mr. Winzer was a member 
of the Dresden Society, and for some years 
acted as its librarian. He sold his collection 
in 1894 to Messrs. Stanley Gibbons for about 
£3000. 

Princess Charles of Denmark is said to 
have a very fine collection of postage stamps 
in which she takes a very keen interest. 

A new edition of Scott's Catalogue is 
promised for October. 



Notices. 



Advertisement Rates.— Per Insertion, net. 



Space. 


Single. 


3 months. 


6 months. 


12 months. 


Half Page 


£ s. d. 
300 

1 15 
100 


£ s. d. 
2 16 6 

1 10 

18 


£ s- d. 
2 12 6 

170 

15 


£ s. d. 
200 

126 

12 6 





Small Advertisements — 5s. per inch, in double column, prepaid. 

Special Positions by Arrangement. 

Advertisements must be received not later than the 15th of the month for publication in the next issue. 



The Philatelic Record 

AND STAMP NEWS. 



SEPTEMBER, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 



A GREAT deal of fuss has been made over the so-called Great 
Barrier Island pigeon service and the consequent issue of postage 
stamps. There has been much controversy as to the genuineness 
of the stamps. But it seems to us that even granting the genuine- 
ness of the stamps they are nothing more nor less than 
Great Barrier small receipts for the private carriage of private parcels. 
Island Stamps. They are in no sense postage stamps. At best they are 
local labels. If our London carrier companies were to 
issue books of labels for the payment of carriage of small parcels instead 
of allowing their van men to collect payment in cash, their labels would be 
on a par with those Great Barrier Island stamps so long as the service is a 
private service with no sort of connection or concession from the Govern- 
ment. The service may be excellent and absolutely necessary, but so long 
as it has no Government concession it can be no other than a private local 
label. Besides, there is no reason why each family on the island should 
not have its two or three pigeons, issue its own pigeon labels, and fleece 
stamp flats on its own account. 



Poor little St. Helena is gradually, but very slowly, getting rid 
St. Helena of its stock of remainders. We are officially informed that its 
Eemaiders. stamp business in remainders is averaging /"ioo a month, and 

they have a final consignment now on hand that will last them, 
at the same rate of sale, for about a couple of years. We must not, how- 
ever be severe on the little island. It is trying hard to overtake its debts. 
Its liabilities exceed its assets by ^2,486, and its hope of being able to square 
its creditors rests upon the sale of a stock of ^"8,800 of obsolete postage 
stamps. Won't some soft-hearted and wealthy collector take a few sheets ? 
We are nervously anxious to see the stock worked off, for if it is not quickly 
got rid of, the surcharging fiend may whisper temptations into the ears of 
the authorities, and then we shall wish that we had bought up the whole 
lot. 

O Q Q 



170 The Philatelic Record. 

It is with no little pleasure that we quote on another page an 

The End of announcement made by the American Journal of Philately, that 

Seebecks. the Seebeck contract is at an end, and that the executors or 

assigns of the late Mr. Seebeck do not intend to enter into 

any new agreement. How far the decision of the representatives of the 

Seebeck interest will affect the pettifogging States which have for so 

many years reaped the advantages of an organisation for milking 

stamp collectors remains to be seen. Meantime, it is some consolation to 

be able to chronicle the end of the Seebeck arrangement. 

© © © 

Once more we have the Colour Problem before us in the 

The Colour shape of an attempt at a solution. In our humble opinion 

Problem almost any solution is better than the ludicrous differences 

that occur and recur every month in our philatelic journals. 

We are all sinners alike. We are all tarred with the same brush. We 

none of us stick even to our own crude ideas on colour. We call a shade 

by one name one day and by quite another name the next day, and so the 

farce goes on. 

Let us turn over a new leaf and agree to accept the new Gibbons 
colour chart as a compromise. Let us follow as closely as possible its 
designations, and then we shall at least get somewhat nearer to a clear 
understanding of what we mean when we name the colour of a stamp. At 
all events, for the present, we will do so in the Philatelic Record. 

^ q q 

The Scott Stamp and Coin Co. of New York, announces that 

Sale of the it will in January next, offer the well known collection of Mr. 

Hunter Frederick William Hunter, for sale by public auction. Mr. 

Collection. Hunter will be remembered as having secured the 2c. rose, 

British Guiana in the De Coppat sale for ^252. The Scott 

Co., say the collection is " the finest that has ever been offered for sale at 

auction." 

The explanation of the cause of the sale is not without interest, and 
may suggest a way out of a difficult position to one or two of our own very 
eminent ones. Mr. Hunter, it seems, has not lost his interest in stamps, 
but, having identified himself a few years ago with a stamp company, he 
finds it impossible to reconcile his interests as a dealer with his enthu- 
siasm as a collector. Hence he has decided to sell out. 




Uruguay Varieties. 171 



Uruguay 9 1866-72: Varieties. 



A Paper read before the Philatelic Society, London, on December cjth, i? 
By ROBERT EHRENBACH. 

From the London Philatelist. 



THE so-called large-figure issue of Uruguay of 1866-1872, has 
always commanded a fair amount of interest amongst collectors 
on account of the numerous shades to be found in these stamps, 
and also because the 5 cent value affords a decently large field for 
the specialist in the way of varieties, or, if I may say so, errors. It will 
hardly be necessary to give a description of the design, which is familiar 
to all. 

The stamps were designed and printed by Messrs. De La Rue & Co., 
and sent out by them with a duplicate printing stone and a supply of paper. 
Although one or perhaps two or three printings were in later years made 
locally at Montevideo, Messrs. De La Rue & Co. continued to print the 
greater portion of the supply, especially of the imperforate set. Details 
as to these various printings may be found in the excellent book on 
Uruguay stamps by Dr. Wonner. The series were issued to the public on 
the 1st of January, 1866, and consisted of four values, viz. : — 

5 cent, blue. 
10 „ green. 
15 ,, yellow. 
20 ,, rose. 

To these a fifth value, the 1 cent black, was added on the 1st October of 
the same year. The stamps were issued imperforate on a rather hard 
white paper of medium thickness, which does not vary very much in the 
four lower values ; the 20 cent, however, exists likewise on a much thicker 
paper. 

During the latter part of 1866, the same stamps were issued to the 
public in a perforated state and apparently on quite different paper, 
varying from medium thick to thin, in the case of the 5 cent sometimes so 
thin that one might call it pelure ; the 10 and 15 are likewise said to exist 
on this pelure paper. 

The perforating machine is a so-called guillotine machine, gauging 12 
to 13. The values 10, 15, and 20 cents likewise exist perforated in a 
larger gauge, iox 10^, and are all rare. 

All values, both in the imperforate and in the perforate state, show a 
good range of shades, especially in the case of the 5 cent, where the shades 
range from bright ultramarine to a very deep Prussian blue ; this value, 
however, imperforate, shows a far greater number of shades than the 
perforate one, while up to the present I have not been able to find the latter 
in ultramarine. 

The paper has no watermark, that visible in some specimens being 
merely a manufacturer's mark and of no importance to collectors. 



172 The Philatelic Record. 

Within the last months I have been fortunate enough to acquire an 
entire sheet with margins of the 5 cent value, and present for inspection 
likewise an entire sheet of the 10 cent. It is on these two values in 
particular that I wish to make a few observations, although there may be 
nothing new to convey to anyone who has studied these stamps. 

The stamps are printed in sheets of 200 in 10 vertical rows of 20, and 
it is clear, as will be seen from the relative positions of the varieties, that 
the lithographic stone in the last stage is made up of two blocks of 100 
stamps each, in 10 rows of 10. How the panes of 100 were made up 
it seems at present impossible to say. 

A curious fact, however, with regard to the sheet of 5 cents now 
exhibited is that it consists of only 190 stamps, with the sheet of paper 
showing enough empty space for the missing 10 stamps. It is, to my mind, 
evident that during the years the plate of this value was in use, something 
must have happened to the stone. 

From marginal stamps of the right and left sides of the imperforate 
stamps of an early printing I have been able to find out that the first row 
is missing from my sheet, and as a matter of fact the empty space referred 
to above is on the left side, showing that sheets of paper large enough 
to take the 200 impressions were used, and that this first row must have 
been removed from the lithographic stone. As a matter of interest it 
would be very desirable to know whether only the perforated stamps exist 
in sheets of 190, or whether the imperforated ones do likewise, or whether 
also full sheets of 200 are known of the perforated stamp. Perhaps some- 
body who possesses entire sheets may be able to settle the point. 

Taking all the stamps on the first vertical rows to be missing, I feel 
justified in giving the numbers of the following list of the most prominent 
varieties as belonging to the full sheet of 200. They are as follows : — 

(1) The head of the numerial " 5 " is unshaded (white). 

Nos. 7 and 17 in the first row of sheet (horizontal). 

(2) The first " c " in " centecimos " is omitted. 

Nos. 7 and 17 in the second row. 

(3) The "s" in "centecimos" is smaller than the normal one and 
a fainter impression than the other letters, as if it had been added. 

Nos. 5 and 15 in the third row. 

(4) The " s " in " centecimos " is also smaller than the normal one, 
but farther away from the " o " than in the variety No. 3. 

Nos. 3 and 13 in the fifth row. 

(5) The " s," of normal size, is wide apart from the " o," with a full- 



stop after it. 



Nos. 8 and 18 in the sixth row. 



(6) The inner curved line of the "5" above "centecimos" is not 
finished. Nos. 3 and 13 in row sixth row. 

(7) The " s " in " centecimos " is omitted. 

Nos. 2 and 12 in the seventh row. 

(8) The " s " in " centecimos " is omitted, but there is a hyphen after 
the " o." Nos. 4 and 14 in the seventh row. 

(9) The " s " is larger than the normal one, wide apart from the " o," 
and nearly tonches the outer line of the " 5." 

Nos. 5 and 15 in the tenth row. 

(10) There is no shading in the quartering of the shield below the 
horse. Nos. 2 and 12 in the tenth row. 



Uruguay Varieties. 173 



(11) The inner curved line of the "5" above "centecimos" runs 
into the outer line. 

Nos, 3 and 13 in the tenth row. 

Besides the varieties mentioned above there are a number of minor 
ones, as, for instance, in stamps 2 and 12 in the third row, where the 
quartering of the shield under the horse is only partly shaded, but it would 
lead too far to enumerate all these minute variations, which are hardly 
worth collecting. 

As to the sheet of the 10 cent., I find only one really prominent 
variety, and this is the stamp in which the " 1 " in the word " centecimos " 
is omitted. Of this variety there are three in the sheet, viz., 4 and 14 
in the third row, and 12 in the seventh. 

A second variety which might be taken is the fourteenth stamp in the 
tenth row, with a very small "s " in "centecimos." 

All the other variations, as stamps where the "t" looks like a "j" 
and the " e " in " diez " resembles an " 1 " or a " z " or a " b," are not worth 
mentioning. 

With regard to the 10 c, certain varieties may be discovered due to 
the irregular placing of the horizontal background, of " centecimos," etc., 
especially below the foot of the figure " 1." In many cases two lines are 
visible below the shading of the foot of the figure ; this, however, is not 
due to an irregularity in the position of the large figure itself, but entirely 
to the background. The varieties of letters in the background only par- 
tially printed, or in some cases apparently omitted, are due only to imper- 
fection in taking the impression. 

I know of no prominent varieties on the 15 c. and 20 c. values, but 
in these cases I am under the disadvantage of not having inspected sheets 
of these values. 

A variety of the 1 c. stamp is known with a small circle on the right 
of the figure 1, but as this variety does not exist on the sheets which have 
been seen, the inference is that this must have occurred only in the first 
printings and afterwards rectified, or that it must be an essay or proof. 
On the perforated 1 c. it is not known. Proofs of this issue exist on card- 
board in black and also in colours. 




174 The Philatelic Record. 



Those Guam Stamps. 



EVER since we were informed by our American contemporaries that 
an officer had sailed with a sealed packet of U.S. stamps sur- 
charged for "Guam" we have been waiting with no little curiosity 
for some explanation, or official refutation of the story. Our 
friends across the water have been accustomed to metaphorically pitch 
brickbats and other missiles at us because of the postal eccentricities of 
some of our Colonies. We enter no sort of defence, we plead very guilty. 
But this Guam ! What of it ? And if we add Omahas, and other 
philatelic monstrosities to come, the balance of our iniquities becomes 
by the comparison somewhat more bearable. 

Still, we are curious to hear more of the nature and the necessity of 
this issue for " Guam." Spain with all her fondness for many issues of 
postage stamps, might be forgiven much by reason of her poverty, but 
even Spain never dreamt of making a special issue of stamps for "Guam." 

Our Australian contemporary, the Australian Philatelist is equally 
puzzled. " As the population is une quantite negligeable, and the staple 
production consists of guano," it finds it, " difficult to understand where 
the necessity for stamps comes in. There can be no necessity for 
' internal ' posts, and there is no regular service to the island. From 
the number of ships that enter out for ' Guam ' it might be thought other- 
wise, but the explanation is that the name is used as a polite deception 
by shipowners who do not wish to publicly disclose the destination of 
their vessels." 

Report says that one Captain of the United States Navy, left on the 
steamship "Yosemite" about May ioth of the present year with the 
following U.S. stamps surcharged Guam : — 

10,000 ... ... ic. 

30,000 ... ... 2C. 

5,000 ... ... 5c. 

Captain Leary is to be a sort of jack of all trades. He is to be 
Governor of the Island and also its postmaster, and for all we know to the 
contrary, head cook and bottle washer. 

Is it possible that the U.S. officer with that secret package of stamps 
has ' entered out ' for ' Guam ' as a ' polite deception,' and that he may 
be expected to turn up elsewhere ? 

Any way, we shall be somewhat relieved when he turns up somewhere, 
and we have some more definite information as to his philatelic intentions. 

It is to be hoped that later information will afford us some explanation 
of the why and wherefore of an issue that seems so utterly uncalled for. 
It is not an edifying spectacle to see the Great Republic of the West 
planting unnecessary issues of postage stamps on stray islands, for the 
natural question will arise where will it end. The new territory is so 
prolific of islands of the Guam kind that the possibilities are almost 
unlimited to a department that so readily makes a special issue of postage 
stamps for a country Fair. 






South African Collectors. 175 

South African Collectors. 

From the Johannesburg Star. 



LOCAL philately has made great strides during the last twelve months, 
and establishments for the sale and exchange of stamps are rapidly 
increasing in number on the Rand. One of the oldest firms of 
postage stamp dealers in Johannesburg is that of Sallo Epstein and 
Co., and much interesting information was obtained by a representative of 
this paper from the head of the firm on the subject of local philately. The 
head of the firm attributes the " boom" in stamp collecting, which exists 
at present, to the fact that people here have more time on their hands than 
in the earlier days of the Rand. He states that the fascination which 
philately possesses for many people, who have either seen collections or 
noted the absording interests taken by collectors in the subject, has also 
had something to do with the development of the " craze." The earlier 
collectors in Johannesburg confined their efforts mainly to securing 
specimens of African stamps, but latterly they have taken to acquiring 
stamps of every country in the world. 

A Philatelist Society existed here about four years ago, which had the 
effect of rousing the latent interest of many collectors, who bestirred them- 
selves to enlarge their collections, and it thereby created a healthy rivalry 
among those members who wished to boast of having the largest collection. 
Dr. Jameson and his raid, however, upset the apple-cart of the Rand 
philatelist, and moral, if not material, damage to the Society resulted from 
his ill-fated expedition. The Society was wound up, but owing to good 
management on the part of the executive the members were fortunate 
enough to receive an equivalent in stamps, which was sufficient to repay 
them for the subscriptions collected from them. So, after all, they really 
benefited by the knowledge gained through intercourse with kindred spirits 
at the meetings of the Society, and obtained advantage from exchanging 
duplicate stamps and picking up bargains without being out of pocket. 
Individually the members lost nothing ; the Society merely disappeared. 

Having regard to the asorbing interest which philately offers to the 
student, it is strange that even more people do not follow it up. Stamp 
collecting, from even a base monetary point of view, offers a most profit- 
able field for all those engaged in its pursuit, and it is a well-known fact that 
stamps increase in value year by year. In Johannesburg, as a matter of 
actual fact, there are several instances on record of stamp collectors, who 
had fallen on evil days having been enabled to make a fresh start in life 
through selling their collections. Stamp collecting thus proved a true 
friend in need, and at the same time pointing a moral. 

South African stamps, from the Cape to the Zambesi, have lately come 
into great favour with philatelists in Europe and America. Early issues 
of Transvaal stamps especially are in keen demand, and are likely to rise 
considerably in value, and the same may be said of all South African 
stamps, except, of course, current issues. Political complications in the 
South African Republic, and the attention which Europe and America are 
giving to the subject, have undoubtedly enhanced the value of local issues 
of some years back. 



176 



The Philatelic Record. 



Philately in the Mags. 



Great Barrier Island. 

There has been much discussion as to 
the genuineness of stamps issued for a 
so-called "Pigeongram" Service for Great 
Barrier Island off the Coast of New Zealand. 

This being so- we quote in extenso what 
our excellent Australian contemporary, the 
Australian Philatelist, has to say as to the 
history and status of the stamps in question. 

" Mr. Hagen has shown us a communi- 
cation he received from New Zealand, 
written on behalf of ' Mr. Fricker, of the 
Great Barrier Pigeongram Agency,' and 
covering a description of that Agency's work, 
and specimens of the stamps used for closing 
and securing the privacy of the messages. 
The writer ' understands that a stamp is 
being sold purporting to be used for this 
service, but the fact that unused specimens 
cannot be brought in the place where they 
are supposed to be used speaks for itself ; 
you can buy them cancelled at face value.' 
He believes that the authorities have taken 
steps to stop the sale, and proceeds : ' I am 
informed by Mr. Fricker that the parties 
who issued the Barrier stamp could not send 
a message to and from this island at any 
price by pigeon, and he, in self defence, 
issued a bond fide stamp representing a fee 
prepaid for the delivery of messages carried 
by homing pigeons. This is the only genuine 
agency, and the people here recognise that by 
the way in which this stamp is being bought.' 1 
He encloses stamps of two values and 
forwards the following article descriptive of 
the Pigeon Post : — 

THE GREAT BARRIER PIGEONGRAM 
AGENCY. 

AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND. 

The above service was started in 1896 for 
the purpose of carrying correspondence by 
means of homing pigeons between the 
island named and the city of Auckland. 
Having been brought prominently before the 
public in that colony by the issue of the 
1 Pigeongram ' stamp, a description of the 
work as carried on by these pretty messen- 
gers will no doubt be perused with interest. 
Our readers will remember that the s.s. 
' Wairarapa ' was wrecked at this island, and 
while the whole of Australia was anxiously 
waiting tidings of the overdue steamer the 
survivors of this terrible calamity were im- 
prisoned on the island four days waiting the 
arrival of the fortnightly steamer, there being 
no cable communication with the mainland, 
though the distance is but sixty miles from 
Auckland by water. At the request of 
several residents on the island W. W. 



Fricker, of Auckland, whose loft contains 
some of the elite of the colonial pigeon 
world, used to send as opportunity offered a 
basket of birds to the Island for use as 
required, but in 1896 the gold and silver 
mines at the Island were opened up, and 
getting into full swing it was felt that some 
better means of transit for carrying the 
correspondence was required and the work 
of the birds having given satisfaction the 
' Pigeongram Agency,' which provided safe 
and rapid means of communication with 
Auckland, was thoroughly established. At 
the outset the birds were only worked from 
the Island, but after patience and perse- 
verance in training a through team was got 
to do the journey from the city regularly, 
thus completing the circuit of communication. 
During the first three years of the work the 
cost of a message was 2s. per sheet of tissue 
paper quarto size, but with the increasing 
number of messages daily in transit the price 
has been reduced to sixpence from the Island. 
This stamp is blue and the shilling fee from 
Auckland is represented by one in red. 
These stamps have been found necessary to 
close the ends of the very fine paper on 
which the messages are written and are 
perforated down the side so that by tearing 
the perforated ends the message is opened. 
The stamp is quite in keeping with this novel 
service being three cornered with a homing 
pigeon in full flight within a circle, the 
spaces between the circle and the border 
being filled with scroll work. The figure of 
value occupies the top corner, the bottom 
ones have N. and Z. respectively ; on the 
left side of the triangle are the words Great 
Barrier Isl'd, on the right ' Pigeongram ' 
denoting the service, the whole forming a 
very neat and pretty design. The messages 
are covered with a waterproof legging to 
protect them from wet should the bird meet 
with bad weather. The difference in the fee 
for sending a message to the Island (which 
lies low in the sea and is ofttimes enveloped 
in mist) is occasioned by the extra work 
entailed in training the birds for this journey 
and getting them to leave the city on their 
long water fly. The birds on arrival at 
either terminus enter a specially arranged 
trap, passing between two movable wires 
which on falling sound an alarm, when an 
attendant relieves the little carrier of its 
burden and it is at once forwarded to its 
address. The service is very much used by 
all classes desiring quick communication, 
and the support it receives speaks well for 
its great usefulness, and the great care and 
patience required to develop this marvellous 
instinct (so well known in the homing pigeon) 



Philately in the Mags. 



177 



deserves the popular recognition the Great 
Barrier Pigeongram Agency receives." 

We have given a good deal of space to 
this ' Pigeongram ' business, partly because 
it is really interesting from a postal point of 
view, but chiefly to show philatelists clearly 
what is the nature of the ' stamps,' which will 
probably be freely offered to collectors, un- 
used, used, and on original message before 
long. The service — that is, the only genuine 
one, please avoid all dangerous imitations — 
existed for three years before the necessity (?) 
for stamps was discovered, and then they 
were only issued ' in self-defence,' because 
there was a fraudulent claimant for philatelic 
favour in the field ! There may be a very 
real demand for rapid and regular communi- 
cation with Great Barrier Island, but con- 
sidering that there is at least a fortnightly 
steam service, and that the carrying for pay- 
ment of closed letters by any means between 
points where there is already a Government 
postal service is expressly forbidden by law, 
the pigeongram service is prima facie illegal. 
In the second place if messages could be 
carried for three years without stamps, such 
labels are not necessary now. However, 
purchasers will no doubt be. found for the 
stamps, which are decidedly pretty, though 
somewhat large for the purpose ; in fact the 
two which appear to be necessary for a reply 
paid message, would be a respectable load for 
any pigeon, without the letter ! 

Puerto Principe Provisionals. 

According to MekeeVs Weekly, there is 
an abundant crop of varieties of these proli- 
fic provisionals, our contemporary enumer- 
ates the series of this family as follows : — 

On Feb. 17th, I ventured to make the 
following remarks on the subject of these 
provisionals : " There will be, from all 
appearances, varieties enough of this prolific 
provisional to suit the most fastidious hunter 
after philatelic minutia." My anticipations 
have been unexpectedly realized, for, accord- 
ing to the information I have been able to 
obtain in Cuba from authentic sources, there 
have been about 70 varieties from four print- 
ings made from December 19th, 1898, as per 
copy of the decree published in the WEEK- 
LY, up to the time that the U.S. stamps 
surcharged " Cuba " were received in Puerto 
Principe, when the surcharging of Spanish 
stamps ceased, though Spanish surcharged 
stamps were continued in use and were 
actually used on the same letter, together 
with U.S. surcharged stamps. 

The first printing consisted of the 
following Spanish-Cuba series of i8g8-gg 
" Habilitado — cents " in black in three 
horizontal lines : 

3,000 stamps, 1 cent on 1 milesimas 
orange-brown. 

3, goo stamps, 2 cents on 2 milesimas 
orange-brown. 

3,000 stamps, 3 cents on 3 milesimas 
orange-brown. 

1,000 stamps, 5 cents on 5 milesimas 
orange-brown. 



Varieties : The stamps were surcharged in 
strips of five detached from the panes, and 
every five stamps show two varieties of 
figures, the second stamp in the case of the 
2C, 3c. and 5c, bearing a thinner figure 
than the other four, while in the case of the 
one cent a broken figure is shown in one 
stamp. 

Errors : Of the 3,000 one-cent stamps 
there are some reading 1 cent and others 
reading 1 cents, the normal, cent, being the 
rarest, according to expert opinion. I have 
the following errors of surcharge : 

3c. on 1 milesima. 
5c. on 1 milesima. 
5c. on 2 milesimas. 
5c. on 3 milesimas. 

Inverted surcharges. — I have the follow- 
ing :— 

1 cents on 1 milesima. 

2 cents on 2 milesimas. 

3 cents on 3 milesimas. 
5 cents on 5 milesimas. 

The second printing consisted of 800 
stamps of Cuba of the value of J milesima, 
blue-green of 1896 surcharged 5c. The 
printing of the surcharge was done in the 
same way as before, five stamps to a strip 
and two varieties of figure in the five. There 
is a wide and a narrow setting of the sur- 
charge, " Habilitado — cents" in black in three 
horizontal lines. I have an inverted sur- 
charge of the narrow setting. 

Of the third printing there were 7,000 one- 
cent violet stamps of the Cuba series i8g8-gg 
surcharged as follows : — 

" Habilitado — cents " in red in three hori- 
zontal lines. 

3,500 — 3 cents. 

3,500 — 5 cents. 

1,000 — 10 cents. 

The printing was in strips of five and two 
varieties of figure in each five. There is in 
my collection a peculiar error in the shape of 
a vertical surcharge of the 5 cents. I have 
the following inverted surcharges : — 

2 cents. 
5 cents. 

The fourth and last printing, the most 
interesting of all, consisted of 800 stamps of 
the newspaper denominations of Cuba, 1896. 
These stamps were surcharged, as far as can 
be ascertained, as follows : — ■ 

3c. on 1, 2, and 3 milesimas, blue-green. 

They were surcharged on strips of five, two 
of 5c. on 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8 milesimas, blue- 
green varieties of figure. No trace has been 
found of any stamps surcharged 3c. on 4 or 
8 milesimas, but there is a bare possibility of 
their existing. The surcharge was " Habili- 
tado — cents" in black in three horizontal 
lines. 

Errors: — There is a very noticeable error : 
eents instead of cents, which I have thus far 
found on the following denominations : 

3c. on 1 mma. 
3c. on 2 mms. 
3c. on 3 mms. 



178 



The Philatelic Record. 



5c. on 1 mma. 
5c. on 2 mms. 
5c. on 3 mms. 
5c. on 8 mms. 

The only value in which I have not found 
it being the 5c. on 4 mms., which may, how- 
ever, exist in some other philatelist's col- 
lection. 

Inverted surcharges : I have the 3c. on 
1 mma., 5c. on 8 mms. cents. 

In the foregoing list I have only enumer- 
ated the errors and varieties in my collection 
and I hope that collectors possessing other 
varieties of these very interesting stamps will 
not hestitate to come forward and chronicle 
them in the WEEKLY. I regret to say that 
very few collectors, however, have taken any 
active interest in hunting up the stamps of 
this historical issue, though it is true that 
their extreme rarity has deterred many from 
embarking on such an expensive under- 
taking. 

These stamps were mainly used in the city 
of Puerto Principe, in the station of Minas, 
midway between the capital of the province, 
and its northern port, Nuevitas itself. I 
have stamps cancelled in Nuevitas. I have 
not heard of any stamps having been used in 
Santa Cruz del Sur, the southern port of 
Puerto Principe. The cancellations most 
frequently seen are with the old Spanish 
cancelling machine, reading: " Correo de 
Puerto Principe, Ysla de Cuba," the number 
159 appearing on the latter. The dates are 
generally very indistinct. The American 
cancellations are rare. I have seen two : a 
double oval " Mil. Sta. Puerto Principe " on 
the outside oval, and " No. 11. Cuba" on the 
inside oval ; and two types of a round can- 
cellation, reading " Military sta. No. n. 
Puerto Principe, Cuba, N. Y. P, O." in six 
lines including the date. 

I am reliably informed that these sur- 
charges have been counterfeited in Habana, 
Cuba. I have seen several specimens which 
differ in the size of the surcharge sufficiently 
to be readily detected by anyone who has 
seen the genuine surcharges. 

Canadian " Two Cent " 
Surcharge. 

We quote the following official document 
from the American Journal of Philately : 

Ottawa, 1st July, 1899. 

Owing to the reduction in the Domestic 
letter rate of postage, the issue of the 3c. 
letter card, the 3c. stamped envelope, and 
the 3c. postage stamp from the Department 
has ceased. Any unused 3c. letter cards, 
3c. stamped envelopes, or 3c. stamps, still 
extant, will, however, continue available for 
postage purposes, or may be exchanged at 
any Post Office, at their full face value, for 
postage stamps of other denominations. 

The colour of the Domestic-rate postage 
stamps, as prescribed by the Universal 
Postal Union, is red, and it is intended to 



discontinue the issue of the ordinary two- 
cent purple coloured stamps as soon as the 
present supply on hand is exhausted. This 
will be about the 20th July, 1899. There- 
after the Department will issue two-cent 
stamps in red, first, however, surcharging 
down to two cents the unissued remnant of 
three-cent stamps in red now in the posses- 
sion of the Department, and as soon as the 
supply of such surcharged threes is exhausted, 
the issue of two-cent stamps in red will begin. 
The surcharged stamps will be issued to 
Postmasters as 2c. postage stamps and be 
recognized as stamps of that denomination. 

Postmasters are requested to exchange, as 
above mentioned, all unused 3c. letter-cards, 
3c. stamped envelopes and 3c. stamps which 
may be offered them to be exchanged for 
other postage stamps of an equal value. 

Postmasters, who as a result of such ex- 
change, may find the 3c. stamps, &c, unsale- 
able, are at liberty, in the case of an Account- 
ing Post Office, to send them direct to the 
Department for credit ; and in the case of a 
Non-accounting Post Office, to send them to 
the City Post Office from which it obtains its 
supplies, asking in lieu of those returned 
other stamps to an equal value. 

It is especially requested that, in the case 
of stamps sent direct to the Department, 
under this authority, that is to say, by 
Accounting Post Offices, — Postmasters will 
be so good as to carry out the following 
instructions : — 

(1) Each transmission should be registered, 
and accompanied with a brief memorandum, 
plainly stamped with the date stamp of the 
Post Office, and indicating the number and 
value of the 3c. stamps, &c, claimed to be 
enclosed. If other stamps are required to 
replace those returned, a separate requisition 
therefor (not enclosed in the package) should 
be sent direct to the Department in the usual 
way. 

(2) Single stamps, and stamps that are not 
in complete sheets, should be pasted on 
alternate pages of separate sheets of paper 
with not more than one hundred stamps on 
each page. Any stamps that have stuck 
together whilst in the possession of the Post- 
master, must be taken apart (which can easily 
be done by immersing them for a few minutes 
in water) and then pasted on sheets of paper 
as above directed. 

Postmasters of Non-accounting Offices are 
particularly asked to bear in mind that any 
3c. letter-cards, 3c. stamped envelopes or 3c. 
postage stamps which, conformably to this 
instruction, they may receive from the public 
in exchange for other stamps and find unsale- 
able, must be returned, as above directed, to 
the City Post Offices from which they respect- 
ively obtain their supplies, and not to the 
Department. 

As only the unissued remnant of 3c. stamps 
now in the Department will be surcharged, 
Postmasters must not send in, with a view 
to their surcharge, any 3c. stamps in their 
possession, nor accept 3c. stamps from the 
public for that purpose. 



Philately in the Mags. 



179 



Postmasters must distinctly understand 
that the exchange of stamps herein permitted 
applies only to the 3c. letter-card, the 3c. 
stamped envelope and the 3c. postage stamp. 

R. M. Coulter, 

Deputy Postmaster-General. 

End of Seebeck Issues. 

Stamp collectors will be pleased to learn, 
on the authority of the American Journal of 
Philately, that there are to be no more 
Seebeck contracts, says the A. J. P. : — 

" We can now definitely inform our readers 
that the contract which expires this year was 
not renewed by Mr. Seebeck and that the 
issue of 1899 marks the end of the interest- 
ing period. The executors or assigns of Mr. 
Seebeck do not intend to enter into any new 
agreement looking to the providing of stamps 
under such arrangements as had previously 
been made, and we consider it extremely 
doubtful that any one else will attempt to 
step into his shoes. It may be safely assum- 
ed that any such speculation would be a 
losing one, as Mr. Seebeck'sown experience 
has shown that no money can be made out 
of such transactions, the countries concerned 
being constantly on the increase and their 
postal requirements necessitating such a 
large supply of stamps for their postal needs 
as to wipe out all possible profit on the 
transaction." 

English Postage Stamps. 

Mr. Ewen in his Weekly Circular tells us 
that " of the 123 different kinds of British 
Postage Stamps which have been issued up 
to the present time, 79 are adhesives, and 44 
non-adhesives (two of the latter would be 
more correctly described as pictorial covers) 
and of these 18 and 15 respectively are still 



in use. The 18 current adhesives have had 
an average life of over 12 years, the penny 
value being the oldest (17^ years), whilst the 
15 non-adhesives average 14J years, although 
it is worthy of notice that the 3d., 4d., 6d. 
and 1/- values are practically the same 
stamps as those originally issued in 1855-59, 
whilst the 2d. envelope stamp issued in 1841 
was only changed in colour 7 years ago, and 
the current id. envelope stamp, except for 
dating (i860 to 1881) has remained un- 
changed since its first issue in July 1841. 
As regards present day values, only eight 
stamps (all non-adhesive) are more valuable 
used than unused, a proof that British 
stamps are only issued to meet a legitimate 
demand. The cost of a complete collection 
is £92 12s. id. unused (£45 of this is for two 
stamps) or £15 6s. id. used (of which £y 
10s. is for four stamps)." 

The Last of the Columbians. 

We quote with pleasure the following 
announcement from the Metropolitan Phil- 
atelist : — 

"An important decision, and one which 
will be hailed with joy, has just been reached 
at the Post Office Department. It is one of 
interest to thousands of collectors and specu- 
lators throughout the world. Some time ago 
we reported having had extended conversa- 
tions with the officials in regard to securing 
better perforations on our present issues, 
and also urging the destruction of all high 
value Columbians which have been at this 
office for the past few years. It is well 
known that the 6c, $3, $4 and $5 have been 
on sale here since 1893. On Monday last the 
order was sent to the post office to return to 
the department all old stock of Columbians 
which will be immediately destroyed. 




i8o 



The Philatelic Record. 



Philatelic Gossip. 



St. Helena Remainders. 

According to a cutting from the St. Helena 
Guardian of June ist, 1899, stamp collectors 
are substantially helping St. Helena out of 
its financial difficulties : — 

" By the last mail from England the balance 
(about £6,600) of the £8,800 odd of obsolete 
Postage Stamps of St. Helena that were 
lying at the Colonial Office were sent out, 
and are now on sale at the Post Office. 
Since the arrival of the first lot (about 
£2,000 worth) a large demand has been 
made, and up to the present the average 
amount realized for sale of Stamps per 
month is £100 — about £350 worth having 
been already sold. 

The arrival and sale of these stamps have 
been very opportune for the Government, as 
at the end of last year the liabilities of the 
Colony exceeded the assets by £2,486. As 
a set-off to this we have the £8,800 in obso- 
lete Stamps, and at the present rate of sale 
theexcessof liabilities will soon be recouped." 

Death of Seebeck. 

The American Journal of Philately 
announces the death of Mr. Nicholas F. 
Seebeck. It says : — 

" After a lingering illness, which had been 
gradually draining his strength, Mr. Nicholas 
F. Seebeck expired on Friday, June 23rd, 
in his 42nd year. Mr. Seebeck was known 
for many years as a stamp dealer and stamp 



printer, and it is but justice to his memory 
to state that in all his business transactions 
he was guided by the highest principles of 
honorable dealing. His name for many 
years has not been held in high favor by 
stamp collectors on account of certain con- 
tracts, entered into in 1889, between him 
and the governments of some of the Central 
American States, by virtue of which Mr. 
Seebeck was to supply them with a new 
issue of stamps in each of the ten succeeding 
years, receiving in payment therefore, on the 
delivery of each new issue, the remainders of 
the stamps of the preceding one. From his 
standpoint the contract was an ordinary 
business transaction and, if it had not 
been for the jealousy of many other 
parties, no such odium would have attached 
to his stamps as has been the case for the 
past four or five years. We do not attempt 
to defend the action of the governments who 
so unnecessarily increased the number of 
stamps in existence, but, as far as the late 
Mr. Seebeck was concerned, he was certainly 
not to be blamed and did what any other 
business man would have done if a similar 
opportunity had offered. He sold out his 
business in postage stamps early in the year 
1884, and since that time had not appeared 
in the field as dealer. He could therefore 
not be expected to take the same view of 
unnecessary stamp issues that a collector or 
an active dealer would have taken, but 
simply regarded the matter from the stand- 
point of a business man who was entering 
into a favourable contract." 



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The Philatelic Record 

AND STAMP NEWS. 



OCTOBER, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 



THE Philatelic Record has changed hands. It has been purchased 
from Messrs. Buhl & Co. by the " Philatelic Record and Stamp 
News Company, Ltd.," and will in future be 
The Philatelic conducted as an independent philatelic journal, 
Eecord's free from all trade trammels. It will not be tied, 

New Proprietors, or allied, to any stamp dealing firm, or to any 
one philatelic society. It is now owned by 
philatelists who have no stamp trade connection of any sort or kind 
to hamper their control. 

For the sake of uniformity the remaining numbers of the present 
volume will be completed on the lines of the numbers already published. 

But an entirely new series will be commenced with the first number 
of the new volume, to wit, the January number, which will commence the 
volume for 1900. 

Many improvements will be introduced to add to the attractiveness of 
the new Philatelic Record. Indeed, we can promise for the new Company 
that neither effort nor expense will be spared to make the journal a 
worthy representative of all that is best in the philatelic pursuit. Ample 
capital has been provided for all possible emergencies, in addition to which 
the new Company will have a strong reserve of uncalled capital for any 
desirable future developments. 

Commencing with the next number the Philatelic Record will be 
published by Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, the well-known educational 
publishers of Paternoster Row, E.C., and it will be obtainable through 
any bookseller or newsagent in any part of the country. 

The new series will be printed in the very best style on superior paper, 
by Messrs. Pardy & Son, of Bournemouth, whose excellent philatelic 
presswork needs no commendation from us. 



1 82 The Philatelic Record. 



The Stamps of Japan from 1876. 

By L. W. FULCHER. 



(From the London Philatelist.) 

AS far as I am aware no one has hitherto attempted to draw up a 
reference list of the stamps of Japan issued since 1876, i.e., since 
the process of engraving the stamps on copper plates was given 
up for the more expeditious and less expensive one of production 
from electrotypes. The following attempt is the result of four years' work, 
and is entirely drawn up from a study of the stamps themselves, of which 
I have examined many hundreds of specimens. From my experience of 
these stamps I cannot expect that it is complete or final, but I hope that 
it will serve as a basis for their future classification. I have endeavoured 
to keep down the number of varieties as much as possible, and I feel sure 
that any future modifications of this list will be in the direction of 
expansion rather than of condensation. 

I have just a few preliminary words to say as regards (1) paper, (2) 
perforations. 

(1) From 1876-1883 there appears to have been no attempt to secure 
uniformity as regards paper. The paper used varies considerably in thick- 
ness and in texture, but, as far as my experience goes, is always wove. I 
find it impossible to catalogue the different varieties, and I have therefore 
contented myself, with one exception, with dividing it into (1) thick, and 
(2) medium to thin. It seems impossible to draw a line between medium 
and thin, while very thick papers are readily distinguishable. Though I 
have ignored the texture of the paper in general, there is one variety, the 
exception alluded to above, which is so conspicuous that it is certainly 
worthy of special mention. This is a thin bluish white surfaced paper. 
It seems to have been in use about 1878. After 1883 the paper becomes 
more uniform, and may be described as a medium white wove paper. 

(2) As regards the perforations, I may say that I have not come to 
the conclusions below without much labour, although I am aware my 
arrangement is open to question. I have endeavoured to make the matter 
as simple as possible, and I hope that collectors will at any rate find it 
useful in arranging their stamps of this country. Of some of the values 
1 have measured the perforations on all four sides of over one thousand 
copies, and nearly all the rest of several hundreds. I at first tabulated 
the results ; but finally, after careful comparison, I think all the essential 
perforations, i.e., those representing different machines, may be arranged 
under nine groups. 





f L 


Perf. g£, large holes. 


1876 

or earlier) 


II. 


{(2) Perf:ii} Smallholes 


to 


III. 


Perf. io£. 


1883. 


IV. 


Perf. 1 1 £-12. 




1 v. 


Perf. 12J. 


1883-1888. . 


VI. 
VII. 


Perf. I 9| Lar e eholes - 


1888. VIII. 


f (1) Perf. i 3 £. 
1 (2) Perf. 13. 


1893. 


IX. 


Perf. 1 1 £-12. 



Stamps of Japan. 183 



I believe that these each represent the average perforations due to one 
machine, except in the cases of II. and VIII. , where I have grouped two 
perforations together for consideration which appear below. I should also 
mention that these groups give rise to a number of compound perforations, 
such as I. with II. and V., II. with IV., and VIII. (2) with IX. All the 
perforations vary considerably, except III., which, however, only occurs on 
a few stamps, and is rare. I propose to offer a few remarks on each group. 

I. Perf. 9£. Large holes, 1 mm. in diameter. This, I think, must have 
been intended for the normal perforation of the issues from 1876-1883, as, 
it was the first to appear, and is found on all the stamps except the 
12 sen, rose. I have not seen or heard of a copy of this stamp with 
this perforation, but I know of no reason why it should not turn up. I find 
big blocks of these stamps hard to get, but by measurement of the lines 
of perforations on a sheet of the 1 sen, red-brown, in my possession I 
obtained a gauge of 9.6 to 9.9, and from a block of 50 of the i sen, black, 
and some of smaller blocks, 9.3 to 9.8. Single stamps will be found to 
gauge 9, g-|-, 10, or any combination of these, but I think the above 
measurements show that in all probability there is but one machine 
especially when we take into consideration the extreme variability of the 
paper on which these stamps are printed. I think it, then, only legitimate 
to regard all these perforations as due to one machine. There is a little 
overlapping in this case with VII., but in practice this will not be found 
troublesome, as the shades of the stamps will, as a rule, readily distinguish 
the two, since VII. appeared so much later in point of time and the colours 
of these stamps with perf. VII. are distinctive. 

In the list below, then, "perf. g-J " includes 9,9^, 10,9x9^, 9^X9, 
9x10, 10x9^, etc. 

II. There is a small-hole perforation, holes ^ mm. in diameter and 
irregularly placed, which is common in the lower value. If these are 
measured it will be found that the vast majority gauge either 9 or 11, or a 
combination of the two, but also occasionally 9^, 10, 10^, and n|- may be 
met with, usually in combination with 9 or n, but sometimes alone. I 
have seen a sheet of the \ sen, grey, of 1874 with this perf. 11, but in no 
place would it gauge as low as 9, so I am forced to conclude that there are 
at least two machines. Since they are similar in appearance I have 
grouped them together. It is possible that anything up to 10 may be found 
on the 9 machine, and from the appearance of single stamps extremely 
likely that 10^ and 11^ are on the 11 machine ; therefore for the purpose of 
this list, I propose to call " perf. 9 " anything up to 10, and everything 
over that "perf 11." This perforation frequently fails to penetrate the 
paper, especially when the latter is thick, and then it often looks very like a 
pin-perforation. I cannot satisfy myself that a true pin- perforation exists 
on any of the postage stamps of Japan. 

III. Perf. \o\. I have nothing particular to say about this. It is 
clean-cut, and the holes appear of the same character as those of group II., 
but possibly slightly larger. 

IV. Perf. 11^- — 12. The earlier stamps may be found ni all round, 
12 all round, or 12 with one or more sides n-J-. I think these varieties 
must be due to one machine, and different from that which follows, as the 
tendency of V. is in the other direction. I have never seen a block or even 
a pair of stamps with this perforation. There is no confusion to be feared 
between this perforation and IX., as they do not appear on the same 
stamps. 



184 The Philatelic Record. 

V. Perf. 12$. This is an old machine, which has evidently been much 
used on the earlier engraved stamps. It has a tendency to 13, but not 
commonly. 

VI. Perf. n. Large holes, irregular, close together, varying from 10$ 
to 11$. It seems as if this were from an old machine occasionally pressed 
into service at busy times. The 2 sen purple, occurs with this perforation, 
and therefore it must have been used before January 1st, 1883, when this 
stamp was superseded. Nearly a whole set of the stamps in the first colours 
exists with this perforation, and they are tolerably rare, particularly so 
unused. 

This perforation, then, includes such varieties as 10^x11, nxioj, 
11 x n$, 11$ X 11. 

VII. Perf. 9. Large holes. This is a well-known perforation. It is 
mentioned in Stanley Gibbons' catalogue, It degenerates to 8$ and even 
8. The stamps with this perforation are usually in very deep bright 
colours, on a smooth white medium wove paper, and hence conspicuous. 

"Perf. 9, large holes," then include the varieties 8x8$, 8$xg, 
9x8$, etc. 

VIII. Perf. 13^- was chronicled by Mr. E. D. Bacon in the Philatelic 

Record, vol. x. p. 209, and at the same time he mentions that some values 

occur perf. 13. I have not been able to find big blocks of stamps with this 

gauge, but quite recently there has been a perforation in use which gauges 

13 (it occurs, for example, on the " War stamps"), with a tendency to 12$ ; 

in fact, some of them gauge 12$ all round, and only in two cases — the 3 

sen, lilac-rose, and the 20 sen, orange-red — have I found 13$ on quite recent 

stamps. Again, the earlier stamps occasionally gauge 14 on one or more 

sides, though I have never found one 14 all round. Stamps may also be 

found 13 x 13$ and 13$ x 13. Hence I am inclined to think that there are 

really two machines, one gauging from 13 to 14 and the other from 12$ to 

13$. Since these perforations are so closely allied I group them together, 

especially as all the stamps found with 13$ are found with 13, except in 

the case of the 6 sen, yellow-buff. This stamp I have not found 13. If it 

is not forthcoming, it will be further evidence that the 13$ machine is 

different from the 12 machine, as this stamp was only in use from February 

to the 19th March, 1888. The earlier stamps are also met with, with a 

blind perforation or torn with a jagged edge, not measurable, which appears 

to be 12$. 

In the list below, then, "perf, 13J" includes the varieties 13x13$, 
13^X13, i3$X 14, 14 X 13$; and "perf, 13," 12$, 12^x13, 13 x 12$, 13x13$, 
13^X13. 

IX. Perf. 11$ to 12 is the correct perforation. Stamps perf. n$x 12, 
i2Xii$- can be collected if desired. 

For convenience of reference I tabulate these perforations, their com- 
moner variations, and the compounds found. In the list which follows I 
give the stamps according to date of issue, and then classify them by per- 
forations, to which I always attach the same letter as in this table. 

I. A. Perf. 9$, large holes. Variations, 9, 9$, 10, 9x9$, 9$X9, 
9$X 10, 10x9$, etc. 

II. B. Perf. 9, small holes. Variations, 9$, 10, g^x 10, etc. 

C. Perf. 11, small holes. Varias., 10$ x 11, 11 X 10$, iixnj, etc. 

D. Compound perf, 9x11,11x9, small holes. 

E. Compound of A and B, 9$ x 9, 9x9$, 

F. Compound of A and C, 9$ x 1 1 , 1 1 X 9$. 



Stamps of Japan. 



185 



III. G. Perf. io£. 

IV. H. Perf. n£- 12. Variations, uf, n|xi2, i2Xii|, 12. 
I. Compound of B. and H, 9 x 12, 12x9. 

J. Compound of C and H, 11x12, 12x11. 

V. K. Perf. 12^. Variations, 12^ x 13, 13 X 12^. 
L. Compound of A and K, g|xi 2^, 1 2 x 9^. 

VI. M. Perf. 11, large holes. Varias., io-Jxu, iixio|, iixii-J, etc. 
VII. N. Perf. 9, large holes. Variations, 8|, 8 x 81, 8£ x 9, 9 X 81 etc. 

VIII. O. Perf. i 3 i. Variations, 131 xi 4, 14x131 ) T . VTai T -i VT - 
P. Perf. 13. Variations, 12-I, 12^x13, 13x121 ) I3XI3 2' J 3tXi3. 

IX. Q. Perf. 11^ — 12. Variations, n£ x 12, 12 x 11^. 
R. Compound of P and Q, n^x 13, 13 X 11^. 

REFERENCE LIST. 
1876-77. 

I. A. Perf. gi, large holes. 

(1) Very thick paper. 

1 sen, black. 

2 „ yellowish drab. 
2 ,, greyish drab. 

2 ,, deep bronze-green. 2. B 

2 ,, bronze-green. 

2 ,, pale bronze-green. 

(2) Thick paper. 

4 sen, bluish-green. 

4 ,, yellowish green 
10 ,, pale chalky blue. 
20 „ blue. 

(3) Medium to thin paper, many kinds. 

5 rin, slate. 
5 ,, grey. 
5 ,, brownish grey. 
1 sen, black. 



I , 


grey-black. 


2 , 


yellowish drab. 


2 , 


, greyish-drab. 


2 , 


. deep bronze-green. 


2 , 


, bronze-green. 


2 , 


, pale bronze-green. 


4 . 


, pale green. 


4 . 


, green. 


4 » 


yellowish-green. 


4 . 


, blue-green. 


5 . 


, dark-brown 




(soft woolly paper). 


5 » 


, brown. 


6 , 


, buff. 


8 , 


, deep purple-green. 




(soft woolly paper). 


8 , 


, deep purple-brown 




(smooth paper). 


8 „ purple-brown. 


10 , 


, blue. 


10 , 


, dull blue. 


10 , 


, pale blue. 


10 


, pale chalky-blue. 


10 


, sky blue. 


15 


, pale chalky-green. 


20 


, blue. 


20 


, deep blue. 


30 


, dull violet. 


45 


, carmine-rose. 



(4) 


Thin, bluish white paper. 


1 


sen, 


deep black. | 


2 

4 


" 


bronze-green, 
pale green. 


4 


,, 


blue-green. 


5 


.. 


brown. 




Perf. 9, small holes. 






(1) Thick paper. 


2 

10 


sen 
it 


greyish-drab, 
sky-blue. 

(2) Medium paper. 


1 


sen 


black. 


2 


,, 


greyish-drab. 


2 
10 


,, 


bronze-green, 
blue. 




Perf. 11. small holes. 






(1) Thick paper. 


5 

1 


rin, 

sen 


slate-grey, 
black. 


2 
2 




' 


greyish-drab, 
bronze-green. 


4 
5 




' 


deep blue-green.* 
brown. 


10 




, 


blue. 



(2) Medium paper. 

1 sen, black. 

1 ,, grey-black. 

2 ,, greyish-drab. 
2 ,, bronze-green. 

2 ,, pale bronze-green. 

(3) Thin, bluish white paper. 

1 sen, deep black. 

2 ,, bronze-green. 
4 ,, green. 

4. D. Perf. compound of D. and C. 

(a) gx 11, (b) 11x9. 
(1) Thick paper. 

* The 4 sen blue-green, with perforations C and 
D contains a very soluble yellow pigment, which 
is rapidly removed when the stamp is wetted. 
I Hence used copies are usually blue. 



i86 



The Philatelic Record. 



i sen, black (a). 

2 ,, greyish-drab (a) (b). 

2 ,, bronze-green (a) (b). 

4 ,, blue-green * (a). 

(2) Medium paper. 

1 sen, black (a) (b). 

2 ,, greyish-drab (a) (b). 

4 ,, blue-green* (b). 

5. E. Per/, compound of A and B. 

(a) 9J (large) xg (small). 

(b) 9 (small) xg% (large). 
Medium to thin paper. 

5 rin, slate-grey. 

1 sen, black. 

2 ,, greyish-drab. 

6. F. Per/, compound of A and C. 

(a) gj (large) Xii (small), 
(a) 11 (small)xg^ (large). 

(1) Thick paper. 

1 sen, black, (a). 

(2) Medium to thin paper. 

1 sen, black (a) (b). 

2 ,, greyish drab (a) (b). 
5 ,, brown (b). 

12 ,, pale rose (b). 

15 ,, pale chalky green (b). 

7. G. Perf. 10J. 

(1) Medium paper. 
1 sen, black. 
(2) Thin, bluish white paper. 

1 sen, black. 

2 ,, bronze-green. 

8. H. Perf. n J to 12. 

(1) Medium to thin paper. 

5 rin, grey. 

1 sen, black. 

2 ,, drab. 

2 ,, bronze-green. 

2 „ pale bronze-green. 

(2) Thin, bluish white paper. 

1 sen, black. 
4 ,, green. 

9. I. Perf. compound of B and H. 

(a) gx 12, (b) 12x9. 
(1) Thick paper. 

2 sen, pale bronze-green (a). 
2 ,, bronze-green (b). 

(2) Medium paper). 

2 sen, pale bronze-green (b). 

10. J. Perf. compound of C and H. 

(a) 11 x 12, (b) 12X 11. 
(1) Thick paper. 

1 sen, black (a). 

2 ,, pale bronze-green (a) (b). 



11. K. Perf. 12J (inclining to B). 

(1) Medium to thin paper. 

1 sen, black. 

1 ,, grey-black. 

2 ,, deep bronze-green. 
2 ,, bronze-green. 

2 ,, pale bronze-green. 

4 ,, green. 

5 ,, brown. 

8 ,, purple-brown. 
10 ,, pale chalky blue. 

(2) Thin, bluish white paper. 

1 sen, black. 

2 ,, bronze-green. 
5 ,, brown. 

12. L. Perf. compound of A and K. 

(a) g£xi2£, (b) i2jxgi. 
(1) Medium to thin paper. 

1 sen, deep black (a) (b). 

2 ,, bronze-green (a) (b). 
5 ,, brown (a). 

8 ,, purple-brown (b). 

(2) Thin, bluish white paper. 

1 sen, deep black (a). 

2 ,, bronze-green (a) 

June, 1879. 

1. A. Perf. 9|, large holes. 

(1) Medium woolly paper. 

3 sen, orange. 

3 ,, deep orange. 
50 ,, carmine. 

(2) Medium smooth paper. 

3 sen, dull salmon. 
50 ,, carmine. 
50 ,, scarlet. 

(3) Thin, bluish white paper. 

3 sen, salmon-pink. 
3 „ yellow. 
50 ,, carmine. 

2. C. Perf 11, small holes. 

Thin, bluish white paper. 
3 sen, salmon-pink. 
50 ,, carmine-rose. 
50 ,, carmine. 

November, 1879. 
1. A. Perf. 9 J, large holes. 
(1) Thick paper. 

1 sen, red-brown (deep to pale). 

2 ,, purple. 

(2) Medium to thin paper. 

1 sen, red-brown (deep to pale). 

1 ,, light red. 

2 ,, purple (deep to pale). 

2 ,, blue-purple (deep to pale). 
2 ,, red-purple (deep to pale). 



Stamps of Japan. 



187 



B 



G 



H 



K 



Per/. 9, small holes. 
Medium paper. 

1 sen, red-brown. 

2 ,, purple. 

Per}. io£. 

Medium paper. 
2 sen, red-purple. 

Perf. n£ to 12. 

Medium paper. 

1 sen, deep red-brown. 

2 ,, purple. 
2 ,, lilac. 

Perf. 1 2 J. 

Medium paper. 

1 sen, deep red-brown. 

1 „ light red. 

2 ,, blue-purple. 
2 ,, red-purple. 

L. Perf. compound of A and K, 9$ x 12^ 
Medium paper. 

2 sen, purple. 
M. Perf. 11, large holes. 

2 sen, bluish purple. 

1 January, 1883. 

A. Perf. 9^, large holes. 

Medium paper. 

sen, pale blue-green. 
,, blue-green. 
,, green. 
,, bright green. 
,, dark green. 
,, carmine. 
,, carmine-rose. 
,, rose. 
,, scarlet. 
„ dull blue, 
grey-blue. 



slate-blue, 
ultramarine, 
greenish blue. 

2. G. Perf. io£. 

Medium paper. 

1 sen, green. 

2 ,, rose. 
5 ,, blue. 

3. H. Perf. 11 J to 12. 

Medium paper. 

1 sen, blue-green. 

2 ,, pale rose. 

1883-1888. 
1. M. Perf. 11, large holes. 
Medium paper. 
5 rin, grey. 

1 sen, green. 

1 ,, bluish green. 

2 ,, carmine-rose. 



2 sen 


, rose. 


4 » 


green. 


5 ., 


dull blue. 


5 ». 


ultramarine. 


6 ,, 


orange. 


8 „ 


purple-brown. 


10 ,, 


pale blue. 


15 .. 


green. 


15 » 


yellow-green. 


20 ,, 


deep blue. 


30 „ 


(?) 


50 „ 


pale scarlet. 


I have no 


seen a copy of the 30 sen with 


this perforation, but I have heard of its 


existence, which is highly probable. 




1885 (?)• 


1. N. perf. 


9 large holes. 


5 rin. 


slate. 


5 » 


grey. 


1 sen 


blue-green. 


1 ,, 


pale blue-green. 


1 i) 


bright green. 


1 ,, 


green. 


2 ,, 


carmine. 


2 ,, 


carmine-ro6e. 


2 ,, 


rose. 


2 ,, 


scarlet. 


4 >! 


pale blue-green. 


5 „ 


dull blue. 


5 ,. 


grey-blue. 


5 ,, 


slate-blue. 


5 » 


ultramarine. 


5 ,. 


greenish blue. 


5 ., 


light blue. 


6 „ 


deep orange. 


8 „ 


deep purple-brown. 


8 „ 


pale purple-brown. 


i° » 


pale blue. 


10 ,, 


deep blue. 


12 ,, 


deep rose. 


*5 » 


deep green. 


15 .. 


green. 


15 .. 


pale yellow-green. 


20 ,, 


blue. 


20 ,, 


deep blue. 


30 .! 


bright lilac. 


3D „ 


bright mauve. 


45 - 


carmine. 


50 >• 


carmine-rose. 


50 „ 


scarlet. 




February, 1888. 


0. Perf. 


13^. Medium to thin paper. 


P. Perf. 


13- 


5 r i n » 


slate. 


5 ,. 


grey. 


5 » 


brownish grey. 


1 sen 


, dark green. 


1 .. 


green. 


1 ,. 


pale green. 


1 ,, 


yellowish green. 


2 ,, 


carmine. 


2 ,, 


carmine-rose. 


2 ,, 


scarlet. 


4 » 


pale blue-green. 


4 .. 


blue-green. 


5 .. 


sky-blue. 



i88 



The Philatelic Record. 



5 sen, 


blue. 


3 sen, bright lilac-rose. 


5 .. 


light blue. 


4 ,, pale olive-brown. 


6 „ 


yellow-buff. 


4 „ deep bistre. 


8 „ 


deep purple-brown. 


5 ,, light blue. 


IO ,, 


pale blue. 


8 „ lilac. 


10 ,, 


blue. 


8 ,, lavender. 


15 -. 


dull green. 


10 ,, brown-ochre. 


20 ,, 


dark blue. 


J 5 i> bright violet. 


50 „ 


carmine-rose. 


20 ,, orange-red. 


I have not seen the 6 sen perf. 13. 


25 ,, emerald-green. 






30 ,, chestnut. 




March, 1888. 


1 yen, carmine. 




Perf. as last. 


i8 9 (?). 


4 sen 


, deep olive-brown. 


R. Perf. compound of P and Q. 


4 ii 


pale olive-brown. 


(a) 11 or i2^x 13, (b) 13 x 11 J or 12. 


4 .» 
8 „ 


bistre. 




lilac. 


4 sen, pale olive-brown (a). 


8 ,, 


bright lilac, 
deep plum. 


15 ,, violet (b). 


8 „ 


50 ,, chestnut (a). 


8 „ 


lavender. 


Possibly a full set occurs with this com- 


10 „ 


brown-ochre. 


pound perforation. 


1 5 .. 


dull mauve. 




15 .. 


violet. 


1894. Silver Wedding Stamps. 


20 ,, 


orange (aniline). 


(a) Perf. 13 (P), (b) Perf. 11$ or 12 (Q). 


20 ,, 


orange-yellow (aniline). 


. 


20 ,, 
25 >. 


orange-red (1895). 
emerald-green. 


2 sen, carmine (a) (b). 
5 ,, blue (a) (b). 


50 .. 


chocolate. 


1896. Commemorative War Stamps. 


50 „ 
1 yen 


chestnut. 




, carmine. 


(a) Perf 13 (P), (b) Perf 11} or 12 (Q), 




1892. Perf. as last. 


(c) Perf. compound 13x11$ or 12 (R). 
Portrait of Prince Ketashiragawa. 


3 sen 


pale lilac-rose. 


2 sen, carmine (6). 


1893. Q. Perf. n$-i2. 


Portrait of Prince Arisugawa. 




Medium wove paper. 


2 sen, carmine (a) (b) (c) 


5 rin 


deep grey. 


Portrait of Prince Ketashiragawa. 


5 -. 
1 sen 


olive-grey. 
, green. 


2 sen, violet-blue (a) (b) (c). 


1 ,, 


pale green. 


Portrait of Prince Arisugawa. 


1 .. 

2 ,, 


olive-green (1897). 
carmine. 


5 sen, violet-blue (a) (b) (c). 


2 ,, 


scarlet. 


I have not paid much attention to these 


3 ,. 


pale lilac-rose. 


Commemorative Stamps. 




Correspondence. 



189 



Correspondence. 



Railway Letter Stamps. 

To the Editor of the Philatelic Record. 



Dear Sir, 

In a recent number of your journal, I 
notice a few remarks concerning Railway 
Letter Stamps, which are to some extent 
misleading. 

The statement that the stamps are not 
Government issues is only correct in that the 
Government does not pay the printers' bill. 
The stamps are issued on behalf of the Post 
Office, and may only be used to frank Post 
Office letters. In the words of the Post Office 
Gtiide, " Railway letters will be deemed to 
be in all respects letters sent by post," and 
all regulation ; appertaining to their trans- 
mission are drawn up by the Post Office. 

It was originally intended that the Post 
Office should issue the current threepenny 
postage stamp with an appropriate sur- 
charge, the companies receiving two-thirds 
of the revenue derived from its sale. But 
this was found to be impracticable, owing 
to the large number of companies and the 
difficulty of ascertaining their respective 
shares. 

Although it was thus found necessary for 
the companies to produce their own stamps, 
the Post Office insisted on uniformity of 
design, value, inscription and colour, and 
although irregularities may have been in a 
few cases overlooked, yet in the most im- 
portant of such cases — the red stamps of the 
North-Eastern — the sale was stopped, and 
the remaining stock ordered to be destroyed, 
thus showing that the interest of the Post 
Office in the stamps was greater than that 
of the issuing company. I maintain that the 
stamps are in every way local postage 
stamps, and far more collectable than official 
stamps, which may not be used by the public 
at all. 

With regard to the second matter, you 
state : '• We are well aware that these labels 
have been ' boomed ' beyond all proportion 
to their possible value, and we want to 
know who regulates these fancy prices of 10s. 
to 30s. each .... and who pays 
them ? " This remark is very ill-considered. 
There are a large number of interested and 
advanced collectors of these stamps, and it 
is absurb to say that a variety of which per- 
haps ten copies or less are known is over- 
valued at 30s. I am, perhaps, personally 
responsible for most of the present day 



quotations for three stamps, but these have 
only been made with due regard to the state 
of the market and the demand amongst 
collectors themselves, and I am open to 
purchase any varieties with a fair discount 
on such quotations. Thirty shillings is an 
extremely low valuation when applied to 
the rarest varieties, four specimens in my 
private collection having alone cost me 
£15 cash. 

Unused copies of the earlier issues should 
be considered very cheap at present rates, 
as official sources are now exhausted, and as 
the stamps have never, or very rarely, been 
sold to the public, no further source of sup- 
ply remains in existence. After the market 
has settled down, they must continually 
become scarcer. Used copies, too, have 
beed spread over so large an area that it is 
difficult to collect any considerable quantity. 

If any further proof were needed that the 
Post Office considers the Railway Letter 
Stamps on a par with its ordinary issues, I 
may refer to the fact that when such letters 
pass through a Post office, the railway stamp 
is cancelled as well as the other, although 
the Post Office is noted for its avoidance of 
labels of a foreign nature. 

In conclusion, I may state that up to the 
present 141 "standard" varieties of Railway 
Letter Stamps have been issued by 97 com- 
panies, and that all except 27 are readily 
obtainable. Four are still unknown, viz. : — 

1. — Ayrshire and Wigtownshire. 
2. — Finn Valley and West Donegal. 
3. — Pembroke and Tenby, rouletted. 
4. — Barry Dock and Railways, perf. 

The four rarest " standard " varieties 
known are the following : — 

5. — Portpatrick and Girvan Joint (3 

used). 
6. — Barry Dock and Railways, rouletted, 

strip of three, unused, known. 
7. — Finn Valley, about six, known, used. 
8. — City of Glasgow Union, six unused 

and one used, known. 

For the first copy discovered of the latter, 
I offered £y 10s. which was refused. 

Yours faithfully, 

H. L. Ewen. 




i go 



The Philatelic Record. 



Philately in the Mags. 



German Secret Paper 
Markings. 

M. Maury writes in Le Collectionneur 
dc T.P. : 

Some time ago I remarked that the cur- 
rent German stamps had in their gum a 
succession of horizontal bars, which become 
visible, in a pale rose tint, when placed in 
concentrated ammonia. Just lately I wanted 
to repeat the experiment so that I might get 
an exact illustration of these bars, when I 
found, to my surprise, that a change had 
taken place. Each of the current stamps 
had, instead of these bars, four little designs, 
viz., a posthorn in the upper left and lower 
right corners, and the German Arms vice- 
versa. They were only visible for about ten 
seconds, and were extremely difficult to see, 
for the ammonia had a very disagreeable 
effect on the eyes and nose, and the paper 
being transparent when soaked, the color of 
the stamp interfered with the appearance of 
the secret marks. 

Commenting on this the Monthly 
Circular remarks : 

This, however, is not a new discovery, for 
it was noted at least as early as 1894. ^ n 
Westoby's Postage Stamps of Europe the 
history is given as follows : 

" From the commencement of the series 
down to 1892 the impression was on white 
wove paper, on the back of which horizontal 
bars were printed with phenolphthalein, 
which were quite visible when acted upon by 
certain chemicals. Since 1892 the sheets 
have been printed on the face with a design, 
repeated as often as requisite, consisting of 
a crown in the upper left and a posthorn in 
the lower right, whilst in the upper right and 
lower left are the Arms. This also is printed 
with phenolphthalein, which, from its name, 
we conclude to be a compound of phenol and 
a hydrocarbon." 

It is clear that the idea of the marks being 
in the gum is altogether wrong. But there 
is a discrepancy in the two descriptions, for 
M. Maury says nothing of the crown. We 
have made the experiment with a number of 
unused stamps, but without being able to 
distinguish any details of the design, except 
on the small white spaces which divide the 
panes on the sheets. Perhaps some other 
chemical than ammonia would bring out the 
design more clearly, or it may be that photo- 
graphy might be of use in the case of the 20 
pfennig stamp, where the actinic blue is in 
contrast with the rose. 



The New U.S Cubans. 

The Metropolitan Philatelist, in its issue 
of the 26th August, 1899, announces 
that the first shipment of the new 
Cuban stamps has been made. It 
appears that the whole supply could 
not be finished in time, but as the 
Bureau had promised to have them 
ready by the 20th of the month, they 
shipped on the 19th August — 

1,500,000 re, 2,000,000 2c, 400,000 3c, 
1,800,000 5c, 400,000 ioc. and 50,000 special 
delivery stamps, together with the postage 
due stamps recently chronicled. The balance 
of this order is to be sent out shortly. The 
plates are still at press. We complete the 
list of Cuban plate Nos. by adding the 
following, which are listed for the first time : 

900 ioc. Cuba. 904 2c. ordinary. 

901 5c. ,, 905 2C. „ 

902 5C. ,, 906 2C. ,, 

903 5C. „ 907 2C. ,, 

908 ioc. Cuba, special delivery. 

909 2C. ordinary. 

910 2C. ,, 

There are four plates each of the re, 2c, 
3c. and 5c, but only one each of the ioc. 
and the special delivery. There will be a 
comparatively small supply of these latter 
denominations needed, and for this reason 
they will be printed on hand presses. 



Government Remainders. 

We take the following particulars con- 
cerning Government Remainders from the 
Monthly Journal : 

Jamaica. 

The Crown Agents for the Colonies tell us 
that they are instructed by the Government of 
Jamaica to dispose of the following stamps, 
&c. The face values are as follows : — 



£ 

856 

7 
149 

6 



2s. Stamps . 

is. ,, 

3d. Post Cards 

id. 

i£d. ,, ..090 

The stamps are printed on " Crown and 
CO" paper and the post cards are of obsolete 
patterns, and the majority of both stamps 
and cards are in good condition. No ofler 
under face value will be accepted. 

The following is also from the Crown 
Agents for the Colonies : — 



Philately in the Mags. 



191 



" We should be much obliged if you would 
inform us whether there is any market for 
Jamaica ' official' stamps, and whether, in 
your opinion, there would be any chance of 
obtaining face value, to the extent of, say, 
£1600 (the duties are about £d., £650 ; id., 
^"570 ; 2d., £380) for some obsolete stamps 
of this description. 

"The particular stamps in question are 
ordinary postage overprinted with the word 
' Official ' in ordinary type." 

Montenegro. 

The following is a copy of a letter recently 
received which speaks for itself. Attention 
should be drawn to the fact that it is 
mentioned that the Montenegro Govern- 
ment will hand over the dies of their stamps, 
and therefore reprints are possible. As it 
does not state that the dies have been 
cancelled, I should advise-my friends to leave 
these stamps severely alone. The discount 
will have to be very heavy indeed — practically 
waste paper price — if the authorities wish to 
succeed in selling this rubbish. 

" Unused Montenegrin Postage Stamps. 
Issue 1896. 

" Jubilee de la dynastie P etrovich-N iegushi . 

" Dear Sirs, — Our correspondents in 
Montenegro write us that their Government 
wishes to sell their stock of the above 
stamps, to the value of about 2^ million 
florins, with a heavy discount, and they will 
also hand over the dies &c, and give a 
guarantee that these stamps will not be 
issued again in any form, so that nobody 
can get them. 

" If you are interested in these we should 
be glad to hear what offer you would be 



prepared to make for the whole lot or for a 
part. 

" Awaiting your reply, 



Egypt. 

The following letter from the Postmaster- 
General of Egypt is rather interesting. It 
is one of the very few cases indeed that I 
have met with of a Government offering for 
sale used postage stamps : 

" Sir, — I have the honour to inform you 
that this Administration will sell, for the 
benefit of the funds of the Postal Benevolent 
Society, obliterated Egyptian postage stamps, 
taken off correspondence and parcels despatch 
notes, which have been destroyed after the 
prescribed delay. 

" The approximate quantity of stamps to 
be sold is as follows : 



Stamps 
*» 

M 


of 


10 Piastres . . 10,000 
5 „ . 95.°o° 
2 ,, Issue 1893 38,000 
2 „ „ 1879 2,300 
1 Piastre . . 120,000 
5 Milliemes . . 35,000 



Total . . 300,300 

" Offers may be made for the whole lot or 
for part. 

" In the latter case the price per 1000 
must be given for each variety. 

" The prices will be for stamps delivered 
in Alexandria only, in the present condition, 
and not packed. 

" Packing and posting to be at buyer's 
cost. Terms: cash to be paid on delivery 
of stamps. 

'• Offers must be sent in sealed envelopes, 
with the mention, ' Offer for Obliterated 
Stamps." 




192 



The Philatelic Record. 



Philatelic Gossip. 



Asenjos alias Seebecks. 

As we have anticipated, the patti- 
*ing States of Central America are 
not likely to abandon the Seebeck 
arrangement for milking stamp flats. 
According to the Philatelic Monthly and 
World, a contract has been entered into 
between the Government of Nicaragua 
and Dr. Maximo Asenjo, which re- 
sembles in many respects the Seebeck 
contract. 

It is made for a term of ten years, during 
which the Doctor agrees to furnish stamps 
without cost to the number of 3,400,000 
every year. There are to be 13 postage 
stamps from ic. to 5p., 10 official stamps 
from ic. to 5p., 7 postage due stamps from 
ic. to 50c, and 8 telegraph stamps from 10c. 
to 3 pesos. Also cards 2, 4, 6, 12c, stamped 
envelopes, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50., and bands, 2, 4c. 

The government is to supply the design 
and the workmanship must be of the best 
quality. The 3c, 6c. and 15c. stamps must 
be in the Postal Union colors. Each year 
1,000 stamps will be issued to commemorate 
some historical event and they shall be 
current for one day only. 

Each year the Doctor is to receive 50,000 
complete sets of all varieties cancelled. 
This contract may be transferred to any 
other person or company, and it is said that 
these stamps will probably be made in 
Germany. The contract is dated May n, 
1899. 



U.S. 



Twelve Months 
Supply. 



The Metropolitan Philatelist publishes 
the following detailed list of the stamps 
which the U.S. Bureau has been ordered 
to prepare during the coming fiscal 
year. This order is based on the 
supply consumed during the past twelve 
months: — 



IC. 




875,000,000 


2C. 




2,900,000,000 


3C 




30,000,000 


4 c. 




31,000,000 


5C 




53,000,000 


6c. 




8,300,000 


IOC 




19,950,000 


15c. 




3,000,000 


50c. 




200,000 


#1 




33.000 


«2 




13,000 


$5 




2, OOO 


IOC, 


spec 


al del, 6,000,000 


IC, 


due, 


7,200,000 


2C 




13,080,000 


3C 




800,000 


5C 




1,950,000 


IOC. 




2,920,000 


30c 




5,000 


50c 




1,000 



f f y 



Notices. 



Advertisement Rates.— Per Insertion, net. 



Space. 


Single. 


3 months. 


6 months. 


12 months. 


Half Page 


£ *■ rf- 

300 
1 15 
100 


£ s. d. 
2 16 6 

1 10 

18 


£ *. d. 
2 12 6 

170 

15 


£ s. d. 
* 

126 

12 6 





Small AdvertisementsSs. per inch, in double column, prepaid. 

Special Positions by Arrangemen t. 

Advertisements must be received not later than the 15th of the month for publication in the next issue. 



The Philatelic Record 

AND STAMP NEWS. 



NOVEMBER, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 



'OR two years " the J. W. Scott Co., of New York, informs us they 
have " offered to purchase every uncancelled U.S. stamp 
Honesty issued before 1875, at a discount of 25 per cent, from cata- 
in logue price." This they assure us " was not for stamps 
Dealing, the Company wanted, but for every stamp collectors de- 
sired to sell." They report that the result was that during 
the entire two years they bought about 500 dollars worth from Europe and 
less than 50 dollars in the entire United States. 

Commenting on this, they very pertinently remark that " all the 
stamp business ever wanted was confidence among collectors and honesty 
among dealers," to which we heartily agree. 

In a recent issue of their trade organ, the Metropolitan Philatelist, the 
firm go further and announce that they have agreed "to re-purchase any 
stamps they sell at a reduction of ten per cent, from price paid." To secure 
the working of this arrangement, they register the stamps and sign a 
written guarantee to purchase, good at any time. 



Mr. Hadlow, the well-known auctioneer, of 331, Strand, W.C., 
A Hovel whose scrupulous integrity and promptitude have made him 
Commission friends in all directions, is making a novel experiment in the 
Experiment, matter of commissions for buying for collectors at Stamp 
Auctions. He announces his intention of personally attend- 
ing the London auctions for the purpose of giving his experiment a fair 
trial. He believes he can buy, on the average, at a rate which will yield 
him a fair return on a charge of "10 per cent, on the difference beween 
the bid authorised by his customer, and the price at which he secures the 
lot." Example : — 

Bid, £5. Purchase, £3. — Commission, 4/- 
„ £s- » £5-= 1, Nil. 



194 The Philatelic Record. 



Envelopes of Tonga 



By A. F. BASSET HULL. 



STAMPED ENVELOPES.— I. The Letter Sheet. 

THE Interim Report contains an entry by Mr. Campbell, under 
date ist January, 1892 : 
810 Env. Letters, id. $16 3 6. 
This I believe to be the only supply of this curious letter-sheet 
obtained. It is of cream wove paper, folded in the shape of an envelope, 
but unfastened. The flap is pointed and embossed with the Arms of 
Tonga in carmine, surrounded by an oval band, inscribed " Postage — One 
Penny" above, and "Tonga" below, in white letters on reticulated 
ground. The colour of this band is vermilion. On the address side the 
words 

TONGAN 
ENVELOPE LETTER 

are printed at the top, rather to the left ; and in the left lower corner th e 
following inscription : " This envelope is intended for use within the 
kingdom only, and must not contain any enclosure." All the inscriptions 
on the address side are in black. The size of the "Envelope Letter" 
folded is 119 x80mm. Stanley Gibbons' catalogue mentions a variety on 
rose. This I have never seen or heard of otherwise. 

id. Carmine and vermilion on cream. 

REGISTRATION ENVELOPES. 

In the Interim Report, Column A, Mr. Campbell's first entry relating 
to registered envelopes is : 

1891. Oct. 1. Reg. Env., large, 6d. $250 o o. 
The Commission of Inquiry, however, entered in Column B : 

1891. Aug. 30. 2,000 Reg. Env., large $250 o o. 
1,000 ,, „ small 125 8 o. 

Here I am faced with a little difficulty, in that I believe the first type, 
with large arms printed on flap, exists only in one size. Mr. A. M. Camp- 
bell, late Chief Postmaster of Tonga, sent me a copy which he stated was 
issued on the ist September, 1891, a date which would correspond with 
the Commissioners' amended entry, but which would be a month earlier 
than Mr. Campbell's own entry. 

The description of this envelope is as follows : The Arms of Tonga 
(in very large size and coarsely drawn) are type-printed on the flap, with 
" Tonga Registration " in an arch above, and " 6d." at each side. On the 
address side there is a block " R " in thick outlined oval in the upper left 
corner ; " Tonga — Registered Letter " in two lines in the centre ; and a 
rectangular framed space for postage stamp in the right upper corner. 
Crossed dividing lines separate the N from the G of "Tonga," and 
" Registered" from "Letter." Arms, inscriptions, and lines are all in the 



Envelopes of Tonga. 195 

one shade of red, and were apparently all printed in one operation. The 
paper is bluish wove, linen lined ; rounded flap, with broad brown gum. 
Size, 154x96 mm. 

Moens gives the size of this envelope on bluish as 117x81 mm., but 
this is evidently an error, as that is his measurement for the little letter- 
sheet. He also chronicles the same stamp on white envelopes in two 
sizes — 153x97, and 225x111 mm. Stanley Gibbons catalogues this first 
type on blue only, and in one size. 

With a view to getting some light on the subject, I applied to Mr. 
John Sands, of Sydney, the printer of all subsequent issues of Tongan 
registration envelopes. He informed me that his books unfortunately did 
not discriminate between stamped and unstamped envelopes, and, 
therefore, the entries could give no clue ; but he stated that the first type 
in question was certainly not printed at his establishment. 

I am of opinion that the amended entry is incorrect as regards 
quantity, and that the numbers really refer to the supply (hereinafter 
mentioned) of the new type added to those of the first type. This would 
account for there being only one size of the stamp on bluish, and also 
admit of Mr. Campbell's date of issue being considered correct. The 
numbers would still be 200 short, as $100 would only represent 800 
envelopes at 6d. 

On the 1st January, 1892, Mr. Campbell entered up an invoice of: 

1,000 Reg. Env., small. 6d. $125 o o. 
1,000 ,, ,, large. 6d. 125 o o. 

The copies sent me by Mr. Campbell as having been issued on the 
1st January, 1892, are of two sizes. The Arms, in reduced size, are 
embossed in vermilion on the flap. " Tonga Registration" in arch above 
and " 6d." at each side, are type-printed in the same colour. On the 
address side is the letter " R " in thin outlined oval, in upper left corner, 
and " Ton | ga Registered | Letter. This Letter must be given to | an 
Officer of the Post Office to be Registered, and a | Receipt obtained for it " ; 
rectangular space in right upper corner, inscribed " The Stamp — to pay 
the— Postage — must be — placed here," crossed dividing lines separating the 

inscription as shown above. " No ..." in left lower corner. The lines 

and inscriptions are all in red. The type of the inscription on the official 
size envelope is larger than that on the smaller one. Pointed flap ; broad 
brown gum round flap ; white wove paper, linen lined ; inscribed under 
the flap, " John Sands, Printer and Stationer, Sydney, in red." Sizes, 
154X95, and 226 x101mm. 

In 1892 the registration fee was reduced from 6d. to 4d., and on 
the gth September, 1892, Mr. Campbell entered up an invoice of — 
1000 Reg., Env., small. 4d. $83 1 4. 

The Commission of Enquiry noted against this : " No invoices found." 
In this issue the Arms are embossed in vermilion on the flap, as in the 
preceding type. " Tonga Registration " is in an arch above, but the value 
is given in words. " Fourpence," in an arch below the arms. These 
inscriptions are type-printed in vermilion. The inscriptions on the address 
side are the same as on the small sixpenny of the previous issue. Pointed 
flap ; brown gum all round ; thick white wove paper, linen lined. " John 
Sands, Printer and Stationer, Sydney," in red beneath the flap. Size, 

i55X95 ram - 

Mr. Campbell's next entry, as shown in the Interim Report was : — 

1893. Jan. 1000 Reg. Env., small. 4d. $83 1 4. 

But the Commissioners " raised " him to 2000. This printing is almost 

identical with the preceding, except that it has the date " 1.1.93." * n re d> 



196 The Philatelic Record. 

above the maker's imprint, which reads, "John Sands, Printer 6° 
Stationer, Sydney." The inscription on the address side has been re-set, 
and the T of "it" falls immediately under the T of "Post." In the 
previous printing it fell between the words "Post" and "Office." Size, 

i55X95 mrn - 

The last entry relating to envelopes in the Interim Report 'was : — 

Column A. 
1893. April. 720 Reg. Env., small 4d. $60 o o. 
1,938 ,, ,, large 4d. 161 2 o. 

Column D. 

Invoice, 17th April, 1893, noted as received 30th May, 1893. Numbers 

given are 1,000 small and large, numbers unspecified. 

I have this envelope in two sizes, of thick, silky Manilla paper, unlined. 
The smaller size has a similar inscription on the flap to the last described 
issue, and bears the date under the flap, " 1.4.93." The large size has the 
value in figures, "4d.," at each side of the Arms. It is dated beneath the 
flap " 1 April, '93." Pointed flaps. Sizes, 155x97, and 227x102 mm. 

Reference List. 

1 Sept., 1891. Large arms; bluish, linen-lined paper. 

6d. Red. 154x96 mm. 

1 Jan., 1892. Small arms; white, linen-lined paper. 

6d. Vermilion. 154X95 mm. 

6d. ,, 226 X 101 mm. 

9 Sept., 1892. Small arms ; white, linen-lined paper; undated. 

Fourpence. Vermilion. 155X95 mm. 
Jan., 1893. Small arms; white, linen-lined paper; dated 1.1.93. 

Fourpence. Vermilion. 155x95 mm. 

1 June, 1893. Small arms ; Manilla, unlined paper ; dated 1.4.93. 

Fourpence. Vermilion. 155x97 mm. 

4d. ,, 227 X 102 mm. 



Barbados Notes. 



From the Monthly Journal. 



A FEW months ago Mr. F. Gregory, Secretary of the Barbabos 
Philatelic Society, sent us some very interesting notes upon the 
stamps of that Colony, which we put aside until we had time to 
study them more fully, and which we think may be made use of 
here, as some of them should lead to further discussion. 

The 2d., dull slate, or slate-blue, on blued paper. A stamp of this colour, 
to which the value 2d. was assigned by tradition, was reported in the Stamp 
Collectors' Magazine for November, 1865, when the only specimen known 
was stated to have passed into the hands of a German collector, for the long 
price of £■$ in addition to some German stamps. Nothing more seems to 
have been heard of this variety until January, 1867, when a note from the 
former owner of the stamp appeared in the same magazine, stating that 
" the information which I forwarded " (as to the value having been 2d.) 
" has been substantiated by a gentleman employed at the Secretary's office, 



Barbados Notes. 10,7 



who kindly referred to the order-book, and told me the colour, value, and 
time when they were ordered. . . . The postmaster (Mr. Tinling) told me 
that he recollects perfectly well when the twopenny stamps were used." 
The writer had also obtained another copy by that time, which he after- 
wards described in a letter published in July, 1870, as composed of two 
half stamps, which had been used separately on letters together with 4d. 
stamps to make up a 5d. rate. Some discussion took place in 1870 and 
1871, in which the existence of this stamp, except as a discoloured blue, was 
questioned, and not a single specimen, either entire or halved, seems to have 
been shown to English collectors, neither did the Barbados correspondent 
of the S. C. M. ever quote the particulars of " the colour, value, and time 
when they were ordered," which were supposed to exist in the official 
records. From that time the general opinion seems to have been that, if 
the grey stamps really existed, they were copies from a proof or trial sheet 
that had been sent out to Barbados as a colour specimen. 

In the Handbook of The Stamps of Barbados, by E. D. Bacon and F. H. 
Napier, these supposed 2d. stamps are alluded to in a note as being in all 
probability "blue stamps sulphuretted," and it is added that " it is a some- 
what curious coincidence — but we think it is nothing more — that the great 
find of unused early colonial stamps that took place some seven years ago 
did, as a matter of fact, include a number of imperforate Barbados stamps on 
blued paper, printed in a colour that can certainly be best described as slate- 
blue. There can, however, be no doubt that no stamps in this colour were 
ever forwarded to the colony." 

But Mr. Gregory writes us as follows : — 

" With reference to the 2d. value, dull slate, I have made many 
inquiries and examined many collections. The oldest collector here 
assures me that Mr. Tinling told him that such stamps were issued, but I 
have not be able to find a single specimen used or unused. 

" But all the bisected stamps that I can find here, used in 1854, are °f 
exactly the same shade, a decided grey with a bluish tinge, and none of them 
show any signs of having become sulphuretted. All were undoubtedly used 
for one penny , and as I can find no whole stamps in this colour, nor any sul- 
phuretted ones anything like it, I have ventured to put forth the theory that 
the postmaster, discovering some sheets of slate-grey stamps amongst the 
other colours, placed them aside, intending to use them as twopenny stamps, 
and then when the supply of the penny value ran short he used them up cut 
in half as penny stamps. All the sulphuretted specimens of the penny blue 
I have seen have turned a blue-black, not a grey-blue. I have not come 
across a bisected blue on blued paper. 

"In October, 1857, the \&. green, ran out, and the id. blue on white 
paper, imperf., were cut into halves vertically, to be used as halfpenny 
stamps. Some of these strips must have been left on hand when the next 
supply of green stamps arrived, as I have seen a dark blue vertical pair of 
halves used as id. I have also seen a pale blue specimen, divided diagon- 
ally, used as £d." 

On receipt of this we sent Mr. Gregory specimens of the grey-blue 
stamps which were found in England, and in a later letter he says : " I have 
compared the grey shade sent with the used halves we have here, and the 
shade is practically identical. No one here has seen a copy used entire, so 
there can be little doubt that the postmaster cut up the entire stock of the 
grey shade when the blues ran short, thus getting rid of a colour he had no 
other use for. From the scarcity of the cut specimens I should say very few 
sheets came here in that colour, and those probably by mistake among the 
blue." This, we suspect, is the correct theory. The specimen first heard of in 
1865 was probably an odd copy that had escaped the scissors; it was said 



198 The Philatelic Record. 

to have been given to its owner by a post-office clerk. Mr. Tinling no 
doubt was speaking some years after the event, when he said that he 
" perfectly well " recollected the 2d. stamps ; he recollected the grey stamps 
and also the fact that they were reckoned as 2d. when put in use, and 
it is just possible that some were used entire for that value. We know 
now that some sheets were printed in grey, possibly through some mis- 
take in mixing the ink ; the statistics obtained by Mr. Bacon show that 
no supply of grey was sent out, but it is not impossible that a few sheets 
may have got mixed with the blue. Mr. Gregory is certain that the grey 
halves were used as id. stamps, therefore they were certainly not halves of 
the ordinary blue stamps. It is not unlikely that, if the blue (id.) stamps 
ran short, the postmaster might decide to reckon the small quantity of grey 
ones as 2d., so as to make them last the longer. 

Mr. Gregory gives us the following list of bisected Barbados stamps 
which he has seen on original covers : — 

Vertical half of grey (2d. ?) on blued, imperf., used as id. 
,, dark blue (id.) on while ,, ,, %d. 

Vertical pair of the last halves used as id. 
Diagonal half of pale blue (id.) on white, imperf., used as ^d. 
,, blue (id.) pin-perf. 14, used as £d. 

„ rough perf. „ |d. 
Vertical half of ,, ,, ,, ^d. 

Horizontal lower half of id., dark blue, 1874, used as^d. 
Diagonal half of id., grey-blue, 1876, used as ^d. 
„ id., rose, 1882 ,, £d. 

id., „ 1892 ,, -|d. 

The last item, he thinks, has the appearance of being " made to 
order," but the others he considers undoubtedly genuine. 

Of the One Shilling, blue, Mr. Gregory states that he has seen a 
single copy in an old collection ; the top and bottom of it have turned 
almost black, but the centre is bright blue. The postmaster states that 
there is no record of a 1/- blue, in the books of the Post Office, which shows 
that these stamps were never issued to that office ; he adds that they were 
all destroyed, by order of the Governor, shortly after their receipt. 

For the id. on half of 5/-, Mr. Gregory has discovered that 100 
sheets of the higher value were used, 4800 5/- stamps, producing 9600 of 
the provisional id. ; this leaves only 5200 of the 5/- unsurcharged. He 
has seen an unsevered pair showing Types I. and II. of the surcharge 
together, also a single specimen without stop after the letter "D,"and 
identical in other respects with the variety shown in Type 26 in the 
Handbook. 

Of the "Jubilee" issue, Mr. Gregory sent us the values up to 2^d. 
on distinctly blued paper, the colour of which seems to be due to the damp 
climate. He says that the blue tint becomes deeper after the stamps have 
been wetted, and that it was not noticed until they had been nearly a 
year in use. 




Death of Dr. Westoby. 



199 



Death of Dr. Westoby, 



IT is with profound regret that we announce the death of 
Mr. W. A. S. Westoby, which took place on October 14th, 
1899. Born in 1815, he was educated at Trinity College, 
Cambridge, where he took his M.A. degree in 1839 ; and was 
called to the bar by the Hon. Society of Lincoln's Inn in the 
following year. 

His philatelic career commenced in 1861-2, when he was in 
Paris. He was always one of the most fastidious of collectors in 
the standard which he set up for his own collection. But it is as 
the most learned and cultured of all our philatelic writers that he 
will be remembered in the philatelic ranks. In the early days he 
was a contributor to the Stamp Collectors' Magazine under the nom 
de plume of " A Parisian Collector." To the Philatelist he subse- 
quently contributed valuable papers on the " The Stamps of 
Turkey, "The Envelopes of Germany," "The Stamps of Mexico," 
&c. But his most valuable contributions to a philatelic periodical 
will be found in our own journal, for he edited the Philatelic Record 
from November, 1885 (with an interruption of eighteen months) till 
the end of 1895. The outgoing editor, Mr. Maitland Burnett, who 
had edited the Record for nearly seven years, introduced Dr. 
Westoby as " one of the earliest of our scientific collectors, and 
one of the tersest and most distinguished writers upon philatelic 
subjects." From 1885 till 1895 Dr. Westoby made the Philatelic 
Record a veritable mine of philatelic learning. He gathered 
around him as contributors the best philatelists of his day. 

He commenced as an adherent of the French school, then the 
pioneer of advanced collecting, which in its day was sneered at 
for differentiating between imperforate and perforated stamps, but 
the pace of the modern specialist outstripped his sympathies, and 
left him with the feeling that he belonged to another generation. 
" Varieties that depend on the perforation, the paper, the original 
plate, the colour of the impression, the gum that was made use 
of," he accepted as marking something in the history of a stamp, 
but " mere accidental varieties in a single stamp," he failed to see 
with " the eyes of the present caterers for specialists." 

In conjunction with his old friend, Mr. Philbrick, Q.c, he 
published a valuable work on " The Postage and Telegraph 
Stamps of Great Britain," and at the time of his death he was 
engaged in the production of a still more important and almost 
completed work on "The Adhesive Postage Stamps of Europe." 
Both works had their genesis in articles which he contributed to 
the Philatelic Record during his editorship. 



200 



The Philatelic Record. 



New Issues. 



The earliest information as to Neiv Issues will be much appreciated by us, and will be duly credited to 

the correspondent, or firm, sending it. Our foreign subscribers can materially 

help us in this direction. When possible a specimen, should accompany 

the information, and be addressed to the Editor, 

Mr. Edward J. Nankivell, 28, Birdhurst Rise, Croydon. 



British Em 



pire. 



British Honduras. — The 5c. postage 
stamp is said to have been surcharged 
"Revenue" in small caps and used 
postally. The Monthly Journal is 
informed that the 25c. and 50c. values 
have been similarly surcharged. 

Canada. — There are two types of the 
recent surcharge of " two cents " on 3 
cents. In one type the letters are 
larger and bolder, the difference being 
most marked in the case of the letter N. 
Each type is to be found on both the 
maple leaf and the figure issues. 

We have received the 2c. printed in 
the Postal Union colour red. It was 
issued on Aug. 20th. 

Adhesive. 
2 cents red. 

Great Britain.— It is stated that the 
£d. will be changed to green and the id. 
to red on the 1st January next, in 
accordance with the adopted Postal 
Union colours. The first it is reported 
will be bi-coloured. 

Hong Kong. — According to Le Timbres 
Poste, the 1 dol. on 96c. is now minus 
the surcharge in Chinese characters. 

Adhesive. 
1 dol. on 90c. black, without Chinese characters. 

India (Duttia). — According to the 
Philatelic Journal of India this state has 
started a new issue. The type is 
described as" Egyptian" otherwise like 
the previous issue. 

The stamps are in strips of eight, and the 
strip is rouletted all round in black with a 
rule at the time of printing, in such a way 
that the stamps are not rouletted vertically, 
except at the two ends of the strip. Paper, 
wove. 

Adhesives. 

%a.. black on blue-green. 

1 a. „ white. 

2a. „ yellow. 

4a. „ red. 

Patiala. — The three pies Indian value 
has been surcharged " Patiala State." 
in two lines in black. 

Adhesives. 
3 pies carmine, black. 



Labuan. — MekeeVs Weekly Stamp News 
has received the cheering information 
that, in order to supply the urgent 
necessities of the corresponding public 
of Labuan, it became necessary to sur- 
charge nine different stamps with the 
value of 4 cents, to provide for the 
introduction of penny postage into that 
colony. 

It is also stated that only one thousand 
sets of these surcharges were made. 

Adhesive stamps. 
4c. on 5c. green and black. 
4c. on 6c. red and black. 
4c. on 8c. rose and black. 
4c. on 12c. orange and black. 
4c. on 18c. brown and black. 
4c. on 24c. lilac and blue. 
4c. on 25c. green. 
4c. on 50c. red-brown. 
4c. on $1 blue. 

Malta. — The London Philatelist says 
the current ^d., id., 4d. and 1/- postals 
have been surcharged " Revenue " in 
black. 

New Zealand. — We are officially 
informed, under date, 4th Sept., 1899, 
" New Zealand Postage Stamps of both 
the previous (Queen's head), and new 
issues are on sale," that "the id., 2d., 
3d., 6d. and is., denominations of the 
previous issue have been reverted to till 
the new stamps of those issues are 
printed in the colony, which will not be 
until special paper already ordered from 
England is received," and that "the 
new id. is almost used up." 

Mr. L. K. Sanderson writes to the 
Australian Philatelist as follows : — 

The Colonial prints of the 2£d., 5d., 
6d., 8d., 2/- and 5 - values of the recent 
issue printed in London, were issued in 
Wellington on June 8th. They have been 
printed at the Government Printing Office in 
Wellington, on unwatermarked paper, and 
perforated n. The perforations are rough, 
done with a treadle machine. The stock of 
unwatermarked paper is now exhausted, and 
the printers are waiting for a fresh supply of 
paper, which, it is understood, will be water- 
marked. The altered plates of the £d., id., 
ad. and 4d. values have arrived in Welling- 
ton. The designs of these have' been 



New Issues. 



201 



enlarged, the Jd. is to appear in green, the 
id. and 4d. values are to be transposed, the 
4d. being the design and colour of the 
present id. value, and the id. value is to be 
that of the present 4d. A few of the present 
4d. and gd. values have been printed locally 
on unwatermarked paper, but have not yet 
been issued. 

The A. P. remarks that, in addition to 
the perforation — n — wbich is not found on 
the English printings, the paper is of a 
different quality. The English paper is 
rather thin, surfaced, and a marginal piece 
held to the light will show very fine diagonal 
crossed lines. The local prints are on paper 
of the ordinary plain wove quality, unsur- 
faced, and thicker than the English. The 
shades of the stamps also differ from Wate*- 
low's printings. 

Adhesives. 
Printed in New Zealand. 

z%A. pale blue, no wmk., perf. u. 

5d. brown „ 

6d. yellow-green „ 

8d. deep blue „ 

2/- blue-green „ 

5/- vermilion ,, 

The Otago Daily Times says the Postal 
Department, have notified that in order 
to meet the requirements of the Postal 
Union it has been decided to alter the 
colours of the £d., id., and 2jd. The 
2^d. however, is already in the Postal 
Union colour and will not need to be 
changed. 

Queensland.— Mr. Hadlow has sent 
us the new is. in the type of the 5d. 
with figures in all four corners. Wink. 
Cr. & Q. Perf. 13. 

Adhesive, 
ij- mauve. 



Mr. F. Hagen sends the Australian 
Philatelist, the 2d. blue of the unaltered 
type — (head on shaded ground) printed 
on the "secret watermark" paper. 
The A. P. says, — "It is stated that a 
supply was printed before the plate was 
re-engraved, but the stamps were only 
recently issued. This is somewhat re- 
markable in view of the fact that the ^d. 
and id. on the ' secret watermark ' were 
of the second type (head on white 
ground)." 

Adhesive. 
ad. blue (old type) " Secret" watermark. 

S arawak. -The Monthly Journal chron- 
icles two provisionals issued on July 1st, 
viz., by surcharging the 12c. and 8c. of 
1871 with a numeral and the word 
" Cents," in black or red. 

Adhesives. 
2C. in black on 12c. red on lilac rose. 
4c. in red on 8c. blue on blue. 

Straits Settlements.— The Philatelic 
Journal of India says the 4c. rose, CA, 
will no longer be rare, for it has been re- 
issued for " penny postage " purposes. 

Tasmania. — The Australian Philatelist 
is officially informed that the projected 
new pictorial issue will probably be 
ready towards the end of the current 
year. 

Victoria. — The low values have been 
changed into the postal Union colours. 

Adhesives. 
y 2 d. green, 
id. rose red. 
i^jd. red on yellow. 
2^d. blue. 



Foreign Countries. 



Chili. — We have received a new value, 
30 centavos, in same design as the 
current series. 

Adhesive. 
30c. carmine. 

Cuba. — According to the Metropolitan 
Philatelist an error has crept into the 
Cuban special delivery stamp. Instead 
of " immediata " it should have been 
" inmediata " according to correct 
Spanish. 

Germany. — According to the Aus- 
tralian Philatelist we may expect from 
the German Empire a series of oversea 
postage stamps of the U.S. Columbus 
pattern. They are to be issued on the 
1st January, 1901, and are to be five in 
number, viz. : 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 marks. 



Special attention will be paid to the 
artistic designs, which will be symbolical 
and descriptive of German union and of 
the history of the Imperial house of 
Hohenzollern. The Emperor is himself 
superintending the designing of the stamps, 
which has been entrusted to German artists 
of the highest standing. One of the stamps 
for instance, that for the 2 mark, has been 
designed by Prof. Werner, Director of the 
Berlin Art Academy ; it is divided into three 
sections with pictures symbolic of German 
union. The centre picture shows two 
warriors, a Prussian and a Bavarian, shaking 
hands, blessed by the figure of Germania 
which floats in the background; in the side 
divisions are pictures of the Alps and of the 
Isle of Rugen. Other stamps will depict 
scenes of German history, the opening of 
the first Reichstag under Emperor William 
II., the Emperor William I. National 



202 



The Philatelic Record. 



Monument, &c. The stamps have all been 
designed by German artists, the report that 
some of them had been designed in England 
having been officially contradicted. They 
will be printed in the Imperial Printing 
Office in Berlin by an improved lithographic 
process. 

Samoa. — The Metropolitan chronicles 
the current set of stamps surcharged 
' Samoach ' in black for use here. 

Adhesives. 

3pf. black and brown. 

Spf. „ green, 

iopf. „ carmine. 

2opf. „ blue. 

2spf. ,, orange. 

5opf. „ red-brown. 

Caroline Islands. — It is stated in the 
Philatelic Monthly and World that the 
Germans will surcharge their current 
stamps for use in their newly acquired 
dependency. " Karolinen — Inseln " in 
two lines, will be the style. 

Portugal. — Lourenco Marques. — The 
Illustrites Briefmarken Journal has re- 
ceived another provisional from this 
country which has been so prolific of 
late in that line. Surcharge in black. 

Adhesive stamp. 
5or. on 75r. rose. 

Russia {China). — The Philatelic 
Journal of India has received the 
following Russian stamps surcharged 
for use in Port Arthur. 



Adhesives. 



i kopek orange 

2 kopeks green 

3 ,, carmine 
5 „ mauve 

7 „ dark-blue 



blue surcharge. 
red ,, 

blue , , 



Samoa.— Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
send us the |d. and id. in new Postal 
Union colours. 

Adhesives. 

%&. deep green, 
id. brown-red. 

Siam.— The publishers of the Monthly 
Journal have received what appear to 
be new editions of the interminable 
provisionals of this country. Major 
Evans writes: — 



We have before us sheets of " i Att " on 
12 atts, " 2 Atts " on 64 atts, and " 3 Atts " 
on 12 atts, all with the usual overprint, in 
English and in Siamese, in black. The 1 
Att and 2 Atts appear to be printed from the 
same setting, in which the right-hand half 
of the sheet has a narrower capital "A" 
than the left-hand half. We have found no 
varieties in the figures " 1," but the ninth 
stamp in the top row of that value has the 
last letter of "Att" upside down, and the 
seventh stamp in the third row has the 
figure " 1 " in that position The figures 
" 2 " are all with straight foot, but those on 
the right-hand half of the sheet are narrower 
than those on the other hali (to correspond 
with the letters " A "), and the seventh 
stamp in the top row is surcharged " 1 Atts" 
in error. On both sheets the periods after 
the words are frequently invisible, and the 
same is the case with the cross-bars of the 
letters " A." The 3 Atts on 12 atts appears 
to be No. 51 in the Catalogue ; the surcharge 

is in clearer type than that of the other two, 
and the only variety we can find is a 
narrower " A '' on the fifth stamp in the top 
row. 

We do not think it has been noted that 
the stamps are in panes of 120, ten hori- 
zontal rows of twelve, with the watermark 
"postage — siam — revenue" in outline 
capitals in the bottom and side margins. 
Presumably these are half-sheets, and there 
are others which show the watermark in the 
top margin instead of the bottom. 
Adhesives. 

1 att on 12 atts purple and carmine. 

1 ,, 12 ,, „ „ (error). 

1 ., 12 „ ., „ ( „ ) 

2 atts on 64 „ purple and brown. 

1 „ 64 ,, „ „ (error). 

Turkey. — The Philatelic Monthly 
(U.S.) states that the postal authorities 
of Turkey recently opened a competi- 
tion for a new design for their postage 
stamps. 

Among the numerous proposals submitted 
the one designed by Nazim Effendi, a civil 
functionary of the Seraskierate was unani- 
mously selected and being submitted to the 
Sultan, was equally approved by him. The 
young successful official was given a furlough 
from his official duties in the Ministry in 
order to prepare the designs for the new plates 
and to superintend the obtaining of essays 
and proofs. The nature of the design has 
not as yet been given out. 



-^^t^^y 



Philately in the Mags. 



203 



in 



s. 



The "Post Office" Mauritius. 

M. Moens in his journal Le Timbres 
Poste recently gave a most interesting 
history of the ownership of all the known 
copies of the id. and 2d. " Post Office " 
Mauritius, 19 in all, with the prices at 
which they have changed hands. 

The following synopsis of the article 
is taken from the A ustralian Philatelist : — 



Price. 

£ s. 



Date. Owner. 

/ and II. id. and 2d. used 

1847. *Borchard 
i864(?) *Coutures 
1865. Gimet 

1865. Moens 

1866. *Philbrick .. .. 20 o 
1881. *La Redotiere . . 40 o 

id. and 2d. unused. 



Ill and X. 

1847. *Borchard .. 
1866-70 Desbois 

,, *Lalanne .. 
1893. *Piet Lataudrie 
1893. Stanley Gibbons 
1893. "Avery 



1868. 
1876. 



1847. 



IV. id. used. 

*Noirel 

Lionnet 

Moens 
"Rothschild 



V. 

*Caunter 

*Rac 
Roussin 

*Perrissim 
Ansbruc 
Mir ab and 



2d. used. 



680 
700 



4 
20 



40 



140 
1 5° 



1847. 
1869. 



1897. 



VI. and VII. id. and 2d. used. 

*Borchard 

Desbois 

Moens .. .. 8 

*Legrand . 

Lemaire . 

Bernichon . 



VIII. and IX. 
1847. *Borchard 



1200 o 
i860 o 

id. and 2d. unused. 



1870. 



Desbois 

Moens 
*Perinelle 

Moens 
*La Renotiere 



12 

38 

120 

220 



X. See III. 



Date. 

1887. 
1870. 

1893. 
1896. 

1847. 
1872. 



1847. 
1875. 



1890. 



1847. 
1878. 

1881. 



1847. 
1864. 
1897. 



1847. 
1898. 



Owner. 
XI. and XII. id. and 2d. used. 

*Borchard .. 
Desbois 
*Lalanue 
*Piet Lataudrie 

*Mors 



Price. 



XIII. 2d. used. 

*Borchard . . 
*Martineau 

Desbois 

Moens 

* Rothschild 

XIV. 2d. unused. 

*Borchard 

Desbois 

Moens 
*La Renotiere 
*Tapling 
* British Museum 

XV. id, used 

*Marquay .. 
*Evans 

*Topling 
*British Museum 



1680 



4 
24 



24 
40 



XVI 

*Borchard 
*Schiller 
*Pouget 
"Kirchner 



id. used. 



XVII 

*Duvivier 
Peckitt 
* English Collector 



id. used. 



30 o o 

75 o o 



400 
400 o o 



600 
IOOO 



XVIII. and XIX. id. X id. used. 

1897. Howard 

1898. Peckitt 

1899. "English Collector 



5° 
1375 
1800 



The English collector who purchased 
the three last discovered id. stamps for 
£2,800 does not wish his name to be 
made public. 

Holland : New Issue, Sheets. 

It is always interesting to know the 
make-up of the sheets of the various 
issues of stamps. We are indebted to 

* Amateur. Names without asterisk are those of 
dealers. Names in italics are those of the present 
owners of the stamps. 



204 



The Philatelic Record. 



the Philatelic Journal of Great Britain 
for the following particulars concerning 
the sheets of the new issue of Holland : 

The stamps of the new issue of Holland 
are printed as follows: The values from ^ 
cent to 20 cent inclusive in sheets of 200, 
those from 22J cent to 50 cent inclusive of 
sheets of ioo, and the i\ and 5 gulden in 
sheets of 50 stamps. 

No stamps issued before 1898 will be 
available for postage after January 1st, 1900. 

Cook Islands Postal 
Revenue. 

We quote from the Australian Philate- 
list, the following details of the postal 
revenue of the Cook's Islands Federation 
from 1892 to 18c 

£ s. d. 

245 5 9 
278 2 3 



1092-3 
1893-4 
1874-5 
1895-6 
1896-7 
1897-8 



228 
120 
120 

179 



Our Australian contemporary com- 
menting on these figures, draws attention 
to the fact that during this period of 
six years, three different series of stamps 
were issued, comprising 13 varieties, 
not counting the two papers of the first 
issue. 

After allowing for the value of the stamps 
legitimately used for postal purposes -and 
there can be no doubt that more than one 
half of those issued in Cook Islands were 
so used — the long suffering philatelist 
appears to have been "bled" to the extent 
of possibly ,£500 for 13 new kinds of 
stamps, or less than ,£40 worth of each. 
When the bill for engraving and printing 
was paid, very little would be left over to 
be reckoned as " philatelic profit." 

Humph ! 



Western Australia : Inverted 
Centre. 

The following letter from Dr. Westoby 
in defence of the 4d. blue error of 
Western Australia, 1885. appears in 
Stamps. We cannot understand what 
induced Mr. Francis to cast doubt on the 
genuineness of the " error " seeing that 
it has long been accepted as a genuine 
production and has been included in 
specialist collections at the London 
Philatelic Society's rooms, and in the 
1897 Exhibition : 

Dear Sir, — At the end of the portion of 
an article on the Western Australian stamps 
which appeared in your number for July, 
there is the following remark : " This stamp 
(the 4d. of 1855) is supposed to have been 
printed with centre inverted, but its genuine- 
ness is problematical." Up to the present 
time I have never heard of the genuineness 
of this error having been called in question. 
Not only is it acknowledged in the work of 
the Philatelic Society, London, on the 
stamps of Oceania, but by every authority 
of any importance in France and Germany. 
I myself purchased a used copy of the error 
in Paris, in 1896, and there was not a shadow 
of doubt as to its genuineness. It is easily 
accounted for ; the centre of the stamp was 
made by a lithographic transfer from the id., 
printed by Perkins, Bacon & Co., and the 
frame was a piece of native work from 
which transfers were taken. So there were 
two operations and the lithographer accident- 
ally inverted the frame in one. This 
transfer of the frame part also gives rise to 
the variations found in the letters of the 
inscriptions. 

The colouring of the paper of the 2d. was 
mentioned in the Philatelic Record for 1888, 
vol. x., page 126, for which some 20 copies 
obtained from dealers were examined. 

I am, Yours truly, 

Sep. $th, i8gg. W. A. S. Westoby. 




Philatelic Gossip. 



205 



Philatelic Gossip. 



The Philatelic Protection 
Association. 

Our energetic contemporary, Stamps, 
has been wanting to know why the 
P. P. A. with large funds in hand did not 
assist in putting an end to frauds on 
collectors. To this Mr. Giwelb, a 
member of the Committee of the 
Association, replies : 

The P. P. A. does not move because, 
happily, there is no need for it, but you may 
rest assured that the Association is not dead, 
nor asleep, and should an occasion arise, it 
will be found the P. P. A. is wide awake and 
well alive to duty. 

At the last meeting of the Members of the 
P. P. A. who subscribed the funds, it was 
decided to leave the cash balance at the 
Bank undisturbed and not to levy any further 
subscriptions from Members until such a 
time when funds may be required. 

Although individually we all are ready and 
willing to assist in stopping swindles and 
frauds of all kinds, the P. P. A. as such, 
cannot undertake to run down individuals, 
etc., but must leave it to those who please 
to send out their stamps, to make inquiries 
respecting the parties to whom they send 
them. 

Our contemporary is not satisfied and 
apparently thinks the appointment of 
" an energetic secretary " would make 
all the difference. When C.J. P. was 
Secretary, the Association was very 
much alive, but at present it scarcely 
seems to have any vitality left. 

Scott's Catalogue. 

The Scott Stamp and Coin Co., 
promises the new edition of their cata- 
logue for October. On the question of 
prices they say : — 

While in our judgment, as we have already 
expressed it in these columns, the reductions 
made in the English Colonials by the leading 
dealer in England have, in many cases, been 
far too drastic, we feel compelled to accept 
English authority upon the value of English 
and British Colonial stamps, as the market 
for these stamps is dominated by English 
dealers and collectors, and not on this side of 
the water. In many cases we shall feel that 
the quotations are not a fair reflection of the 
comparative value of the stamps but prefer, 
on the whole, to accept the foreign notations 
and leave it for future editions to correct such 
errors as may have crept in. The prices of 
many of the commoner kinds of foreign 
stamps will be reduced to correspond more 



closely to the rates at which these stamp- 
can be purchased at wholesale, and the same 
will apply to the common and medium 
varieties of the stamps of the United States, 
many of which were unduly boomed by spec- 
ulators and collectors a few years ago. 
However, as to the unused stamps of the 
United States, we shall not allow ourselves 
to be led astray by the low prices obtained 
at auction for the straggling specimens 
which have appeared from time to time, 
the majority of which were not in extra 
fine condition and the prices realised 
for which can form no true basis for 
an estimate of value. A search among 
dealers stocks for fine specimens of the 
United States would soon prove to any- 
one how scarce these stamps really are, and 
we feel certain that it will take but a few 
months to prove to the collecting fraternity 
that our ideas on this subject are correct and 
that those who think that these stamps have 
been wildly overpriced are in error. We, of 
course, must take into consideration the fact 
that the present season has been marked by 
the largest addition to the stamp collecting 
fraternity that any season has ever shown, 
and the effect of this is bound to be apparent 
in an increased demand for stamps during 
the approaching season. As soon as this 
demand materializes it will be seen that the 
supplies of many desirable stamps cannot 
keep pace with the demand for them, and 
that a closer approach to catalogue quotations 
will have to be maintained by dealers than 
has been tha practice during the past two or 
three years. 



Securing U.S. Postage Due 



Stamps. 



In the ordinary course " Postage Due" 
stamps are affixed to letters by the postal 
officials to show amount due for in- 
sufficient postage. Consequently copies 
of those stamps are mostly difficult to 
obtain, but of all the attempts to secure a 
supply. Mr. Z. P. Oppenheimer's story 
in the New York Philatelist of how he 
collected a supply is the most amusing 
we have read : — 

I conceived the idea, and to the best of my 
knowledge I was the only one to carry the 
same into successful operation, to mail to 
myself large packages of brick, on which the 
due postage amounted as high as $1000 at a 
time. But lo ! for the poor postmen ; how 
they melted in the heat of the August and 
September sun. Soon a notice of the Post 
Office reached me to call at office so-and-so 
and get my packages, which were held for 
short postage. And again, in a very short 



206 



The Philatelic Record. 



time a Post Office Inspector from the General 
Post Office called on me and explained that 
they had thoroughly investigated my previous 
record and found out nothing more damaging 
againist me than to be a ' freak ' or a ' stamp 
fiend.' ' But,' he added, ' it does not follow 
that the Post Office Department of the U.S. 
should pay homage to the entirely foolish 
notions of your fraternity, although we 
appreciate your efforts,' he continued, ' to fill 
the coffers of the Government to the extent 
of perhaps $50 to $75 per day for some 
worthless printed paper. Still,' this U.S. 
diplomatist urged, ' we don't propose to carry 
your bricks up town and down town, but 
after consultation with the General Post- 
master, and with his advice and consent, we 
make you the following proposition : On 
each and every week-day between 9 a.m. and 
3 p.m., and as long as our supply and your 
foolishness lasts and your money holds out, 
you can come to window so-and-so (I cannot 
give the real number), with your bricks duly 
wrapped up and addressed to yourself, and 
the employee in charge of this window will 
hand it out to you again in less than no time 
with the required due stamps on them ; and 
you, mind you,' he said, ' you will pay the 
cool cash.' Well, I acquiesced quickly to 
the treaty, only holding out for lightly can- 
celled specimens and for such denominations 
as I cbose (30 or 50c.) The bargain was 
closed, and next morning I began to hand in 
my 'bricks' at the certain window with such 
regularity and swiftness that I fairly alarmed 
my good friend, and he soon begged for an 
armistic to rest his weary arms. Still, I 
succeeded on the very first day to count 170 
due stamps in a very fine condition, and I 
continued my work for days and weeks at the 
General Post Office of this our big city of 
New York. I also installed sub-agents at 
the various branch offices. 

Well, to return to our mutton, or rather 
' Dues ' I managed to get them by the 100, 
nay, by the 1000 ! 

And what did I do with them ? 

Well, for fear of being regarded as a 
modern Croesus I will frankly state that this 
was the first and the only time I made any 
money in the stamp business ; neither before 
nor afterwards was my mania rewarded with 
anything like profit, but as long as the craze 
for the Dues lasted I reaped the harvest. 

I counted among my cash customers nearly 
all the wholesale dealers in New York, 
Philadelphia, St. Louis, and San Francisco, 
all of whom took from me for ready 
cash and with a liberal premium whatever 
quantities I could furnish. 

W. T. Wilson's Galore. 

Officially, we have, of course, no 
knowledge ot the existence of more than 
one " W. T. Wilson," but, somehow, 
others laying claim to the same initials 
and surname arise to confuse our phila- 
telic vision. Sometime since one cropped 



up in the north as a dealer and now 
we have another present at a meet- 
ing of philatelists gathered together in 
Kimberley, for the purpose of forming a 
local philatelic Society. Really there 
must be a truce to this multiplication of 
minor varieties. 

Australian Federation. 

The Australian Philatelist assures us 
that very considerable progress has 
been made towards the federation of the 
Australian colonies, Victoria and Tas- 
mania, have accepted the amended 
Commonwealth Bill by immense maj- 
orities ; the address to the Queen has 
been passed by the Parliaments of New 
South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania, 
and it has been handed to the Governors 
of those respective colonies for trans- 
mission to the Queen. Queensland and 
Western Australian are expected to 
join in the near future, and even in New 
Zealand there is a strong feeling in 
favour of joining in the Federation. 

" The Philatelic Journal of 
Great Britain." 

The following announcement in the 
October issue of The Philatelic Journal 
of Great Britain explains a change of 
proprietorship : 

PUBLISHER'S NOTE. 

I have to announce that after December 
next the Journal will be taken over by 
Messrs. Kirkpatrick & Pemberton, of 202, 
High Holborn, London, to whom I have 
sold all rights. I have been obliged to take 
this step owing to increasing business which 
prevents my giving the time necessary for 
the proper conduct of the Journal. I hope 
that all friends and subscribers who have so 
long and generously supported me will 
extend their kind patronage to Messrs. 
Kirkpatrick & Pemberton in whose hands I 
feel sure I can safely leave the destinies of 
the old " P.J.G.B." 

The title of the " P.J.G.B. Advertiser " 
will be changed to '* Brown's Advertiser." 

W. BROWN. 

The P. J. of G. B. was started in 
Feb., 1891. Fiscal stamps were to 
receive special attention, and for a time 
they were much in evidence, but they 
have long since been dropped. The 
journal has almost from the first been 
the official organ of the International 
Philatelic Union. At the start it was 
edited by Mr. Percy Bishop, then by 
Mrs. Scott Stokes and latterly by Mr. 
G. B. Duerst of Manchester. 



Societies in Session. 



207 



Societies in Session. 



Herts. 

Hon. Sec. : — H. A. Slade, Ingleside, 
St. Albans. 

The Herts Philatelic Society aims at 
becoming " the biggest and most 
popular Society in the United King- 
dom." It proposes to cater no longer 
for Herts collectors only, but " for 
medium collectors and tyros who can 
neither afford the expense nor under- 
stand the technicalities of the premier 
society." 

PROGRAMME. 

First Tuesday in October, 1899 — Annual Meeting-. 

Election of Officers, Accounts presented, etc., 

etc. 
Second Tuesday in October, 1899 — Display, U.S., 

British N. America, etc. W. B. Avery. 
First Tuesday in November — Display, Mexico (first 

part). R. Frentzel. 
First Tuesday in December — Paper and Display, 

Transvaal. "Stamps of the British Occupation." 

E. J. Nankivell. 
First Tuesday in January, 1900 — Display, Brazil or 

Dominican Republic. R. Ehrenbach. 
First Tuesdav in Februarv — Paper and Display, 

Chili. R. Meyer. Paper, "The Line En- 
graved Issues of Japan." O. Firth. 
First Tuesday in March — Display, U.S. of Colombia. 

H. R. Oldfield. 
First Tuesday in April — Paper and Display, Argentine 

Republic. _ T. W. Hall. 
First Tuesday in May — Annual Dinner. Display, 

German States. M. P. Castle. 



Victoria. 

Hon. Sec. : — D. S. Abraham, 243, 
Collin's Street, Melbourne. 

The Victoria Society is another 
Society which is not ashamed to publish 
its Balance Sheet. A balance of £27 
17s. 2d. to its credit, the Committee 
thinks very satisfactory. The exhibition 
of collections at the meetings was 
continued during the year with success, 
and was instrumental in improving the 
attendance. The Committee inaugu- 
rated a system of competitive ex- 
hibitions, which have proved of great 
interest. 

At a recent meeting we note that the 
Deputy Postmaster-General kindly ex- 



hibited through the President the new 
issues of about a dozen countries. The 
management of other Societies in 
Colonial capitals should take the hint 
and make friends with the Postmaster's 
General and get them to exhibit the 
new issues, which, under the regulations 
of the Postal Union, they receive from 
each country. 



Birmingham. 



Hon. Sec. — G. Johnson, B.A. 208, 
Birchfield Road, Birmingham. 

The Birmingham Society may be said 
to be the great Exchange Packet Society. 

The smallest amount circulated was 
in Aug. 1898 ... £1662 7s. 2|d. 

The largest amount circulated was in 
Feb. 1898 ... £5047 15s. 5d. 

Total circulated, Oct. 1st, 1897, to 
Sept. 30th, 1898, £37,424 10s. 1 id. 

The following table shows its abnormal 
growth in membership. 

Members. 
Oct. 1st. '92, to Oct. 1st, '93, there were 26. 
'93- .. '94, .. 45- 

'94. ,. '95. ,, 77- 

'95. »» '96. ,. 156. 

'96, „ '97, ,, 227. 

'97. >- '98, ,, 241. 

The secret of its success of course is 
that it yields its members ; country as 
well as town, a substantial return of 
priviliges for their subscriptions It is 
not afraid to publish its balance sheet, 
for it shows a balance in hand of £62. 







PROGRAMME. 


Oct. 5th, 


1899. 


Annual Meeting. 


Nov. 2nd 




Display, South Australia. 


Dec. 7th 


» 


Paper.Mexico.with exhibit of collect- 
ion. Mr. W. T. Wilson. 


Jan. 4th, 


1900. 


Display, with Notes, British North 
America. Mr. W. Pimm. 


Feb. 1 st 


,, 


Paper, Egypt. Mr. G. Johnson. 


Mar. 1st 


,, 


Display, West Indies. 


April 5th 


,, 


Paper. Mr. R. Hollick. 


May 3rd 


.. 


Display, African Colonies. 



208 



The Philatelic Record. 



Echoes from the Mart. 



Anticipations. 



Dealers are full of hope of a good 
winter season. Last year the sale of 
albums here and in the United States 
was very large — in fact, unprecedented. 
Consequently the expectation is that 
the process of filling all the albums 
bought must swell the volume of trade 
this winter. West Indians, after being 
under a considerable cloud as the result 
of a reaction after a boom, are said to 
be creeping into favour again, but just 
now the stamps of the Transvaal and 
the Orange Free State, in anticipation 
of coming events are selling rapidly. 
Some dealers have been entirely cleared 
out of the current issues of the Trans- 
vaal. 

Harry Hilckes & Co., Ltd. 

A Winding up order has been made 
in the case of Harry Hilckes & Co., Ltd. 
The Official Receiver will act as 
Liquidator and a committee of inspect- 
ion has been appointed to investigate 
the company's affairs. 

A New Firm. 

Mr. W. B. Kirkpatrick, of Bourne- 
mouth, and P. Loines Pemberton, son 
of the never to be forgotten, E. L. 
Pemberton, of Pemberton & Wilson 
fame, have entered into partnership and 
opened a place of business as stamp 
dealers, at 202, High Holborn, London. 
The new firm have taken over the 



publication of the Philatelic Journal of 
Great Britain, the long winded title of 
which it is to be hoped they will merci- 
fully abbreviate. 

£i,yoo For Foreign Stamps. 

No less than £1,700 was realised by 
Messrs. Ventom, Bull, and Cooper's sale 
of foreign stamps, which came to an 
end at the St. Martin's Town Hall last 
evening. 

The stamps which fetched the highest 
prices were : — 1851, 2 reales, red, un- 
used, Spanish, £25 10s. ; 2 soldi, unused, 
Tuscany, £22 ; 3 lire, yellow, Tuscany, 
£35 and £43 10s. ; Cape of Good Hope, 
the error ^.d., damaged, £34 10s. ; British 
Guiana, first issue 4 cent, orange, £30 ; 
and British Guiana, first issue 8 cent, 
green, £25 7s. 6d. 

Big Prices For Stamps. 

Stamps fetched large prices in Messrs. 
Puttick and Simpson's rooms in Leices- 
ter Square yesterday. A number of 
specimens were sold for over £10, while 
a Vaud 4c. black and red large margin 
realised £16, and a Straits Settlements 
first issue 12c. green, a pair, twice sur- 
charged, brought £20. 

The gems of the collection, however, 
were a Cape of Good Hope, woodblock, 
id. blue, with the rare error, which sold 
for £33, and a pair of Mauritius, post 
paid, id. orange, which fetched £31 
10s. 



Notices. 



Subscriptions. — The Philatelic Record will be sent post free to any subscriber at home or abroad 
on receipt of 6s. Subscribers' remittances should be sent to the Publishers, Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, 
i, Amen Corner, London, E.C., or 33, Union Square, New York, U.S., or it may be ordered through any 
Bookseller, News Agent or Railway Bookstall. 

All enquiries connected with the Advertisement pages should be addressed to Mr. E. J. Nankivell, 
28, Birdhurst Rise, Croydon. 

All Editorial communications must also be addressed to Mr. EnWARD J. Nankivell, 28, Birdhurst 
Rise, Croydon. 

Advertisement Rates. -Per Insertion, net. 



Space. 


Single. 


3 months. 


6 months. 


12 months. 


Half Page 


£ s. d. 
300 

1 15 

100 


£ s. d. 
2 16 6 

1 10 

18 


£ s- d. 
2 12 6 

1 7 

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£ s. d. 
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126 

12 6 





Small A dvertisements — 5s. per inch, in double column, prepaid. 
Advertisements must be received not later than the 15th of the month for publication in the next issue. 



The Philatelic Recon 

AND STAMP NEWS. 



DECEMBER, 1899. 



Editorial Notes. 




ITH our next number we shall commence a New Series of The 
Philatelic Record. The size will not be altered ; 
To our it will be printed from new type throughout, and there 
Headers, will be many other improvements that cannot fail to 
lend additional value to the new Record. There will be 
a coloured cover and new paper capable of printing the finest process illus- 
trations. We shall indulge in a good humoured cartoon now and again. 
Excellent first-class articles have been arranged for, and we are in treaty 
for others, of which more will be heard in good time. 

The endeavour of the new editor and the new proprietors will be to 
provide a first-class philatelic journal, interesting to the Specialist, the 
Collector, and even the Beginner. 

The Philatelic Record is now owned and capitalised by Philatelists. It 
has no dealers' interests— amateur or otherwise — to conserve. Its policy 
will be directed towards the maintenance of friendly relations all round, 
believing that much more can be accomplished by the friendly and strong 
co-operation of those who have most at stake, than by scrabbling in the 
dustbins of shady reputations. 

Q © © 

In future the Philatelic Record will be published by Sir Isaac 

Order of Pitman & Sons, Limited, the eminent educational publishers. 

Tour Hitherto it has been run as a private subscription journal. In 

Bookseller, future it will be on public sale as a public journal for which we 

are anxious to secure a widespread and influential circulation. 

It may be ordered of any bookseller, newsagent or railway bookstall, at 

home or abroad. There is not a hamlet that our publishing arrangments 

do not cover, and any difficulty in obtaining it should at once be made 

known to our publishers direct. Hitherto it has been knocked about and 

battered and creased in the post. In future it may be obtained in " mint" 

condition from the bookseller's counter. As the wise bind their Philatelic 



210 The Philatelic Record. 

Records as the best of all Philatelic Reference books the change from the 
creased and battered copy received through the post to the " mint " 
copy received from the bookseller will we hope and believe be much 
appreciated. 

As ours will be a quid pro quo policy, we do not hesitate to ask every 
reader to help us to his utmost ability. We aim at a large circulation, and 
the more we receive the more we shall be enabled to give in return. We 
shall do our level best to provide for our readers an up-to-date, profitable 
and interesting, and punctually published journal, and, in return, we ask 
them to lose no opportunity of doing their level best for us. 



Philatelists will be pleased to learn from a note by 

Australian "Pelure" in the Otago Witness that the Government of 

Cancellations. New Zealand have just had a trial in Wellington of a new 

cancelling machine which, while rendering the stamp quite 
useless for renewed postal use, at the same time leaves them quite 
presentable, from a collector's point of view. The new machine, which 
is an American invention, can also get through about the same number 
of letters as any two men, which is presumably the reason that it is 
likely to come into general use. 

Tasmania is probably the greatest sinner in its utter destruction of a 
stamp. Its cancellations look as if the letters were sprawled out on a floor 
and a mob of heavy heeled labourers turned loose to jump on them. The 
effective obliteration of a stamp is a very necessary operation, but it can 
scarcely be necessary to so deface the stamp that scarcely a perforation 
shows under the disfiguring black patch. 



The New Issues which we chronicle this month are very 

New Issues plentiful and may also be said to be very interesting. 

of the Month. There are not many of note under the head of " British 

Empire." Sarawak continues the resuscitation of its old 
issue of 1871 for the production of provisionals, and New Zealand has 
made a start with its local printing of the picture series. But in our 
Foreign Countries Section we chronicle several new series. Argentine has 
abandoned her excellent portraits and sent out a full series with a 
symbolical figure of Liberty instead. Bolivia, on the other hand, has sent 
us a well engraved series with an excellently executed portrait of its first 
president. The Republic of Columbia, which for postal purposes, is split 
up into several prolific stamp-issuing departments, supplies for Antioquia a 
wretchedly lithographed series with a portrait of a military, cadaverous- 
looking party, and in the Department of Boyaca, the Governor, anxious 
to have a finger in the Philatelic pie, turned out, a la Connelly a portrait 
of himself on a stamp. This, however, has been promptly suppressed. 
Of the much-talked-of New German stamps we have some further details. 
Japan has completed its new series and Persia has reissued its stamps of 
1898 with modifications in the paper, designed to frustrate the forgers. 
Samoa, which will shortly become a German possession and cease from 
philatelic troubling, is said to have put out a series of Provisionals sur- 
charged " Provisional Govt.," and we have a somewhat slender piece of 
information from a correspondent of a new series having been issued for 
Siam. 



The Stamps of Persia. 



211 



The Stamps of Persia. 



C. FORBES (Librarian and Secretary, Central Philatelic Club). 

(Continued from page 126). 

— — 



y: 



November, 1882. 

Engraved from copper plates. 

Perforated. Value, 5 centimes. 

Colour, green, with dark green border. 

Design, printed from plates of a similar design to the 5 centimes of 
the January issue, with one slight alteration. The Roman figures of 
value are now printed on a white ground. 

There are two type or die varieties of this value ; in the. first type the 
Persian inscription in the scroll on the right hand begins with three dots. 

Type 2 : The inscription begins with two dots. 

Note. — Having been asked on several occasions the meaning of the 
two dots on this stamp, I would beg to point out to readers of these 
articles that the Persian inscription is : 

nar I hkrabm tsp 

p(o)st m(o) bar(e) k(e)h (i) Iran 

For Persian characters, see stamp above. 

Second : The same translated in Roman letters, this is from right to 
left but transposed it reads as on third line. 

The brackets show where vowels have been added by the writer. 

Translated literally it reads : 

"Post Persane " or " Persian Post." In type II. the first three dots 
by the omission of the lower one turns the "p" into a "y" "yst" 
vowels are never used in Persian, and the word " yest " has no meaning. 

This, I think, convincingly proves that the so-called Type II. variety 
is merely an omission of a dot, caused through faulty engraving of the 
plate from which these stamps were printed. 

I hope I have made my meaning clear with reference to the above 
inscription, it is rather complicated, but Persian letters are very much so. 
It is all a matter of where the dots are placed, thus referring to the 
above, the same character to the right : 

A dot on top turns it into "n"; a dot underneath into "b"; 
two dots on top mean "t"; and two dots underneath mean "y"; 
three on top turns the same character into " s " ; and three underneath 
a "p." 



212 



The Philatelic Record. 



These are but a few complications of the Persian language. 



Perf. 12. 
5 centimes green. 
5 

Perf. 12 J 
5 centimes green. 
5 

Perf. 13. 
5 centimes green. 
5 



Type I. 
.. II. 



Type I. 
.. II. 



Type I. 
., II. 



Perf. 12 x 13. 
5 centimes green. Type I. 

Perf. 12^x13, and 13x12$. 
5 centimes green. Type I. 

Perf. 12$ X 12. 
5 centimes green. Type I. 

Perf. n £ x 12. 
5 centimes green. Type I. 



SEVENTH ISSUE. 





January, 1883. 
Paper : White paper. 
Values and colours : 
10 centimes black, buff, orange border. 

50 

1 franc blue and black. 
5 francs carmine and black. 
10 ,, black, buff and carmine. 

Pritited in Vienna, engraved from copper plates. 

Perforated. 

Design : Head of Shah, in an oval ; figures of value in small circle 
underneath, with Persian characters in white circles in the two top 
corners, the rest of the stamp being filled in with beautiful scroll-work. 

The size of the 10 and 50 centimes, and the 1 and 5 francs, are about 
the same ; but the 10 franc is a much larger stamp. 



Perf. 12. 
10 centimes buff, black and orange. 
50 

1 franc blue and black. 

5 francs carmine and black. 
10 ,, black, buff and carmine. 

Perf. 1 2 \. 

1 franc blue and black. 

5 francs carmine and black. 

Perf. 13, 
10 centimes buff, black and orange. 
50 



1 franc blue and black. 
5 francs carmine and black. 
10 ,, black, buff and carmine. 

Perf. \i\ x 12 and 12 X 12$. 

10 centimes buff, black and orange. 
5 francs blue and black. 

Perf. I2i. x 13, or 13 X 12$. 
10 centimes buff, black and orange. 
50 

1 franc blue and black. 

5 francs carmine and black. 
10 ,, black, buff and carmine. 



Note. — In the 5 centimes green of the previous issues, and in the 10 
and 50 centimes buff, black and orange of this issue, the Roman figures of 
value, 5, 10, and 50, in the white circles at the bottom of the stamp, are 



The Stamps of Persia. 213 

not always in the centre of the circle. If the stamps are examined 
carefully, it will be seen that a faint outline is shown where the value is to 
be inserted, and the sheets were put through the press a second time to 
insert the figures 5, 10, and 50. The object of this was to make the 
two plates do for printing all the values. The scheme was, however, 
abandoned, as new plates were engraved for the 1, 5, and 10 franc values, 
the figures of value being printed on the plates, with a groundwork of 
black lines across the circles. 

Value : 50 centimes grey-black. 

Same design, paper, etc., as the 10 and 50 centimes previously 
described, with the exception that the circles containing the Roman figures 
of value is now filled in with a groundwork of black lines similar to the 1 
and 5 francs. This stamp has been issued in many varieties of 
perforation, as follows : 

50 centimes grey black. 
Perf. n£, 12, 13, 12 x 13, 11$ X 12, and \z\ x 12, or 12x12$. 

Note. — The change in the 50 centimes stamp was rendered necessary 
owing to the difficulty in distinguishing the 10 and 50 centimes stamps, 
buff, black and orange, from each other. 

1883-1884. 

Provisional Issues. 
The following stamps, 

io centimes carmine. 
5 „ green, Types I. and II. 
10 ,, black, buff and orange. 

were cut in half vertically and surcharged in Persian characters as follows : 

1 sh. in black on each half of 10 centimes pink. 

5 ,, in blue ,, 5 ,, green. Die I. 

5 ,, „ ., 5 ,. ,, Die II. 

10 ,, „ ,, 10 „ black, buff and orange. 

10 ,, ,, „ 10 ,, ,, ,, ,, 

Note. — With reference to these provisions, I would call the attention 
of my readers to the remarks on the 1877 provisionals (see page 88), which 
also applies to those just described. They were issued at Teheran by the 
postmaster for speculative purposes, and were never officially used or 
sanctioned ; they should, like the 5 shahi of 1877 provisional, be 
eliminated from all catalogues, as the surcharge is absolutely bogus in 
every way. 

EIGHTH ISSUE. 



March, 1885. 

Lithographed, designed in Paris and printed in Vienna. 

Paper, white wove. 

Perforated. 

Size, 17 by 22 mm. 



214 



The Philatelic Record. 



Currency. — The French system of currency, francs and centimes, has 
now been abandoned, and a return made to the Persian monetary system 
of shahi and krans. The spelling of the word " shahi " is now altered to 
"chahi," on all stamps of these values up to the present time. 

Colours and values : 

i chahi green. 

2 ,, rose and carmine. 

5 ,, slate. 

5 ,, dull blue. 

5 ,, bright blue. 

5 ,, bluish violet. 

5 ,, purple. 

Design : A lion resting, surrounded by the sun rays, in the form of an 
octagonal star, below a small coloured circle, enclosing the Roman figure 
of value with the letter " C " on one side and " H " on the other. On the 
left of this the words " Poste Persane," on the right the same written in 
Persian characters, in the two top corners are Persian characters 
denoting the value and country of origin, the remainder of the stamp being 
filled in with intricate scrollwork. 



Perf. 1 1 \. 

i chahi green. 

2 ,, rose and carmine. 

5 „ slate. 

5 ,, dull blue. 

Perf. 12. 

i chahi green. 

2 ,, rose and carmine. 

5 „ dull blue. 

5 ,, bluish violet. 

5 ,, slate. 

5 ,, purple. 

Perf. i2£. 

i chahi green 

2 ,, rose and carmine. 

5 ,, dull blue. 

5 ,, bluish violet. 

5 ,, slate. 

5 „ purple. 

Perf. 13. 

1 chahi green. 

2 ,, rose and carmine. 
5 „ dull blue. 

5 „ slate. 

5 ,, bluish violet. 

5 ,, purple. 



Perf. i\\ x 12 or 12 x \i\. 

1 chahi green. 

2 ,, rose and carmine. 
5 ,, dull blue. 

5 „ bluish violet. 

Perf. 11^x13 
5 chahi dull blue. 
5 ,, slate. 
5 ,, bluish violet. 

Perf. 12 x 13. 
1 chahi green. 



rose and carmine. 

slate. 

dull blue. 



2 
5 
5 
5 .» 

Perf. 12^x13. 

1 chahi green 

2 ,, rose and carmine. 
5 ,, slate. 

5 ,, dull blue 

Perf. 12$ x 12. 
1 chahi green. 
2 
5 
5 
5 
5 



rose and carmine, 
slate. 

bluish violet, 
dull blue, 
bright blue. 



EIGHTH ISSUE.— (continued.) 

m 




March, 1885. 

Paper, white wove. 

Perforated. 

Size, 1 7 x 2o£ mms. 



The Stamps of Persia. 215 

Lithographed, designed in Paris, printed in Vienna. 
Values and Colours : — 

10 chahi, brown. 
1 kran grey. 
5 krans violet (shades). 

Design : Head of Shah in oval, Roman figures of value underneath in 
white circle, two white circles in top corners, the one on the left side con- 
taining Persian characters ; and on the right, Persian numerals of value, 
the sides as in the lower values being filled in with scrollwork, &c. 

Perf. 11*. 
.... Perf. 11 Xi2i. 

10 chahi brown. 
1 kran, grey. 5 krans violet. 

5 krans violet (shades). 



Perf. n£x 12. 

i kran grey. 
5 krans violet. 



Perf. 12. 

io chahi brown. 

i kran grey. 

5 krans violet (shades). ^ r 

D v ' Perf. 12x13. 

Perf. 12$. 10 chahi brown. 

10 chahi brown. * kran grey. 

1 kran grey. 5 kran violet (shades). 

5 krans violet (shades). 

Perf. 12$ x 13 and 13 x 12^. 

3 ' 10 chahi brown. 

10 chahi brown. 1 kran grey. 

1 kran grey. 5 kran violet (shades). 
5 krans violet (shades). 

Provisional Issues of 1885 to 1887. 

Various values of the 1882, 1883 and 1884 issues surcharged with the 
word "OFFICIEL " and new value in black. 

Note. — It is as well to point out that the various values of this issue 
were surcharged with the word "OFFICIEL" not as many imagine to 
enable the stamps to be used for " Official " or " Government Service" 
but that as it was necessary owing to a change in the postal rates and the 
reversion to the Persian system of coinage to surcharge the various stamps 
with new values, and they were also overprinted with the word 
" OFFICIEL " to denote that the surcharges were absolutely genuine and 
some by order of the Government. 

Secondly, to distinguish them from the previous bogus provisionals 
of 1877 and 1883 which have been fully described in previous articles 
1885 to 1887. 

Surcharged with Roman figures of value over those on the original 
value and Persian characters denoting the same on each side, and the 
word " OFFICIEL " above. 

Values. 

1885. 3 shahi on 5 centimes green, Type I. and II. 

6 „ 5 

8 „ 5 

1887. 12 „ 5 

18 „ 5 

Perf. 12. 

3 shahi on 5 centimes, Type I. and II. 

6 „ 5 Type I. 

8 „ 5 Type I. and II. 
12 „ 5 „ Type I. 
18 „ 5 „ Type I. and II. 



216 The Philatelic Record. 



Perf. 13. 

3 shahi on 5 centimes, Type I. and II. 

6 „ 5.. 

8 „ 5.. Type I. 

12 „ 5 ,, „ 

18 ,, 5 ,, Type I. and II. 

Perf. 12 X 13. 
3 shahi on 5 centimes, Type I. and II. 
6 „ 5 m 

Perf. I2£x 13 or 13 X 12^. 
3 shahi on 5 centimes, Type I. and II. 
6 ,, 5 m Type I. 

8 5.. Type I. and II. 

Perf. I2£. 
3 shahi on 5 centimes, Type I. and II. 
6 „ 5 m 

8 „ 5 m Type I. 

12 ,, 5 ,, ,, I. 

Errors. — Double Surcharges. 

Perf. 12^ and 13. 
3 shahi on 5 centimes, Type I. and II. 
6 „ 5 

Inverted Surcharges. 

Perf. 12. 
3 shahi on 5 centimes, Type I. and II. 
6 „ 5 m 

Vertical Surcharge. 

Perf. 12. 
12 shahi on 5 centimes, Type I. 

Surcharged Diagonally. 

Perf. 12. 
8 6hahi on 5 centimes, Type I. 

Values. 

1885. 6 shahi on 10 centimes, black, buff and red. 
1887. 8 „ 10 „ ,. „ 

m J 2 ,, IO „ ,, ,, 

18 „ 10 „ „ „ 

Perf. 12 and 13. 

6 shahi on 10 centimes black, buff and red. 

8 „ 10 ,, „ ,, 

12 „ 10 ,, ,, ,, 

18 „ 10 „ „ „ 

Perf. 1 2 J. 
6 shahi on 10 centimes black, buff and red. 

Perf. 12 x 13. 
6 shahi on 10 centimes black, buff and red. 
12 ,, 10 ,, ,, ,, ,, 

Error. 

Perf. 12. 

10 shahi on 10 centimes, first surcharged as I2sh. and then overprinted 

18 on the figure 12. 

Value. 
1887 8 shahi on 50 centimes grey-black. 



The Stamps of Persia. 217 

Perf. 12, 13 and 12x13. 
8 shahi on 50 centimes grey-black. 

Perf. n£, 12^, n£xi2 and 12x12^ or 12^x12. 
12 shahi on 50 centimes grey -black. 

Errors. 
Perf. 13. 
Fifty centimes grey, surcharged with the word " OFFICIEL " but 
without the figures denoting new value. 

Surcharge inverted. Perf. 12 and 13. 

8 shahi on 50 centimes grey-black. 
12 „ 50 „ „ 

Value. 
Perf. 12 and 13. 
1885. 1 toman on 5 francs black and carmine. 

Error. — Surcharge Inverted. 

Perf. 12. 

1 toman on 5 francs. 

Note. — With reference to the above surcharges there is only one 
genuine type, many of them have many minor differences and they are 
found varying slightly in position on the stamps, but this was due to 
the system by which the surcharging of the stamps was performed. 
The word "OFFICIEL" and the various new values being simply 
overprinted by means of a hand stamp. 

Note. — All surcharges on the 1881 issue are forgeries, engraved and 
lithographed. 

The 5c. purple, 10c. carmine and 25c. green of the 1881, 1882 issue, 
were never overprinted and all varieties on these stamps are unofficial 
and bogus. 

NINTH ISSUE. 
November, 1889. 
Paper, white wove. 
Lithographed, printed in Paris. 
Perforated. 
Size, i6x2o£mms. 
Values and Colors. 

Perf. 11. Perf. 13 x 13 \. 

1 chahi rose, pale rose. 7 chahi brown. 

2 ,, blue, pale blue. Perf. 11x13 J. 
5 „ lilac, pale lilac 7 chahi brown. 

5 ,, violet, dark violet. 

7 „ brown. Errors. 



Perf. 13J. 



Perf. 11. 



5 chahi pale blue in color of 2 chahi. 
15 chahi lilac, pale lilac. _ f;i_„ 

5 „ violet, dark violet. Imperf. between horizontally. 



7 ,, brown 



vertically. 



Note. — The 5 chahi value of this issue is found in a great variety 
of shades. 



2l8 



The Philatelic Record. 



NINTH ISSUE.— (continued). 
Same Paper, Size, etc. 
Values and Colors, perf. 13^. 

10 chahi black, grey-black. 

1 kran orange-red. 

2 krans rose. 
5 m green. 

Perf. 13 x 13$. 

10 chahi black, grey-black. 

Error. 
10 chahi imperf. 

Provisional Issue. 

1, 2 and 5 krans, bisected diagonally and issued provisionally whilst 
waiting for new issue, these were only in use a very short time, and are 
extremely scarce. 






TENTH 


ISSUE 


, 


November, 1891. 






Paper, white wove. 






Lithographed, printed in Holland. 






Perforated. 






Size, i6X2oimms. 
Values and Colors. 










Perf. 10J. 




Perf. 11 J 


1 chahi black. 




1 chahi black. 


2 „ brown. 




2 ,, brown. 


5 ,, blue. 




5 „ blue. 


7 .. g re y-. 




7 .. grey. 


10 ,, carmine. 




10 ,, carmine. 


14 ,, orange. 




14 ,, orange. 



Same Paper, etc 
Size, 19^x23^. 
Values, 1, 2 and 5 krans 
Perf. 10 £. 
1 kran green. 



TENTH ISSUE.— (continued). 



2 krans orange. 
5 „ yellow. 



Perf. n£. 

1 kran green. 

2 krans orange. 
5 ,, yellow. 



ELEVENTH ISSUE. 



November, 1894. 
Paper, white paper. 
Typographed, printed in Holland. 
Size, i7X22^mms. 
Perforated, I2-J-. 
Values and Colors: 



Same Paper, etc. 
Perf 11^ XII. 



1 chahi lilac. 

2 ,, green. 

5 ,, ultramarine, pale blue. 
8 ,, brown. 

ELEVENTH ISSUE.— (continued). 



The Stamps of Persia. 



219 



Values and Colors : 

10 chahi orange. 
16 ,, rose. 

1 kran red, yellow border. 

2 krans brown, blue ,, 
5 „ violet, silver ,, 

10 ,, rose, gold „ 
50 ,, green ,, 

January, 1898. 

Provisional Issue. 

Surcharged with new values in Roman and Persian characters. 

5 ch. on 8 ch. of 1894 issue. 

1 kran on 5 kr. ,, ,, 

2 krans on 5 ,, „ „ 

The 5ch. and 1 kran are surcharged in violet, and the 2kr. in carmine 
ink. 

These provisionals were only in use a few months, the surcharges are 
hand stamped, and the position of the surcharge varies in position, there 
is only one type for each value. 

Error. 
5 ch. on 8 ch. 

Double surcharge. 

TWELFTH ISSUE. 
March, 1898. 

Paper, white wove. 

Perforated. 

Typographed, printed in Holland. 

Values and Colors, perf. \i\. 

Type same as 1894 issue. 



1 chahi grey. 

2 ,, brown. 

3 „ purple. 

4 „ vermilion. 

5 ,, yellow. 



8 chahi orange. 
10 ,, blue. 
12 ,, carmine. 
16 ,, green. 



TWELFTH ISSUE.— (continued). 



Same Paper, etc. 
Type as above. 
Perf. 12^x12. 
Values and Colors. 



I 


kran 


ultramarine. 


2 


kran 


3 rose. 


3 


,, 


yellow. 


4 




, 


grey- 


5 




, 


green. 


10 

50 




' 


orange, 
mauve. 



THIRTEENTH ISSUE. 
March, 1898. 

Same as last but the various stamps are surcharged in different inks 
with various hieroglyphic characters. 

Note. — The official and unpaid letter stamps were never issued ; 
they are purely essays and of no philatelic value. 



220 



The Philatelic Record. 



New Issues. 



The earliest information as to New Issues will be much appreciated by us, and will be duly credited to 

the correspondent, or firm, sending it. Our foreign subscribers can materially 

help us in this direction. When possible a specimen, should accompany 

the information, and be addressed to the Editor, 

Mr. Edward J. Nankivell, 28, Birdhurst Rise, Croydon 



British Empire. 



Cook Islands.— The Australian Phila- 
telist says that on the sheets of the lately 
issued ' ONE '—' HALF'— ' PENNY,' 
on id. blue, two stamps are without 
a full stop after ' PENNY.' One sheet 
had the surcharge printed twice. Of 
this surcharge, made in order to defeat 
a fraud, £40 worth, or 19,200 stamps, 
were surcharged. The id. brown, perf. 
11, and watermarked star and N.Z. is 
now being used instead of the id. blue. 

India. Alwar. — We have the new 
\ anna, perforated, from Messrs. Whit- 
field King & Co. The perforation is 
somewhat roughly done and measures 
12. 

Adhesive. 
% anna, perf. 12. 

New Zealand. — Mr. L. A. Sanderson 
sends the Australian Philatelist, the new 
4d. which was issued on the 29th of 
August. The A. P. says the design is 
the same as that of the id. with the 
exception of the new value label and 
figures in the lower angles. Owing to 
its similarity to the id., however, it was 
withdrawn about a week after issue, 
but will be re-issued when the id. value 
of the present type is exhausted — proba- 
bly some months hence. The 4d. stamp 
was printed locally from a new plate 
prepared by Waterlow and Son ; it is on 
unwatermarked paper, and is perf. n. 
Mr. Sanderson also sends a copy of 
the locally printed gd. unwatermarked, 
perf. 11. 

Adhesives. 
4d. (new type) brown and blue, perf. 1 1 
gd. dull purple, perf. 11. 

North Borneo. — Last month we 
chronicled a series of Labuan sur- 
charged in black, "4 — cents." Messrs. 
Whitfield King & Co. now send us the 
following North Borneo stamps of the 
current series similarly surcharged. 

Adhesives. 
4c. in black on 5c. black and orange-red. 
4c. ,, 6c. ,, brown-ochre. 



4c. 

4c. 

4 c. 



dull purple, 
blue. 



8c. 

I2C. 

18c. ,, green. 

24c. blue and lake. 



Queensland.— The Philatelic Journal 
of Great Britain says the £d. value is to 
be issued with larger figures of value in 
the corners and tbe 5d. with the figure 
of value in each corner. 

Sarawak. — Last month (p. 201) we 
chronicled 2c. and 4c. provisionals, 
surcharged on the stamps of 1871. 
Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. now send 
us a 3c. of 1871, surcharged " 2 — cents" 
in two lines. 

Adhesive. 
2C. in black on 3c. brown on yellow. 

South Australia. — The id. value 
has been changed from green to rose- 
red, we have the 2d. from orange to 
violet, and the Monthly Journal chroni- 
cles some fresh varieties of perforation 
as per list. 

Adhesives, 

id. rose-red ; perf 13. 

2d. violet ; perf. 13. 

10s. green ; perf \\% by 12%. 

2s. 6d. lilac ; perf. nj^, large holes. 

5s. rose ,, ,, 

;6'i blue ,, ,, 

Straits Settlements.— The A ustralian 
Philatelist states that the 4c. stamp has 
been issued again in rose, as in 1883, 
and that the 5c. has appeared in a new 
colour. 

Adhesive. 
5c. plum ; wmk. Crown and CA. 

Johore. — The Monthly Journal has 
received a 4c. stamp of the current 
type, etc., in new colours, the design 
being in yellow, with the value in red. 

Adhesive. 
4c. yellow and red. 

Pahang.— The Monthly Journal has 
received the 5c, Tiger's Head type, 
surcharged "Four cents," in black, with 
a bar across the value at the top. 

Adhesives. 

4c. on 5c. lilac and ochre. 
4c. lilac and carmine. 



New Issues. 



221 



Foreign Countries. 



Argentine. — Messrs. Whitfield King & 
Co. send us the new series which we 
will illustrate in our next number. The 
portrait has given place to a much less 
interesting figure of Liberty seated by 
a shield. The stamps are the work of 
the South American Bank Note Co. 
Paper, thickish wove ; watermark, Sun ; 
perf., ill 

Adhesives. 

%c. bistre. 

ic. green. 

2C. indigo. 

5c carmine, 

loc. dark green. 

12c. sky blue. 

16c. orange. 

20c. brown-red. 

24c. violet. 

30c. rose. 

50c. Prussian blue. 

1 p. blue and centre black. 

5p. orange „ 

iop. green ,, ,, 

2op. carmine ,, ,, 

Belgium. — It is said that the current 
if., owing to the 10c. being now carmine, 
will be changed in colour to green. 

Bolivia. — We have received a new set 
engraved by the South American Bank 
Note Co. with portrait of Don Antonio 
Jose de Sucre, first President of Bolivia. 
Paper, wove ; perf. 11^. The P.J.G.B. 
gives the perf. as 12. We have measured 
several and they all gauge \i\ true. 

Adhesives. 

ic. slate-blue. 

2C vermilion. 

5c. blue-green. 
10c. orange. 
20c. rose. 
50c. chestnut. 

ib. violet. 

Colombia. Antioquia. — This depart- 
ment of the Republic of Colombia has 
been provided with a lithographed set 
with portrait, of which Messrs. Whitfield 
King & Co. send us specimens. Paper, 
wove; perf. 11^. There is also a Regis- 
tration Stamp of the oblong pattern. 

Adhesives. 
%c. blue-slate. 

ic. pale blue-slate. 

2C. black, 
z^c. blue-green. 

4c. deep brown. 

4c. green. 
10c. vermilion. 
20C. purple. 
50c olive. 

1 peso dark green. 

Registration. 
2.y 2 c. slate-blue. 

Boyaca. — Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
inform us that this department of the 
Republic of Columbia has issued a 
solitary stamp of the value of 5 centavos, 



bearing a portrait of the Governor of 
Boyaca. In consequence of this 
portrait the Columbian Government 
suppressed the stamp after it had been 
in use a few days only, so that its 
history resembles that of the celebrated 
" Connell " New Brunswick stamps. 
Paper, wove ; perf. 13 ; lithographed. 

Adhesive. 
S centavos yellow-green. 

Dominican Republic. — We have from 
Messrs. Whitfield King & Co., four 
values of the new set issued to raise the 
funds for defraying the expense of cart- 
ing the so-called Columbus bones to a 
new resting place. Lithographed on 
white wove paper, perf. u|. In size 
they resemble the U.S. Columbus. The 
ic. and 2c. are oblong and the 5c. and 
ioc. long rectangular. 

Adhesives. 
ic mauve, voyage of Mendez and Fiesco from 

Jamaica to S. Domingo 
2C red, Elevation of Euriquill 
5c. blue, Tomb of Columbus, 
ioc orange, Spain guarding the remains of Columbus. 

France. Indo China. — The Metropolitan 
Philatelist says the 75c. has been dis- 
covered with the name inverted. This, 
it remarks, appears to be due to a 
misplaced block and not to an inverted 
sheet, as a pair has been seen with the 
name inverted on one of the stamps 
and right side up on the other. 

Adhesive. 
75c black on orange, name inverted. 

Germany.— Mr. Frank sends Ewen's 
We-kly Stamps News particulars of the 
new issue now in preparation. The 
values are to be 3, 5, 10, 20, 25, 30, 40, 
50, and 80 pfennig, and 1, 2, 3 and 5 
marks. The E. W.S.N, gives the follow- 
ing detailed description of the lower 
values : 

3, 5, 10, 20 pf., colours as at present, white paper; 

design, bust of Germania. 
25pf., printed in black on yellow, with orange 

frame. 
3opf., black on chamois, frame orange. 
4opf., black on white, frame carmine. 
5opf. , black on chamois, frame violet. 
Sopf., black on rose, frame carmine. 
Design of values 25 to 8opf. : Germania in centre, 

" Reichspost " at top and value below. 

The higher values are to be of 
pictorial designs, similar to the U.S. 
Columbus issues. 

Guatemala. — Messrs. Whitfield King 
& Co. send us the current 5 centavos 
surcharged in red, in block type, capitals 
and small letters, "Un 1 Centavos, 
1899," in two lines. 



222 



The Philatelic Record. 



Adhesive. 
ic. on 5c. violet. 

Japan.— Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
send us additional values completing 
the new series. They are perf. 12, on 
thickish wove paper, unwatermarked. 
The 1 yen is embossed. The full set is 
as follows : — 

Adhesives. 

5 rin grey. 

1 sen pale brown, 

2 ,, yellow-green. 
1 ,, lake. 



carmine, 
pale orange, 
olive, 
blue, 
violet, 
orange, 
pale green, 
brown. 



1 yen carmine. 

Persia. — Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. 
inform us that a fresh issue has been 
made of the same design as the 1898 
issue, but the Shahi values are on a grey 
tinted paper instead of white, and the 
kran values are printed in new colours 
on white paper. Perf. 12^. 

Adhesives. 

is. grey. 

2s. brown. 

3s. violet. 

4s. brick-red. 

5c. yellow. 

8c. orange, 
ioc. blue. 
i2c. carmine. 
16s. green. 

ik. carmine. 

2k. green. 

5k. lilac. 

4k. brick-red. 

5k. coffee. 
10k. deep blue. 
50k. brown-red. 

Portugal. Macau. — Messrs. Bright & 
Son send us copies of current Colonial 
Provisionals as per list. The original 
value in each case is cancelled with 
three short bars, and the new value in 
figures is overprinted in the left-hand 
corner. The word " Provisario " is 
printed above the name of the Colony 
in small sans serif capitals. The over- 
printing in this case has been done at 
Lisbon. 

Adhesives. 
5 avo on 13a. mauve. 
10 ,, 16a. blue on blue. 
15 „ 24a. brown on yellow. 
20 ,, 31a. purple on pale rose. 

Timor. — We have received only two 
values for this Colony. 

Adhesives. 
10 avo on 16a. blue on blue. 
20 „ 31a. purple on pale rose. 

Samoa. — The Weekly Philatelic Era 
says the current series has been sur- 
charged " Provisional Govt." as follows : 



Adhesives. 
}4d. green, red surcharge. 
id. red-brown, blue surcharge. 
2d. orange, red surcharge. 
4d. blue ,, ,, 

5d. red blue ,, 

6d. violet ,, ,, 

is. red ,, ,, 

2s. 6d. violet, red ,, 

Siam. — Mr. S. Hood Beng informs us 
that "new stamps have been issued in 
all the principal provinces," and that he 
has " the 2 atts green and 4 atts red ; 
face to right." The information is 
somewhat scanty. 

Spain.— The Timbres Poste chronicles 
the following changes of colour in the 
current series. 

Adhesives. 
2C black, 
ioc. red. 
20c. orange. 

United States (Cuba). — We illustrate 
the new designs for Cuba. 




Adhesives. 

1 cent green ; design statue of Columbus. 

carmine ,. palm trees. 
3 ,, purple ,, allegorical figure of Cuba. 
5 ,, blue ,, ocean steamship. 

brown ,, native ploughing, [on bicycle. 

orange (special delivery) ; design, messenger 



Philately in the Mags. 



223 



Philately in the Mags. 



Mexico : Proposed New 
Issue. 

Mexico has promised us for some 
time a very attractive picture series 
after the prevailing fashion. We quote 
particulars from Philatelic Facts and 
Fancies the following translation from 
the Telegraphic Bulletin of Mexico, 
which will interest collectors of 
Mexicans : — 

Under date of August ioth, M. de Zama- 
cona Y. Inclan, postmaster-general of Mexico, 
promulgated the following circular of infor- 
mation : — 

For the facility of the public in franking 
correspondence, the department of communi- 
cation and public works will circulate the 
postal issues of April 2, 1895, that are now 
in use, until Jan. 31, 1900, the term fixed in 
the resolution of July 31st last, quoting at 
the same time for the information of the 
public the following rules : — 

1. In accomplishment of the provisions 
of article 43 of the decree of Jan. 26, i8qg, 
and No. 184 of the postal code now in force : 
a Under the head of correspondence is com- 
prehended all articles that are admissable for 
transmission through the mails, b Under 
the denomination of postal emissions are 
comprehended stamps, single and reply 
postal cards, wrappers, single and reply 
letter cards and stamped envelopes. 

2. The postage stamps of 1895 will only 
be on sale in all post offices until the 31st of 
October and the new issue will be sold at the 
same offices from November 1, 1899, until 
further notice. 

3. All correspondence that is deposited at 
the post office or mailed in letter boxes before 
November 1st must only be franked with 
postage stamps of the issue of 1895. Letters 
deposited from November 1st until January 
31st, igoo, may be franked indiscriminately 
with the stamps of 1895 or those of the issue 
of 1899. Mail matter deposited after and 
including February 1st, 1900, must only be 
franked with the stamps of 1S99 until further 
notice is given. 

4. From November 1st until January 31st, 
igoo,the postal officials will exchange for all 
who may request it the postage stamps of 
1895 for the new issue. Such exchange will 
be made gratuitously by the postal officials, 
who will be held strictly responsible that all 
stamps which are received from the public 
are genuine, uncancelled, and in perfect con- 
dition. Postal and letters cards, wrappers 
and stamped envelopes bearing addresses, 
advertisements or illustrations, whether typo- 



graphed, lithographed or engraved, will also 
be exchanged, if in condition as before men- 
tioned. Stamps pasted on postals, envelopes, 
or any kind of documents will not be ex- 
changed. As a general rule there will be 
given in exchange the same class and values 
of stamps of the new issue as are received 
from the public. Only in cases where the 
post offices may not have the same kinds and 
values on hand the equivalent will be given 
in the stamps nearest to those presented for 
exchange. 

5. The values, colours, and designs of the 
new issue will be as follows : — 

STAMPS. 

i centavo national coat of arms, ■ merald- 
green. 

2 centavos national coat of arms, ud. 

3 centavos national coat of arms, light 

brown. 
5 centavos national coat of arms, Prussian 

blue. 
10 centavos national coat of arms, orange on 

lilac ground. 
15 centavos national coat of arms, crimson on 

pearl gray ground. 
20 centavos national coat of arms, Prussian 

blue on bright red ground. 
50 centavos national coat of arms, view of 

the cascade of Juanacatlan in black 

with pale violet frame. 

1 peso' national coat of arms, view of 

Mount Popocatapetl in black with 
ultramarine blue frame. 
5 pesos national coat of arms, view of 
Cathedral of Mexico City in black 
with carmine frame. 

LETTER CARDS. 

2 centavos single, national coat of arms in 

relief on red ground. 
2 centavos with reply card, national coat of 

arms in relief on red ground. 
5 centavos single, national coat of arms in 

relief on Prussian blue ground. 
5 centavos with reply card, national coat of 

arms in relief on Prussian blue ground. 

POSTAL CARDS. 

1 centavo single, national coat of arms in 
relief on light green ground. 

1 centavo with reply card, national coat of 

arms in relief on light green ground. 

2 centavos single, national coat of arms in 

relief on red ground. 

2 centavos with reply card, national coat of 

arms in relief on red ground. 

3 centavos single, national coat of arms in 

relief on light brown ground. 
3 centavos with reply card, national coat o f 
arms in relief on light brown ground . 



224 



The Philatelic Record. 



STAMPED ENVELOPES. 

2C national coat of arms, in relief on red 

ground. 
5c. national coat of arms, in relief on Prussian 

blue ground, 
ioc. national coat of arms, in relief on lilac 
ground. 

WRAPPERS. 

i centavo, national coat of arms, in relief 

on light green ground. 
2 centavos, national coat of arms, in relief 

on red ground. 

Mexico, August 10th, i8gg. 

Condition. 

Mr. Castle publishes in the October 
number of the London Philatelist an excel- 
lent paper which he read at a meeting 
of the London Philatelic Society in 
January last. He insists in conformity 
with the practice of all leading special- 
ists in this country upon fine conditions 
as a sine qua non in the formation of a 
first-class collection. If a stamp is 
unused it must be as near as possible to 
the condition in which it was first 
issued ; if used, as lightly cancelled as 
possible. In unused he, of course, 
insists on original gum. But we quote : 

ORIGINAL GUM. 

There is a great deal of blind faith in the 
matter of O.G. ! Great prices are asked for 
stamps with a most innocent smooth wash of 
transparent gum that could be applied by any- 
body, as in the cases of some of the current 
stamps and some of the older issues of the 
Colonies and German States. The presence 
of such a gum, even if unsuspected of doubt- 
ful origin, should not, as frequently happens, 
double the price of the stamp. Beyond this 
there are large quantities of stamps that are 
regummed. Notable instances of this are 
Belgium with watermark LL, which are 
frequently faked with a bold, crackly muci- 
lage that looks much fresher than the por- 
trait on the front of the stamp. The dis- 
covery of a considerable remainder of French 
stamps of the First Republic and Empire 
among the papers of the late M. Hulot, the 
engraver, that had never been gummed, has 
led in many instances to their being fur- 
nished with a gum that would deceive any- 
one not having access to considerable quanti- 
ties of the genuine originally-gummed ones. 
The substituted gum in this case is whiter, 
and although well crackled, the cracks are 
larger, bolder, and cleaner-looking than in 
the old stamps. I may say here that there are 
at last two kinds of gumming in the stamps of 
the Republic besides that named ; i.e., a per- 
fectly smooth and yellowish — that probably 
quite late — and thick yellowish gum, un- 
evenly distributed and laid on in broad 
parallel horizontal lines. 



On the other hand, there are other gumg 
the presence of which greatly adds to the 
value of the specimen, as they are incapable 
of imitation. A well-known instance of this 
is the case of Hanover, with its pink-rose or 
red gum, that once moistened stains the 
stamp; or the first issue of Brunswick, with 
pale rose mucilage ; or the first issue of Wur- 
temburg, with its dry ciackly cement that the 
Germans call " white of egg " ; or the curious 
thick compound on the Austrian 1850 series. 
There is also the original greenish thick gum 
found on some of the old id. and 2d. Great 
Britain, the first issue of New Brunswick, 
Nova Scotia, etc., that is quite of a marked 
character, and not reproducable. I have 
known collectors who prefer a medium clean 
stamp with O.G. to a brilliant one without, 
but I think they are wrong. O.G. should 
really only be accepted in conjunction with 
all other points as the proof of the unused 
condition of a stamp. In point of fact, a 
stamp that is not clean or bright is hardly 
unused at all, but, au contraire, is hardly 
used ! 

MARGINS. 

Mr. Castle reminds collectors that in 
many cases stamps are printed so 
closely together that wide margins are 
impossible. His lists as follows, will be 
useful : — 

Stamps Printed Closely. 

Great Britain, 6d., Oct. 

Baden, 1st issue. 

Buenos Ayres, 1st issue. 

Papal States, £, 1, 3, 4, 8baj.,and all centes. 

as to outside border-lines of design. 
Thurn and Taxis, early issue. 
Switzerland. Silk Thread issue 
Geneva, small eagle. 
Basle. 

New South Wales, 3d. and 6d., laureated. 
Tuscany, Savoy Cross. 
Victoria, 1st issue, 2nd printing. 

ditto, 1/-, 1854-61. 
Wurtemberg, 2nd issue. 
Dominican Republic. 
United States, ic. and 3c. imperf. ; ditto, 

perf. 

Stamps printed wide apart, and sxibseqtiently 

thus issued, perforated. 
Azores, 1st issue. 
Madeira ,, 
Portugal, value in curve. 
Bremen, 3g. and 5s. g. 
Luxemburg, 40c, vermilion (rouletted). 
Hamburg, 1st issue. 
Transvaal, 1S83, id. black, and 3d. red. 

We may note as to Transvaals that 
the id. black and 3d. red are not 
exceptions ; as a matter of fact all the 
stamps of the design of the first issue 
have the same margins. 

On the other side of the account in 
the matter of the demand for fine con- 
dition Mr. Castle thinks that the prices 



Philately in the Mags. 



225 



demanded for mint condition as time 
goes on will considerably " Slacken the 
enthusiasm of the mint collector." 

Those Guam Stamps. 

In September (p. 174) we noted a 
report that an officer had sailed with a 
packet of three values of U.S. stamps 
surcharged for Guam. Since then we 
learn copies of the stamps have been 
received in the States and that a 
demand has arisen which the U.S. 
Bureau is now busily engaged in supply- 
ing. In the Metropolitan Philatelist 
Mr. Bartel tells us that " instead of 
taking a rigorous stand and refusing to 
supply such unnecessary issues " the 
Bureau " unhesitatingly sanctions and 
fills every order sent in." Not only so, 
but the three values have now been 
extended to the following list : — 



ic, 

2C, 

3C, 

4 C, 

5C, 

6c, 

8c, 

IOC, 

15c- 
50c, 

$1 

Special Del. 10c, 



15,000 

75,000 
5,000 
5,000 

15,000 
5,000 
5,000 

10,000 
5,000 
4,000 
3,000 
5,000 



Destruction of 
New South Wales Dies. 

We are glad to learn from the 
Australian Philatelist that under the 
authority of the Colonial Treasurer the 
Government Printer has destroyed all 
the postage stamp dies and plates of 
New South Wales not required for the 
production of current stamps. The 
destruction was effected by means of an 
emery wheel in most cases, by which 
the face of the die or plate was ground 
flat. In some few cases the plate was 
hammered out. 

The following is a list from the A. P. 
of the dies and plates destroyed : 

1838. — Embossed letter sheet. Steel die. 

1850. — Sydney View, 2d. Copperplate. This 
plate had already been rendered in- 
capable of producing impressions. 

1851. — Laureated, id., 2d., and 3d. Steel 
plates. (These also had been effect- 
ively placed hors de combat.) 

1854-6. — Diadem and Square, id. steel plate ; 
2d. two steel plates ; 6d. two steel 
plate ; 8d. steel plate ; and is. steel 
plates. 

1856. — Registered stamp. Two steel plates. 



1862.— Queen's Head, 2d. Steel die and 

several electroplates. 
1864. — Queen's Head, id. Steel die and 

several electroplates. 
1867. — Queen's Head, 4d. Steel die and 

electroplate. 
1872. — Queen's Head, 6d. Electroplate 

(steel die preserved.) 
1876. — Queen's Head, is. Electroplate 

(steel die preserved.) 
1888. — Centennial, id., 2d., and 5/- Steel 

dies and electroplate. 
1891. — Postal Union, 2^d. Steel die and 

electroplates. 

The A .P. says there were also destroyed 
a number of electros, copperplates, &c, 
used in the production of the obsolete 
wrappers, stamped envelopes, and post 
cards ; the dies and plates of the 
Telegraph Stamps of 1871, and the die 
of the first embossed wrapper (id. oval), 
There were also similar dies to the last 
mentioned for 2d., 6d., and 1/-, none of 
which were put to use in embossing 
stationery for issue. 

Only the dies and stamps actually in 
current use are now extant, and con- 
sequently there can be no more reprints. 

Hayti : Perf. 14 and 16 
Frauds. 

The Philatelic Chronicle, our lively 
Birmingham contemporary, is informed 
that the Haytian stamps of 1886 per- 
forated 14 and 16, generally considered 
to be the rarities of this island, are 
frauds. 

This discovery is supported upon undoubt- 
ed authority. Since August, 1889, when the 
first stamp perforated 16 was chronicled 
philatelists have had faith in this stamp, they 
have looked for it and paid high prices for it, 
unused it was one of the greatest rarities and 
now it has been discovered that they were 
made lithographically by some one at Cap 
Haitien and used by him to defraud the post 
office. The forgery is not such a good one 
after all and it is a great wonder they have 
not been discovered long ago by philatelists. 

Bolivian Watermarks. 

Attention having been called to the 
occurrence of the Bolivia 1894 issue 
with watermark double lined numeral, 
Mr. A. H. Weber has gone through his 
collection and all available stock and 
sends the result to the Weekly Philatelic 
Era. He says, 

I have a block of the four or five centavos 
green with watermark " 10" and " 11." The 
upper pair are watermarked, one number on 
each stamp, while the lower pair are not. 
Also a pair of the same value with watermark 



226 



The Philatelic Record. 



" ii " followed by a dash, about similarly 
spaced like the " 10 " and " n " in the block. 
In addition I have single copies as follows : 
One centavo, bistre, wmk. " n." 

Two ,, vermilion, ,, " 10." 
Five ,, green, ,, " 10." 

Five ,, green, ,, " n." 

Ten ,, brown, ,, " n." 

The other values 20, 50 and 100, with 
watermark, will doubtless turn up sooner or 
later. 

All the stamps are on thin hard crisp 
paper, perforated 14 ; none of those on 
thicker paper, perforated 13 or 13^, show 
a trace of a watermark. 

The numerals of the watermark are 10 
mm. high. The one is 4mm. wide, base 
7mm. and serif, slanting, 3mm. long. The 
cipher is 11mm. broad with an inner oval 
of 3mm. The dash is about 7mm. long 
and the same distance to the right of the 
middle of the " 11." 

I have no doubt that the watermark de- 
scribed above, is that of the paper manu- 
facturer and designates a special quality 
and time of manufacture, as is customary 
in that trade. The examination of a com- 
plete sheet of one of the values will be 
necessary to establish all the parts of the 
watermark. 

Porto Rico : No more 
Surcharges. 

Mr. J. M. Bartels announces in the 
Metropolitan Philatelist that there are to 
be no more U.S. Stamps surcharged for 
Porto Rico. He writes, 

It has not been possible to ascertain the 
exact cause for this change of affairs, how- 
ever, Third Assistant Postmaster General 
Madden has issued an order stating that 
hereafter all rates of postage prevailing in 
this country shall be the same in Porto Rico, 
including second class matter. At the same 
time he announces that U. S. stamps without 
overprint will be recognized in Porto Rico, 
which virtually means that as soon as the 
present supply has been used up, all future 
orders will be filled with regular U. S. 
stamps. 

This contrasts strangely with the 
surcharging of U.S. stamps for Guam. 
If unsurcharged U.S. will serve for 
Porto Rico why not for Guam. 

U.S. Small Sheets. 

Very dear to the heart of the 
Specialist are small sheets of stamps. 
Hence the following announcement in 
the Metropolitan Philatelist will be of 
special interest : " For the convenience 
of the public who are in the habit of 
carrying postage stamps in their pockets, 
booklets are to be made up of small 



sheets, containing 24, 48 and 96 stamps 
each. They will be a convenient shape 
and probably have wax paper to prevent 
the stamps from sticking. A trifling 
charge of about ic. will be made for 
the book. Whether or not the Bureau 
will have to prepare special plates for 
the stamps to be used in these books 
could not be ascertained. At any rate 
it will be quite a startling innovation. 
This experiment will be made with 2c. 
stamps only." 

If the idea catches on we may expect 
a wide spread adoption of the plan by 
all those countries which cater for the 
stamp collector. 

San Marino Printings. 

The London Philatelist gives the 
following as an official list of the different 
issues and quantities of the Republic of 
San Marino : — 



Year 


1877. 


Copies. 


2 cent 


green 


100,000 


10 ,, 


blue 


50,000 


20 ,, 


vermilion 


300,000 


30 „ 


brown 


25,000 


40 „ 


violet 


25,000 


Year 


1891. 




5 cent 


yellow 


60,000 


25 „ 


claret 


40,000 


Year 


1892. 




5c. on 


30c. brown 


10,000 


5c. on 


ioc. blue 


20,000 


ioc. on 


20c. vermilion 


40,000 


ioc. on 


ioc. on 20c. vermilion 


40,000 


5c. olive-green 


100,000 


30c. orange 


25,000 


40c. brown 


25,000 


45c ye 


low-green 


25,000 


1 lira 


red and yellow 


5000 


Year 


1894. 




2 cent 


blue 


100,000 


10 ,, 


blue-green 


20,000 


15 » 


lake 


20,000 


65 „ 


chestnut 


15,000 


2 lire 


jtown and buff 


10,000 


5 ,, 


ake and blue . . 


5000 


Year 


1895. 




2 cent rose-lake 


200,000 


20 ,, 


lilac 


40,000 


1 lira 


alue 


5000 


Year 


1899 (February.) 




2 cent 


brown 


50,000 


5 » 


yellow 


50,000 


Year 


1899 (June.) 




5 cent 


green 


100,000 


10 ,, 


carmine 


100,000 


25 » 


blue 


50,000 



Morocco Agencies. 

A correspondent in the Monthly 
Journal gives a ready means of dis- 
tinguishing between the local and the 



Philatelic Gossip. 



227 



London surcharge. The letter "g,"in 
the former, has the little curl at the 
right rising above the top of the circle, 
whilst in the later type the curl is level 
with the top of the circle. 

Holland : Sheets. 

According to the Philatelic Journal of 
Great Britain the stamps of the new issue 
of Holland are printed as follows : The 
values from £-cent to 20 cent inclusive 
in sheets of 200, those from 22^-c. to 50c. 
inclusive in sheets of a 100, and the z\ 
and 5 gulden in sheets of 50 stamps. 



Stamps issued before i8g8 will not 
be available for postage after January 
1st, 1900. 

Uruguay Jc. Provisional. 

O Colleccionador de Sellos gives a list of 
quantities of the Provisional £ centesimo 
postage stamps of Uruguay issued. 

Y centesimo on ic. blue (coat of arms) . . 490,000 

Y centesimo on ic. bistre (native) . . . . 515,000 

Y centesimo on ic. lilac and black (Suarez) 150,000 
Y2. centesimo on 2c. blue (theatre building-) . . 100,000 
Yz centesimo on 5c. blue and black (Suarez) 50,000 

Y centesimo on 7c. green (bullshead) . . 50,000 



Total 



■r.SSS. 000 



Philatelic Gossip. 



Philatelic Ishmaelites. 

The Philatelic Journal of Great Britain 
weeps over the decadence of philatelic 
journalism, and hits out vigorously at 
all whom it may concern, as follows :— 

To write for a philatelic journal now-a- 
days seems to be a very easy matter ; the 
less philately a journal contains the better — 
at least so one should think when perusing 
some of them. The philatalic public is 
supposed to like it and to subscribe for such 
papers in increasing numbers every year — 
that they can keep their heads above water. 
In such papers any sort of nondescript with- 
out any previous training, in some cases even 
a non-collector is considered fit to sit in 
judgment on those who have made the 
subject a life long study. They have about 
as much delicacy of perception as a bull in 
a china shop and about as much judicious 
restraint as a Dum-Dum bullet. Most of 
them are rank outsiders whose staple stock- 
in-trade is impudence and a certain smooth 
way of saying nasty things, which in a good 
many cases would land them in the law 
courts, if anybody would consider them 
worth powder and shot. These gentry are 
the enemies of all those who have the real 
interests of philately at heart. Generally 
they are either supercilious, splenetic, con- 
tentious, or still worse venal. 

Is it therefore remarkable, that, what 
is intended to be criticism should disgust 
readers by its fulsome commendation of 
mediocrity and its viperish attacks on merit ? 

After all the sort of thing complained 
of finds its own miserable level, or ends 
as the S.C.F. has ended. 



The late Mr. Westoby. 

By an error in our obituary notice 
we labelled the late Mr. Westoby 
" Dr." Westoby. It should have been 
" Mr." 

On the authority of Messrs. Alfred 
Smith and Sons' Monthly Circular we 
may now add the interesting fact that 
Mr. Westoby edited our excellent con- 
temporary for over 20 years past. 

Judge Philbrick has written a notice 
of his friend and collaborator which 
will appear in the next number of the 
Monthly Circular. 

The Surrey Society. 

The Hon. Sec. of the Philatelic 
Society which is in process of organisa- 
tion for the county of Surrey will be 
glad to hear from stamp collectors in 
Surrey who are willing to help. The 
organisation is to be on the following 
lines : 

1. That membership should be confined to 
those collectors who are, or have been, 
resident in the county of Surrey. 

2. That regular meetings should be held 
in, say, four representative or central towns 
of the county. 

3. That each of these towns should be 
made a centre with a local secretary. 

4. That each town should arrange its own 
programme of meetings. 

5. That the dates of the meetings should 
be fixed by the General Council for the year, 
or season. 



228 



The Philatelic Record. 



6. That the meetings be held alternately 
in the different towns. 

7. That the Society be governed by a 
General Council of, say, twelve members ; 
i.e. three members elected by and from the 
committee of each centre. 

8. That each centre be worked by an 
executive committee elected by the members 
of that centre, the limits of the centre of 
residence to be defined for voting purposes, 
each member's card of membership to state 
to what centre he belongs. 

9. The annual congress of members to be 
movable and to be determined at each 
annual meeting. 

Such in brief are my suggestions for the 
general organisation of counties. The 
details are matters for discussion in 
committee. 

The Hon. See's address is C. B. 
James, Cyprus Villa, Sutton Grove, 
Sutton. The subscription is only 2/6. 
It is proposed to include Aldershot. 

The " Australian Philatelist." 

We congratulate our excellent little 
Australian contemporary the Australian 
Philatelist upon having completed its 
fifth volume. May its shadow never 
grow less. For English readers it must 
always have a special attraction, and in 
the shadow of coming events its circu- 
lation should greatly increase. Its 
editor is one of the ablest writers on 
Australian's. 



Penny Postage to the Cape. 

The following notice was issued by 
the Postmaster-General on August the 
29th : — 

On and after the 1st of September next, 
the postage to be prepaid on letters from this 
country for the Cape of Good Hope will be 
id. per half-ounce, instead of 2^d. as at 
present. The postage on letters for the 
Australian Colonies, New Zealand, and 
Rhodesia will continue to be 2^d. per half- 
ounce. These are now the only British 
possessions of importance which have not 
adopted the penny postage scheme. 



Price Lists. 

Messrs. Whitfield King & Co. send 
us their Annual Price List for 1900, a 
34 page pamphlet full of information of 
packets and sets at tempting prices. 

We note that W. K. & Co. have 
practically excluded reprints, but they 
give a list of a few they have left at 
" clearing out " prices. To the special- 
ist " Reprints " and " Forgeries " are 
valuables for detective purposes, hence 
our friends will be glad to have a chance 
of securing a small collection while they 
may. The collector who makes a study 
of Reprints and Forgeries is far less 
likely to be caught napping than the 
collector who eschews them altogether . 



Correspondence. 



The Philatelic Protection Society. 



Sir, 

In your " Gossip " in the November 
issue of the Philatelic Record you allude 
to the letter which I wrote to the Editor 
of Stamps concerning The Philatelic 
Protection Association. Now I must 
point out to you, although you must 
have noticed it in the said letter, that I 
did not write as " a member of the 
Committee " because as such a member 
I should not have felt myself called 
upon to write the letter in question. 

I wrote that letter in defence of the 
P. P. A., in my capacity as President of 
the Association, to which circumstance 
I called particular attention, and which 
is my excuse for writing said letter. 

As to the Secretaryship, you say : 
" When C.J. P. was Secretary the 
Association was very much alive, but 



at present it scarcely seems to have any 
vitality left." Now I should certainly 
have thought that such an energetic and 
esteemed Philatelic journalist like you 
should have known that Mr. Charles 
J. Phillips is actually the present Hon. 
Secretary of the Philatelic Protection 
Association. This, Sir, is not " Gossip " 
but real fact ! 

Hoping you will find space in your 
next issue of the Philatelic Record for 
the above correction, 

I remain, 

Yours truly, 

M. Giwelb. 

[Well, well ! C.J. P. again Hon. Sec. 

of the P. P. A. and so quiet and retiring 

that we had not even heard a whisper 

of it I— Ed. P.R.] 



Societies in Session. 



229 



Societies in Session. 



Birmingham. 



Hon. Sec. — G. Johnson, b.a., 208, Birchfield Road, 
Birmingham. 

On Nov. 2nd this Society had a very 
interesting display and discussion of the 
Stamps of South Australia, illustrated 
by the collections of Messrs. W. T. 
Wilson, W. Pimm, and T. W. Peck. 
The discussion brought out the fact that 
many of the varieties cannot be supplied 
at catalogue values, and that collectors 
would do well to fill in gaps before the 
rise, which must inevitably take place 
in the next catalogue, and which has 
already taken place in sales. 

Herts Philatelic Society. 

Hon. Sec. — H. A. Slade, Ingleside, St. Albans. 

A General Meeting of the members 
was held at Anderton's Hotel, London, 
on November 7th, and after the con- 
clusion of business Mr. Frentzel then 
gave a display of the stamps of Mexico 
(1856-83). His collection, which was 
practically complete, was accompanied 
with explanatory notes giving an account 
of the different issues, varieties of paper, 
surcharges, postmarks, &c, &c. The 
splits of the 1856 issue, the 1861 errors, 
three superb copies of the 3 centavos 
Eagle issue, the uncatalogued varieties 
of the 1866-67 issue, and the Guada- 
lajaras were perhaps the most notice- 
able. 

The next Meeting will be held on the 
first Tuesday in December, when Mr. 
E. J. Nankivell has promised a paper 
and display on the Transvaal " Stamps 
of the British occupation." 

Manchester. 

Hon. Sec. — G. H. F. Gibson, Kersal, Manchester. 

At a recent meetingof the Manchester 
Philatelic Society, the president, Mr. W. 
Doming Beckton, read a paper on 
" The Whys and Wherefores of Europe- 
an Reprints " : — 

" In these days of advanced specialist 
collections, aiming at a standard not dreamt 
of ten years ago, it is not to be wondered at, 
he said, that renewed interest has been 
aroused concerning reprints. Reprinting 
began in early times ; for instance, the first 
issue of Portugal was reprinted in 1864, 
Austria in 1865, Belgium in 1866, Baden in 
1867, and so on. There was plenty of stamp 
collecting, but little philately in those days. 



Even reprints as such were looked upon as 
things to be shunned ; a little better than 
forgeries, but not much. In later years 
reprints were more vehemently tabooed than 
ever. Neither the advanced ' generalist ' nor 
the budding specialist would tolerate a 
specimen in his collection. Now the 
advanced specialist looks at reprints in a 
different light. He says a collection is not 
complete without them, and he will soon 
say without the different printings of the 
reprints. It thus behoves us to study the 
varying conditions under which reprints 
were made, so as to be able to separate the 
wheat from the chaff, for there is a great 
deal of the latter. To be strictly reprints 
the impression must consist of those of 
obsolete stamps printed from the same die, 
plate, block, or stone as that used to produce 
the originals. When impressions are printed 
directly from the originally engraved die, or 
from a new plate or stone from that die they 
are usually included under the same term. 
Although the philatelist to-day includes the 
reprint in his collection he does so in its 
proper garb, not as a substitute for the origi- 
nal, which it can never be, but as a represen- 
tative of a class of stamps which his hobby 
has called into being." — Manchester City 
News. 

Surrey Philatelic Society. 

Hon. Sec. — C. B. James, Cyprus Villa, Sutton 
Grove, Sutton. 

This County Society which is in 
course of organisation and which is to 
be confined to Surrey philatelists had a 
meeting of the Sutton District on the 
13th November, when the President, 
Mr. Edward J. Nankivell, read a paper 
on Orange Free States stamps and 
displayed his collection. He contended 
that despite the number of surcharges 
the country was an interesting one 
and it was cheap, but it might be 
dear in the near future as the result 
of the present struggle in South Africa. 
Few stamps had a longer life than the 
first three issued by the Orange Free 
State, which remained in use for nearly 
30 years. He advised his friends to fill 
up while they could, especially of the 
5/-, which, though issued in 1879, would 
probably become rare in an unused con- 
dition. 

The Hon. Sec. will be glad to hear from 
philatelists in Surrey who are willing to 
help in the work of organising the 
county. The subscription is only 2/6, 
and Exchange Packets are in regular 
circulation. 



230 



The Philatelic Record. 



Fiscal Notes. 



PRIOR to the emission of stamps bear- 
ing their names, the Colonial Pos- 
sessions of Portugal were supplied with 
fiscalsfrom the Mother Country differing 
only in colour from the parent issues. 
This arrangement has been a constant 
source of trouble and perplexity, and, 
before passing on to the immediate pur- 
pose of this Note, it may be as well to 
pause for a moment in order to furnish 
the information so necessary to the 
beginner. 

The earlier stamps of Portugal were 
all printed in lilac or in brown ; those 
issued prior to 1867 are all in lilac and 
bear the head of Don Luis, subsequent 
issues bear as their principal device the 
arms of the country, and since 1868 the 
value has been inserted at a second 
printing, at first in red and subsequently 
in dull green. 

From the same plates impressions 
were taken in blue for use in the Azores, 
in vermilion for Madeira, and in green for 
the African Colonies of Angola, Cape 
Verde, and St. Thomas and Prince. 

The green set issued in 1876 — arms, 
with value above only — was overprinted 
MOCAMBIQUE, in 1878, for use in 
that territory, but, as far as is known, 
Macao and Portuguese India were un- 
provided for until the new Colonial type 
with name of each possession was issued 
in 1879. At some still later date the 
set of Cabo Verde was overprinted 

_ GUINE_ an j thls completed the 

PO H I U bZA 

list until the other day. 

In the account of new issues appear- 
ing in the June number of Stamps, men- 
tion is made of the emission of some 
lengthy series for the Portuguese 
Colonies, in which the old plan of dis- 
tinguishing those intended for use in 
particular countries by colour only has 
again been adopted, to the certain future 
confusion of many a tyro. 

However, thanks to the information 
published in L'Ami des Timbres, I am 
enabled to give timely notification of 
the facts to the fiscal collecting readers 
of these Notes. 



There is only one design, a very 
simple one showing merely the crowned 
arms with CONTRIBUCAO reading up- 
wards at the left, INDUSTRIAL down- 
wards at the right, and ULTRAMAR in 
a horizontal frame below. A double 
upright rectangular frame encloses the 
whole, and there are slight ornaments 
in the upper corners and at the extremi- 
ties of the frame. This design has been 
printed in eight colours for the places 
listed below, and in the first six of them 
the set is composed of the following 
values : — 

2, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 
200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, Soo.goo, iooo, 
2000, 3000,4000, 5000,10000 and 20000 reis. 

In the remaining two the currencv is 
different and the number of values much 
smaller, to wit : — 

i, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 31, 47, 

63, 78 and 94 avos. 

The Colonies, with their assigned 
colours are as follows : — 

Angola, red. 

India, blue-green. 

Cabo Verde, blue. 

Mocambique, violet. 

Guine, yellow-brown. 

S. Thome e Principe, yellow-green. 

Macau, deep brown. 

Timor, violet-black. 

* * * 

A correspondent has been seeking 
advice as to how best to arrange and 
mount his revenues, and I am almost 
tempted to reply — Don't ! 

Probably 95 per cent, of my stamps 
are in envelopes, and though this is 
largely due to lack of time for making 
other disposition, the fact remains that, 
broadly speaking, it would be a waste of 
time to attempt the nice and precise 
arrangement of the emissions of most 
countries, for the continual modifica- 
tions in the lists occasioned by the 
frequent discoveries of students would 
cause re-arrangements to be desirable 
much too often. 

I advocate for the present the employ- 
ment of common books in which the 



Fiscal Notes. 



231 



stamps can be lightly hinged with 
plenty of space left blank, awaiting 
the day when the studies of the owner 
or the publised researches of others 
may render it less risky to give one's 
treasures a handsome setting. 

Such precaution is, of course, less 
necessary in the few cases where the 
fiscals of particular countries have been 
long and carefully studied. Mr. Morley's 
Album for British Colonials should be 
of great service for a long while to come, 
and the Album for Canadian Revenues, 
just issued across the Atlantic, should, 
if properly compiled, exactly supply the 
needs of those specially interested in 
that Dominion. It may also well be 
that after the appearance of the great 
work on U.S. fiscals, which will shortly 
be in our hands, tbe arrangement of 
the stamps of this most popular country 
may safely be attempted, but I know 
that some three or four years ago 1 
ventured to place my accumulation of 
them into a blank album that was 
splendidly adapted for their reception, 
but my feeling of satisfaction at the 
result has been continually waning, and 
I am not likely to repeat the experiment 
for a while. 

* * * 

Hitherto, Bulgaria has enjoyed an 
excellent reputation, based upon the 
fewness of its issues, consistent adher- 
ence to one well-designed tj'pe, and 
apparent innocence of minor varieties, 
but the student of perforations has been 
devoting attention to the locality with 
somewhat regrettable results. 

The very curious condition of affairs 
prevailing in connection with the first 
issue has long been known to the writer, 
but much of the following information, 
including the announcement of the seri- 
ously lengthy albeit strangely regular 
sequence of perforations of the third 
issue, is due to the researches of Mr. 
F. G. C. Lundy. 

Starting with the first issue(May, 1879), 
and taking the list as given in Moen's 



catalogue, the first point worth record- 
ing is that all normal specimens are on 
horizontally laid paper. The assigned 
perforation of 13 must be negatived, for, 
with the exceptions subsequently noted, 
every specimen examined conformed to 
the peculiar arrangement of alternate 
horizontal rows gauging g£ and 12, the 
vertical rows being 12J. The result, of 
course, is that each value is met with, 
perf. g^x i3^Xi2Xi2£and also 12X12^ 
X 9^X124. I have not seen the 10, 20 
and 50 francs and can say nothing about 
them, but a copy of the 100 francs 
recently examined measured 13^ nearly. 
The abnormal variety discovered is the 
50 centimes on vertically laid paper with 
the perforation characteristic of the 
succeeding issue. 

The stamps of the second (1883) issue 
are found on both vertically and hori- 
zontally laid papers, and are all perfor- 
ated 12 X 12^. 

The two provisionals of 1889 are on 
remainders of the first issue so exhibit 
the peculiarity already noted. 

Thus far we have only doubled the 
number of catalogued varieties, but on 
coming to the third (1889) issue we are 
confronted with the following string of 
perforations to be looked for : — 
10J, 11, 11^, 12, 12 x 12^, 12JX 12, 12^,13, 13J 

Strangely enough, the perforation of 
the preceding issue and its complement, 
12^X12, have only been found on the 
50 stot., whereas all the others, with the 
exception of 13^, have been found on at 
least three of the six values. The stamps 
of this issue are printed on thin wove 
paper, and to the list of denominations 
given by Moens there must be added 
the 30 stot., orange. 

Of the current set (not catalogued) j 
know the 10s., violet ; 10s., mauve ; 20s., 
deep blue; 30s., orange; 40s., dull red; 
50s., green ; 50s., blue-green. All are 
on much thicker paper than their pre- 
decessors, and those in my possession 
are perforated n£. 




232 



The Philatelic Record. 



Echoes from the Mart. 



Transvaals at Auction. 

The sale of the first portion of Mr. 
Tamsen's collection of Transvaals by 
Messrs. Ventom, Bull and Cooper, 
evidenced the effect of pending events 
in South Africa, not so much perhaps 
in a sensational rise in prices as in the 
briskness of the competition. Dealers 
who have hitherto fought shy of 
Transvaals vied with each other in 
obtaining some of the loot. An improve- 
ment in prices was more noticeable in 
the ordinary run of stamps than in the 
rarities. Some of the rarities did not 
go so well as at the Pearce sale, but 
others fetched advanced prices. The 
record of the sale was £29 for a used 
copy of the " Transvral " error. There 
were of course many bargains. The 
3d. lilac and green, surcharge omitted, 
fetched ^15 10s. od., not a Ferrary 
price ; and the 1/- wider apart variety 
at £6, and 3d. lilac on buff, surcharge 
inverted, at £5 15s. od. were decidedly 
cheap. 3d. lilac and green, italic V.R., 
surcharge inverted, brought a good 
price at £7. 

Orange Free State Stamps. 

The South African struggle also 
generated quite a demand for the 
neglected stamps of the Orange Free 
State at the Tamsen Sale. In several 
cases the catalogue quotation was 
reached and more than one exceeded. 



The four types of 4d. on 6d. brought 
£1 14s. od. ; an unused pane of 60 of 
3d. on 4d., including all five types, 
fetched £13 5s. od. ; a horizontal strip 
of four of the rare type (Gibbons' 15), 
reached £4 4s. od. ; but the best prices 
were id. on 5/-, Gibbons' type 7, 
inverted, £1 12s. od. ; and id. on 40!. 
double surcharge, unused, £1 4s. od. 
These are big prices indeed for modest 
Orange Free State stamps. 

Demand for South Africans. 

The war has made sales of South 
Africans, particularly Transvaals and 
Orange Free States, very lively, one 
dealer in the Strand has been completely 
cleared out of current Transvaals. 

The U.S. Columbian, 4c. blue, 
error. 

Our friends across the water set great 
store by the Columbian 4c. in the blue 
shade of the id. At a recent auction 
by Messrs. Bogart & Durbin this "error" 
is priced as having brought $25. This 
we are told was one of a half sheet sold 
by a New York dealer last spring for 
$ioeach. Mr. Joseph Holmes in Mekeel's 
Weekly holds the stamps to be a genuine 
error and believes that unless a new lot 
turn up it will advance to a round $100 
within a few years. As the " error " 
is strictly one of shade and not of colour 
the price seems to us to be already a 
very tall one. 



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